简明英汉词典

forgive
[fE5^iv]
vt.
原谅, 饶恕, 宽免(某人)之债务

美国传统词典[双解]

forgive
for.give
AHD:[f…r-g1v“, f?r-]
D.J.[f*6giv, f%8r-]
K.K.[f+6g!v, f%r-]
v.(动词)
for.gave[-g3v“] for.giv.en[-g1v“…n] for.giv.ingfor.gives
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To excuse for a fault or an offense; pardon.
原谅:容许失误或过失;原谅

(2)

To renounce anger or resentment against.
饶恕,宽恕:宣布对…放弃生气或怨恨

(3)

To absolve from payment of (a debt, for example).
宽免:豁免,免除(如债务)
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To accord forgiveness.
给予原谅,宽恕

语源

(1)

Middle English forgiven
中古英语 forgiven

(2)

from Old English forgiefan * see ghabh-
源自 古英语 forgiefan *参见 ghabh-

继承用法

forgivable
adj.(形容词)

forgivably
adv.(副词)

forgiver
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

forgivepardonexcusecondone

(2)

These verbs mean to refrain from imposing punishment on an offender or demanding satisfaction for an offense. The first three can be used as conventional ways of offering apology, as for minor infractions of social proprieties:
这些动词有避免把惩罚强加于冒犯者或要求弥补的意思。前三个词可用于因稍有违背交往习惯而做的习惯性道歉:
Please forgive me for being late.
请原谅我来晚了。
I hope you'll pardon the length of this letter.
我希望你不介意信的长短。
Excuse me, but I disagree with you. More strictly, to forgive is to grant pardon without harboring resentment:
对不起,但我不同意你的意见 。 更严格地讲,forgive 是原谅且丝毫不怀有怨恨:
“Children begin by loving their parents; as they grow older they judge them; sometimes they forgive them” (Oscar Wilde).
“孩子们开始时爱着他们的父母,长大些后评价他们;有时会谅解他们” (奥斯卡·王尔德)。

(3)

Pardon more strongly implies release from the liability for or penalty entailed by an offense:
Pardon 更侧重于免除因犯罪而应付的责任或惩罚的意思:
After the revolution all political prisoners were pardoned.
革命后所有的政治犯都被赦免。
“God may pardon you, but I never can” (Elizabeth I). To excuse is to pass over a mistake or fault without demanding punishment or redress:
“上帝可能饶恕你,但我不能” (伊丽莎白一世)。Excuse 指的是容许错误或过失而不惩罚或弥补:
“There are some acts of injustice which no national interest can excuse” (J.A. Froude). To condone is to overlook an offense, usually a serious one; the word often suggests tacit forgiveness:
“有些不公正的行为是民族利益所不容许的” (J. A.弗鲁德)。Condone 指忽略一个过错,通常是一个严重的过错; 这个词经常指的是暗中的原谅:
Failure to protest police brutality may indicate a willingness to condone it.
反抗警察暴行的失败暗示着宽恕其行为。

现代英汉词典

forgive
[fE5^Iv]
vt., vi.
-gave, -given, -giving
原谅,宽恕
I'll never forgive you.
我永远不原谅你。
Please forgive me -- I didn't mean to be rude.
请原谅我,我不是有意无礼的。
I'll never forgive you for what you have done wrong to your parents.
"你伤害了你的父母,我永远也不会原谅你。"
My advice is that it's best to forgive and forget.
我的意见是最好还是不记前嫌。

现代英汉综合大辞典

forgive
[fE5^iv]
vt.
(-gave[-5^eiv]; -given [-5^ivn])

(1)

原谅, 饶恕; 宽恕

(2)

免除(债务等); 赦免
forgive sb. his debts
豁免某人债务
Pray forgive me!
请原谅我吧!

词性变化

forgive
[fE5^iv]
vi.
原谅; 宽恕
He is not a man who forgives easily.
他不是一个轻易宽恕人的人。

继承用法

forgivable
[fE5^IvEb(E)l]
adj.
可宽恕的

forgiveness
[fE5^IvnIs]
n.
饶恕, 宽大

forgiver
n.

习惯用语

forgive and forget
不念旧恶, 不记仇

英文相关词典

forgive
absolve    excuse    pardon    quit    punish    

美国传统词典

forgive
for.give
AHD:[f…r-g1v“, f?r-]
D.J.[f*6giv, f%8r-]
K.K.[f+6g!v, f%r-]
v.
for.gave[-g3v“] for.giv.en[-g1v“…n] for.giv.ing, for.gives
v.tr.

(1)

To excuse for a fault or an offense; pardon.

(2)

To renounce anger or resentment against.

(3)

To absolve from payment of (a debt, for example).
v.intr.
To accord forgiveness.

语源

(1)

Middle English forgiven

(2)

from Old English forgiefan * see ghabh-

继承用法

forgivable
adj.

forgivably
adv.

forgiver
n.

参考词汇

(1)

forgive, pardon, excuse, condone

(2)

These verbs mean to refrain from imposing punishment on an offender or demanding satisfaction for an offense. The first three can be used as conventional ways of offering apology, as for minor infractions of social proprieties:
Please forgive me for being late.
I hope you'll pardon the length of this letter.
Excuse me, but I disagree with you. More strictly, to forgive is to grant pardon without harboring resentment:
“Children begin by loving their parents; as they grow older they judge them; sometimes they forgive them” (Oscar Wilde).

(3)

Pardon more strongly implies release from the liability for or penalty entailed by an offense:
After the revolution all political prisoners were pardoned.
“God may pardon you, but I never can” (Elizabeth I). To excuse is to pass over a mistake or fault without demanding punishment or redress:
“There are some acts of injustice which no national interest can excuse” (J.A. Froude). To condone is to overlook an offense, usually a serious one; the word often suggests tacit forgiveness:
Failure to protest police brutality may indicate a willingness to condone it.

英汉法学大词典

forgive
v.宥恕 ,宽恕 ,免除,饶恕,原谅

英汉航空大词典

forgive
n.原谅,饶恕

英汉化学大词典

forgive
vt.饶恕,原谅

英汉计算机大词典

forgive
vt.饶恕(原谅)

英汉心理学大词典

forgive
可宽恕的

基本词义

forgive
原谅

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