简明英汉词典

fault
[fC:lt]
n.
过错, 缺点, 故障, 毛病
vt.
挑剔
vi.
弄错

美国传统词典[双解]

fault
fault
AHD:[f?lt]
D.J.[f%8lt]
K.K.[f%lt]
n.(名词)

(1)

A character weakness, especially a minor one.
不足:性格上的弱点,尤指小弱点

(2)

Something that impairs or detracts from physical perfection; a defect.
缺陷:身体完美状态上的损害或损伤;缺陷

(3)

A mistake; an error.
谬误;差错

(4)

A minor offense or misdeed.
过失:小过失或不良行为

(5)

Responsibility for a mistake or an offense; culpability.
过错,责任:对错误或过失的责任;有罪

(6)

Geology A fracture in the continuity of a rock formation caused by a shifting or dislodging of the earth's crust, in which adjacent surfaces are differentially displaced parallel to the plane of fracture.Also called shift
【地质学】 断层:由于地壳的变动或移动而引起的在岩石构成连续性上的破裂,伴之以裂缝的一边相对于另一边的错位也作 shift

(7)

Electronics A defect in a circuit or wiring caused by imperfect connections, poor insulation, grounding, or shorting.
【电子学】 电路故障:由于电线交叉、接地、断路或绝缘失效而造成的电路故障点

(8)

Sports A bad service, as in tennis.
【体育运动】 在网球中传球失误

(9)

Obsolete A lack or deficiency.
【废语】 缺乏,不足
v.(动词)
fault.edfault.ingfaults
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To find error or defect in; criticize or blame.
发现错误或缺点;批评或指责

(2)

Geology To produce a fault in; fracture.
【地质学】 产生断层;断裂
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To commit a mistake or an error.
找错误,挑剔

(2)

Geology To shift so as to produce a fault.
【地质学】 变动从而产生断层

习惯用语

at fault

(1)

Deserving of blame; guilty:
该受责备的;有罪的:
admitted to being at fault.
承认有罪

(2)

Confused and puzzled.
混乱的,迷惑的

find fault
To seek, find, and complain about faults; criticize:
挑错,找错:寻找、发现和抱怨错处;批评:
found fault with his speech.
挑他演讲的错

to a fault
To an excessive degree:
过度地:
generous to a fault.
过度慷慨

语源

(1)

Middle English faulte
中古英语 faulte

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *fallita
源自 俗拉丁语 *fallita

(4)

feminine past participle of Latin fallere [to deceive, fail]
拉丁语 fallere的阴性过去分词 [欺骗,失败]

参考词汇

(1)

faultfailingweaknessfrailtyfoiblevice

(2)

These nouns denote an imperfection or deficiency of character. A
这些名词表示品质的不完美和缺陷。

(3)

fault is a quality or trait that detracts from moral excellence:
Fault 指品德或品质违反道德:
“If we had no faults of our own, we would not take so much pleasure in noticing those of others” (La Rochefoucauld). A
“如果我们自己没有罪过,我们就不会乐于注意别人的罪过” (拉·罗开福考德)。

(4)

failing is a minor fault or shortcoming:
Failing 指小错或缺点:
“An inability to stay quiet . . . is one of the most conspicuous failings of mankind” (Walter Bagehot).
“不能安于现状…是人类最显著的缺点” (瓦特·白哲特)。

(5)

Weakness suggests deficiency of moral strength or force of character:
Weakness 指缺乏道德力量或性格力量:
“We must touch his weaknesses with a delicate hand. There are some faults so nearly allied to excellence, that we can scarce weed out the fault without eradicating the virtue” (Oliver Goldsmith). The term is related to but stronger than frailty, which implies the likelihood of yielding to temptation:
“我们必须用巧妙的手腕抓住他的弱点。有许多弱点近似于优点,使我们很难消除弱点而同时不根除美德” (奥利佛·戈德史密斯)。这个词与frailty 有关但又比它强烈,指向脾气屈服:
“Our frailties are invincible, our virtues barren” (Robert Louis Stevenson). Even weaker in imputing censure is foible, which refers to a minor defect that is easily overlooked and may even be endearing:
“我们的错误看不到,我们的美德贫乏” (罗伯特·路易斯·斯蒂文森)。指责语气更弱的是foible, 它指易被忽视并有可能被人喜爱的小毛病:
“Science is his forte, and omniscience his foible” (Sydney Smith).
“科学是他的长处,而无所不知则是他的小缺点” (西德尼·史密斯)。

(6)

Vice in this comparison refers to a moral flaw or in a weaker sense to a defect of character:
Vice 在比较中指道德缺点或对性格弱点的较微弱感觉:
“Lord, Lord, how subject we old men are to this vice of lying!” (Shakespeare).
“老天爷,老天爷,我们的老人们对说谎的缺点是多么主观呀!” (莎士比亚)。
“Obstinacy, Sir, is certainly a great vice” (Edmund Burke).See also Synonyms at blame, blemish
“先生,顽固当然是一个大缺点” (爱德蒙·伯克)参见同义词 blameblemish

现代英汉词典

fault
[fC:lt]
n.

(1)

过失,过错
Who broke the cup? It's my fault, I dropped it.
谁把杯子摔了?这是我的过错,我摔的。
That's no fault of his.
这不是他的过错。
"The fault lies with me, not with you."
"这是我的责任,不是你的责任。"

(2)

缺点;瑕疵
"There seems to be some fault in the computer, and we're just looking into it."
"这台电脑好象有点毛病,我们正在检查原因。"
Your only fault is carelessness.
你惟一的缺点是粗心大意。

(3)

断层

习惯用语

at fault
出错

词性变化

fault
vt., vi.

(1)

挑毛病;找…的岔子

(2)

使产生断层

现代英汉综合大辞典

fault
[fC:lt]
n.

(1)

缺点, 缺陷; 瑕疵

(2)

错误, 毛病

(3)

[只用单](承担错误的)责任; 过失

(4)

【电】故障; 误差; 漏电; 【地质】断层

(5)

(网球)发球出界; 犯规

(6)

(狩猎中)迷失了野兽的嗅迹
a grave fault in a theory
理论上的重大缺陷
a fault in a bolt of cloth
一匹布中的瑕疵
a fault in the electrical circuit
电路故障
image fault
【物】象差, 影象失真
numerical faults
数值误差
merits and faults
优缺点
The fault is mine.
这是我的错。

词性变化

fault
[fC:lt]
vt.

(1)

找...缺点; 挑剔

(2)

[方]责备

(3)

【地质】使产生断层错
He faulted my speech in two ways.
他认为我的讲话有两点欠妥。

fault
[fC:lt]
vi.

(1)

弄错

(2)

【地质】发生断层
Not one singer forgot a word, not a pianist faulted.
没有一个歌唱家忘掉过歌词, 没有一个钢琴家弹错过。

继承用法

faultfinder
n.
喜欢挑剔的人, 吹毛求疵者

faultfinding
n.
找岔子, 挑剔, 揭短

词性变化

fault
[fC:lt]
adj.
喜欢挑剔的, 吹毛求疵的, 好揭人短处的

fault-folding
n.
断层褶皱

fault-free
adj.
无故障的

fault-location
n.
故障定位毁损位置测定

fault-pit
n.
断层坑

faulted
adj.

faultful
adj.

faultless
[5fC:ltlIs]
adj.

习惯用语

A fault confessed is half redressed.
[谚]承认错误等于改正了一半。

a fault on the right side
因祸得福

at fault

(1)

(猎犬)失去猎物的踪迹

(2)

感到困惑; 不知所措

(3)

出了毛病应受责备

cold fault
已失去的兽迹

double fault
【体】两次发球失误

Every man hath his faults.
[谚]人非圣贤, 孰能无过。

find fault in
看出...的缺点; 找出...毛病

find fault (with)
挑剔; 找(...的)岔子; 对...吹毛求疵

foot fault
(网球)脚步犯规(发球时踩线或双脚离地); (排球)脚步违例(发球踩线)

have no fault to find with
无错可寻, 无懈可击

hit off a fault
(猎犬)闻出(曾一度错失的)嗅迹

in fault
有过错, 有责任; 该受责备

to a fault
过分, 过度, 极端

whip a fault out of sb.
鞭打某人使之改过

with all faults
【商】不保证商品没有瑕疵

without fault
[古]无误, 确实

Faults are thick where love is thin.
[谚]一朝情义淡, 样样不顺眼。

特殊用法

abnormal fault
异常断层

accident fault
事故损坏

active fault
活性断层

anticlinal fault
背斜断层

antithetic faults
相反组断层

apposite fault
归并断层

auxiliary fault
副断层

basculating fault
板动断层

bedding fault
层面断层; 模压缺陷

block fault
块断层

branching fault
分支断层

closed fault
闭合断层

collimating fault
瞄准误差, 平行校正误差

companion fault
副褶皱, 副断层

complex fault
复断层

compression fault
挤压断层

conjugate faults
共轭断层

contact fault
接触故障

cross fault
横断层

curved fault
曲断层

dextral fault
右侧断层

diagonal fault
斜断层

dip slip fault
倾向滑断层

displacment fault
平移断层

distributed fault
分布[支]断层

distributive fault
分布[支]断层

double earth fault
双相接地故障

double fault
两次发球失误, 双误

double (line) ground fault
双线接地故障

downcast fault
下落断层, 向下断层

downthrow] fault
下落断层, 向下断层

earth fault
接地故障

ground fault
接地故障

earthquake fault
地震断层

echelon faults
雁行断层

elemental single line fault
基元单线层错

equilateral stacking fault
等边堆垛层错

escapement faults
擒纵机构误差[缺陷]

exchange fault
交换机故障

extrinsic stacking fault
非本征堆垛层错

flat fault
平断层

gravity fault
重力断层

heave fault
横推[隆胀]断层

high angle fault
陡角断层

highland boundary fault
高地边界断层

hinge fault
捩转断层

horizontal fault
水平断层

horizontal thrust fault
平冲断层

horst faults
垒断层

image fault
图象失真

incipient fault
潜在故障, 隐患

inclined fault
倾斜断层

intrinsic-extrinsic fault
内-外层错

intrinsic stacking fault
本征堆垛层错

isoclinal fault
等斜断层

kettle fault
锅状断层

lag fault
滞后断层

left lateral fault
左侧断层

line fault
线路故障

longitudinal fault
纵断层

low angle fault
缓角断层

main fault
主断层(带)

major fault
重点病害; 主断层

mapping fault
变换误差[错误]

mineralizing fault
成矿断层

minor fault
小断层

moatlike fault
渠状断层

moulding fault
模制件[压制件]缺陷

monoclinal fault
单斜断层

motor fault
电动机缺陷[故障]

multiple fault
多重层错, 复式层错, 叠断层

network fault
电力网故障, 网络故障

nontectonic fault
非构造断层

normal slip fault
正滑断层

numerical fault
数值误差

oblique silp fault
斜滑断层

open fault
开口断层, 张开的断层

overlapping fault
重叠层错

overthrust fault
逆掩断层

page fault
页面出错

parallel fault
平行层错

patternsensitive fault
特定模式故障(使用某种数据组合时方出现的故障)

permanent fault
固定[永久]故障

phase fault
相间短路故障

picture geometry fault
图象几何畸变

pit fault
锅状断层

pitch fault
节距误差

pivotal fault
枢转断层

planed fault
平削断层

plunging fault
倾伏褶皱

polygon fault
多角层错

primary fault
原始故障, 初级(绕组)故障

program sensitive fault
特定程序故障(使用某一程序时才出现的机器故障); 程序检验错误; 程序例外错误

radar fault
雷达故障

radial faults
辐射断层

registration fault
配准缺陷, 重合缺陷

renewed fault
复活断层

resultant fault
综合障碍

reverse fault
逆向断层

revived fault
复活断层

right-lateral slip fault
右侧滑断层

rotary fault
旋转断层

rotation fault
旋转断层

scissors fault
剪断层

differential fault
剪断层

segment fault
段故障, 线段故障

semi-transverse fault
斜断层

serivce fault
发球违例

shear fault
剪断层

shift fault
平移断层, 变位断层

short fault
短层错

single-line fault
单线故障

sinistral fault
左侧断层

slump fault
滑动断层

slip fault
滑断层

sporadic fault
偶发故障; 散在[特发]误差

square-shaped stacking fault
正方形堆垛层错

stacking fault
堆垛层错

steep fault
陡断层

step fault
阶状断层

stretch fault
拖曳断层

strike-slip fault
走向滑动断层

sustained fault
持续故障

system fault
电力网故障, 系统故障

tear fault
捩断层, 横推断层

tension fault
张断层

thrust slip fault
冲(滑)断层

torsion fault
扭断层

trace-slip fault
形迹滑距断层

transcurrent fault
横推断层

transform fault
转换断层

translational fault
直移断层

translatory fault
直移断层

trapdoor fault
翻转断层

triangular stacking fault
三角形堆垛层错

trough fault
凹槽断层

true fault
真实故障, 实际误差

turn-to-turn fault
匝间故障, 匝间短路

typical fault
典型错误

up cast fault
向上断层

upthrow fault
上投断层

vertical fault
垂直断层

zigzag fault
曲折断层, 锯齿形断层

fault in packing
包装不足

fault in seam
接缝缺陷

用法词典

fault
中古英语faute<古法语faulte缺乏<民间拉丁语fallita
参考词汇

(1)

fault,flaw,defect,blemish,weakness这组同义词的一般含义是“缺陷”。

(2)

fault指小的缺点,如道德修养不完善、做的事不完美、个人习惯上有毛病等
That this has not happened may be the fault of the university, …
这种事情并没有发生,这可能是这所大学的过失。
Some people are often reproached for unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine.
有的人因不准时而受到指责,这时他们唯一的过失就是把时间抠得太紧了。
Soon she began to find fault with me.
不久她便开始找我的岔子了。

(3)

flaw 指某种有价值的东西因为有裂缝、伤痕而影响了原来的价值,如宝石中有了瑕疵而失去应有的价值
The bubble is a flaw in the glass.
这个小气泡是这只玻璃杯的缺点。
Jealousy is a big flaw in his character.
嫉妒是他品格中的一个大缺点。
The painting isn't flawless.
这幅画并非完美无缺。

(4)

defect指由于缺少本质的或重要的东西而不完善
The hearing aid helps to overcome the defects in hearing.
助听器能帮助克服听力上的缺陷。
Nobody is without defects.
人人都有缺点

(5)

blemish 指外表的或表面的缺陷,如污点、斑痕之类的缺点
That mole is a blemish on his face.
那个黑痣是他脸上的缺点。
It is the only blemish on his record.
这是他历史上唯一的污点。

(6)

weakness指弱点或不足之处,是通用词,很少具有特殊的词义色彩
She acted the role of the perfect servant for three years before aunt Harriet discovered her 'little weakness'.
在哈丽特姑妈发现她的“小缺点”之前,她把“完美无缺的仆人”这个角色表演了3年。
We all have our little weakness.
我们都有小的弱点。

英文相关词典

fault
catch    defect    error    flaw    misdeed    mistake    shortcoming    wrongdoing    merit    virtue    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

fault
断层

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

fault
断层

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

fault
故障

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

fault
故障

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

fault
错误;缺陷, 毛病;过失;故障

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

fault
故障

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

fault
断层

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

fault
断层

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

fault
疵点, 缺陷

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

fault
故障

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

fault
故障, 缺点;断层

英汉双解计算机词典

fault

故障
An accidental condition that causes device, component or element to fail to perform in a required manner. The fault may be either physical or logical.
使设备、部件或元件不能按所要求的方式运行的一种意外情况。故障可能是物理上的,也 可能是逻辑上的。

美国传统词典

fault
fault
AHD:[f?lt]
D.J.[f%8lt]
K.K.[f%lt]
n.

(1)

A character weakness, especially a minor one.

(2)

Something that impairs or detracts from physical perfection; a defect.

(3)

A mistake; an error.

(4)

A minor offense or misdeed.

(5)

Responsibility for a mistake or an offense; culpability.

(6)

Geology A fracture in the continuity of a rock formation caused by a shifting or dislodging of the earth's crust, in which adjacent surfaces are differentially displaced parallel to the plane of fracture.Also called shift

(7)

Electronics A defect in a circuit or wiring caused by imperfect connections, poor insulation, grounding, or shorting.

(8)

Sports A bad service, as in tennis.

(9)

Obsolete A lack or deficiency.
v.
fault.ed, fault.ing, faults
v.tr.

(1)

To find error or defect in; criticize or blame.

(2)

Geology To produce a fault in; fracture.
v.intr.

(1)

To commit a mistake or an error.

(2)

Geology To shift so as to produce a fault.

习惯用语

at fault

(1)

Deserving of blame; guilty:
admitted to being at fault.

(2)

Confused and puzzled.

find fault
To seek, find, and complain about faults; criticize:
found fault with his speech.

to a fault
To an excessive degree:
generous to a fault.

语源

(1)

Middle English faulte

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *fallita

(4)

feminine past participle of Latin fallere [to deceive, fail]

参考词汇

(1)

fault, failing, weakness, frailty, foible, vice

(2)

These nouns denote an imperfection or deficiency of character. A

(3)

fault is a quality or trait that detracts from moral excellence:
“If we had no faults of our own, we would not take so much pleasure in noticing those of others” (La Rochefoucauld). A

(4)

failing is a minor fault or shortcoming:
“An inability to stay quiet . . . is one of the most conspicuous failings of mankind” (Walter Bagehot).

(5)

Weakness suggests deficiency of moral strength or force of character:
“We must touch his weaknesses with a delicate hand. There are some faults so nearly allied to excellence, that we can scarce weed out the fault without eradicating the virtue” (Oliver Goldsmith). The term is related to but stronger than frailty, which implies the likelihood of yielding to temptation:
“Our frailties are invincible, our virtues barren” (Robert Louis Stevenson). Even weaker in imputing censure is foible, which refers to a minor defect that is easily overlooked and may even be endearing:
“Science is his forte, and omniscience his foible” (Sydney Smith).

(6)

Vice in this comparison refers to a moral flaw or in a weaker sense to a defect of character:
“Lord, Lord, how subject we old men are to this vice of lying!” (Shakespeare).
“Obstinacy, Sir, is certainly a great vice” (Edmund Burke).See also Synonyms at blame, blemish

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

fault
层错

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

fault
断层

[名词委审定]英汉公路科技名词(1997)

fault
断层

[名词委审定]英汉机械工程名词(一, 定义版, 2000)

fault

(1)

故障

(2)

产品不能执行规定功能的状态。预防性维修或其它计划性活动或缺乏外部资源的情况除外。故障通常是产品本身失效后的状态,但也可能在失效前就存在。

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

fault

(1)

断层

(2)

岩体在构造应力作用下发生破裂,沿破裂面两侧的岩体发生显著的位移或失去连续性和完整性而形成的一种构造形迹。

[名词委审定]英汉石油名词(1994)

fault
断层

英汉船舶大词典

fault
n.断层,故障,过失,故障,裂纹

英汉电力大词典

fault
n.故障,缺陷

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

fault
故障,失效,错误,缺陷,不足

英汉电信大词典

fault
n.故障,错误

英汉地质大词典

fault
n.断层;n.断层,层错,缺陷

英汉法学大词典

fault
n.失误 ,差错 ,错,错误,咎,罪,罪过

英汉纺织大词典

fault
n.疵点,故障,失效,故障,裂纹

英汉航海大词典

fault
n.毛病,断层

英汉环境大词典

fault
n.断层,断裂

英汉航空大词典

fault
n.故障,缺点

英汉化学大词典

fault
n.故障

英汉海运大词典

fault
错误故障,障碍,缺陷,损伤

基本词义

fault
错误,过失,责任故障,障碍,缺陷,损伤

基本词义

fault
错误,过失,责任故障,障碍,缺陷,损伤缺点漏(电)(地面)断层误差

基本词义

fault
过失,责任,缺点故障漏(电)(地面)断层误差错误

基本词义

Fault
过错

英汉经贸大词典

fault
n.毛病

英汉计算机大词典

fault
n.缺点(故障,断层);vt.错位(产生断层,弄错

英汉机械大词典

fault
n.故障,裂纹

英汉建筑大词典

fault
n.错误,缺点,故障;n.山形断层

最新会计师英汉大词典

fault
故障,过失,损坏处

英汉农牧林大词典

fault
n.错误,过失,故障

英汉能源大词典

fault
n.断层,层错,故障,失效

英汉水利大词典

fault
n.断层,故障,障碍

英汉消防大词典

fault
【电】①故障,事故 ②缺陷,层错

英汉心理学大词典

fault
过失

英汉冶金大词典

fault
n.故障,缺陷

英汉医学大词典

fault
n.故障

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004