简明英汉词典

explain
[iks5plein]
v.
解释, 说明

美国传统词典[双解]

explain
ex.plain
AHD:[1k-spl3n“]
D.J.[ik6splein]
K.K.[!k6splen]
v.(动词)
ex.plainedex.plain.ingex.plains
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make plain or comprehensible.
说明:使变清楚或可理解

(2)

To define; expound:
解释;说明:
We explained our plan to the committee.
我们把自己的方案向委员会做了说明

(3)

To offer reasons for or a cause of; justify:
辩解:为…提供原因或理由;为…辩护:
explain an error.
为错误辩护

(4)

To offer reasons for the actions, beliefs, or remarks of (oneself).
答辩:为(自己的)行为、信仰或评价提供依据
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To make something plain or comprehensible:
解释:使变清楚或可理解:
Let me explain.
请让我解释

常用词组

explain away

(1)

To dismiss or get rid of by or as if by explaining.
辩护:用解释或类似的办法消除或摆脱

(2)

To minimize by explanation.
辩白:用解释减少

语源

(1)

Middle English explanen
中古英语 explanen

(2)

from Latin expl33re}
源自 拉丁语 expl33re}

(3)

ex- [intensive pref.] * see ex-
ex- [强调性前缀] *参见 ex-

(4)

pl3s [clear] * see pel- 2
pl3s [清楚的] *参见 pel- 2

继承用法

explainable
adj.(形容词)

参考词汇

(1)

explainelucidateexpoundexplicateinterpretconstrue

(2)

These verbs mean to make understandable the nature or meaning of something.
这些动词都意味着使某事的性质或意思变得可理解。

(3)

Explain is the most widely applicable:
Explain 是应用最广的:
explained the difficult words and obscure symbols;
解释那些难懂的词和难解的符号;
tried to explain himself. To elucidate is to throw light on something complex:
试图为他自己辩解。 Elucidate 意思是解释说明复杂的事物:
“Man's whole life and environment have been laid open and elucidated” (Thomas Carlyle). Expound and explicate imply detailed and usually learned and lengthy exploration or analysis:
“人的整个生命和生活环境都已得到说明和阐释” (托马斯·卡莱尔)。Expound 和 explicate 指详细的并且通常是学术的和冗长的考察与分析:
“We must never forget that it is a constitution we are expounding” (John Marshall).
“我们永远不应忘记那是宪法 ,对此我们正在加以解释” (约翰·马歇尔)。
“Ordinary language philosophers tried to explicate the standards of usage underlying the linguistic behavior of those who do not abuse this freedom” (Jerrold J. Katz). To interpret is to reveal the underlying meaning of something by the application of special knowledge or insight:
“普通语言学家试图解释用法的标准,这种标准潜藏在那些不滥用这种自由的人们的语言行为中” (杰罗尔德J·卡茨)。Interpret 意思是用特殊的知识或洞察力来揭示某事潜在的意思:
“If a poet interprets a poem of his own he limits its suggestibility” (William Butler Yeats).
“如果一个诗人解释他自己的一首诗,他就限制了它的暗示性” (威廉姆·巴特勒·济慈)。

(4)

Construe involves putting a particular construction or interpretation on something:
Construe 涉及的意思是给某事一个通俗的解释或说明:
“I take the official oath today . . . with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws by any hypercritical rules” (Abraham Lincoln).
“今天我正式宣誓…没有用伪善的原则去解释宪法或法律的意图” (亚伯拉罕·林肯)。
Why do you construe my silence as a sign of disapproval?
为什么你把我的沉默当成不同意的标志?

现代英汉词典

explain
[Iks5pleIn]
vt., vi.

(1)

说明;阐明
Explain what this word means.
解释词的含义。
Will you please explain the third paragraph again for us?
请您把第三段给我们再解释一下好吗?

(2)

解释;辩解
Can you explain why you were late?
你能解释一下你为什么迟到吗?
The price tag says $100 and you charged me for $120; how do you explain the discrepancy?
"货物标签上写的是一百美元,你向我索价一百二十美元,这个差异该怎么解释?"

常用词组

explain away
辩解,辩护

explain oneself

(1)

讲解,说明

(2)

给出理由

现代英汉综合大辞典

explain
[iks5plein]
vt.

(1)

解释, 说明, 讲解, 阐明

(2)

为...辩解, 辩护; 说明...的理由[原因]
explain the word properly in English
用英语正确地解释这个词
explain the situation
讲解形势
explain one's absence
说明缺席的理由
Please explain to me where to begin and how to do it.
请向我说明从哪里开始以及怎样做。
He explained how the machine was used.
他解释了怎样使用那台机器。

词性变化

explain
[iks5plein]
vi.

(1)

说明, 阐明

(2)

辩解, 解释
You needn't explain.
你不要辩解!

继承用法

explainable
adj.

explainer
n.

explainingly
adv.

习惯用语

explain away
(把过失、怀疑等)搪塞[巧辩]过去

explain oneself
说明自己的意思[动机]; 为自己的行为辩解

explain...as...
把...解释为...

参考词汇
explain     interpret    
都含“解释”的意思。

(1)

explain 指“解释不明之事”, 如:
He is explaining how a machine operates.
他正在解释机器是如何运转的。

(2)

interpret 侧重于“用特殊的知识、信念、判断、了解或想象去阐明特别难懂的事物”, 如:
How do you interpret this poem?
你怎样解释这首诗呢?

用法词典

explain
来自拉丁语explanare弄平,其中planare使平

英文相关词典

explain
answer    clarify    demonstrate    illustrate    show    simplify    solve    obscure    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

explain
说明讲

美国传统词典

explain
ex.plain
AHD:[1k-spl3n“]
D.J.[ik6splein]
K.K.[!k6splen]
v.
ex.plained, ex.plain.ing, ex.plains
v.tr.

(1)

To make plain or comprehensible.

(2)

To define; expound:
We explained our plan to the committee.

(3)

To offer reasons for or a cause of; justify:
explain an error.

(4)

To offer reasons for the actions, beliefs, or remarks of (oneself).
v.intr.
To make something plain or comprehensible:
Let me explain.

常用词组

explain away

(1)

To dismiss or get rid of by or as if by explaining.

(2)

To minimize by explanation.

语源

(1)

Middle English explanen

(2)

from Latin expl33re}

(3)

ex- [intensive pref.] * see ex-

(4)

pl3s [clear] * see pel- 2

继承用法

explainable
adj.

参考词汇

(1)

explain, elucidate, expound, explicate, interpret, construe

(2)

These verbs mean to make understandable the nature or meaning of something.

(3)

Explain is the most widely applicable:
explained the difficult words and obscure symbols;
tried to explain himself. To elucidate is to throw light on something complex:
“Man's whole life and environment have been laid open and elucidated” (Thomas Carlyle). Expound and explicate imply detailed and usually learned and lengthy exploration or analysis:
“We must never forget that it is a constitution we are expounding” (John Marshall).
“Ordinary language philosophers tried to explicate the standards of usage underlying the linguistic behavior of those who do not abuse this freedom” (Jerrold J. Katz). To interpret is to reveal the underlying meaning of something by the application of special knowledge or insight:
“If a poet interprets a poem of his own he limits its suggestibility” (William Butler Yeats).

(4)

Construe involves putting a particular construction or interpretation on something:
“I take the official oath today . . . with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws by any hypercritical rules” (Abraham Lincoln).
Why do you construe my silence as a sign of disapproval?

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

explain
【动】阐明,解释

英汉法学大词典

explain
v.交代 ,解释,说明

英汉航空大词典

explain
n.解释,说明

英汉化学大词典

explain
n.说明;vt.说明,解释,阐明,辩解

英汉计算机大词典

explain
vt.说明(解释,阐明

英汉水利大词典

explain
n.说明,解释,阐明

英汉中医大词典

explain
n.阐明,解释,说明

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