简明英汉词典

exile
[5eksail, 5e^z-]
n.
放逐, 充军, 流放, 流犯, 被放逐者
vt.
放逐, 流放, 使背井离乡

美国传统词典[双解]

exile
ex.ile
AHD:[μg“zol”, μk“sol”]
D.J.[6eg7zail, 6ek7sail]
K.K.[6Wg7za!l, 6Wk7sa!l]
n.(名词)

(1)

Enforced removal from one's native country.
流放:被强迫离开自己的国家

(2)

Self-imposed absence from one's country.
自我流放:自愿的离开本国

(3)

The condition or a period of living away from one's native country.
流亡期间:在自己国家之外生活的情况或时间

(4)

One who lives away from one's native country, whether because of expulsion or voluntary absence.
离乡者:被驱逐或因为自愿而居住在自己的祖国之外
v.tr.(及物动词)
ex.iledex.il.ingex.iles
To send into exile; banish.See Synonyms at banish
流放;把…驱逐出境参见 banish

语源

(1)

Middle English exil
中古英语 exil

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin exilium
源自 拉丁语 exilium

(4)

from exul, exsul [exiled person, wanderer]
源自 exul, exsul [被流放的人,流浪者]

继承用法

exilic
AHD:[1g-z1l“1k, 1k-s1l“-] 或 ex.ilian [1g-z1l“y…n, -z1l“?-…n, 1k-s1l“y…n, -s1l“?-…n] (形容词)

现代英汉词典

exile
[5eksaIl, 5e^saIl]
n.

(1)

流放;放逐
He had been five years in exile.
他过流放生活已经五年了。

(2)

流亡者

词性变化

exile
vt.
exiled, exiling
放逐

现代英汉综合大辞典

exile
[5eksail, 5e^z-]
n.

(1)

流放, 放逐, 充军

(2)

被流放者; 流亡(国外)者; 背井离乡者

词性变化

exile
[5eksail, 5e^z-]
vt.
放逐, 使流放, 使充军, 使背井离乡

习惯用语

go into exile
逃亡

live in exile
过离乡背井生活; 流亡(异乡)

send sb. into exile
流放某人

drive sb. into exile
流放某人

send oneself into exile
自愿背井离乡

exile oneself
离乡, 流亡

参考词汇
banish    

英文相关词典

exile
ban    banish    cast out    deport    exclude    expel    

美国传统词典

exile
ex.ile
AHD:[μg“zol”, μk“sol”]
D.J.[6eg7zail, 6ek7sail]
K.K.[6Wg7za!l, 6Wk7sa!l]
n.

(1)

Enforced removal from one's native country.

(2)

Self-imposed absence from one's country.

(3)

The condition or a period of living away from one's native country.

(4)

One who lives away from one's native country, whether because of expulsion or voluntary absence.
v.tr.
ex.iled, ex.il.ing, ex.iles
To send into exile; banish.See Synonyms at banish

语源

(1)

Middle English exil

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin exilium

(4)

from exul, exsul [exiled person, wanderer]

继承用法

exilic
AHD:[1g-z1l“1k, 1k-s1l“-] or ex.ilian [1g-z1l“y…n, -z1l“?-…n, 1k-s1l“y…n, -s1l“?-…n] adj.

英汉法学大词典

exile
n.流放 ,流亡, 放逐 ,放逐,流,流放犯,流放刑,流刑,迁,徙 ;v.流放

英汉化学大词典

exile
vt.流亡,流犯;n.流亡,流犯

英汉计算机大词典

exile
vt.流亡(流犯);n.流亡(流犯)

英汉心理学大词典

exile
流放

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