简明英汉词典

fight
[fait]
n.
打架, 战斗, 斗志
vi.
打仗, 搏斗, 对抗, 打架
vt.
与...打仗, 指挥战斗, 反对...提案

美国传统词典[双解]

fight
fight
AHD:[fot]
D.J.[fait]
K.K.[fa!t]
v.(动词)
fought[f?t] fight.ingfights
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To attempt to harm or gain power over an adversary by blows or with weapons.
搏斗,战斗:企图通过打击或用武力伤害敌人或从敌人那里夺权

(2)

Sports To engage in boxing or wrestling.
【体育运动】 拳击,摔跤:从事拳击或摔跤

(3)

To engage in a quarrel; argue:
争论:发生口角;争论:
They are always fighting about money.
他们总是为钱发生口角

(4)

To strive vigorously and resolutely:
坚决抗争,拒绝:强有力地和坚决地斗争:
fought against graft; fighting for her rights.
拒绝贪污腐化;为她的权利奋斗
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To contend with physically or in battle.
作战,打仗:身体上或在战场上奋力搏斗

(2)

To wage or carry on (a battle).
进行(战斗)

(3)

To contend for, by or as if by combat:
奋斗:通过或似通过战斗而竞争:
“I now resolved that Calais should be fought to the death”(Winston S. Churchill)
“现在我决心为加莱斯战斗到死”(温斯顿S.丘吉尔)

(4)

Sports To box or wrestle against in a ring.
【体育运动】 打拳击,摔跤:在拳击场或摔跤场进行拳击或摔跤比赛

(5)

To participate in (a boxing match, for example).
参加(例如拳击比赛)等

(6)

To set (a boxer, for example) in combat with another.See Synonyms at oppose
使交战:使(例如拳击手)与另一人进行博斗参见 oppose

(7)

To contend with or struggle against:
奋斗,对抗:与…进行斗争或奋斗:
fight cancer; fight temptation.
与癌症作斗争;抵制诱惑

(8)

To try to prevent the development or success of.
阻止:企图阻止发展或阻止…的成功

(9)

To gain by struggle or striving:
获得:通过斗争或奋斗得到:
fought my way to the top.
我努力使自己往上爬
n.(名词)

(1)

A confrontation between opposing groups in which each attempts to harm or gain power over the other, as with bodily force or weapons.
战斗:对立双方之间的针锋相对,每方都企图伤害或统治对方,如用暴力或武力

(2)

A quarrel or conflict.
吵架,纷争

(3)

A physical conflict between two or more individuals.
格斗:两人或多个人之间身体上的斗殴

(4)

Sports A boxing or wrestling match.
【体育运动】 拳击赛,摔跤比赛

(5)

A struggle to achieve an objective.See Synonyms at conflict
奋斗:为达到一个目标所作的努力参见 conflict

(6)

The power or inclination to fight; pugnacity:
好斗,好战:有能力或喜欢战斗;好战:
I just didn't have any fight left in me.
我现在一点也不好斗了

常用词组

fight off
To defend against or drive back (a hostile force, for example).
抵抗,击退:防御或击退(例如一股敌对势力)

习惯用语

fight fire with fire
To combat one evil or one set of negative circumstances by reacting in kind.
以毒攻毒:在与邪恶或反动势力作斗争时以其人之道还制其人是身

fight shy of
To avoid meeting or confronting.
畏避,避开

语源

(1)

Middle English fighten
中古英语 fighten

(2)

from Old English feohtan, fihtan
源自 古英语 feohtan, fihtan

继承用法

fightability
n.(名词)

fightable
adj.(形容词)

fightingly
adv.(副词)

现代英汉词典

fight
[faIt]
vt., vi.
fought [fC:t], fighting [faItIN]

(1)

(常与against, with连用)打仗;战斗
People often have to fight for their liberty.
人们往往不得不为自由而战。
The boy had to fight his way through the crowd to talk to the President.
这小男孩不得不拼命地挤过人群去和总统说句话。

(2)

打架
What are the boys fighting about?
这些男孩儿们为什么打架?

(3)

争论
He and his wife are always fighting.
他和妻子老是争论不休。
He and his wife are always fighting about who will take after the children.
他与他妻子总是在为由谁来照看孩子而吵架。

(4)

抵抗;力图阻止
to fight a fire
救火

词性变化

fight
n.

(1)

打仗;战斗

(2)

战斗力;斗志
There's no fight left in him.
他已经毫无战斗力。
There's not much fight left in him now.
他现在已经没剩下多少斗志了。
(= fighting spirit)

(3)

打架
The two boys had a fight.
两个男孩打了一架。

现代英汉综合大辞典

fight
[fait]
vi.
(fought [5fC:t])

(1)

打仗, 打架

(2)

奋斗, 斗争

(3)

当职业拳击手
The children are fighting.
孩子们在打架。
They were fighting in order to preserve their independence.
他们为维护独立而战。

词性变化

fight
[fait]
vt.

(1)

与...作战, 与...斗争

(2)

指挥(士兵、军舰)战斗; 操纵(船只)与风暴搏斗

(3)

为(事业, 诉讼)进行斗争, 对...进行争辩

(4)

逗引鸡犬相斗

(5)

反对(提案等)

(6)

与...进行拳击, 参加(拳击赛)

(7)

毛手毛脚地操纵(变速器等)
fight the enemy head on
正面进攻敌人, 打硬仗
The captain fought his ship well.
船长出色地指挥全船与风暴博斗。

fight
[fait]
n.

(1)

战斗, 战役, 打仗, 竞争

(2)

战斗力, 斗志; 斗争性

(3)

争论; 激辩, 斗争

(4)

拳击赛
a hand to hand fight
格斗, 肉搏战
a fight for higher wages
为增加工资而斗争
take the fight out of the enemy troops
瓦解敌军斗志
They have plenty of fight in them.
他们斗志旺盛。

继承用法

fightback
[`faItbAk]
n.
[英]还击,反击

fight-off
n.
(拳击等的)决赛

fightable
adj.
有战斗力的; 适于战斗的; 愿打架的, 急于争斗的

习惯用语

a finish fight
[美, 口]打到底的战斗; 决雌雄的战斗

a free fight
混战

ding-dong fight
旗鼓相当的战斗; 势均力敌的比赛

dingdong fight
旗鼓相当的战斗; 势均力敌的比赛

give a fight
打一仗

make a fight
打一仗

give up the fight
放弃战斗; 认输

have fight in one
有斗志, 有战斗力

make a fight
奋勇战斗[抵抗]

make a good fight
奋勇战斗[抵抗]

put up a good fight
奋勇战斗[抵抗]

put up a fight
奋勇战斗[抵抗]

running fight
且行且战, 追击战

sham fight
战斗演习, 摸拟战

show fight
显示斗志, 不示弱

single fight
[废]决斗

stand-up fight
硬打硬拼的战斗, 凭真工夫的博斗; 光明正大的博斗, 不耍手段的战斗

straight fight
一对一的两人竞选; 只有两个方面的角逐

tea fight
[谑, 口]茶话会, 茶会

triangular fight
三人间的斗争, 三方面之间的战斗

fight back
抵抗, 还击

fight down
打败, 压服

fight it out
一决雌雄, 彻底解决

fight off
打退; 竭力摆脱; 克服

fight on
继续战斗[斗争]

fight out
打出结果

fight shy of
远离; 避免(与对手或某个问题)正面接触

fight up against
与...力战苦斗; 激战

fight well within oneself
(拳击者)在拳击时保留一部分余力

用法词典

fight

参考词汇
fight,struggle这两个词并非同义词,只是含义相近。fight在表示“斗争”的意思时,包含着体力与勇猛的因素;而struggle在表示“斗争”的意思时,包含着“奋力挣扎”的因素。
Firemen had been fighting the forest fire for nearly three weeks before they could get it under control.
消防队员与森林大火搏斗了几乎三个星期才把火控制住。
The soldiers fought bravely in the battle.
这些战士在那次战斗中打得很勇敢。
On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towards the light she had seen.
一到海岸,那个女孩就向着她自己所看到的灯光的方向挣扎着往峭壁上爬去。
In the struggle, the strap broke…
在争斗中,手提包的带子断了……

英文相关词典

fight
attack    battle    combat    contend    contest    oppose    quarrel    row    struggle    

美国传统词典

fight
fight
AHD:[fot]
D.J.[fait]
K.K.[fa!t]
v.
fought[f?t] fight.ing, fights
v.intr.

(1)

To attempt to harm or gain power over an adversary by blows or with weapons.

(2)

Sports To engage in boxing or wrestling.

(3)

To engage in a quarrel; argue:
They are always fighting about money.

(4)

To strive vigorously and resolutely:
fought against graft; fighting for her rights.
v.tr.

(1)

To contend with physically or in battle.

(2)

To wage or carry on (a battle).

(3)

To contend for, by or as if by combat:
“I now resolved that Calais should be fought to the death”(Winston S. Churchill)

(4)

Sports To box or wrestle against in a ring.

(5)

To participate in (a boxing match, for example).

(6)

To set (a boxer, for example) in combat with another.See Synonyms at oppose

(7)

To contend with or struggle against:
fight cancer; fight temptation.

(8)

To try to prevent the development or success of.

(9)

To gain by struggle or striving:
fought my way to the top.
n.

(1)

A confrontation between opposing groups in which each attempts to harm or gain power over the other, as with bodily force or weapons.

(2)

A quarrel or conflict.

(3)

A physical conflict between two or more individuals.

(4)

Sports A boxing or wrestling match.

(5)

A struggle to achieve an objective.See Synonyms at conflict

(6)

The power or inclination to fight; pugnacity:
I just didn't have any fight left in me.

常用词组

fight off
To defend against or drive back (a hostile force, for example).

习惯用语

fight fire with fire
To combat one evil or one set of negative circumstances by reacting in kind.

fight shy of
To avoid meeting or confronting.

语源

(1)

Middle English fighten

(2)

from Old English feohtan, fihtan

继承用法

fightability
n.

fightable
adj.

fightingly
adv.

英汉船舶大词典

fight
n.战争

英汉法学大词典

fight
v.战斗 ,作战,打 ,斗争,反对,战,战

英汉航海大词典

fight
n.战争

英汉航空大词典

fight
n.空战;n.与...打仗,与...战斗

英汉化学大词典

fight
vt.与...战斗,阻止,指挥;n.战斗,战斗力

英汉计算机大词典

fight
vt.与...战斗(阻止,指挥);n.战斗(战斗力)

英汉水利大词典

fight
n.作战,阻止,克服

英汉消防大词典

fight
战斗

英汉中医大词典

fight
n.与...斗争,打仗,搏斗

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