简明英汉词典

extemporaneous
[eks7tempE5reinjEs]
adj.
无准备的, 即席的, 不用讲稿的, 善于即席讲话的, 临时的

美国传统词典[双解]

extemporaneous
ex.tem.po.ra.ne.ous
AHD:[1k-stμm”p…-r3“n?-…s]
D.J.[ik7stemp*6reini8*s]
K.K.[!k7stWmp*6reni*s]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Carried out or performed with little or no preparation; impromptu:
即兴的:毫无准备的或稍作准备就执行或表演的;即兴的:
an extemporaneous piano recital.
即兴钢琴独奏

(2)

Prepared in advance but delivered without notes or text:
不用讲稿的:事前有所准备而不带笔记或本文的:
an extemporaneous speech.
不用讲稿的演讲

(3)

Skilled at or given to unrehearsed speech or performance:
善于即兴讲话的:擅长于或倾向于即兴演说或即兴表演的:
an accomplished extemporaneous speaker.
一位高明的即席演讲者

(4)

Provided, made, or adapted as an expedient; makeshift:
临时的,权宜的:作为权宜之计而提供的、制作的或使用的;权宜的:
an extemporaneous policy decision.
一个权宜的政策决定

语源

(1)

From Late Latin extempor3s
源自 后期拉丁语 extempor3s

(2)

from Latin ex tempore * see extempore
源自 拉丁语 ex tempore *参见 extempore

继承用法

extemporaneity
AHD:[-p…r-…-n?“1-t?] (名词)

extemporaneously
adv.(副词)

extemporaneousness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

extemporaneousextemporaryextemporeimpromptuoffhandunrehearsedunpremeditatedad-lib

(2)

These adjectives mean spoken, performed, done, or composed with little or no preparation or forethought. Extemporaneous, extemporary, and extempore most often apply to discourse, as a public speech, that is delivered without the assistance of a written text, though it may have been planned in advance:
这些形容词的意思是未经准备或构思而演讲的、表演的、进行的或谱写的。Extemporaneous,extemporary 和 extempore 常适用于演讲,如公共演说, 虽然这可能经过提前筹划但演讲时却不需书面材料的帮助:
an extemporaneous address;
即兴演说;
an extemporary lecture;
即兴讲座;
an extempore skit.
即兴小品。

(3)

Impromptu even more strongly suggests action or expression that comes on the spur of the moment in response to an unforeseen need:
Impromptu 更强烈地表现对意料之外的需要所做出的相应的动作或表现:
an impromptu speech;
即席讲话;
an impromptu dinner.
便饭。

(4)

Offhand implies not only spontaneity but also a casual or even cavalier manner:
Offhand 不但表示自发的,也表示不经意的甚至漫不经心的举止的:
an offhand remark. What is unrehearsed is said or done without rehearsal or practice though not necessarily without forethought:
随意的评论。 所谓unrehearsed ,就是未经复述或练习就说或做的, 虽然没有不构思的必要:
a few unrehearsed comments.
未经练习的评论。

(5)

Unpremeditated applies to action taken without prior thought or plan; often the term implies impulsiveness prompted by strong feeling:
Unpremeditated 表示未经提前思考或计划而采取的行动;这个词常表示在强烈情感的怂恿下而造成的冲动:
asked an unpremeditated question. Something that is ad-lib is spontaneous and improvised and therefore not part of a prepared script or score:
随口提出一个问题。 ad-lib 的事物是自发产生的和即兴而作的, 因而不是预先准备的手稿或记录的部分:
an ad-lib joke;
随口开的玩笑;
an ad-lib solo.
即兴的独奏

现代英汉词典

extemporaneous
[ekstempE5reInIEs]
adj.
即席的,无准备的
an extemporaneous speech
即席演说

现代英汉综合大辞典

extemporaneous
[eks7tempE5reinjEs]
adj.

(1)

临时作成的, 无准备的, 随口说的, 即席的

(2)

不用讲稿的, 善于即席讲话的

(3)

临时的, 权宜之计的
an extemporaneous speech
即席发挥的演说

继承用法

extemporaneously
adv.

extemporaneousness
n.

美国传统词典

extemporaneous
ex.tem.po.ra.ne.ous
AHD:[1k-stμm”p…-r3“n?-…s]
D.J.[ik7stemp*6reini8*s]
K.K.[!k7stWmp*6reni*s]
adj.

(1)

Carried out or performed with little or no preparation; impromptu:
an extemporaneous piano recital.

(2)

Prepared in advance but delivered without notes or text:
an extemporaneous speech.

(3)

Skilled at or given to unrehearsed speech or performance:
an accomplished extemporaneous speaker.

(4)

Provided, made, or adapted as an expedient; makeshift:
an extemporaneous policy decision.

语源

(1)

From Late Latin extempor3s

(2)

from Latin ex tempore * see extempore

继承用法

extemporaneity
AHD:[-p…r-…-n?“1-t?] n.

extemporaneously
adv.

extemporaneousness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

extemporaneous, extemporary, extempore, impromptu, offhand, unrehearsed, unpremeditated, ad-lib

(2)

These adjectives mean spoken, performed, done, or composed with little or no preparation or forethought. Extemporaneous, extemporary, and extempore most often apply to discourse, as a public speech, that is delivered without the assistance of a written text, though it may have been planned in advance:
an extemporaneous address;
an extemporary lecture;
an extempore skit.

(3)

Impromptu even more strongly suggests action or expression that comes on the spur of the moment in response to an unforeseen need:
an impromptu speech;
an impromptu dinner.

(4)

Offhand implies not only spontaneity but also a casual or even cavalier manner:
an offhand remark. What is unrehearsed is said or done without rehearsal or practice though not necessarily without forethought:
a few unrehearsed comments.

(5)

Unpremeditated applies to action taken without prior thought or plan; often the term implies impulsiveness prompted by strong feeling:
asked an unpremeditated question. Something that is ad-lib is spontaneous and improvised and therefore not part of a prepared script or score:
an ad-lib joke;
an ad-lib solo.

英汉化学大词典

extemporaneous
adj.无准备的,即席的,临时的

英汉计算机大词典

extemporaneous
adj.无准备的(即席的,临时的)

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