简明英汉词典

foil
[fCil]
n.
箔, 金属薄片, [建]叶形片, 烘托, 衬托
vt.
衬托, 阻止, 挡开, 挫败, 贴箔于

美国传统词典[双解]

foil
foil 1
AHD:[foil]
D.J.[f%il]
K.K.[f%!l]
v.tr.(及物动词)
foiledfoil.ingfoils

(1)

To prevent from being successful; thwart.See Synonyms at frustrate
使失败:妨碍成功;阻挠参见 frustrate

(2)

To obscure or confuse (a trail or scent) so as to evade pursuers.
搅乱痕迹:使(痕迹或气味)模糊难辨以躲避追击者
n.Archaic (名词)【古语】

(1)

A repulse; a setback.
阻力;挫折

(2)

The trail or scent of an animal.
动物留下的痕迹或气味

语源

(1)

Middle English foilen [to trample, defile]
中古英语 foilen [践踏,弄脏]

(2)

variant of filen [to defile] * see file 3
filen的变体 [玷污] *参见 file3

基本词义

foil
foil 2
AHD:[foil]
D.J.[f%il]
K.K.[f%!l]
n.(名词)

(1)

A thin, flexible leaf or sheet of metal:
箔:一页或一张薄而软的金属:
aluminum foil.
铝箔

(2)

A thin layer of polished metal placed under a displayed gem to lend it brilliance.
衬箔:在展出的宝石下放置的用以衬出其光泽的薄层剖光金属

(3)

One that by contrast underscores or enhances the distinctive characteristics of another:
陪衬物:在对比中增加或减少其它物体特色的陪衬物:
“I am resolved my husband shall not be a rival, but a foil to me”(Charlotte Bront?)
“我决定不把我丈夫当成敌手而把他当成我的陪衬”(夏洛特·勃朗特)

(4)

The reflective metal coating on the back of a glass mirror.
银箔:镜子背面的反射金属覆盖面

(5)

Architecture A curvilinear, often lobelike figure or space formed between the cusps of intersecting arcs, found especially in Gothic tracery and Moorish ornament.
【建筑学】 叶形饰:在尖顶的交叉拱门之间的一块曲线的、常为裂片状的空间,在哥特式的窗花格交织线条和马蹄型拱的装饰上尤为多见

(6)

An airfoil.
飞翼

(7)

Nautical A hydrofoil.
【航海】 水翼艇
v.tr.(及物动词)
foiledfoil.ingfoils

(1)

To cover or back with foil.
以箔覆盖或衬托

(2)

To set off by contrast.
通过对比衬托

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French foille
源自 古法语 foille

(3)

from Latin folia [pl. of] folium [leaf] * see bhel- 3
源自 拉丁语 folia [] folium的复数 [叶] *参见 bhel- 3

基本词义

foil
foil 3
AHD:[foil]
D.J.[f%il]
K.K.[f%!l]
n.(名词)

(1)

A fencing sword having a usually circular guard and a thin, flexible four-sided blade with a button on the tip to prevent injury.
钝头剑,无锋剑:带有一环状保护装置和在顶端带有圆头以防止剑伤的四边剑锋的防御剑

(2)

Often foils The art or sport of fencing with such a sword:
常作 foils 花剑剑术:用圆头剑防御的技巧或运动:
a contest at foils.
花剑比赛

语源
[Origin unknown]
[词源不明]

现代英汉词典

foil 1
[fCIl]
vt.
阻挠;挫败
We foiled his attempt to escape.
我们使他逃不成。
He was foiled in his attempt.
他的企图成为泡影了。
The police foiled the murderer's attempt to escape.
警察使这个杀人犯逃跑的企图成为泡影。

基本词义

foil 2
[fCIl]
n.

(1)

箔;金属薄片

(2)

银箔

(3)

陪衬的角色;衬托物
In the play, a wicked uncle acts as a foil to the noble prince.
在剧中,一个坏心肠的叔父给高贵的王子做衬托。

基本词义

foil 3
[fCIl]
n.
花剑

现代英汉综合大辞典

foil
[fCil]
=file-Oriented interpretive language 面向文件的翻译语言

英文相关词典

foil
frustrate    metal    outwit    ruin    spoil    sword    thwart    

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

foil

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

foil

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

foil
箔, 薄片

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

foil

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

foil

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

foil
箔, 薄片

美国传统词典

foil
foil 1
AHD:[foil]
D.J.[f%il]
K.K.[f%!l]
v.tr.
foiled, foil.ing, foils

(1)

To prevent from being successful; thwart.See Synonyms at frustrate

(2)

To obscure or confuse (a trail or scent) so as to evade pursuers.
n.Archaic

(1)

A repulse; a setback.

(2)

The trail or scent of an animal.

语源

(1)

Middle English foilen [to trample, defile]

(2)

variant of filen [to defile] * see file 3

基本词义

foil
foil 2
AHD:[foil]
D.J.[f%il]
K.K.[f%!l]
n.

(1)

A thin, flexible leaf or sheet of metal:
aluminum foil.

(2)

A thin layer of polished metal placed under a displayed gem to lend it brilliance.

(3)

One that by contrast underscores or enhances the distinctive characteristics of another:
“I am resolved my husband shall not be a rival, but a foil to me”(Charlotte Bront?)

(4)

The reflective metal coating on the back of a glass mirror.

(5)

Architecture A curvilinear, often lobelike figure or space formed between the cusps of intersecting arcs, found especially in Gothic tracery and Moorish ornament.

(6)

An airfoil.

(7)

Nautical A hydrofoil.
v.tr.
foiled, foil.ing, foils

(1)

To cover or back with foil.

(2)

To set off by contrast.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French foille

(3)

from Latin folia [pl. of] folium [leaf] * see bhel- 3

基本词义

foil
foil 3
AHD:[foil]
D.J.[f%il]
K.K.[f%!l]
n.

(1)

A fencing sword having a usually circular guard and a thin, flexible four-sided blade with a button on the tip to prevent injury.

(2)

Often foils The art or sport of fencing with such a sword:
a contest at foils.

语源
[Origin unknown]

[名词委审定]英汉冶金学名词(1999)

foil
箔材

英汉船舶大词典

foil
n.薄片,水翼;n.翼

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

foil
箔,薄片;= File-Oriented Interpretive Language,面向文件的解释语言

英汉电信大词典

foil
n.箔

英汉地质大词典

foil
n.薄箔

英汉纺织大词典

foil
n.箔,薄片,陪衬色

英汉广播大词典

foil
n.箔片

英汉航空大词典

foil
n.箔片,薄金属片

英汉化学大词典

foil
n.箔;vt.铺箔,在...上贴箔,箔

英汉海运大词典

foil
翼,水翼叶片翼型箔,薄片

基本词义

foil
箔,薄金属片水翼稳定器(平衡舵)舵板(半平衡舵)水下部分翼叶片翼型薄片

基本词义

foil
箔,薄金属片水翼稳定器(平衡舵)舵板(半平衡舵)水下部分

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

foil
箔,金属箔

英汉经贸大词典

foil
n.箔;vt.铺箔,在...上贴箔

英汉计算机大词典

foil
n.箔;vt.铺箔(在...上贴箔)

英汉机械大词典

foil
n.箔,薄膜

英汉建筑大词典

foil
n.金尾薄片,薄箔

英汉能源大词典

foil
n.箔

英汉汽车大词典

foil
n.?;n.金属薄片

英汉水利大词典

foil
n.箔,薄片,水翼

英汉冶金大词典

foil
n.箔,薄金属片

英汉仪器仪表术语词典

foil
箔[材][ 通常指厚度约 0.005mm~0.09mm 的金属或合金片材产品。(INA)]

英汉医学大词典

foil
n.箔

英汉中医大词典

foil
n.箔,金属薄片,箔

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