简明英汉词典

fear
[fiE]
n.
恐怖, 害怕, 担心, 敬畏
v.
害怕, 畏惧, 为...担心, 敬畏(神等)

美国传统词典[双解]

fear
fear
AHD:[f?r]
D.J.[fi*]
K.K.[f!r]
n.(名词)

(1)

A feeling of agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger.
忧虑感:因危险的出现或迫近而产生的不安或焦虑的情绪

(2)

A state or condition marked by this feeling:
忧虑:此种情绪的状态或情况:
living in fear.
生活在忧虑之中

(3)

A feeling of disquiet or apprehension:
担心:不安静或忧虑的情绪:
a fear of looking foolish.
担心看起来愚蠢

(4)

Extreme reverence or awe, as toward a supreme power.
敬畏,惧怕:对最高力量极端的尊敬与崇拜

(5)

A reason for dread or apprehension:
害怕或不安的原因:
Being alone is my greatest fear.
我最怕一个人独处
v.(动词)
fearedfear.ingfears
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To be afraid or frightened of.
害怕,惊吓

(2)

To be uneasy or apprehensive about:
为…担心,为…不安:
feared the test results.
为考试结果担心

(3)

To be in awe of; revere.
害怕;尊敬

(4)

To consider probable; expect:
恐怕:认为可能;希望:
I fear you are wrong. I fear I have bad news for you.
我认为你错了。恐怕我有个坏消息给你

(5)

Archaic To feel fear within (oneself).
【古语】 内心恐惧
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To be afraid.
害怕

(2)

To be uneasy or apprehensive.
担心:心神不安;忧虑

语源

(1)

Middle English fer
中古英语 fer

(2)

from Old English f?r [danger, sudden calamity] * see per- 3
源自 古英语 f?r [危险,突然的不幸] *参见 per- 3

继承用法

fearer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

fearfrightdreadterrorhorrorpanicalarmdismayconsternationtrepidation

(2)

These nouns all denote the agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger.
这些名词都含有因危险的出现或迫近而引起的不安和焦虑之意。

(3)

Fear is the most general term:
Fear 是最常见的词 :
fear of change;
害怕变化;
fear of flying;
害怕飞行;
fear of death.
怕死。
“Fear is the parent of cruelty” (J.A. Froude).
“恐惧是残忍之母” (J·A·弗洛伊德)。

(4)

Fright is sudden, usually momentary fear characterized by great agitation:
Fright 是伴有极大不安的突然,通常是暂时的恐惧:
In her fright she forgot to lock the door.
她因害怕而忘记了锁门。

(5)

Dread is strong fear of something impending, especially of what one is powerless to avoid:
Dread 是对某种逼近的东西的强烈恐惧,特指那些人无力避免的:
He looked forward with dread to the scheduled surgery.
他满怀恐惧地等待着日程内的手术。

(6)

Terror is intense, overpowering fear:
Terror 是强烈的、无法抗拒的恐惧:
“the weapon which most readily conquers reason: terror and violence” (Adolf Hitler).
“准备好了要压倒理性的武器:恐惧和暴力” (阿尔道夫·希特勒)。

(7)

Horror is a combination of fear and aversion or repugnance:
Horror 是恐惧与厌恶、反感的混合:
Murder arouses widespread horror.
谋杀引起了广泛的恐惧。

(8)

Panic is sudden frantic fear, often groundless:
Panic 是突然狂乱的恐惧,通常是没有根据的:
The fire caused a panic among the horses.
火灾引起了马群的惊慌。
Rumors of the President's illness resulted in panic on the world stock markets.
关于总统病情的流言引起了世界股票市场的恐慌。

(9)

Alarm is fright aroused by the first realization of danger:
Alarm 是已意识到危险时引起的恐慌:
I watched with alarm as the current carried the raft and its passengers toward the dam.
我惊恐地看着激流带着小木筏和乘客冲向水坝。

(10)

Dismay is apprehension that robs one of courage or the power to act effectively:
Dismay 指使某人失去勇气或进行有效行动力量的恐慌:
The appearance of a comet caused universal dismay in the ancient world.
在古代,彗星的出现引起普遍的恐慌。

(11)

Consternation is a state of often paralyzing dismay characterized by confusion and helplessness:
Consternation 通常指伴有混乱和无助等特点的瘫痪性恐慌状态:
Consternation spread throughout the city as the invading army approached.
当侵略军逼近时恐慌蔓延了整个城市。

(12)

Trepidation is dread characteristically marked by trembling or hesitancy:
Trepidation 是带有颤抖和犹豫特点的恐惧:
“They were . . . full of trepidation about things that were never likely to happen” (John Morley).
“他们对那些从不曾想过会发生的事情充满了恐惧” (约翰·莫利)

注释
Old English f?, the ancestor of our word fear, meant “calamity, disaster,” but not the emotion engendered by such an event. This is in line with the meaning of the prehistoric Common Germanic word .f?, “danger,” which is the source of words with similar senses in other Germanic languages, such as Old Saxon and Old High German f3, “ambush, danger,” and Old Icelandic f3, “treachery, damage.” Scholars, in fact, have determined the form and meaning of Germanic .f?z by working backward from the forms and the meanings of its descendants. The most important cause of the change of meaning in the word fear was probably the existence in Old English of the related verb f?, which meant “to terrify, take by surprise.” Fear is first recorded in Middle English with the sense “emotion of fear” in a work composed around 1290.
古英语f?r 是 fear 的前身, 意为“不幸,灾难”, 而不是因不幸或灾难引起的情绪。这符合史前普通日耳曼词feraz 的意思“危险的”, 是其他日耳曼语言中有相近意思的词的起源,如古撒克逊语和古高地德语far, “埋伏,危险,”和古冰岛语 far “挖掘,破坏”。 事实上,学者们已经通过对它的衍生词的形式和意思的反向研究决定德语feraz 的形式和意思。 引起词语fear 变化的最重要原因可能是古英语中相关动词 f?ran的存在, 意为“害怕,被惊奇抓住。”Fear 第一次在中世纪英语作为“害怕的情绪”被记录下来是在一部约1290年左右创作的作品中

基本词义

Fear
Fear
AHD:[f?r] ,Cape。
D.J.[fi*],Cape。
K.K.[f!r],Cape。
NONE(无词性)
A promontory on Smith Island off the coast of southeast North Carolina at the mouth of the Cape Fear River.
菲尔角:开普菲尔河的入海口,是离开北卡罗来纳州东南海岸的史密斯岛上的一个岬

现代英汉词典

fear
[fIE(r)]
n.

(1)

害怕,恐惧
to be without fear
一点也不怕
He was shaking with fear.
他害怕得直发抖。
Fear crept into his mind.
恐惧感向他心头袭来。

(2)

担心;顾虑
There is no fear of his getting any injury.
他不会受伤的。
There's not much fear of frost at this time of year.
"每年这个时候,就不用担心会下霜冻了。"
"The teacher refused to have his daughter in his class, for fear of showing favour to her."
"教师不愿意把自己的女儿编入自己的班级,恐怕会对她有所偏袒。"

(3)

(对神的)敬畏
the fear of God
对上帝的敬畏

习惯用语

No fear!
(对别人建议应做某事时的回答)绝不!

without fear or favor
公平;秉公

词性变化

fear
vt., vi.

(1)

惧怕,害怕

(2)

担忧
I fear that you'll be late if you don't go now.
如果你现在不走的话,我担心你会迟到。
I fear that they must have set off.
我怕他们已经动身了。
They feard that the mummy would fall to pieces when they cut it open.
他们担心在剖开时木乃伊会变成碎片。
Never fear!
不用怕!;别担心!

习惯用语

I fear
我得说很抱歉

现代英汉综合大辞典

fear
[fiE]
vt.

(1)

害怕, 畏惧; 恐怕

(2)

为...担心; 为...忧虑

(3)

敬畏
fear the worst
担心发生最坏的情况
A revolutionary does not fear death.
革命者不怕死。
Ifear (that) he will get ill.
我担心他会生病。
I fear it's too late.
我怕太迟了。

词性变化

fear
[fiE]
vi.

(1)

害怕

(2)

担心; 担忧
Fear not, my dear, for I am here.
别怕, 亲爱的, 我在这儿。
fear for sb.'s safety
为某人的安全担忧
n.

(1)

害怕, 恐惧

(2)

忧虑, 担心, 顾虑, 不安

(3)

(对神等的)敬 畏

(4)

可能; 机遇

(5)

令人害怕的事物
without fear of hardship or death
不怕苦, 不怕死
full of hopes and fears
充满希望和顾虑
She could not speak for fear.
她吓得说不出话来。
I have a fear that we will be late.
我怕我们要迟到了。
There is no fear of his losing his way.
他不会迷路的。
There is not much fear of that.
那件事不大有可能发生。

(6)

【说明】表示“担心”之意时, 在口语中一般不说fear 而说 be afraid(of)。

继承用法

fearmonger
n.
散布恐惧心理者

fearless
[5fIElIs]
adj.

fearlessness
n.

习惯用语

be in fear (of)
(为...而)提心吊胆

be overcome with fear
感到十分害怕

be overcome by fear
感到十分害怕

blue fear
[口]无法控制的恐惧, 极度的惊恐

blue funk
[口]无法控制的恐惧, 极度的惊恐

for fear of
因为怕; 以免, 怕的是

for fear that
生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)

for fear lest
生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)

from fear
由于恐惧

out of fear
由于恐惧

go about in fear of one's life
害怕会送命

have a fear that
担心, 怕(发生某事)

have no fear for sb.
吓不倒某人, 不能使某人惊恐

have no terrors for sb.
吓不倒某人, 不能使某人惊恐

hold no fear for sb.
吓不倒某人, 不能使某人惊恐

hold no fear terrors for sb.
吓不倒某人, 不能使某人惊恐

in fear and trembling
胆战心惊, 提心吊胆

infear (of)
(为...而)担心, 提心吊胆

Never fear!
[口]别怕! 不会出什么事的!

No fear!
[口]当然不! 不会的!

put the fear ofdeath in sb.
[口]使某人有所畏惧; 使人听话; (凭权势)强使某人服从

put the fear ofdeath into sb.
[口]使某人有所畏惧; 使人听话; (凭权势)强使某人服从

rub the fear ofdeath in sb.
[口]使某人有所畏惧; 使人听话; (凭权势)强使某人服从

rub the fear ofdeath into sb.
[口]使某人有所畏惧; 使人听话; (凭权势)强使某人服从

strike fear into
使...感到害怕

strike fear in
使...感到害怕

with fear
吓得, 怕得

without fear or favour
公平, 秉公, 不偏不倚

fear for
因...而担心

用法词典

fear
fear来自拉丁词fare旅行,旅行有危险,自然害怕,发生恐惧

参考词汇

(1)

fear,dread,fright,alarm,dismay,panic,terror这组同义词为名词,其中有的可用作动词,而且含义与用作名词时相同。如:fear, dread.

(2)

fear 不管用作名词还是动词,基本上有两个含义,即“怕”或“担心”
If, at the time, the British had not feared invasion, it would have been completed.
当时英国人如果不怕入侵,这条隧道早就建成了。
At first, she decided to go to the police, but fearing that she would never see Rastus again——the letter had made that quite clear——she changed her mind.
起初她决定去警察局,但是由于害怕再也见不到拉斯特斯了——那封信已经把这一点说得相当清楚——她改变了主意。
The manipulated do not understand them; the manipulators fear them.
受人摆布者不理解他们,摆布别人者害怕他们。

(3)

dread总表示由经验而感知的“怕”。如汉语中有“一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳”的说法,而英语中有与此意义相当的“A burnt child dreads fire.”的俗语
He dreaded having to spend Christmas in hospital.
他害怕非得在医院过圣诞节不可。
We live in dread not only of unpleasant insects like spiders or wasps, but of quite harmless ones like moths.
我们不仅生活在对象蜘蛛或黄蜂这样的小虫的惧怕中,而且生活在对诸如飞蛾这样无害昆虫的惧怕中

(4)

fright强调由于受到骤然的震惊而表现出的“惊怕”
The one with the money got such a fright that he dropped the bag.
带钱的那个小偷吓得把包丢了。

(5)

alarm尤其适用于突然感到某种危险已经逼近时所产生的“惧怕”
All at once, I noticed that my wife seemed to be filled with alarm.
我突然觉察到我的妻子好象十分惊恐
A fire broke out in our school, and it caused much alarm.
我们学校突然失了火,这使大家非常惊恐。

(6)

dismay表示由于某种危险已经逼近而产生的“沮丧”或“惊愕”
Both men had just begun to swim towards the shore, when they noticed with dismay that the speed-boat was moving in a circle.
这两个人刚刚开始向岸边游去,这时他们突然惊愕地看到快艇正在作圆周运动。
I picked up the receiver between two sticky fingers and was dismayed when I recognized the voice of Mrs Bates.
我用两个粘糊糊的手指拿起了电话听筒,当我听出贝茨夫人的声音时,我感到沮丧。

(7)

panic强调难以抑制的“惧怕”,而且常常但不总是某种无根据的或者无道理的惧怕
She suddenly got into a panic and stopped her car.
她突然惊慌失措起来,于是停住了车。

(8)

horror 出现在用词准确的作品中时,总表示由视觉获知的“惧怕”
Below, the captain realized to his horror that the Titanic was sinking rapidly,…
船长在下面惊恐地意识到泰坦尼克号正在迅速地下沉。
No matter how much we like honey, or how much we have read about the uncanny sense of direction which bees posses, we have a horror of being stung.
不管我们有多么喜欢蜂蜜,或者不管我们读过多少关于蜜蜂所具有的不可思议的方向感的书籍,我们都怕被蜇。

(9)

terror表示由经验而感知的极为强烈的“恐惧”
He ran away in terror.
他被吓得逃跑了。
His terror was so great that he could do nothing.
他惊恐万分,以致什么事情也不能做了。

英文相关词典

fear
dread    boldness    courage    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

fear
恐惧;害怕

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

fear
恐惧, 恐怖

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

fear
焦虑

美国传统词典

fear
fear
AHD:[f?r]
D.J.[fi*]
K.K.[f!r]
n.

(1)

A feeling of agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger.

(2)

A state or condition marked by this feeling:
living in fear.

(3)

A feeling of disquiet or apprehension:
a fear of looking foolish.

(4)

Extreme reverence or awe, as toward a supreme power.

(5)

A reason for dread or apprehension:
Being alone is my greatest fear.
v.
feared, fear.ing, fears
v.tr.

(1)

To be afraid or frightened of.

(2)

To be uneasy or apprehensive about:
feared the test results.

(3)

To be in awe of; revere.

(4)

To consider probable; expect:
I fear you are wrong. I fear I have bad news for you.

(5)

Archaic To feel fear within (oneself).
v.intr.

(1)

To be afraid.

(2)

To be uneasy or apprehensive.

语源

(1)

Middle English fer

(2)

from Old English f?r [danger, sudden calamity] * see per- 3

继承用法

fearer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

fear, fright, dread, terror, horror, panic, alarm, dismay, consternation, trepidation

(2)

These nouns all denote the agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger.

(3)

Fear is the most general term:
fear of change;
fear of flying;
fear of death.
“Fear is the parent of cruelty” (J.A. Froude).

(4)

Fright is sudden, usually momentary fear characterized by great agitation:
In her fright she forgot to lock the door.

(5)

Dread is strong fear of something impending, especially of what one is powerless to avoid:
He looked forward with dread to the scheduled surgery.

(6)

Terror is intense, overpowering fear:
“the weapon which most readily conquers reason: terror and violence” (Adolf Hitler).

(7)

Horror is a combination of fear and aversion or repugnance:
Murder arouses widespread horror.

(8)

Panic is sudden frantic fear, often groundless:
The fire caused a panic among the horses.
Rumors of the President's illness resulted in panic on the world stock markets.

(9)

Alarm is fright aroused by the first realization of danger:
I watched with alarm as the current carried the raft and its passengers toward the dam.

(10)

Dismay is apprehension that robs one of courage or the power to act effectively:
The appearance of a comet caused universal dismay in the ancient world.

(11)

Consternation is a state of often paralyzing dismay characterized by confusion and helplessness:
Consternation spread throughout the city as the invading army approached.

(12)

Trepidation is dread characteristically marked by trembling or hesitancy:
“They were . . . full of trepidation about things that were never likely to happen” (John Morley).

注释
Old English f?, the ancestor of our word fear, meant “calamity, disaster,” but not the emotion engendered by such an event. This is in line with the meaning of the prehistoric Common Germanic word .f?, “danger,” which is the source of words with similar senses in other Germanic languages, such as Old Saxon and Old High German f3, “ambush, danger,” and Old Icelandic f3, “treachery, damage.” Scholars, in fact, have determined the form and meaning of Germanic .f?z by working backward from the forms and the meanings of its descendants. The most important cause of the change of meaning in the word fear was probably the existence in Old English of the related verb f?, which meant “to terrify, take by surprise.” Fear is first recorded in Middle English with the sense “emotion of fear” in a work composed around 1290.

基本词义

Fear
Fear
AHD:[f?r] ,Cape.
D.J.[fi*],Cape.
K.K.[f!r],Cape.
NONE
A promontory on Smith Island off the coast of southeast North Carolina at the mouth of the Cape Fear River.

英汉化学大词典

fear
n.恐惧;vt.害怕

英汉计算机大词典

fear
n.恐惧;vt.害怕

航空英语缩写词典

FEAR
Failure-Effect Analysis Report 故障后果分析报告

英汉心理学大词典

fear
恐惧

英汉医学大词典

fear
n.恐,恐惧

英汉中医大词典

fear
n.害怕,恐惧

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