简明英汉词典

fair
[fZE]
adj.
美丽的, 女性的, (肤色)白皙的, (头发)金黄的, 干净的, 公平的, (天气)晴朗的
adv.
公平地, 公正地, 直接地, 清楚地
n.
美好的事物, 美人, 展览会, 市集
vi.
转晴

美国传统词典[双解]

fair
fair 1
AHD:[far]
D.J.[fW*r]
K.K.[fWr]
adj.(形容词)
fair.erfair.est

(1)

Of pleasing appearance, especially because of a pure or fresh quality; comely.
美丽的:外表美丽的,尤指因为纯洁或青春活力的特点的;美丽的

(2)

Light in color, especially blond:
金色的:淡色的,尤指金黄色的:
fair hair.
金发

(3)

Of light complexion:
肤色浅的:
fair skin.
白皙的皮肤

(4)

Free of clouds or storms; clear and sunny:
晴朗的:无云和风的;睛朗的:
fair skies.
晴朗的天空

(5)

Free of blemishes or stains; clean and pure:
纯洁的:无瑕的或无污点的;干净和纯洁的:
one's fair name.
清白的名声

(6)

Promising; likely:
大有希望的;可能的:
We're in a fair way to succeed.
我们很可能会成功

(7)

Having or exhibiting a disposition that is free of favoritism or bias; impartial:
公平的:有或表现出不偏袒的或无偏见的性情的;公平的:
a fair mediator.
公正的仲裁者

(8)

Just to all parties; equitable:
公正的,平等的:对各方都公平对待的;公平的:
a compromise that is fair to both factions.
一个对两派都公平的协议

(9)

Being in accordance with relative merit or significance:
合理的:与相关的优点或重要性相称的:
She wanted to receive her fair share of the proceeds.
她想从赢利中得到应得的份额

(10)

Consistent with rules, logic, or ethics:
合宜的:符合规则、逻辑或行为准则:
a fair tactic.
合宜的策略

(11)

Moderately good; mildly satisfying:
普通的:比较好;比较令人满意的:
gave only a fair performance of the sonata.
一次比较好的奏鸣曲演出

(12)

Superficially true or appealing; specious:
似乎合理的:貌似真实的;貌似有理的:
Don't trust his fair promises.
不要相信他貌似真实的许诺

(13)

Lawful to hunt or attack:
合法狩猎或侵袭的:
fair game.
正大光明的比赛

(14)

Archaic Free of all obstacles.
【古语】 无障碍的
adv.(副词)

(1)

In a proper or legal manner:
光明正大地:用适当的或合法的方式:
playing fair.
光明正大地处事

(2)

Directly; straight:
直接地:
a blow caught fair in the stomach.
腹部挨了一击
v.tr.(及物动词)
fairedfair.ingfairs
To join (pieces) so as to be smooth, even, or regular:
接平:使光滑、平滑或整齐以连接(各部分):
faired the aircraft's wing into the fuselage.
把机翼连在机身上
n.(名词)

(1)

Archaic A beautiful or beloved woman.
【古语】 漂亮的或心爱的女人

(2)

Obsolete Loveliness; beauty.
【废语】 美丽的事物;美女

常用词组

fair off 或

fair up 【多用于美国南部】
To become clear. Used of weather.
放晴:变睛。用于天气

习惯用语

fair and square
Just and honest.
公正诚实

for fair
To the greatest or fullest extent possible:
最大可能的:
Our team was beaten for fair in that tournament.
我们队在那场比赛中被彻底打败了

no fair
Something contrary to the rules:
违背法规:
That was no fair.
那不公平

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English f?ger [lovely, pleasant]
源自 古英语 f?ger [可爱的,愉快的]

继承用法

fairness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

fairjustequitableimpartialunprejudicedunbiasedobjectivedispassionate

(2)

These adjectives mean free from favoritism, self-interest, or bias in judgment.
这些形容词表示不偏袒、不自私或在判断中无偏见。

(3)

Fair is the most general:
Fair 是最普遍的:
a fair referee;
公平的裁判员;
a fair deal;
公平交易;
a fair fight;
公平战争;
on a fair footing.
地位平等。

(4)

Just stresses conformity with what is legally or ethically right or proper:
Just 强调与法律或道德准则所提倡的一致:
a kind and just man;
一位和善、公正的男人;
“a just and lasting peace” (Abraham Lincoln).
“公正持久的和平” (亚伯拉罕·林肯)。

(5)

Equitable also implies justice, but justice dictated by reason, conscience, and a natural sense of what is fair to all concerned:
Equitable 也含有公正的意思,但强调由理智、良心和在通盘考虑后自然得出的公正:
an equitable distribution of gifts among the children.
公平地给孩子们分发礼物。

(6)

Impartial emphasizes lack of favoritism:
Impartial 强调不偏袒:
“the cold neutrality of an impartial judge” (Edmund Burke).
“不偏不倚的法官保持冷漠的中立” (埃德蒙·布尔克)。

(7)

Unprejudiced means without favorable or unfavorable preconceived opinions or judgments:
Unprejudiced 表示没有预先形成偏好或厌恶的想法或评判:
an unprejudiced evaluation of the arguments for and against the proposal.
公正地评价赞成和反对计划的论据。

(8)

Unbiased implies absence of the preference or inclination inhibiting impartiality:
Unbiased 强调无偏爱,无偏见:
gave an unbiased account of her family problems.
无偏见地叙述她的家庭问题。

(9)

Objective implies detachment that permits observation and judgment without undue reference to one's personal feelings or thoughts:
Objective 指纯客观地观察,与一切个人感情、偏见或意见都无关:
Try to be objective as you listen to the testimony.
在听证词时一定要客观。

(10)

Dispassionate means free from or unaffected by strong personal emotions:
Dispassionate 没有或不受个人强烈情绪的影响:
A journalist should be a dispassionate reporter of fact. See also Synonyms at average, beautiful
记者应当是对事实作冷静报导的人 参见同义词 averagebeautiful

注释
American folk speech puts Standard English to shame in its wealth of words for describing weather conditions. When the weather goes from fair to cloudy, New Englanders say that it's “breedin' up a storm” (Maine informant in the Linguistic Atlas of New England ). If the weather is clear, however, a New Englander might call it open. Southern fair off and fair up, meaning “to become clear,” were originally Northeastern terms and were brought to the South as settlement expanded southward and westward. They are now “regionalized to the South,” according to Craig M. Carver, author of American Regional Dialects. These phrases may be the origin of modern and less regional coinings, such as mild up, used on a television weather forecast: “The Southwest is beginning to mild up just a tad.”
美国方言对天气状况的描写因其应有尽有的单词使标准英语黯然失色。当天气由晴转多云时,新英格兰人会说“孕育着一场暴风雨”(新英格兰语言学图册 的缅因消息提供者)。 但如果天气是无云的,新英格兰人也许会说open。 南部的fair off 和 fair up 所表示的放晴, 起源于东北部词语,后被带到南部成为固定用法并向南向西流传。根据克雷格M·卡弗尔,美国地区方言 的作者所说,它们如今已“被南方地区化了”。 这些词组或许正是现代不再具地区性的词句的起源,例如mild up, 用于电视天气预报: “西南将变得暖和一点”

注释
The history of the word fair illustrates how words can weaken in meaning over time. In Old English the ancestor of fair, f?ger, had senses such as “lovely, beautiful, pleasant, agreeable,” a far cry from our modern sense “mildly good or satisfying.” The Old English senses passed into Middle English, where the word fair started to take a slight turn in the direction already alluded to. Fair could mean “highly to be approved of, splendid, good,” but it could also be used ironically, as in Chaucer's observation after a horse threw the Cook on the pilgrimage to Canterbury: “that was a fair feat of horsemanship by the Cook.” This ironic use was probably not responsible for the semantic weakening of fair, but it shows how a positive word can have its meaning reversed. The weakening of fair was most likely caused by “the determined optimism which led to the use of fair . . . rather than direct expression of discontent,” in the words of George H. McKnight. One might add as another cause the desire to avoid hurting other people's feelings.
单词fair 的历史表明随岁月的流逝单词的语意变弱。 在古英语中fair,f?ger 本意是“可爱的,漂亮的,愉快的”, 与我们现在的“比较好或满意的”大相径庭。古英语传到中世纪英语时,fair 已开始在引申的方向上有微小的转变。 Fair 可以表达“被高度赞许的,辉煌的,好的,”但也可用作反语,如在往坎特伯雷朝圣的途中马将科克摔下时后,乔尔斯评论道:“那是科克精湛骑术的体现”。 这种反语用法也许对fair 语义学上的弱化没有联系, 但它表明了一个褒义的单词可以变得意思完全相反。fair 的弱化很大程度上缘于“坚决的乐观主义导致 fair 的用法改变, 而不是直接表达不满意的意思,”乔治赫·马克奈特如此评论。人们可以再添上其它原因以免伤害别人的感情

基本词义

fair
fair 2
AHD:[far]
D.J.[fW*r]
K.K.[fWr]
n.(名词)

(1)

A gathering held at a specified time and place for the buying and selling of goods; a market.
集市:在特定时间和地点展开的买卖物品的集会;市场

(2)

An exhibition, as of farm products or manufactured goods, usually accompanied by various competitions and entertainments:
博览会:农产品或手工艺产品的展览,通常带有竞争性和娱乐性:
a state fair.
国家博览会

(3)

An exhibition intended to inform people about a product or business opportunity:
展销会:为公众了解某产品或获知商业信息而设置的展览:
a computer fair; a job fair.
电脑展销会;职业交流会

(4)

An event, usually for the benefit of a charity or public institution, including entertainment and the sale of goods; a bazaar:
义卖:通常为慈善目的或公众机构而举行的活动,包括娱乐、卖物品;义卖:
a church fair.
教堂义卖市场

语源

(1)

Middle English faire
中古英语 faire

(2)

from Old French feire
源自 古法语 feire

(3)

from Late Latin f?a
源自 后期拉丁语 f?a

(4)

sing. of Latin f?e [holidays] * see dh?s-
拉丁语 f?数 [假日] *参见 dh?s-

现代英汉词典

fair 1
[feE(r)]
adj.

(1)

公平的,公道的
a fair businessman
一位公道的商人
There must be fair play whatever the competition is.
不管是什么样的竞赛都必须公平合理。

(2)

合理的;正当的
It's fair enough to ask your close friends to help.
"向你的好朋友求助,这是很自然的/理所当然的。"
It is not fair to kick another player in football.
在足球赛中不允许踢另一球员。

(3)

还可以的;相当的

(4)

好的,晴朗的(天气)

(5)

整齐的;清洁的
I have made you a fair copy of the report.
我已为你准备好一份誊清的报告。

(6)

白皙的(皮肤);浅色的(头发)
English people usually have fair skin.
英国人通常是白皮肤。

(7)

美丽的(女性)

词性变化

fair
adv.
公平地;公正诚实地
You must play fair.
你必须公正处事。;你必须正大光明地比赛。

基本词义

fair 2
[feE(r)]
n.

(1)

娱乐场;儿童乐园

(2)

集市

(3)

商品展览会;商品交易会
a book fair
书展

现代英汉综合大辞典

fair
[fZE]
n.

(1)

定期集市

(2)

义卖市场

(3)

商品展览会, 展销会, 商品交易会
village fair
农村集市
hold a fair to raise money
举办义卖会筹款
China's Export Commodities F-
中国出口商品交易会
a world's fair
世界博览会
Vanity F-
浮华世界; 《名利场》(英国作家萨克雷所著小说名)

继承用法

fairground
[5feE^raJnd]
n.
集市场所

习惯用语

a day after the fair
太迟; 失去时机

特殊用法

agriculture fairs
农业集市

book fair
图书博览会

commodity fair
商品展览会

fancy fair
杂货市场

industrial fair
工业博览会

international fair
国际博览会

leather fair
皮革展览会

school fair
学校市场

science fair
科学展览

trade fair
商品交易会

英文相关词典

fair
affair    average    bazaar    bright    clear    exposition    festival    fete    honest    impartial    just    light    market    mediocre    pale    pleasant    right    square    sunny    whitish    foul    partial    unfair    unjust    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

fair
交易会;公平的

美国传统词典

fair
fair 1
AHD:[far]
D.J.[fW*r]
K.K.[fWr]
adj.
fair.er, fair.est

(1)

Of pleasing appearance, especially because of a pure or fresh quality; comely.

(2)

Light in color, especially blond:
fair hair.

(3)

Of light complexion:
fair skin.

(4)

Free of clouds or storms; clear and sunny:
fair skies.

(5)

Free of blemishes or stains; clean and pure:
one's fair name.

(6)

Promising; likely:
We're in a fair way to succeed.

(7)

Having or exhibiting a disposition that is free of favoritism or bias; impartial:
a fair mediator.

(8)

Just to all parties; equitable:
a compromise that is fair to both factions.

(9)

Being in accordance with relative merit or significance:
She wanted to receive her fair share of the proceeds.

(10)

Consistent with rules, logic, or ethics:
a fair tactic.

(11)

Moderately good; mildly satisfying:
gave only a fair performance of the sonata.

(12)

Superficially true or appealing; specious:
Don't trust his fair promises.

(13)

Lawful to hunt or attack:
fair game.

(14)

Archaic Free of all obstacles.
adv.

(1)

In a proper or legal manner:
playing fair.

(2)

Directly; straight:
a blow caught fair in the stomach.
v.tr.
faired, fair.ing, fairs
To join (pieces) so as to be smooth, even, or regular:
faired the aircraft's wing into the fuselage.
n.

(1)

Archaic A beautiful or beloved woman.

(2)

Obsolete Loveliness; beauty.

常用词组

fair off or

fair up Chiefly Southern US
To become clear. Used of weather.

习惯用语

fair and square
Just and honest.

for fair
To the greatest or fullest extent possible:
Our team was beaten for fair in that tournament.

no fair
Something contrary to the rules:
That was no fair.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English f?ger [lovely, pleasant]

继承用法

fairness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

fair, just, equitable, impartial, unprejudiced, unbiased, objective, dispassionate

(2)

These adjectives mean free from favoritism, self-interest, or bias in judgment.

(3)

Fair is the most general:
a fair referee;
a fair deal;
a fair fight;
on a fair footing.

(4)

Just stresses conformity with what is legally or ethically right or proper:
a kind and just man;
“a just and lasting peace” (Abraham Lincoln).

(5)

Equitable also implies justice, but justice dictated by reason, conscience, and a natural sense of what is fair to all concerned:
an equitable distribution of gifts among the children.

(6)

Impartial emphasizes lack of favoritism:
“the cold neutrality of an impartial judge” (Edmund Burke).

(7)

Unprejudiced means without favorable or unfavorable preconceived opinions or judgments:
an unprejudiced evaluation of the arguments for and against the proposal.

(8)

Unbiased implies absence of the preference or inclination inhibiting impartiality:
gave an unbiased account of her family problems.

(9)

Objective implies detachment that permits observation and judgment without undue reference to one's personal feelings or thoughts:
Try to be objective as you listen to the testimony.

(10)

Dispassionate means free from or unaffected by strong personal emotions:
A journalist should be a dispassionate reporter of fact. See also Synonyms at average, beautiful

注释
American folk speech puts Standard English to shame in its wealth of words for describing weather conditions. When the weather goes from fair to cloudy, New Englanders say that it's “breedin' up a storm” (Maine informant in the Linguistic Atlas of New England ). If the weather is clear, however, a New Englander might call it open. Southern fair off and fair up, meaning “to become clear,” were originally Northeastern terms and were brought to the South as settlement expanded southward and westward. They are now “regionalized to the South,” according to Craig M. Carver, author of American Regional Dialects. These phrases may be the origin of modern and less regional coinings, such as mild up, used on a television weather forecast: “The Southwest is beginning to mild up just a tad.”

注释
The history of the word fair illustrates how words can weaken in meaning over time. In Old English the ancestor of fair, f?ger, had senses such as “lovely, beautiful, pleasant, agreeable,” a far cry from our modern sense “mildly good or satisfying.” The Old English senses passed into Middle English, where the word fair started to take a slight turn in the direction already alluded to. Fair could mean “highly to be approved of, splendid, good,” but it could also be used ironically, as in Chaucer's observation after a horse threw the Cook on the pilgrimage to Canterbury: “that was a fair feat of horsemanship by the Cook.” This ironic use was probably not responsible for the semantic weakening of fair, but it shows how a positive word can have its meaning reversed. The weakening of fair was most likely caused by “the determined optimism which led to the use of fair . . . rather than direct expression of discontent,” in the words of George H. McKnight. One might add as another cause the desire to avoid hurting other people's feelings.

基本词义

fair
fair 2
AHD:[far]
D.J.[fW*r]
K.K.[fWr]
n.

(1)

A gathering held at a specified time and place for the buying and selling of goods; a market.

(2)

An exhibition, as of farm products or manufactured goods, usually accompanied by various competitions and entertainments:
a state fair.

(3)

An exhibition intended to inform people about a product or business opportunity:
a computer fair; a job fair.

(4)

An event, usually for the benefit of a charity or public institution, including entertainment and the sale of goods; a bazaar:
a church fair.

语源

(1)

Middle English faire

(2)

from Old French feire

(3)

from Late Latin f?a

(4)

sing. of Latin f?e [holidays] * see dh?s-

[名词委审定]英汉地理学名词(1988)

fair
集市

英汉船舶大词典

fair
n.公平,公正,光顺,清楚的,博览会

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

fair
【修】公平,合理;博览会;= Failure Analysis Information Retrieval,故障分析信息检索; = Fair And Impartial Random selection, 公正合理的随机选择; = Fast Access Information Retrieval, 快速存取情报检索

英汉法学大词典

fair
n.公平 ,公正,合理,展览会

英汉纺织大词典

fair
n.级外,展览会,清楚的,博览会

英汉化学大词典

fair
adj.公平的,相当的,清楚,平直,合理的,整整的;vt.修整,使...流线型化

英汉海运大词典

fair
光顺的,平顺的相当的公正的展销会,交易会,博览会使光顺,使校平,使…流线型化清楚,干净,平顺晴天

基本词义

fair
a. 光顺的,平顺的使光顺,使校平

基本词义

fair
光顺的,平顺的相当的公正的展销会,交易会,博览会使光顺,使校平,使…流线型化

基本词义

fair
清楚,干净,平顺晴天博览会,交易会

英汉经贸大词典

fair
n.博览会,交易会,集市

英汉计算机大词典

fair
adj.公平的(相当的,清楚;vt.修整(使...流线型化)

英汉机械大词典

fair
n.清楚的,博览会

英汉建筑大词典

fair
n.公平的,正直的,美好的

最新会计师英汉大词典

fair
定期集市,公平,交易会,商品交易会,市集,展销会

英汉农牧林大词典

fair
n.牲畜市场

航空英语缩写词典

FAIR
Failure Analysis Information Retrieval 故障分析信息检索

基本词义

FAIR
Failure Analysis Information Retrieval 故障分析信息检索

基本词义

FAIR
Fairing 整流

英汉水利大词典

fair
n.好的,晴朗的,平直的

英汉贸易大词典

fair
展销会,定期集市,公平,市集,商品交易会,义卖市场

现代商务英汉大词典

fair
展销会,定期集市,公平,市集,商品交易会,义卖市场

英汉医学大词典

fair
n.可以

英汉中医大词典

fair
n.美丽的,女性的

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