简明英汉词典

former
[5fC:mE]
adj.
从前的, 以前的
n.
形成者, 创造者, 模型, 样板

美国传统词典[双解]

former
form.er 1
AHD:[f?r“m…r]
D.J.[6f%8rm*]
K.K.[6f%rm+]
n.(名词)

(1)

One that forms; a maker or creator:
创造者;构成者:
a former of ideas.
想出主意者

(2)

Chiefly British A member of a school form:
【多用于英国】 学校某一年级的学生:
a fifth former.
一个五年级的学生

基本词义

former
for.mer 2
AHD:[f?r“m…r]
D.J.[6f%8rm*]
K.K.[6f%rm+]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Occurring earlier in time.
较早发生的:在时间意义上更早发生的

(2)

Of, relating to, or taking place in the past.
过去的:过去的,与过去有关的,过去发生的

(3)

Coming before in place or order; foregoing.
在前的,处在前面的:在地点或计划之前的;在前的

(4)

Being the first of two mentioned.
前者的:在两个中先提到的

(5)

Having been in the past:
前任的:在过去当过的:
a former ambassador.
前任外交大使

语源

(1)

Middle English [comparative of] forme [first]
中古英语 [] forme的比较级 [第一]

(2)

from Old English forma * see per 1
源自 古英语 forma *参见 per 1

用法

(1)

Grammarians have often insisted that the phrases the former and the latter should be used only to refer to the first of two things and the second of two things, respectively:
语法家们经常坚持认为,the former 和 the latter 应该只用于分别替代两件事中的第一件和第二件:
“But Flynn preceded Casey, as did also Jimmy Blake, and the former was a lulu and the latter was a fake.”
“但是,弗林领先于卡塞伊,就象吉米·布莱克也领先于卡塞伊一样,前件事是引人注目的而后件事则是骗人的”。

(2)

It is not difficult to find examples of violations of this rule in the works of reputable writers. But the fact that former and latter are plainly comparatives will make many readers uneasy when the words are used in enumerations of more than two things, much as would the analagous incorrect use of a comparative in a sentence such as Her boys are 7, 9, and 13; only the younger was born in California.
不难发现有名望的作家的作品里有违背此规则的例子。但是事实是former 和 latter 仅仅是相对的,当列举两个以上的词时,许多读音就不容易弄清了, 许多时候在比较时有可能出现下句里的不正确用法:如她的儿子分别是七岁、九岁和十三岁;只有最小的儿子出生在加利福尼

现代英汉词典

former
[5fC:mE(r)]
adj.

(1)

以前的,从前的
in former times
从前
The owner of that shop is Mr Brown — the former owner was Mr Johnson.
那家商店的主人是布朗先生,以前的店主是约翰逊先生。
"After the elections, Crawley went to the former Prime Minister's house."
"大选后,克劳莱去过前任总理的住宅。"
In former times the British army kept lots of soldiers at Fort William in Scotland.
从前英国陆军经常把大批士兵派驻在苏格兰的威廉堡。

(2)

前者
Of swimming and football he much preferred the former.
在游泳和足球中他更喜欢前者。
"Of Tokyo and Moskow, the former has the larger population."
"就东京和莫斯科两个城市而言,前者人口较多。"
Did he go there by air or by train? The former seems more likely.
他是乘飞机还是坐火车去的?前者似乎可能性更大些。

现代英汉综合大辞典

former
[5fC:mE]
adj.

(1)

前面的; 往昔的

(2)

前任的, 前一个的
in former times
从前
the former
前者
Our former process was too costly.
我们上道制造程序成本太高。
He is the former premier.
他是前任总理。

继承用法

formerly
[5fC:mElI]
adv.

参考词汇
previous    

用法词典

former
来自中古英语forme(第一)的比较级(formere)

英文相关词典

former
earlier    first    past    preceding    previous    prior    later    latter    present    

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

former
成形机

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

former
以前的

美国传统词典

former
form.er 1
AHD:[f?r“m…r]
D.J.[6f%8rm*]
K.K.[6f%rm+]
n.

(1)

One that forms; a maker or creator:
a former of ideas.

(2)

Chiefly British A member of a school form:
a fifth former.

基本词义

former
for.mer 2
AHD:[f?r“m…r]
D.J.[6f%8rm*]
K.K.[6f%rm+]
adj.

(1)

Occurring earlier in time.

(2)

Of, relating to, or taking place in the past.

(3)

Coming before in place or order; foregoing.

(4)

Being the first of two mentioned.

(5)

Having been in the past:
a former ambassador.

语源

(1)

Middle English [comparative of] forme [first]

(2)

from Old English forma * see per 1

用法

(1)

Grammarians have often insisted that the phrases the former and the latter should be used only to refer to the first of two things and the second of two things, respectively:
“But Flynn preceded Casey, as did also Jimmy Blake, and the former was a lulu and the latter was a fake.”

(2)

It is not difficult to find examples of violations of this rule in the works of reputable writers. But the fact that former and latter are plainly comparatives will make many readers uneasy when the words are used in enumerations of more than two things, much as would the analagous incorrect use of a comparative in a sentence such as Her boys are 7, 9, and 13; only the younger was born in California.

英汉船舶大词典

former
n.样板刀

基本词义

former
n.线圈架

英汉电力大词典

former
n.样板,模子

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

former
线圈架;前者;成形设备;线圈架;【修】以前

英汉电信大词典

former
n.线圈架,量规;n.线圈架,线线模

英汉法学大词典

former
adj.前任 ,以前,在先,前

英汉纺织大词典

former
n.股,捻股机,成形梳毛机

英汉广播大词典

former
n.骨架

英汉航海大词典

former
n.成形设备

英汉航空大词典

former
n.隔框,翼肋;n.以前的,从前的

英汉化学大词典

former
adj.以前的;n.样板,模型,成形设备,框架,构成

英汉海运大词典

former
模型,样板,成形器,模子,线圈管,线圈架,成形的,成形加工的

基本词义

former
模型,样板成形器,模子线圈管,线圈架

基本词义

former
成形的,成形加工的

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

former
成型机

英汉经贸大词典

former
n.成形设备

英汉计算机大词典

former
adj.以前的;n.样板(模型,成形设备

英汉机械大词典

former
n.模子,靠模

英汉建筑大词典

former
n.从前的,在前的

英汉农牧林大词典

former
n.绳股并捻机

英汉汽车大词典

former
n.样板,成形设备

英汉水利大词典

former
n.模子,样板,成形设备

英汉冶金大词典

former
n.样板,成形设备

英汉中医大词典

former
n.以前的,从前的,在前的

英汉造纸大词典

former
n.模子,靠模,样板

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