简明英汉词典

fail
[feil]
vi.
失败, 不及格, 忘记
vt.
使失望, 舍弃, 辜负, 不及格
n.
不及格, 不及格者

美国传统词典[双解]

fail
fail
AHD:[f3l]
D.J.[feil]
K.K.[fel]
v.(动词)
failedfail.ingfails
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To prove deficient or lacking; perform ineffectively or inadequately.
表现欠佳:证明不足或不够;活动受损或不充足

(2)

To be unsuccessful:
失败:不成功:
a valiant attempt that failed.
虽败犹荣

(3)

To receive an academic grade below the acceptable minimum.
不及格:达到的学术等级低于最低限度

(4)

To prove insufficient in quantity or duration; give out:
用尽:数量或持续时间证明为不足;用完:
The water supply failed during the drought.
在干旱期供水不足

(5)

To fall short, as in what is expected of one:
未达成:不能达到别人所期望的:
failed in her obligations to the family.
她对家庭没有尽到责任

(6)

To decline, as in strength or effectiveness:
减弱:力量减弱或功能衰退:
The patient's heart failed.
病人的心跳减弱

(7)

To cease functioning properly:
彻底中止运转:
The engine failed.
引擎彻底停止了运转

(8)

To become bankrupt or insolvent:
破产:
Our family business failed in 1929.
1929年我们家族破产了
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To disappoint or prove undependable to:
使失望或不可信赖:
Our sentries failed us.
我们的哨兵令我们失望

(2)

To abandon; forsake:
抛弃;放弃:
His strength failed him.
他丧失了力气

(3)

To omit to perform (an expected duty, for example):
遗漏未做:忽略而未能完成(例如,所期望的任务):
“We must . . . hold . . . those horrors up to the light of justice. Otherwise we would fail our inescapable obligation to the victims of Nazism: to remember”(Anthony Lewis)
“记住:我们必须将那些惨事交付法庭审判。否则,对遭受法西斯主义迫害的人,我们将无法尽到应尽的责任”(安东尼·刘易斯)

(4)

To leave (something) undone; neglect:
疏忽:留下(某事)没做完;疏忽:
failed to wash the dishes.
忘了洗盘子

(5)

To receive an academic grade below the acceptable minimum in (a course, for example):
不及格:达到的学术等级低于能接受的最低限度(如某门课程):
failed algebra twice.
代数两次不及格

(6)

To give such a grade of failure to (a student):
给(学生)不及格:
failed me in algebra.
给我代数不及格
n.(名词)

(1)

Failure to deliver securities to a purchaser within a specified time.
保证失信:未能在特定时间内将保证金交给买主

(2)

Failure to receive the proceeds of a transaction, as in the sale of stock or securities, by a specified date.
交割失信:在股票或抵押品售出后,未能在规定日期内办理交接手续

习惯用语

without fail
With no chance of failure:
一定,必定:没有失败的可能:
Be here at noon without fail.
一定在正午时到这里

语源

(1)

Middle English failen
中古英语 failen

(2)

from Old French faillir
源自 古法语 faillir

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *falloe
源自 俗拉丁语 *falloe

(4)

variant of Latin fallere [to deceive]
拉丁语 fallere的变体 [欺骗]

现代英汉词典

fail
[feIl]
vi., vt.

(1)

失败;不及格
The teachers failed me on the written composition.
教师们评我的笔头作文不及格。
He failed his English examination.
他的英语考试不及格。

(2)

不足;无法做到;(作物)歉收
Last year the crops failed.
去年农作物歉收。
"They fail to recognize that our population is increasing faster than the supply of food, available resources and job opportunities."
他们没有认识到我们人口的增长超过了粮食的供给|资源的开发和就业的机会。

(3)

使失望;辜负
His courage failed him in the end.
"到最后,他泄气了。"
We will never fail to live up to what our parents expect of us.
我们决不辜负我们的父母对我们的期望。
His friends failed him when he most needed them.
当他最需要朋友的时候,他们却令他失望。

(4)

衰退;衰弱
The wind failed and the sea returned to calmness.
"风停了,海面上恢复了一片寂静。"

(5)

(事业)倒闭,破产

现代英汉综合大辞典

fail
[feil]
vt.

(1)

失败, (考试)不及格

(2)

缺少

(3)

使失望; 对(某人)辜负

(4)

疏忽, 未履行
When I wanted his help he failed me.
当我需要他帮助时, 他却使我失望。
The teacher failed me in mathematics.
老师给我数学不及格。
Words failed me at the last minute.
到最后我说不出话来了。

词性变化

fail
[feil]
vi.

(1)

失败, 不及格; (判断)错误, 不中目标

(2)

[与不定式连用]不能, 不(做), 忘记; 疏忽

(3)

不足, 缺乏(in); (作物)歉收

(4)

(健康、体力、视力等)衰退; 减弱

(5)

停止作用; 故障; 停(水), 断(电)

(6)

破产、倒闭

(7)

绝, 全无
He failed to come.
他未能来。
He fails in courage.
他不够勇敢。
He never fails to write to his mother every week.
他从来没有忘记每周给母亲写信。
His health is failing rapidly.
他的健康迅速衰退 。
The patient's heart failed.
病人的心脏停止了跳动。

fail
[feil]
n.

(1)

失误, 迟误

(2)

考试落第者
I'll pay you tomorrow without fail.
我明天付款给你, 决不迟误。

继承用法

fail-out
n.
故障后果

fail-passive
adj.
工作可靠但性能有下降的

fail-safe
vt., vi.
(使)具有自动保险装置

词性变化

fail
[feil]
n.
(核弹运载机的)自动保险装置
adj.
安全的, 可靠的

fail-safety
n.
(个别部件发生故障时的)系统可靠性

fail-sale
adj.
没有销路的

failtests
n.
可靠性试验

failed
adj.
已失败的

failer
n.

习惯用语

don't fail to
务必, 一定

never fail to(do)
必定, 从未忘记...

without fail
必定, 务必

fail of
缺乏...能力; 不能达到

fail to
没有(做某事); 疏忽; 忘记(做某事)

英文相关词典

fail
decline    fade    flunk    lose out    neglect    weaken    succeed    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

fail
失败

英汉双解计算机词典

fail

【动】失效[败],出故障
To cease providing effective service or function.
停止提供有效服务和功能。

美国传统词典

fail
fail
AHD:[f3l]
D.J.[feil]
K.K.[fel]
v.
failed, fail.ing, fails
v.intr.

(1)

To prove deficient or lacking; perform ineffectively or inadequately.

(2)

To be unsuccessful:
a valiant attempt that failed.

(3)

To receive an academic grade below the acceptable minimum.

(4)

To prove insufficient in quantity or duration; give out:
The water supply failed during the drought.

(5)

To fall short, as in what is expected of one:
failed in her obligations to the family.

(6)

To decline, as in strength or effectiveness:
The patient's heart failed.

(7)

To cease functioning properly:
The engine failed.

(8)

To become bankrupt or insolvent:
Our family business failed in 1929.
v.tr.

(1)

To disappoint or prove undependable to:
Our sentries failed us.

(2)

To abandon; forsake:
His strength failed him.

(3)

To omit to perform (an expected duty, for example):
“We must . . . hold . . . those horrors up to the light of justice. Otherwise we would fail our inescapable obligation to the victims of Nazism: to remember”(Anthony Lewis)

(4)

To leave (something) undone; neglect:
failed to wash the dishes.

(5)

To receive an academic grade below the acceptable minimum in (a course, for example):
failed algebra twice.

(6)

To give such a grade of failure to (a student):
failed me in algebra.
n.

(1)

Failure to deliver securities to a purchaser within a specified time.

(2)

Failure to receive the proceeds of a transaction, as in the sale of stock or securities, by a specified date.

习惯用语

without fail
With no chance of failure:
Be here at noon without fail.

语源

(1)

Middle English failen

(2)

from Old French faillir

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *falloe

(4)

variant of Latin fallere [to deceive]

英汉船舶大词典

fail
n.出故障,失误

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

fail
失效[败],故障

英汉电信大词典

fail
n.失败,衰退

英汉地质大词典

fail
n.破坏,报废

英汉法学大词典

fail
v.失败

英汉航海大词典

fail
n.破产,失支付能力

英汉航空大词典

fail
n.失败,不及格;n.失败,失效

英汉海运大词典

fail
失败,失效发生故障,出故障不发火缺乏,不足失误

基本词义

fail
失败,失误,失效发生故障,出故障不发火缺乏,不足失误

基本词义

fail
失败,失误,失效发生故障

英汉经贸大词典

fail
n.破产,失支付能力,作物歉收

英汉计算机大词典

fail
vt.失败(衰退,缺乏;n.失败

英汉机械大词典

fail
n.损坏,减弱

英汉建筑大词典

fail
n.失败,失效,破坏

最新会计师英汉大词典

fail
失期[期货交割]

航空英语缩写词典

FAIL
Failure 失效

基本词义

FAIL
Failed,Failure 失效的,失效

英汉贸易大词典

fail
失期(期货交割)

英汉心理学大词典

fail
失败

现代商务英汉大词典

fail
失期(期货交割)

英汉中医大词典

fail
n.失败,衰奶,减弱

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