简明英汉词典

firm
[fE:m]
n.
公司, (合伙)商号
adj.
结实的, 坚硬的, 坚定的, 坚固的, 牢固的, 稳固的, 严格的
vt.
使牢固, 使坚定
vi.
变稳固, 变坚实
adv.
稳固地, 坚定地

美国传统词典[双解]

firm
firm 1
AHD:[f?rm]
D.J.[f*8m]
K.K.[f)m]
adj.(形容词)
firm.erfirm.est

(1)

Resistant to externally applied pressure.
坚硬的:抵抗外来压力的

(2)

Marked by or indicating the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue:
健壮的:表明身体的健康状态和健康组织的机能:
firm muscles.
结实的肌肉

(3)

Securely fixed in place:
稳固的:
Despite being hit by the car, the post was still firm.
尽管被车撞了,柱子仍然很稳固

(4)

Indicating or possessed of determination or resolution:
坚决的:表明或具有决心和意志的:
a firm voice.
坚决的声音

(5)

Constant; steadfast:
坚定的;不移的:
a firm ally.
坚定的联盟

(6)

Not subject to change; fixed and definite:
坚挺的:不易改变的;稳定的和确定的:
a firm bargain; a firm offer.
明确的协议;固定的出价

(7)

Unfluctuating; steady:
不浮动的;稳固的:
Stock prices are still firm.
证券价格仍都很稳定

(8)

Strong and sure:
强有力的,确信的:
a firm grasp.
紧紧的一握
v.tr.intr.(及物动词和不及物动词)
firmedfirm.ingfirms
To make or become firm.
使稳定,使变坚固
adv.(副词)
firmerfirmest
Without wavering; resolutely:
不动摇地,坚决地:
stand firm.
坚定地站立

语源

(1)

Middle English ferm
中古英语 ferm

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin firmus * see dher-
源自 拉丁语 firmus *参见 dher-

继承用法

firmly
adv.(副词)

firmness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

firmhardsolid

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “tending not to yield to external pressure, touch, or force”:
这几个形容词所共有的中心意思是“不屈服于外界压力、触动或力量”:
a firm mattress;
硬褥子;
hard as granite;
硬似花岗岩;
solid ice. soft
坚冰 soft

基本词义

firm
firm 2
AHD:[f?rm]
D.J.[f*8m]
K.K.[f)m]
n.(名词)

(1)

A commercial partnership of two or more persons, especially when unincorporated.
合股:尤指在没被合并时的两个或更多人的商业合伙

(2)

The name or designation under which a company transacts business.
商号,商行:在某名称或名义下公司办理事务

语源

(1)

Italian firma
意大利语 firma

(2)

from firmare [to ratify by signature]
源自 firmare [签名证明]

(3)

from Medieval Latin firm3e
源自 中世纪拉丁语 firm3e

(4)

from Latin [to confirm]
源自 拉丁语 [使确实]

(5)

from firmus [firm] * see dher-
源自 firmus [稳定的] *参见 dher-

注释
In these days of agribusiness, a farm and a firm are probably closer than they have been since the time before the words farm and firm developed from the same Latin word, firm3, “to strengthen, make fast, confirm, attest,” which is derived from Latin firmus, the source of firm, meaning “secure.” In Medieval Latin firm3e came to mean “to ratify by signature,” from which sense eventually came our word firm, first recorded in 1574 with the meaning “signature.” This word firm later added the senses “designation under which a firm transacts business” and “commercial house.” Latin firm3e by way of Old French also gave us Middle English ferme, the ancestor of our word farm.
大农场经营年代,农场和商行也许比在farm 和 firm 从同一拉丁语 firmare, 意为“加强,使牢固,使确定,使证明”发展来之前联系更为紧密, 它是从拉丁词firmus 派生而来, 即firm 一词的来源,意为“确定的”。 在中世纪拉丁语中,firmare 开始取意为“用签名来批准,”从此含义出发,最终有了我们的 firm 这个词, 1574年它首次被记录下来,意为“签名”。 Firm 这个词后来增加了两个含义,“商行借以办理事务的名称”和“经商的房屋。” 拉丁词firmare 也通过古法语给了我们中世纪英语 ferme 这个词, 它是我们的单词farm 的前身

现代英汉词典

firm 1
[f\:m]
adj.

(1)

坚牢的,坚固的
You must always build on firm ground.
你必须始终脚踏实地。
Mother kept a firm hold on her son's hands as he said goodby to her abroad.
"儿子向母亲告别到国外去时,母亲紧紧地拉住他的双手。"

(2)

稳定的;坚定的
a firm belief
坚定的信念
Prices are still firm.
物价仍然稳定。
The teacher was firm and did not change her mind.
老师很坚决,他不改变主意。

词性变化

firm
adv.
坚定地;稳定地
to stand firm
站稳

firm
vt., vi.
(常与up连用)变坚固,变坚实;变稳定
The jelly firmed quickly.
果冻很快就凝结起来了。

基本词义

firm 2
[f\:m]
n.
商行;公司

现代英汉综合大辞典

firm
[fE:m]
adj.

(1)

结实的, 坚固的, 稳固的

(2)

坚定的, 坚决的; 强有力的; 严格的

(3)

【商】确定的; (行市)坚挺的; (货币)稳定的; (金融)紧缩的
firm ground
陆地
firm belief
确信
firm friendship
牢不可破的友谊
a firm faith
坚定的信仰
a firm foundation
牢固的基础
take firm measures
采取坚决措施
be firm with children
严格对待孩子
as firm as a rock
坚如磐石
be firm on one's legs
站稳立场
be on firm ground
脚踏实地; 在稳固的基础上

词性变化

firm
[fE:m]
adv.
稳固地; 坚定地
hold firm
固守
stand firm
站稳立场

firm
[fE:m]
vt.

(1)

使牢固, 使稳固; 使稳定; 使坚定; 使坚实

(2)

确认(契约等)
vi.

(1)

变牢固, 变稳固; 变坚定

(2)

变坚实

继承用法

firmly
[5f\:mlI]
adv.

firmness
[5f\:mnIs]
n.

参考词汇
firm     hard     solid     stiff    
都含“坚硬的、不易拉弯和失去原形的”意思。

(1)

firm 指“组织和结构坚韧、不易弯曲的”, 如:
His muscles are firm.
他的肌肉坚实。

(2)

hard指“厚或坚硬的, 而不易穿透、不易切割和压碎的”, 如:
as hard as a rock
坚如岩石。

(3)

solid指“物体的结构很坚固, 密度一致, 坚硬得能抗压”, 如:
Houses must be bulit on solid ground.
房屋必须建造在坚硬的土地上。

(4)

stiff指“坚硬而不能弯曲的”, 如:
a stiff collar
硬领。

用法词典

firm
源自拉丁词firmus结实的,坚固的

英文相关词典

firm
business    company    enterprise    fixed    immovable    inflexible    rigid    secure    solid    stationary    unyielding    flabby    flimsy    fragile    loose    weak    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

firm
公司;坚固的;坚定的

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

firm
商会

美国传统词典

firm
firm 1
AHD:[f?rm]
D.J.[f*8m]
K.K.[f)m]
adj.
firm.er, firm.est

(1)

Resistant to externally applied pressure.

(2)

Marked by or indicating the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue:
firm muscles.

(3)

Securely fixed in place:
Despite being hit by the car, the post was still firm.

(4)

Indicating or possessed of determination or resolution:
a firm voice.

(5)

Constant; steadfast:
a firm ally.

(6)

Not subject to change; fixed and definite:
a firm bargain; a firm offer.

(7)

Unfluctuating; steady:
Stock prices are still firm.

(8)

Strong and sure:
a firm grasp.
v.tr.intr.
firmed, firm.ing, firms
To make or become firm.
adv.
firmer, firmest
Without wavering; resolutely:
stand firm.

语源

(1)

Middle English ferm

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin firmus * see dher-

继承用法

firmly
adv.

firmness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

firm, hard, solid

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “tending not to yield to external pressure, touch, or force”:
a firm mattress;
hard as granite;
solid ice. soft

基本词义

firm
firm 2
AHD:[f?rm]
D.J.[f*8m]
K.K.[f)m]
n.

(1)

A commercial partnership of two or more persons, especially when unincorporated.

(2)

The name or designation under which a company transacts business.

语源

(1)

Italian firma

(2)

from firmare [to ratify by signature]

(3)

from Medieval Latin firm3e

(4)

from Latin [to confirm]

(5)

from firmus [firm] * see dher-

注释
In these days of agribusiness, a farm and a firm are probably closer than they have been since the time before the words farm and firm developed from the same Latin word, firm3, “to strengthen, make fast, confirm, attest,” which is derived from Latin firmus, the source of firm, meaning “secure.” In Medieval Latin firm3e came to mean “to ratify by signature,” from which sense eventually came our word firm, first recorded in 1574 with the meaning “signature.” This word firm later added the senses “designation under which a firm transacts business” and “commercial house.” Latin firm3e by way of Old French also gave us Middle English ferme, the ancestor of our word farm.

英汉船舶大词典

firm
n.坚实的,牢固

英汉电力大词典

firm
n.坚固的,牢固的,稳定的

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

firm
坚固;厂商,公司

英汉电信大词典

firm
n.坚固的,公司

英汉法学大词典

firm
n.厂商 ,公司,事务所 ;adj.确定

英汉广播大词典

firm
n.融和

英汉航海大词典

firm
n.市价俏,市价紧

英汉航空大词典

firm
n.坚固的,稳固的;n.确定的

英汉化学大词典

firm
adj.坚固的;vt.使...变坚固

英汉海运大词典

firm
公司,商行,商号坚固的,坚实的坚决的,坚定的无变动的,稳定的坚固固定的,固体的确定的,

基本词义

firm
公司,商行坚固的,坚实的坚决的,坚定的

基本词义

firm
坚固固定的,固体的公司,商行确定的,稳定的

基本词义

firm
公司,商行,商号坚固的,坚实的坚决的,坚定的无变动的,稳定的

英汉经贸大词典

firm
n.市价俏,市价紧,商号

英汉计算机大词典

firm
adj.坚固的;vt.使...变坚固

英汉机械大词典

firm
n.可靠的,坚固的

英汉建筑大词典

firm
n.坚固的,坚定的,牢固的

英汉农牧林大词典

firm
n.栽苗覆土,坚固的,坚实的

英汉水利大词典

firm
n.可靠的,坚固,稳定的,栽苗覆土,坚固的,坚实的

英汉医学大词典

firm
adj.商行,可靠的

英汉中医大词典

firm
n.结实的,坚硬的,牢固的

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