简明英汉词典

finish
[5finiF]
n.
完成, 结束, 磨光, 末道漆, 完美
vt.
完成, 结束, 用完, 毁掉, 使完美
vi.
结束, 终结, 停止, 终止

美国传统词典[双解]

finish
fin.ish
AHD:[f1n“1sh]
D.J.[6fini.]
K.K.[6f!n!.]
v.(动词)
fin.ishedfin.ish.ingfin.ish.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To arrive at or attain the end of:
结束:到达或达到…的终点:
finish a race.
跑到比赛终点

(2)

To bring to an end; terminate:
结束,终止:暂告一段落;使停止:
finished cleaning the room.
打扫完房间了

(3)

To consume all of; use up:
用完;吃光:
finish a pie.
吃完一张馅饼

(4)

To bring to a desired or required state:
达成:使…达到预期或需要状态:
finish a painting.See Synonyms at complete
上完漆参见 complete

(5)

To give (wood, for example) a desired or particular surface texture.
抛光:给(例如木材)期望的或特殊的表面纹理

(6)

To destroy; kill:
毁掉;杀掉:
finished the injured horse with a bullet.
一枪结果了那只受伤的马

(7)

To bring about the ruin of:
使毁灭,使破产:
The stock market crash finished many speculators.
股票市场暴跌使许多投机者破产
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To come to an end; stop.
停止,终了

(2)

To reach the end of a task, course, or relationship.
完成:完成任务、课程或中断关系
n.(名词)

(1)

Abbr. fin.The final part; the conclusion:
缩写 fin.结论:最后一部分,结论部分:
racers neck-and-neck at the finish.
赛跑者在终点处不分上下

(2)

The reason for one's ruin; downfall.
衰败的原因;衰落

(3)

Something that completes, concludes, or perfects, especially:
完成的事物:完成、结束或修改的东西,尤指

(4)

The last treatment or coating of a surface:
最后一层:表面的最后一道工序或覆盖:
applied a shellac finish to the cabinet.
最后给这个柜橱打一层虫胶清漆

(5)

The surface texture produced by such a treatment or coating.
涂饰后的表面:通过最后这道工序制造的表面纹理

(6)

A material used in surfacing or finishing.
表面抛光材料

(7)

Completeness, thoroughness, refinement, or smoothness of execution; polish.
平滑,光亮:完全、彻底、精致或平滑的完成;光泽

语源

(1)

Middle English finishen
中古英语 finishen

(2)

from Old French finir finiss- [to complete]
源自 古法语 finir finiss- [完成]

(3)

from Latin foore}
源自 拉丁语 foore}

(4)

from fos [end]
源自 fos [结束]

继承用法

finisher
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

finish
[5fInIF]
vt., vi.

(1)

(常与off连用)完成;结束
What time does the concert finish?
音乐会何时结束?
When do you finish your college course?
你什么时候大学毕业?
Finish the work off before you leave for your holiday.
你去度假前应先把工作做完。

(2)

(与off连用)最后加工;润饰
to finish off a dress
对衣服做最后修整
I'll finish off this dress in a few minutes; I'm just giving it the last finishing touches.
"这件衣服几分钟就可做好了,我已经在收尾了。"

(3)

(常与off连用)用完,喝光,吃完
The cat will finish up the fish.
猫会把鱼吃光的。

词性变化

finish
n.

(1)

终止;结束
That was his finish.
这就是他完蛋的原因。

(2)

最后一层涂饰
a smooth finish on furniture
家具上的最后一层光漆

常用词组

finish up

(1)

(常与in, by连用)以…结束

(2)

做完,完成

(3)

用光,耗尽

finish with

(1)

用完
Have you finished with the knife?
这把刀子你用完了吗?

(2)

断交
I've finished with Mary.
我和玛丽吹了。
I've finished with Alice after the way she's treated me.
"爱丽丝那样对待我,所以我和她绝交了。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

finish
[5finiF]
vt.

(1)

结束, 完毕, 完成

(2)

使...毕业

(3)

给...最后加工; 使完美; 润饰

(4)

用完, 吃完, 耗尽

(5)

[口]杀掉, 消灭; 累死; 彻底征服

(6)

【机】给...抛光
finish doing sth.
做完某事
finish a picture
完成一幅画
finish school
毕业
finish a bottle of wine
喝光一瓶酒
Where were you finished?
你是哪里毕业的?
I am finished.
我准备完了; 我累坏了。
China's pottery is beautifully finished.
中国陶器加工精美。
That shock almost finished him.
那一惊几乎把他吓死。

词性变化

finish
[5finiF]
vi.
结束, 终结; 做完; 终止关系
Have you finished with the dictionary?
这本词典你已经用完了吗?

finish
[5finiF]
n.
[只用单]

(1)

结束, 终点

(2)

完蛋的原因; [美俚]死; 毁灭

(3)

完结[成]; 完美; (态度等)文雅

(4)

修理, 精修[整, 制, 轧, 加工], 抛[磨]光, 研磨, 装[精, 终]饰, 最后加工阶段, 一道工序, 竣工; 成品

(5)

涂[面, 保护]层, 涂刷剂, 罩面漆; 末道漆; 清漆; 用作终饰的高级木材

(6)

(表面)光洁度

(7)

瓶口
finish allowance
【机】加工余量
finish line
[美]决胜战, (赛跑或赛马等的)终点线

继承用法

finishability
n.
易修整, 可修整性

习惯用语

be in at the finish
射杀猎物时亲自在场; [喻]目睹(比赛、战斗等的)最后情形

before one has finished
迟早(含有不赞同、责备的意思)

fight to a finish
打到底

fight to the finish
打到底

finish off

(1)

结束; 完成

(2)

用完; 吃完

(3)

[口]干掉, 杀死; 毁掉

finish up
完成, 吃光; 用尽

finish up with
以...结束

finish with

(1)

完成; 结束

(2)

与...断绝关系

(3)

(和某人)谈完; 问完, 责打[惩罚]完(某人)

特殊用法

acid treated finish
(混凝土的)酸类处理整面法

aniline finish
苯胺涂饰剂

anod(ic) finish
阳极(氧化)处理, 阳极处理保护层

anodized finish
阳极化抛光

antique finish
古彩涂饰剂

anti-swelling finish
防溶胀处理

architectural finish
建筑物涂漆; 建筑涂装

automobile finish
汽车(罩面)漆

baking finish
烘漆; 烘烤涂料

bayonet cap finish
卡口[压、盖]瓶口

bent finish
歪口(玻璃制品缺陷)

best finish
上等膘头, 优良的膘肥度, 壮膘

brush finish
粉刷

bulged finish
胀口(玻璃制品缺陷)

burlap finish
麻布面饰

casein finish
乳酪涂饰剂

casting finish
铸件精整

cellulose pigment finish
有色硝纤涂饰剂

cement plaster finish
水泥粉饰面

champagne finish
抽塞瓶口, 香槟酒瓶口

chemically cured finish
催化固化型涂料

chipped finish
裂口(玻璃制品缺陷)

circular finish
圆形涂饰[纹饰]

clear finish
清漆罩面

cockle finish
(纸)粗装饰(起皱加工)

cold-rolled finish
冷轧(板材的)光洁度

cork finish
塞软木塞的瓶口

crackle finish
裂纹漆

crepon finish
绉纹漆

crimp-proof finish
防绉整理

crinkle ripple finish
绉纹(罩面)漆; 波纹面饰

crizzled finish
表面带微裂纹的瓶口(玻璃缺陷)

crown cork finish
冠形瓶口

crystallizing finish
晶纹(罩面)漆; 晶纹面饰

dead finish
无光泽整饰

decorative finish
装饰性修整

delayed finish
延迟完成[结束]

die wall finish
模壁光洁度

dipped finish
斜口, 瓶口歪斜(玻璃制品缺陷)

dirty finish
粗糙瓶口

drill finish
光钻

dry finish
干浆料

duotone finish
调色[光泽]加工

eggshell finish
粗装饰, 蛋壳状装饰

elastic finish
弹性(精)加工

fancy finish
美术涂剂

fine finish
高级精加工, 高级光洁度, 超精加工

fine-pointed finish
细琢

fire finish
火抛光

fire-resisting finish
防火罩面漆

flanged press finish
飞边瓶口(玻璃制品缺陷)

flawless finish
高级装饰

flesh finish
肉面涂饰

float finish
浮镘出面; 用镘刀修整

flock finish
植绒涂装法; 涂栽绒面漆

floor finish
地板的刷油; 楼面成就

frosted finish
表面带微裂纹的瓶口(玻璃制品缺陷)

glass (container) finish
玻璃瓶瓶口线

glazed finish
强光泽装饰

gloss finish
光泽整理

granolithic finish
人造石铺面

gray finish
云状装饰

grinding finish
磨光面(精度)

ground finish
精磨加工

gunmetal finish
炮铜光制

hammer finish
锤纹(罩面)漆; 锤纹漆涂装法

hand tooled finish
手工錾面

heat black finish
用加热及特殊溶液获得的(铜、黄铜或青铜)物品的膏状涂料

high-gloss finish
高度[非常]光泽

honed finish
塘磨后的表面(光洁度)

hot-rolled finish
热轧光洁度

industrial finish
工业用漆

infrared stoving finish
红外线烘干涂料

internal screw thread finish
内螺纹瓶口

lapping finish
研磨

linen finish
布纹(面筛)

looking-glass finish
抛光到镜面光泽面光洁度

low finish
低光泽加工

lustioussmooth finish
光泽面镀锡薄板

machine finish
机械修整

machine glazed finish
机械抛光

marbleized finish
大理石纹装饰

masonry finish
石造建筑漆; 圬工涂料

matte finish
(镀锡板的)糙面精整

mill finish
轧制光洁度; 压光, 滚光

minute finish
抛光至镜面光泽

mirror finish
镜面精加工

mold finish
压模表面处理

mothproof finish
防蛀加工

multicolor novelty finish
多彩美术漆

nitrocellulose finish
硝(化)纤(维素)涂饰剂

non-absorbent finish
非吸湿性处理

novelty finish
装饰性美术漆施工法; 绞纹漆

offset finish
瓶口歪斜(玻璃制品缺陷)

oil finish
(木材)白茬浸油处理; (家具)涂油处理

one-side finish
单面光泽

opaque finish
不透明涂饰剂

organo-chromium finish
有机铬处理剂

overprint finish
罩印清漆

parchment finish
羊皮纸装饰

patent finish
漆革涂饰剂

pearl finish
珠光漆

permanent finish
永久性整理

pigment finish
涂颜料

plate finish
光泽装饰

plated finish
熨平涂饰剂

polished finish
抛光处理

postcure finish
【纺】后热定形整理

precure finish
【纺】预定形整理

protective finish
表面[防护]处理, 保护加工修饰

repp finish
粗布纹装饰

ripple finish
波纹漆

roll finish
滚光

rough finish
口部粗糙(玻璃制品缺陷)

rubbed finish
磨出面

run-in finish
金属型表面结垢

sand cast finish
砂模铸件处理

satin finish
无光[毛面]光洁度; 磨光; 刷光

Schreiner finish
电光[缎光]整理

scraped finish
刮磨

scratch-brush finish
锻面光洁度

screw-type finish
螺旋瓶口

semi-aniline finish
半苯胺涂饰剂

set-overfinish
瓶口歪斜(玻璃制品缺陷)

sharp finish
瓶口尖锐, 毛糙瓶口

shifted finish
瓶口歪斜

short finish
(平板玻璃)抛光不足

shrivel finish
皱纹(罩面)漆

ripple finish
皱纹(罩面)漆

slack finish
瓶口歪斜

slick finish
光泽装饰

smooth finish
(镀铴薄板的)光面精整

speckled finish
斑点花纹涂装法

spray finish
喷涂涂饰剂

standing finish
固定配件

stippled finish
(搪瓷上的)斑点装饰

stone finish
糙面精整; 镀锡板表面精整度

stoving finish
烘干面漆涂装

super finish
超精加工

surface finish
表面加工, 表面抛光

swing stopper finish
螺旋塞瓶口, 螺线瓶口

text finish
中等光泽装饰

texture finish
斑纹漆; [俗]疙疸漆

pebble finish
斑纹漆; [俗]疙疸漆

tilted finish
斜口, 歪口(玻璃制品缺陷)

toed-in finish
瘪口, 凹口(玻璃制品缺陷)

tool finish
机械加工

tropical finish
热带漆

turned finish
车削面光洁度

two-tone finish
双色调涂饰剂

velvet-like finish
仿天鹅绒涂装法

warped finish
凹口(玻璃制品缺陷)

washing-machine finish
洗衣机漆

water finish
水纹面饰, 湿润处理

water silk finish
绢纹水印

wavy finish
釉层不匀, 波状釉面

wax finish
蜡涂饰剂

wired stopper finish
螺旋塞瓶口, 螺丝瓶口

wood finish
木材涂装

wrinkle finish
皱纹(罩面)漆, 波纹面饰

ripple finish
皱纹(罩面)漆, 波纹面饰

用法词典

finish

参考词汇

(1)

finish,complete作为动词在一起比较时,这两个词的一般含义是“做完”、“完成”,有时可以互换使用。然而,有时它们却有明显的词义差别。

(2)

finish表示过去某个时候着手做的事已经做完,或者表示对已经做完的事进行精密加工
Here you can see two workers who, between them, have just finished cutting three cart-loads of golden brown macaroni stalks.
在这里,你可以看到两个劳动者,他们俩协力割下了三车金黄色的通心面秸。
As soon as he had finished, Jenny told him she wanted to go home.
他一讲完,珍妮就告诉他说她想回家。
This machine part needs surface finishing.
这个机械零件需要精密加工。
The writer has finished (or completed) the novel. 但是如果作为读者说“我已经看完这部小说了”,用英语说却只能是I have finished the novel.
不过,如果你是文学系的学生,老师布置了任务,要读完这部小说,那么又非用complete不可了。
By the end of next year, they will have finished work on the new stadium.
到明年年底,他们将建成这个新体育场。

(3)

而complete侧重表示做完或完成某工作,特别是一项任务,或者把某工作圆满结束。如果要用英语表达“这位作家已经写完那部小说了”,这两个词都可以用
The house was completed five moths ago.
这座房子是5个月前竣工的。
They had just had enough time to swim out of danger when the boat again completed a circle.
他们刚游出危险区,这时快艇又完成了一圈的运动。

(4)

注:完成一个圆周的运动,用complete是很准确的。
A few cars, however, completed the race.
有几辆车跑完了比赛的全程。

英文相关词典

finish
cease    close    complete    conclude    end    perfect    polish    refine    stop    terminate    begin    commence    start    

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

finish
精加工

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

finish
完成;完毕

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

finish
完成

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

finish
终饰

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

finish
完结, 最后加工

美国传统词典

finish
fin.ish
AHD:[f1n“1sh]
D.J.[6fini.]
K.K.[6f!n!.]
v.
fin.ished, fin.ish.ing, fin.ish.es
v.tr.

(1)

To arrive at or attain the end of:
finish a race.

(2)

To bring to an end; terminate:
finished cleaning the room.

(3)

To consume all of; use up:
finish a pie.

(4)

To bring to a desired or required state:
finish a painting.See Synonyms at complete

(5)

To give (wood, for example) a desired or particular surface texture.

(6)

To destroy; kill:
finished the injured horse with a bullet.

(7)

To bring about the ruin of:
The stock market crash finished many speculators.
v.intr.

(1)

To come to an end; stop.

(2)

To reach the end of a task, course, or relationship.
n.

(1)

Abbr. fin.The final part; the conclusion:
racers neck-and-neck at the finish.

(2)

The reason for one's ruin; downfall.

(3)

Something that completes, concludes, or perfects, especially:

(4)

The last treatment or coating of a surface:
applied a shellac finish to the cabinet.

(5)

The surface texture produced by such a treatment or coating.

(6)

A material used in surfacing or finishing.

(7)

Completeness, thoroughness, refinement, or smoothness of execution; polish.

语源

(1)

Middle English finishen

(2)

from Old French finir finiss- [to complete]

(3)

from Latin foore}

(4)

from fos [end]

继承用法

finisher
n.

[名词委审定]英汉冶金学名词(1999)

finish

(1)

精整度

(2)

又称“光洁度”。

英汉船舶大词典

finish
n.覆面,精加工,涂层

英汉电力大词典

finish
n.完工,竣工,装修

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

finish
结束,完成;抛光;涂复层

英汉电信大词典

finish
n.完毕,修整

英汉法学大词典

finish
v.结束 ,终

英汉纺织大词典

finish
n.整理法,整理剂,修整

英汉广播大词典

finish
n.完毕,修整,表面光洁度

英汉航海大词典

finish
n.结束

英汉航空大词典

finish
n.精加工,光制

英汉海运大词典

finish
结束,最后阶段完工精加工,光制抛光,磨光表面光洁度罩面漆结束完工给……精加工,光制给……抛光,磨光

基本词义

finish
抛光,给…精加工,磨光结束,完工表面光洁度,表面涂料罩面漆最后阶段,精加工,光制,给…抛光,

基本词义

finish
结束,完毕最后阶段精加工,抛光,表面光洁度表面涂料,罩面漆完工给…精加工,光制,给…抛光,磨光

基本词义

finish
结束,完毕

基本词义

finish
结束,最后阶段,完工精加工,光制,抛光,磨光,表面光洁度表面涂料,罩面漆结束,完工给…精加工,光制,给…抛光,磨光

英汉经贸大词典

finish
n.结束

英汉计算机大词典

finish
vt.完成(修整,表面光洁度;n.完成(修整,表面光洁度

英汉机械大词典

finish
n.精加工,抛光

英汉建筑大词典

finish
n.表面光度,抛光,涂层

英汉农牧林大词典

finish
n.最后加工

英汉能源大词典

finish
n.表面光洁度

英汉水利大词典

finish
n.结束,完成,装修

英汉消防大词典

finish
内部装修材料

英汉冶金大词典

finish
n.完成,精加工

英汉造纸大词典

finish
n.装饰

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