简明英汉词典

foul
[faul]
adj.
污秽的, 邪恶的, 肮脏的, 淤塞的, 恶劣的
vt.
弄脏, 妨害, 污蔑, 犯规, 淤塞
vi.
腐烂, 犯规, 缠结
n.
犯规, 缠绕
adv.
违反规则地, 不正当地

美国传统词典[双解]

foul
foul
AHD:[foul]
D.J.[faul]
K.K.[fa&l]
adj.(形容词)
foul.erfoul.est

(1)

Offensive to the senses; revolting.
令人讨厌的;使人厌恶的

(2)

Having an offensive odor; smelly.
味道难闻的;恶臭的

(3)

Rotten or putrid:
腐烂的,腐败的:
foul meat.
腐烂的肉

(4)

Full of dirt or mud; dirty.See Synonyms at dirty
肮脏的,泥泞的:充满泥土的;肮脏的参见 dirty

(5)

Full of impurities; polluted:
含有污物的;污浊的:
foul air.
污浊的空气

(6)

Morally detestable; wicked:
道德败坏的;邪恶的:
foul deeds.
可憎的行为

(7)

Of a vulgar or obscene nature:
下流的,粗俗的:
foul language.
粗话

(8)

Very disagreeable or displeasing; horrid:
令人不愉快的或讨厌的;引起反感的:
a foul movie.
令人反感的影片

(9)

Bad or unfavorable:
恶劣的或不适宜的:
in fair weather or foul.
好天气或坏天气

(10)

Violating accepted standards or rules; dishonorable:
不正当的,卑鄙的:违背公认的标准或规定的;不光彩的:
used foul means to gain power.
用卑鄙的手段来得到权力

(11)

Sports Contrary to the rules of a game or sport:
【体育运动】 犯规的:不按比赛或运动规则的:
a foul boxing punch.
拳击中犯规的一击

(12)

Baseball Outside the foul lines:
【棒球】 界外的:
a foul fly ball.
界外高飞球

(13)

Entangled or twisted:
缠结住的或弯曲的:
a foul anchor.
弯曲的锚

(14)

Clogged or obstructed; blocked:
阻塞的,淤塞的;妨碍的:
a foul ventilator shaft.
堵塞住的通风管道

(15)

Archaic Ugly; unattractive.
【古语】 丑陋的;不好看的
n.(名词)

(1)

Abbr. f.Sports An infraction or a violation of the rules of play.
缩写 f.【体育运动】 犯规:违反或触犯比赛规则

(2)

Baseball A foul ball.
【棒球】 界外球

(3)

An entanglement or a collision.
缠结,碰撞

(4)

An instance of clogging or obstructing.
阻塞:堵塞或淤塞的实例
adv.(副词)
In a foul manner.
犯规地;不正当地
v.(动词)
fouledfoul.ingfouls
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make dirty or foul; pollute.See Synonyms at contaminate
弄脏或使污秽;污染参见 contaminate

(2)

To bring into dishonor; besmirch.
玷污;败坏

(3)

To clog or obstruct.
使阻塞或堵塞

(4)

To entangle or catch (a rope, for example).
纠结:使缠住或绊住(如绳子)

(5)

Nautical To encrust (a ship's hull) with foreign matter, such as barnacles.
【航海】 缠上:使(船的外壳)包上外来的东西,如藤壶

(6)

Sports To commit a foul against.
【体育运动】 对…犯规

(7)

Baseball To hit (a ball) outside the foul lines.
【棒球】 击(球)出界
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become foul.
变脏,腐烂

(2)

Sports To commit a foul.
【体育运动】 犯规

(3)

Baseball To hit a ball outside the foul lines:
【棒球】 击球出界:
fouled twice and then struck out; fouled out to the catcher.
两击出界后三振出局;被捕手接住界外球而出局

(4)

To become entangled or twisted:
变得缠结或弯曲:
The anchor line fouled on a rock.
锚索缠在一块岩石上

(5)

To become clogged or obstructed.
变得阻塞

常用词组

foul out
Sports To be put out of a game for exceeding the number of permissible fouls.
【体育运动】 因犯规超过规定次数被罚下场

foul up
To blunder or cause to blunder because of mistakes or poor judgment.
因错误或粗心而犯大错

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English f?l * see pü-
源自 古英语 f?l *参见 pü-

继承用法

foully
adv.(副词)

foulness
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

foul
[faJl]
adj.

(1)

恶臭的;肮脏的
a foul smell
恶臭的气味
a foul-tasting medicine
难吃的药

(2)

壅塞的
The chimney is foul.
烟囱不通了。

(3)

缠结难解的

(4)

恶劣的(天气)
foul weather
坏天气
It's a foul night tonight; it's pouring with rain with thundering and lightning.
"今夜大雨倾盆,电闪雷鸣,天气坏极了。"

(5)

邪恶的;残酷的
Murder is a foul deed.
杀人是邪恶的行为。

(6)

粗俗的(言语)

(7)

坏的;不愉快的
I've had a foul morning.
我今天早上很不愉快。
Her husband has a foul temper.
她丈夫脾气坏透了。

(8)

〈体〉犯规的
a foul blow
犯规的一击

词性变化

foul
n.
〈体〉犯规

foul
vt., vi.

(1)

弄脏;污染
The dog's fouled the path.
狗弄脏了小径。
The dog's fouled the courtyart.
狗把院子弄脏了。

(2)

犯规
Smith ran into Jones and fouled him.
史密斯冲到琼斯身上,犯了规。

(3)

(海上)碰撞
This motorboat fouled a wooden boat.
这只机动船撞了一只木船。

(4)

缠绕,缠结
The rope fouled the gears.
绳把齿轮缠住了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

foul
[faul]
adj.

(1)

腐烂的; 恶臭的

(2)

肮脏的; 污浊的; 泥泞的

(3)

罪恶的, 邪恶的

(4)

丑恶的, 卑鄙的; 下流的

(5)

(天气)恶劣的; 逆风的; 暴风雨的; (疾病等)严重的, 凶险的

(6)

不利于航行的

(7)

犯规的; 不正当的

(8)

(管道、道路等)壅塞的, 淤塞的; (船)底部粘满了海藻、贝壳的

(9)

(绳子等)缠着的

(10)

令人生厌的

(11)

【刷】修改得面目全非的; 错误百出的

(12)

(船只)相撞的; 冲突的
a foul deed
恶劣的行为
a foul language [tongue]
下流话
afoul road
泥泞的道路
foul weather
坏天气
in the teeth of a foul wind
迎着逆风
a foul coast
多暗礁的海岸
foul line
犯规线, 罚球线
a foul chimney
阻塞不通的烟囱
cut the foul rope
割断纠缠着的绳子
a foul manuscript
改得一塌糊涂的原稿
a foul proof
毛校样
a ship foul of a rock
撞在岩石上的船

词性变化

foul
[faul]
adv.

(1)

不正当地, 犯规地

(2)

碰撞地; 争执不和地
hit a ball foul
击球犯规
play sb. foul
用卑鄙手段对付某人

foul
[faul]
n.

(1)

(在比赛中)犯规

(2)

碰撞; 缠结

(3)

脏东西; 逆境
vt.

(1)

污染, 弄脏; 玷污

(2)

使纠缠; 使壅塞; 阻碍

(3)

船只相撞, 碰撞

(4)

(在比赛中)犯规
foul the air
污染空气
foul one's name
玷污名声
foul one's hand with ...
被...把手弄脏, 因参与...而弄臭名誉
It is an ill bird that fouls its own nest.
[谚]家丑不可外扬。

foul
[faul]
vi.

(1)

腐败, 腐烂

(2)

(绳索、链条等)纠结, 缠住

(3)

(管道等)壅塞

(4)

船只碰撞

(5)

(比赛中)犯规; (棒球)击球出线

继承用法

foul-brood
n.
(蜜蜂的)幼虫腐臭病

foul-minded
adj.
心地不良的, 心怀叵测的

foul-mouthed
adj.
(=foul-spoken, foul-tongued)讲话下流的, 恶语咒骂的

foul-up
n.
[口]

(1)

拙劣的工作

(2)

混乱, 故障, 做错, 做坏

foully
[`faJllI]
adv.
下流地, 粗鄙地; 讨厌地

foulness
n.

习惯用语

be foul with
给...弄脏

call a foul
宣判犯规

call one's own foul
宣判自己犯规

claim a foul
【体】声明对方犯规, 或要求宣布对方的胜利无效

fall foul of
(船只)...相撞; 同...冲突, 同, ...发生纠葛

go foul of
(船只)...相撞; 同...冲突, 同, ...发生纠葛

run foul of
(船只)...相撞; 同...冲突, 同, ...发生纠葛

get foul
(绳索)纠缠, 缠住

through foul and fair (=through fair and foul)
在任何情况下, 不管顺利或困难

foul out

(1)

[美]比赛中因犯规过多而被罚出场

(2)

(棒球)因击出的界外球被接住而出局

foul up
[美俚]弄糟, 弄脏; 弄坏; 失足; 阻塞; 缠住

特殊用法

consecutive fouls
连续犯规

disqualifying foul
导致取消比赛资格的犯规

double foul
双方犯规

draw fouls
造成对方犯规

intentional foul
故意犯规

multiple foul
聚众犯规

off-the-ball foul
无球犯规

personal foul
侵人犯规

play foul
比赛中违反体育道德

serious foul
严重犯规

technical foul
技术犯规

unintentional foul
非故意犯规

foul with free throw award
造成罚球的犯规

参考词汇
dirty    

英文相关词典

foul
bad    base    dirty    disgusting    evil    low    nasty    offensive    sinful    smelly    stinking    unfair    vicious    vile    wicked    wrong    clean    fair    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

foul
碰撞;犯规

美国传统词典

foul
foul
AHD:[foul]
D.J.[faul]
K.K.[fa&l]
adj.
foul.er, foul.est

(1)

Offensive to the senses; revolting.

(2)

Having an offensive odor; smelly.

(3)

Rotten or putrid:
foul meat.

(4)

Full of dirt or mud; dirty.See Synonyms at dirty

(5)

Full of impurities; polluted:
foul air.

(6)

Morally detestable; wicked:
foul deeds.

(7)

Of a vulgar or obscene nature:
foul language.

(8)

Very disagreeable or displeasing; horrid:
a foul movie.

(9)

Bad or unfavorable:
in fair weather or foul.

(10)

Violating accepted standards or rules; dishonorable:
used foul means to gain power.

(11)

Sports Contrary to the rules of a game or sport:
a foul boxing punch.

(12)

Baseball Outside the foul lines:
a foul fly ball.

(13)

Entangled or twisted:
a foul anchor.

(14)

Clogged or obstructed; blocked:
a foul ventilator shaft.

(15)

Archaic Ugly; unattractive.
n.

(1)

Abbr. f.Sports An infraction or a violation of the rules of play.

(2)

Baseball A foul ball.

(3)

An entanglement or a collision.

(4)

An instance of clogging or obstructing.
adv.
In a foul manner.
v.
fouled, foul.ing, fouls
v.tr.

(1)

To make dirty or foul; pollute.See Synonyms at contaminate

(2)

To bring into dishonor; besmirch.

(3)

To clog or obstruct.

(4)

To entangle or catch (a rope, for example).

(5)

Nautical To encrust (a ship's hull) with foreign matter, such as barnacles.

(6)

Sports To commit a foul against.

(7)

Baseball To hit (a ball) outside the foul lines.
v.intr.

(1)

To become foul.

(2)

Sports To commit a foul.

(3)

Baseball To hit a ball outside the foul lines:
fouled twice and then struck out; fouled out to the catcher.

(4)

To become entangled or twisted:
The anchor line fouled on a rock.

(5)

To become clogged or obstructed.

常用词组

foul out
Sports To be put out of a game for exceeding the number of permissible fouls.

foul up
To blunder or cause to blunder because of mistakes or poor judgment.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English f?l * see pü-

继承用法

foully
adv.

foulness
n.

英汉船舶大词典

foul
n.绞缠,污秽

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

foul
【修】污浊

英汉法学大词典

foul
adj.邪恶

英汉纺织大词典

foul
n.糙块,生丝疵点

英汉环境大词典

foul
n.污浊的,污秽的,结污的

英汉化学大词典

foul
adj.难闻的,堵塞的,被缠住的,错误多的;adv.不正当地

英汉海运大词典

foul
污脏的,污浊的(水、空气等),恶臭的,难闻的壅塞的,纠缠的碰撞,缠结污底,污秽污染,弄脏使壅塞,绞缠

基本词义

foul
不清爽的,纠缠的难闻的,恶劣的污浊,污底(船底被海藻贝壳等附着)(锚链)纠缠堵塞纠缠,缠结,绞缠,壅塞污底,污秽,污染,弄脏污脏的,污浊的(水、空气等)堵塞的,使堵塞,恶臭的,壅塞的,碰撞,使壅塞,

基本词义

foul
污脏的堵塞的污染使堵塞

基本词义

foul
污浊,不清爽的难闻的恶劣的纠缠的污底(船底被海藻贝壳等附着)

英汉计算机大词典

foul
adj.难闻的(堵塞的,被缠住的;adv.不正当地

英汉建筑大词典

foul
n.泥泞,阴塞,填塞住的

英汉农牧林大词典

foul
n.弄脏

英汉能源大词典

foul
n.污物,阻塞的,不纯的

英汉水利大词典

foul
n.淤塞的,腐料的,被缠住的

英汉冶金大词典

foul
n.脏的,污秽的

英汉医学大词典

foul
n.恶臭的,难闻的

英汉中医大词典

foul
n.恶臭的,难闻的,肮脏的

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