简明英汉词典

for short
adv.
简称, 缩写

美国传统词典[双解]

short
short
AHD:[sh?rt]
D.J.[.%8rt]
K.K.[.%rt]
adj.(形容词)
short.ershort.est

(1)

Having little length; not long.
短的:长度很短的不长的

(2)

Having little height; not tall.
矮的:高度很低的;不高的

(3)

Extending not far or not far enough:
近的:伸展得不远的或不够远的:
a short toss.
一次投得很近的投掷

(4)

Lasting a brief time:
短时间的:延续时间很短的:
a short holiday.
很短的假期

(5)

Appearing to pass quickly:
短暂的:似乎很快就过去的:
finished the job in a few short months.
在短短几个月内就完成了工作

(6)

Not lengthy; succinct:
简短的:不冗长的;简洁的:
short and to the point.
简短扼要的

(7)

Rudely brief; abrupt.
简慢的;唐突的

(8)

Easily provoked; irascible.
暴躁的:很容易生气的;性情暴躁的

(9)

Inadequate; insufficient:
短缺的;不中的:
oil in short supply; were short on experience.
石油短缺;缺乏经验

(10)

Lacking in length or amount:
不到、不足的:在长度或数量上缺少的:
a board that is short two inches.
一块差两英寸的木板

(11)

Lacking in breadth or scope:
短浅的:宽度或广度上缺少的:
a short view of the problem.
对问题目光短浅的看法

(12)

Deficient in retentiveness:
保留性差的:
a short memory.
记忆力差的

(13)

Not owning the stocks or commodities one is selling in anticipation of a fall in prices.
卖空的:预计到价格可能下跌而出卖自己并不拥有股票或商品

(14)

Of or relating to a short sale.
卖空的或与卖空有关的

(15)

Containing a large amount of shortening; flaky:
脆的:含有大量起酥油的;松脆的:
a short pie crust.
松脆的馅饼皮

(16)

Not ductile; brittle:
易裂的:不易变形的;易碎的:
short iron.
脆铁

(17)

Linguistics Of, relating to, or being a speech sound of relatively brief duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word m2, “evil,” as compared with the same or a similar sound of relatively long duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word m3, “apple tree.”
【语言学】 音节持续时间短的::一个语音音节与同一个或近似的一个持续时间相对较长的音节相比持续时间相对较短的,与此相关的或是这种音节的,如拉丁词“罪恶”malus, 中第一个元音音节与拉丁词“苹果树” malus 中第一个元音音节相比持续时间相对较短

(18)

Grammar Of, relating to, or being a pronunciation of vowel sounds, as the pronunciation (2) in pat, (μ) in pet, (1) in pit, (?) in pot, (?) in putt, and (?) in put.
【语法】 短音的:元音音节发音很短的,与这种音节有关的或是这种音节的,如pat 中的(a)音, pet 中的(e)音, pit 中的(i)音, pot 中的(o)音, putl 中的(u)音, put 中的(?)音

(19)

Historically descended from a vowel of brief duration.
从短音来的:历史上从一个持继时间很短的元音而来的

(20)

Unstressed; unaccented. Used of a syllable in accentual prosody.
非重读的;非重音的用于形容根据重音定节奏的诗体中的音节

(21)

Being of relatively brief duration. Used of a syllable in quantitative prosody.
短音的:持续时间相对较短的用于形容由长短步构成的诗体中的音节

(22)

Slang Close to the end of a tour of military duty.
【俚语】 军事执勤临近结束的
adv.(副词)

(1)

Abruptly; quickly:
突然地;迅速地:
stop short.
突然地停住

(2)

In a rude or curt manner.
简慢地:以一种粗鲁或简慢的方式地

(3)

At a point before a given limit or goal:
达不到目标地:在一个规定范围或目标前面一点的:
a missile that landed short of the target.
一枚在目标前不远停止飞行的导弹

(4)

At a disadvantage:
处于不利位置地:
We were caught short by the sudden storm.
我们被一切突如其来的风暴弄得狼狈不堪

(5)

Without owning what one is selling:
以空头方式:没有拥有自己所卖东西地:
selling a commodity short.
以空头方式卖商品
n.(名词)

(1)

Something short, as:
比较短的事物,比如

(2)

Linguistics A briefly articulated speech sound or syllable.
【语言学】 短音(节):一个发音很短的语音或音节

(3)

A brief film; a short subject.
短片:电影短片

(4)

A size of clothing less long than the average for that size.
矮个子的衣服尺码:比一般人穿的码要小的衣服

(5)

shorts Short trousers extending to the knee or above.
shorts 短裤:直到膝盖或者膝盖以上的短裤子

(6)

shorts Men's undershorts.
shorts 男用短衬裤

(7)

A short sale.
卖空

(8)

One that sells short.
卖空的人

(9)

shorts A byproduct of wheat processing that consists of germ bran and coarse meal or flour.
shorts 细麸粉:麦加工时的副产品,由麦麸芽,粗磨粉或面粉组成

(10)

shorts Clippings or trimmings that remain as byproducts in various manufacturing processes, often used to make an inferior variety of the product.
shorts 废料:各种加工过程作为副产品而存留的存留物或剪屑,经常用于制造该产品的低级品

(11)

A short circuit.
短路

(12)

A malfunction caused by a short circuit.
由短路引起的过障

(13)

Baseball A shortstop.
【棒球】 游击手
v.(动词)
short.edshort.ingshorts
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause a short circuit in.
使短路:在…上引起短路

(2)

Informal To give (one) less than one is entitled to; shortchange.
【非正式用语】 欺骗:给(某)比他应得到的要少;少给…找头

(3)

To sell (a stock that one does not own) in anticipation of making a profit when its price falls; make a short sale.
卖空:预计到价格下跌时可盈利而卖(自己并不拥有的股票);卖空

(4)

To sell unowned stock in (the stock market) in anticipation of making a profit when prices fall.
卖空股:预计到当价格下降时可以盈利而在(股市中)出售并不拥有的股票
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To short-circuit.
引起短路

习惯用语

for short
As an abbreviation:
作为缩写:
He's called Ed for short.
人们用简称叫他埃德

in short
In summary; briefly.
总之;简而言之

short for
An abbreviation of:
…的缩写:
Ed is short for Edward.
埃德(Ed)是爱德华(Edward)的缩写

short of

(1)

Having an inadequate supply of:
…供给不够的:
We're short of cash.
我们现在现金不足

(2)

Less than:
少于:
Nothing short of her best effort was required to make the team.
要组成一个队她必须全力以赴

(3)

Other than; without resorting to:
除…以外;没有诉诸于:
Short of yelling at him, I had no other way to catch his attention.
除了大声向他喊叫,我真想不出还有什么办法能引起他的注意

(4)

Not quite willing to undertake or do; just this side of:
不是很愿意承担或做…;差点要做…:
She stopped short of throwing out the old photo.
她差点要把旧照片扔掉了

the short end of the stick
The worst side of an unequal deal.
处于劣势的:一不平等事物的最坏的一面

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English sceort, scort * see sker- 1
源自 古英语 sceort, scort *参见 sker- 1

继承用法

shortness
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

short
[FC:t]
adj.

(1)

短的;近的;矮的
Mary is much shorter than her mother.
玛丽比她妈妈矮多了。
It's a short distance to school.
到学校距离很近。

(2)

一会儿的,片刻的;短暂的
a short holiday
很短的假期
Most slang has short currency.
大多数俚语只通用一时。

(3)

(常与of, on连用)短缺的,缺乏的;不足的
We are short of men.
我们缺少人手。
Are you short of money?
你缺钱用吗?
I'm a bit short of funds.
我手头钱不多了。

(4)

无礼的;粗暴的
He was very short with me.
他对我非常无礼。

(5)

易碎的,松脆的(面点)

(6)

(常用小杯饮用的)烈性的(酒)

习惯用语

for short
简称,简略之

in short
简而言之,总而言之

little short of
几乎不少于;完全不亚于

short and sweet
扼要的;直接了当的

short for
…的简称

词性变化

short
adv.
突然地
The horse stopped short.
马突然停住。

习惯用语

be taken short
突然要大小便

cut short
突然打断;突然中止
The chairman had to cut short the proceedings.
会议主席只得提早结束议程。

fall short (of)
不及,未达到地

go short
不足,不够,缺欠

run short (of)
用光;用尽;不够

词性变化

short
n.

(1)

〈电〉短路

(2)

用小杯饮的烈性酒

(3)

〈电影〉短片

常用词组

short of

(1)

尚未达到
The box-office receipts fell short of the manager's expectations.
票房收入未达到经理的期望。

(2)

除非…; 除…外
They would commit every crime short of murder.
除谋杀外,他们无恶不作。

现代英汉综合大辞典

short
[FC:t]
adj.

(1)

短的; 近的; 短暂的; 短期的

(2)

矮的; 低的

(3)

简短的

(4)

不足的, 缺钱用的

(5)

达不到的

(6)

浅薄的; 简略的; 缩写的

(7)

唐突的; 无礼的; 暴躁的

(8)

[英口](酒等)强烈的; 纯的

(9)

波涛汹涌的

(10)

(智力等)弱的, (记忆力)差的

(11)

(饮料)含酒精少的

(12)

(饼等)松脆的

(13)

短音的;【商】无存货的, 空头交易的, 卖空的

(14)

(金属)脆的, 易裂的
a short time ago
不久以前
set out at short notice
临时接到通知出发
short in stature
身材矮小
short of breath
喘着气
be very short with sb.
对某人很冷淡
a short temper
急性
something short
[口]没有搀水的烈酒
short sea
波浪汹涌的海; 三角浪
short memory
健忘
a short sale
卖空
She walked with short, quick steps.
她以小而快的步子走路。
The shopkeeper was fined for giving short weight [measure].
那店主因卖东西短斤缺两而受罚。
These goods are in short supply.
这些货物来源不充裕。
His answer was short and to the point.
他的回答扼要中肯。
He was very short with me today.
他今天对我态度很无礼。
This biscuit eats short.
这种饼干吃起来很松脆。

词性变化

short
adv.

(1)

简短[单]地

(2)

缺乏; 未达到某种程度地

(3)

发脆

(4)

突然, 唐突地

(5)

【商】以空头方式, 卖空
talk short
简短地交谈
stop short of actual crime
悬崖勒马
stop short of home signal
停在进站信号前
be caught short
被当场抓住
pull up short
突然停住

short
n.

(1)

[the short]概略, 要点

(2)

缺乏

(3)

[pl. ]短裤, 婴儿的短装

(4)

[pl.]细麸粉(磨面粉的副产品); 次货; 废料

(5)

短片; 短讯; 短的东西;【语】短音; 短音节;【音】短音符

(6)

接近目标但未命中的射弹; 不足规定长度的东西

(7)

[pl. ] 短期票据[债券]

(8)

烈酒

(9)

[pl. ]缺少的数额

(10)

[美俚]汽车

(11)

短音节, 短音符

(12)

短少部数

(13)

【电】短路

(14)

(棒球)游击手

(15)

【商】空头(户)
vt., vi.

(1)

【电】(使)短路

(2)

故意少给, 欺骗

继承用法

short-arm,short-armed
adj.

(1)

胳臂短的; 蜷起手臂的(一击等)

(2)

短距离的

shortbread
[5FC:tbred]
n.
松脆的酥饼

shortcake
n.
[美]松饼

shortchange
vt.

(1)

故意少给找头

(2)

欺骗

short-circuit
[FC:t5s\:kIt]
vt.

(1)

使短路

(2)

缩短, 简化

(3)

阻碍, 葬送(友谊)

shortclothes,shortcoats
n.
[pl.]婴儿脱离襁褓后所穿的童装

shortcoming
[5FC:tkQmIN]
n.

(1)

不足; 缺点; 忽略

(2)

歉收

shortcovering
n.
【商】卖空

shortcut
[`FR:tkQt]
n.
近路, 捷径

short-date,short-dated
adj.

(1)

短期的

(2)

时间很短的

short-day
adj.
【植】短日照的

short-ender
n.
(竞赛中)没有希望获胜的一方

short-fall
n.
不足; 亏空

short-fired
adj.
(陶器等)火候不足的

shorthand
[5FC:thAnd]
n.
速记记录文字

shorthanded
[5FC:thAndId]
adj.
人手不足的

shorthand-writer
n.
速记员

shorthead
[`FR:thed]
vt.
[英] (赛马)险胜

short-horn
n.

(1)

短角牛

(2)

[美](特指西部牧场中的)东部的人; 生手

short-lived
adj.
短命的; 昙花一现的

shortorder
n.
快菜

short-range
adj.
短射程的; 短期的

short-sighted
adj.

(1)

近视(眼)的

(2)

眼光短浅的

short-spoken
adj.
(寒暄等)冷淡的, 马马虎虎的

short-stop
n.

(1)

(棒球)游击手

(2)

【摄】速显液

short-tempered
adj.
急性子的; 易怒的

short-winded
adj.

(1)

气促的

(2)

简短的; 短促的

习惯用语

be taken short

(1)

突然想解手[大小便]

(2)

毫无准备, 大感意外

break short off
中断, 突然停止

bring [pull] up short
使突然中断

come [drop, fall] short (of)
有缺陷; 达不到目的; 变得短缺的

cover short
(交易所)买回卖空出去的股票

cut short
中断, 中止; 缩减; 截短

drop short
[口]死

for short
[口]简称; 简略地

go short
(马受伤后)短步前进

go short of
缺少, 短缺

in short
简单地说, 总之

in the short run
在短时期里

little short of
几乎, 简直, 近乎

nothing short of
除...外; 别无...; 完全是; 简直可以说

run short (of)
缺乏

squeeze the shorts
(交易所)轧空头, 迫使卖空者用高价补进

take sb. up short

(1)

唐突地打断(某人)的话

(2)

突然袭击某人, 使大吃一惊

short and sweet
[口]直截了当; 简短扼要

short of
缺少; 达不到; 除了

the short and the long of it
这事的概略

特殊用法

battle short
【冶】保安短路器

black short
黑色裂口, 冷脆

Bermuda[walking] shorts
(长及膝盖的男女)短裤

brown shorts
粗米糠, 粗麦麸

cash over and short
现金盈亏

dead short
【电】完全短路

deep short
【体】二、三垒间, 游击手分管位置的后方

direct short
短路

grey shorts
粗麸(皮)屑

heater-cathode short
热丝-阴极短路

imaginary short
虚短路; 虚线

island short
岛压点短路

layer short
层间短路

padded shorts
衬棉短裤

poured short
未浇满(铸造缺陷)

protecting sleeve short
柄保护套

racing shorts
自行车运动员短裤

rare short
局部短路

wire shorts
废铁丝段

short in account
帐未付清

美国传统词典

short
short
AHD:[sh?rt]
D.J.[.%8rt]
K.K.[.%rt]
adj.
short.er, short.est

(1)

Having little length; not long.

(2)

Having little height; not tall.

(3)

Extending not far or not far enough:
a short toss.

(4)

Lasting a brief time:
a short holiday.

(5)

Appearing to pass quickly:
finished the job in a few short months.

(6)

Not lengthy; succinct:
short and to the point.

(7)

Rudely brief; abrupt.

(8)

Easily provoked; irascible.

(9)

Inadequate; insufficient:
oil in short supply; were short on experience.

(10)

Lacking in length or amount:
a board that is short two inches.

(11)

Lacking in breadth or scope:
a short view of the problem.

(12)

Deficient in retentiveness:
a short memory.

(13)

Not owning the stocks or commodities one is selling in anticipation of a fall in prices.

(14)

Of or relating to a short sale.

(15)

Containing a large amount of shortening; flaky:
a short pie crust.

(16)

Not ductile; brittle:
short iron.

(17)

Linguistics Of, relating to, or being a speech sound of relatively brief duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word m2, “evil,” as compared with the same or a similar sound of relatively long duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word m3, “apple tree.”

(18)

Grammar Of, relating to, or being a pronunciation of vowel sounds, as the pronunciation (2) in pat, (μ) in pet, (1) in pit, (?) in pot, (?) in putt, and (?) in put.

(19)

Historically descended from a vowel of brief duration.

(20)

Unstressed; unaccented. Used of a syllable in accentual prosody.

(21)

Being of relatively brief duration. Used of a syllable in quantitative prosody.

(22)

Slang Close to the end of a tour of military duty.
adv.

(1)

Abruptly; quickly:
stop short.

(2)

In a rude or curt manner.

(3)

At a point before a given limit or goal:
a missile that landed short of the target.

(4)

At a disadvantage:
We were caught short by the sudden storm.

(5)

Without owning what one is selling:
selling a commodity short.
n.

(1)

Something short, as:

(2)

Linguistics A briefly articulated speech sound or syllable.

(3)

A brief film; a short subject.

(4)

A size of clothing less long than the average for that size.

(5)

shorts Short trousers extending to the knee or above.

(6)

shorts Men's undershorts.

(7)

A short sale.

(8)

One that sells short.

(9)

shorts A byproduct of wheat processing that consists of germ bran and coarse meal or flour.

(10)

shorts Clippings or trimmings that remain as byproducts in various manufacturing processes, often used to make an inferior variety of the product.

(11)

A short circuit.

(12)

A malfunction caused by a short circuit.

(13)

Baseball A shortstop.
v.
short.ed, short.ing, shorts
v.tr.

(1)

To cause a short circuit in.

(2)

Informal To give (one) less than one is entitled to; shortchange.

(3)

To sell (a stock that one does not own) in anticipation of making a profit when its price falls; make a short sale.

(4)

To sell unowned stock in (the stock market) in anticipation of making a profit when prices fall.
v.intr.
To short-circuit.

习惯用语

for short
As an abbreviation:
He's called Ed for short.

in short
In summary; briefly.

short for
An abbreviation of:
Ed is short for Edward.

short of

(1)

Having an inadequate supply of:
We're short of cash.

(2)

Less than:
Nothing short of her best effort was required to make the team.

(3)

Other than; without resorting to:
Short of yelling at him, I had no other way to catch his attention.

(4)

Not quite willing to undertake or do; just this side of:
She stopped short of throwing out the old photo.

the short end of the stick
The worst side of an unequal deal.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English sceort, scort * see sker- 1

继承用法

shortness
n.

英汉船舶大词典

for short
prep.简称,为简略起见,缩写

英汉航海大词典

for short
prep.简称,为简略起见

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