简明英汉词典

fool
[fu:l]
n.
愚人, 白痴, 莽汉, 受骗者, 奶油拌水果
vt.
愚弄, 欺骗, 浪费
vi.
干傻事, 开玩笑, 游荡
adj.
傻的

美国传统词典[双解]

fool
fool
AHD:[f?l]
D.J.[fu8l]
K.K.[ful]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who is regarded as deficient in judgment, sense, or understanding.
蠢人,白痴:被认为缺乏判断、感觉或理解力的人

(2)

One who acts unwisely on a given occasion:
傻子:在一特定时刻做事不明智的人:
I was a fool to have refused the job.
我真傻,拒绝了那项工作

(3)

One who has been tricked or made to appear ridiculous; a dupe:
容易受骗的人:受愚弄的人或弄得看起来可笑的人;易受骗的人:
They made a fool of me by pretending I won the award.
他们骗我假装得了奖金而愚弄我

(4)

Informal A person with a talent or an enthusiasm for a certain activity:
【非正式用语】 对某活动热爱的人:对某项活动具有天才或热情的人:
a dancing fool; a fool for skiing.
舞迷;滑冰迷

(5)

A member of a royal or noble household who provided entertainment, as with jokes or antics; a jester.
弄臣,宫廷小丑:一些皇室或贵族家庭成员,他们提供娱乐如讲笑话或表演滑稽动作;小丑

(6)

A dessert made of stewed or puréed fruit mixed with cream or custard and served cold.
奶油拌水果:一种甜点,由炖水果和冰淇淋或牛奶蛋糊和冰冻混合成

(7)

Archaic A mentally deficient person; an idiot.
【古语】 白痴:智力缺陷的人;傻瓜
v.(动词)
fooledfool.ingfools
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To deceive or trick; dupe:
蒙骗或愚弄;欺骗:
“trying to learn how to fool a trout with a little bit of floating fur and feather”(Charles Kuralt)
“试着学习如何用一点的皮毛和羽毛来引鳟鱼上钩”(查尔斯·库拉尔特)

(2)

To confound or prove wrong; surprise, especially pleasantly:
使混淆,使惊喜:混淆或证明错误;惊奇,尤其是高兴地:
We were sure they would fail, but they fooled us.
我们确信他们将失败,但他们却使我们惊喜
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(2)

To speak or act facetiously or in jest; joke:
滑稽表演,开玩笑:滑稽地或诙谐地说或做;开玩笑:
I was just fooling when I said you couldn't have any of my candy.
我说你不能拿我的糖,那是在开玩笑

(3)

To behave comically; clown.
举止滑稽;扮小丑

(4)

To feign; pretend:
假装;伪装:
He said he had a toothache but it turned out he was only fooling.
他说他牙疼,但结果他只是在伪装

(5)

To engage in idle or frivolous activity.
干蠢事:涉及无用或琐碎的行动

(6)

To toy, tinker, or mess:
玩弄,粗劣修补,混乱:
shouldn't fool with matches.
不能乱玩火柴
adj.Informal (形容词)【非正式用语】
Foolish; stupid:
傻的;愚蠢的:
off on some fool errand or other.
出去干一些愚蠢的差事

常用词组

fool around 【非正式用语】

(1)

To engage in idle or casual activity; putter:
干一些无聊或随便的事;懒散地工作:
was fooling around with some figures in hopes of balancing the budget.
懒散地算着数字,希望能平衡开支

(2)

To engage in frivolous activity; make fun.
做轻浮的事;开玩笑

(3)

To engage in casual, often promiscuous sexual acts.
滥交:从事随意,常是乱搞性行为

fool away
To waste (time or money) foolishly; squander:
愚蠢地浪费(时间或钱);挥霍:
fooled away the week's pay on Friday night.
周五晚上花掉了整个星期的工资

习惯用语

play the fool或

act the fool

(1)

To act in an irresponsible or foolish manner.
出丑:以愚蠢而不负责任的表现

(2)

To behave in a playful or comical manner.
以滑稽,玩笑的方式行动

语源

(1)

Middle English fol
中古英语 fol

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Late Latin follis [windbag, fool]
源自 后期拉丁语 follis [空谈家,愚人]

(4)

from Latin follis [bellows] * see bhel- 2
源自 拉丁语 follis [风箱] *参见 bhel- 2

注释
The pejorative nature of the term fool is only strengthened by a knowledge of its etymology. Its source, the Latin word follis, meant “a bag or sack, a large inflated ball, a pair of bellows.” Users of the word in Late Latin, however, saw a resemblance between the bellows or the inflated ball and a person who was what we would call “a windbag” or “an airhead.” The word, which passed into English by way of French, is first recorded in English in a work written around the beginning of the 13th centurywith the sense “a foolish, stupid, or ignorant person.”
词语fool 的轻蔑性质只有用它的语源知识才能体会深刻。 它的词源,拉丁词fillis 意思是“一个袋子,一个大的充气球,一对风箱”。 然而在后期拉丁语中此词使用者发现一个风箱或充气球与一个我们称为“空谈者”或“自大者”之间有相似之处。这个词通过法语传入英语,在英语中最早记录在一本写于大约为13世纪初的书中,意思是“笨的,傻的或愚昧的人”

现代英汉词典

fool 1
[fu:l]
n.

(1)

笨人;呆子
I'm a fool, I left my coat on the train.
我真傻,把外套丢在火车上了。
Fool's haste is no spead.(谚)
欲速则不达。
"You fool! I asked for pure water, not coffee."
"你这个笨蛋!我要的是纯净水,不是咖啡。"

(2)

(国王豢养的)弄臣,小丑

(3)

(the) more fool you 我觉得你很傻

词性变化

fool
vi., vt.

(1)

愚弄;欺骗
He fooled me into giving him money.
他欺骗我,要我给他钱。
You shouldn't have let the children fool about / around with dangerous chemicals.
你不该让孩子们胡闹摆弄危险的化学品。
You can't fool her; she's much too clever for that.
"你愚弄不了她,她够精明的,不会上你的当。"
Be guard against various sham theories. Don't be fooled by them.
"要警惕各种假理论,不要上它们的当/不要为它们所欺骗。"

(2)

做蠢事
Can't you stop fooling?
你就不能理智一点吗?

(3)

(与about, around连用)游手好闲;虚度光阴
He just fools about all day long.
他整天游手好闲。

基本词义

fool 2
[fu:l]
n.
奶油水果羹

现代英汉综合大辞典

fool
[fu:l]
n.

(1)

蠢人, 傻子; 白痴

(2)

受愚弄[欺骗]的人

(3)

(中世纪王侯、贵族雇养的)弄臣, 小丑

(4)

有癖好的人

(5)

水果泥和乳脂(一种餐末点心)
fool's gold
【矿】黄铁矿, 黄铜矿
fool's paradise
幻想的幸福, 空想; 美梦
an April fool
愚人节被愚弄的人
a chess-playing fool
棋迷

词性变化

fool
[fu:l]
vt.

(1)

欺骗, 愚弄; 诈骗

(2)

浪费; 虚度

(3)

诈取
fool sb. into doing sth.
骗某人作某事
fool sb. out of his money
诈骗某人钱财
fool away one's money [time]
浪费钱[时间]

fool
[fu:l]
vi.

(1)

干蠢事; 闹笑话; 玩弄

(2)

开玩笑; 演滑稽角色

(3)

游手好闲; 虚度

(4)

瞎弄
stop fooling
停止开玩笑
He's fooling about all the day.
他整天无所事事浪费时间。
If you go on fooling with that gun, there'll be an accident.
如果你继续瞎摆弄那枝枪, 就会发生意外。

fool
[fu:l]
adj.
[美口]愚蠢的, 傻的

继承用法

foolhardiness
n.
莽撞的性质[状态]

foolhardy
[5fu:lhB:dI]
adj.
有勇无谋的, 莽撞的

foolproof
[5fu:lpru:f]
adj.

(1)

[俚](傻瓜也会干, 也能懂的)极其筒单明了的

(2)

极安全的, 有安全装置的

fool's -parsley
n.
【植】毒欧芹

foolery
[5fu:lErI]
n.

(1)

愚蠢的行为

(2)

[pl. ]愚蠢的思想[谈吐、行动]

习惯用语

A fool always rushes to the fore.
[谚]愚人总喜强出头。

A fool and his money are soon parted.
[谚]愚人有钱留不住。

A fool may ask more questions in an hour than a wise man can answer in seven years.
[谚]聪明人也会被傻瓜难倒。

A fool may give a wise man counsel.
[谚] 愚者千虑必有一得。

A fool may sometimes speak to the purpose.
傻瓜有时也能说到点子上。

A fool may throw a stone into a well which a hundred wise men cannot pull out.
[谚]一个蠢人造成的损失, 一百个聪明人也不能补回。

a fool of circumstances
受环境摆布的人

A fool, when he is silent, is counted wise.
[谚]傻瓜不说话就可以冒充聪明人。

Answer a fool according to his folly.
[谚]按照愚人的蠢话回答愚人。

As the fool thinks, so the bell clinks.
不管蠢人怎样想, 时钟还是照样响(只有愚人才相信自己的如意算盘)。

be a fool for
无法抵制的...诱惑; 喜爱

be a fool for one's pains

(1)

吃力不讨好; 自找麻烦

(2)

吃别人的亏; 充当别人的玩具

be a fool to
[古]处处不如..., 与...不可同日而语

be a fool to oneself
干费力不讨好的事(特指出于好心)

be fool enough to
真傻, 傻到...

be nobody's fool
机智的, 聪明的

beg sb. for a fool
[废]把某人当作傻瓜

beg sb. for a idiot
[废]把某人当作傻瓜

Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.
宁做聪明的傻子, 不做愚蠢的聪明人。

bray a fool in a mortar
愚蠢是治不好的

Every man has a fool in his sleeve.
[谚]人人都有糊涂的时候。

fortune's fool
命运的宠儿

If wise men play the fool, they do it with a vengeance.
[谚]聪明人做起糊涂事来, 那才糊涂透顶。

make a fool of oneself
[口]做傻事, 丢丑

make a fool of sb.
[口]愚弄某人, 让某人出丑, 使某人当傻瓜

make an April fool of sb.
把某人当四月一日愚人节恶作剧的对象

no fool
绝非傻瓜, 精明机敏

nobody's fool
绝非傻瓜, 精明机敏

None is a fool always, every one sometimes.
[谚]没有终身的傻瓜, 也没有终身不当傻瓜的人。

One fool makes many.
[谚]听蠢人话的人也将变成蠢人; 愚蠢也能传染。

play the fool

(1)

扮丑角, 胡闹

(2)

干蠢事, 荒唐

act the fool

(1)

扮丑角, 胡闹

(2)

干蠢事, 荒唐

play the fool with

(1)

损坏, 糟蹋

(2)

愚弄, 戏弄, 勾引

put the fool on sb.
[废]把某人当傻瓜

suffer fools gladly
[常用于否定句]耐着性子与蠢人相处, 对傻里傻气的人有耐心

The fool doth think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool.
[谚]愚者自以为聪明, 智者则有自知之明。

the fool of fate
被命运捉弄的人。

more fool you
你[他, 他们]真傻

more fool him
你[他, 他们]真傻

more fool them
你[他, 他们]真傻

the more fool you
你[他, 他们]真傻

the more fool him
你[他, 他们]真傻

the more fool them
你[他, 他们]真傻

no fool like an old fool.
[谚]老傻瓜是无可救药的

no fool to the old fool.
[谚]老傻瓜是无可救药的

There's no fool like an old fool.
[谚]老傻瓜是无可救药的

There's no fool to the old fool.
[谚]老傻瓜是无可救药的

There's more knows Tom F-than Tom Fool knows.
[谚]臭名气并不光彩。

Tom fool
大傻瓜, 大笨蛋

fool about

(1)

鬼混, 游荡

(2)

摆弄, 捣鼓, 同...瞎闹

fool along
[美]慢慢游荡, 磨蹭

fool around

(1)

游荡, 鬼混

(2)

玩弄

fool away
浪费, 虚掷(时间, 金钱等)

fool in grain
十足的大傻瓜

fool on
干蠢事

fool with
摆弄, 玩弄

Fools and bairns should not see half-done work.
[苏, 谚]不要把没完成的活给蠢人和小孩看; 蠢人和小孩看不到将来的成就。

Fools grow without watering
[谚]傻瓜不用教。

Fools have fortune. (=Fortune favours fools)
傻人有傻福。

Fools make feasts and wise men eat them.
傻瓜摆酒席, 聪明 人吃酒席。

Fools never know when they are well.
[谚]蠢人总是不知足。

Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.
傻瓜总是急不可待。

Fools should not have chapping sticks.
[苏, 谚]傻瓜不能动刀弄斧。(此词是通常对小孩讲的, 意为不能让小孩拿尖利的刀具)

Fools will be fools still.
[谚]傻瓜总是傻瓜。

Fools will be medding.
[谚]蠢人专爱管闲事。

用法词典

fool
源自拉丁语follis<风箱)引申为夸夸其谈的人

英文相关词典

fool
blockhead    deceive    dunce    ignoramus    joke    know-nothing    mislead    ninny    play    scatterbrain    simpleton    trick    sage    

美国传统词典

fool
fool
AHD:[f?l]
D.J.[fu8l]
K.K.[ful]
n.

(1)

One who is regarded as deficient in judgment, sense, or understanding.

(2)

One who acts unwisely on a given occasion:
I was a fool to have refused the job.

(3)

One who has been tricked or made to appear ridiculous; a dupe:
They made a fool of me by pretending I won the award.

(4)

Informal A person with a talent or an enthusiasm for a certain activity:
a dancing fool; a fool for skiing.

(5)

A member of a royal or noble household who provided entertainment, as with jokes or antics; a jester.

(6)

A dessert made of stewed or puréed fruit mixed with cream or custard and served cold.

(7)

Archaic A mentally deficient person; an idiot.
v.
fooled, fool.ing, fools
v.tr.

(1)

To deceive or trick; dupe:
“trying to learn how to fool a trout with a little bit of floating fur and feather”(Charles Kuralt)

(2)

To confound or prove wrong; surprise, especially pleasantly:
We were sure they would fail, but they fooled us.
v.intr.

(1)

Informal

(2)

To speak or act facetiously or in jest; joke:
I was just fooling when I said you couldn't have any of my candy.

(3)

To behave comically; clown.

(4)

To feign; pretend:
He said he had a toothache but it turned out he was only fooling.

(5)

To engage in idle or frivolous activity.

(6)

To toy, tinker, or mess:
shouldn't fool with matches.
adj.Informal
Foolish; stupid:
off on some fool errand or other.

常用词组

fool around Informal

(1)

To engage in idle or casual activity; putter:
was fooling around with some figures in hopes of balancing the budget.

(2)

To engage in frivolous activity; make fun.

(3)

To engage in casual, often promiscuous sexual acts.

fool away
To waste (time or money) foolishly; squander:
fooled away the week's pay on Friday night.

习惯用语

play the foolor

act the fool

(1)

To act in an irresponsible or foolish manner.

(2)

To behave in a playful or comical manner.

语源

(1)

Middle English fol

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Late Latin follis [windbag, fool]

(4)

from Latin follis [bellows] * see bhel- 2

注释
The pejorative nature of the term fool is only strengthened by a knowledge of its etymology. Its source, the Latin word follis, meant “a bag or sack, a large inflated ball, a pair of bellows.” Users of the word in Late Latin, however, saw a resemblance between the bellows or the inflated ball and a person who was what we would call “a windbag” or “an airhead.” The word, which passed into English by way of French, is first recorded in English in a work written around the beginning of the 13th centurywith the sense “a foolish, stupid, or ignorant person.”

英汉化学大词典

fool
n.傻瓜;vt.愚弄,呆子

英汉计算机大词典

fool
n.傻瓜;vt.愚弄

航空英语缩写词典

FOOL
LIBREVILLE/LEON M'BA 利伯维尔/LEON M'BA

英汉医学大词典

fool
n.傻子

英汉中医大词典

fool
n.傻子,呆子

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