简明英汉词典

exercise
[5eksEsaiz]
n.
练习, 习题, 训练, 锻炼, 演习
v.
训练, 锻炼
vt.
行使, 使担扰

美国传统词典[双解]

exercise
ex.er.cise
AHD:[μk“s…r-soz”]
D.J.[6eks*7saiz]
K.K.[6Wks+7sa!z]
n.(名词)

(1)

An act of employing or putting into play; use:
运用:应用或运用的行为;使用:
the free exercise of intellect; the exercise of an option.
智力的自由运用;买卖权的运用

(2)

The discharge of a duty, function, or office.
履行职责:任务、责任或职责的履行

(3)

Activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness:
锻炼身体:为发展或保持身体健康而采取的运用心智或体力的运动:
took an hour of vigorous daily exercise at a gym.
在健身房进行一小时的日常健身锻炼

(4)

A task, problem, or other effort performed to develop or maintain fitness or increase skill:
练习,操练:为提高或保持身体健康或增强技巧而完成的任务、难题或其他努力:
a piano exercise; a memory exercise.
钢琴练习;记忆练习

(5)

exercises A program that includes speeches, presentations, and other ceremonial activities performed before an audience:
exercises 典礼,仪式:在观众面前表演的包括讲演、发奖和其它仪式性活动的一套程序:
graduation exercises.
毕业典礼
v.(动词)
ex.er.cisedex.er.cis.ingex.er.cis.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To put into play or operation; employ:
使用;运用:
Proceed, but exercise caution.
前进,但要小心

(2)

To bring to bear; exert:
对…施加;发挥:
“The desire to be re-elected exercises a strong brake on independent courage”(John F. Kennedy)
“重新选举的要求给独立的勇气带来了极大的阻碍”(约翰F.肯尼迪)

(3)

To subject to practice or exertion in order to train, strengthen, or develop:
锻炼:为训练、增强或提高而实践或运用:
exercise the back muscles; exercise the memory.
锻炼背部肌肉;训练记忆力

(4)

To put through exercises:
训练:
exercise a platoon.See Synonyms at practice
训练一个排参见 practice

(5)

To carry out the functions of; execute:
执行:实现…的功能;执行:
exercise the role of disciplinarian.
充当训练者的角色

(6)

To absorb the attentions of, especially by worry or anxiety.
引起忧虑:吸引…的注意力,特别是因为烦恼和焦虑

(7)

To stir to anger or alarm; upset:
激怒:使愤怒或警觉;使不安:
an injustice that exercised the whole community.
一项不公正的行为激起了整个社会的愤怒
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To take exercise.
进行锻炼

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French exercice
源自 古法语 exercice

(3)

from Latin exercitium
源自 拉丁语 exercitium

(4)

from exercitus [past participle of] exerc?re [to exercise]
源自 exercitus [] exerc?re的过去分词 [练习]

(5)

ex- [ex-]
ex- [前缀,表“从前的,前任的”]

(6)

arc?e [to restrain]
arc?e [抑制]

继承用法

exercisable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

exercise
[5eksEsaIz]
n.

(1)

体操;运动
gymnastic exercise
体操
Here is a special set of exercises which will strengthen your back muscles.
"这是一套专用体操,会使你的背部肌肉更强壮。"

(2)

习题,练习
I wrote in my exercise book.
我写在我的练习本上。

(3)

(权力的)运用,使用
the exercise of imagination
运用想象力

(4)

演习

(5)

(pl)军事演习
militar exercises
军事演习

词性变化

exercise
vt., vi.
-cised, -cising

(1)

运动
You should exercise more so as to keep energetic.
你应当多锻炼以保持精力充沛。
You don't exercise enough.
你锻炼不够。

(2)

运用(权力)等
exercise patience
运用忍耐力
A doctor should learn how to exercise patience to his clients.
医生应该学会对他的病人运用忍耐力。

现代英汉综合大辞典

exercise
[5eksEsaiz]
n.

(1)

运用, 行使, 履行, 实行

(2)

训练, 锻炼, [常用复]体操, 运动; 演习

(3)

练习, 习题; 功课

(4)

[pl. ][美]毕业典礼, 仪式

(5)

学术答辩

(6)

[古]礼拜; 修行

(7)

产生(作用); 影响
gymnastic exercises
体操, 健身操;【军】操练
morning exercise
早操
military exercises
军事演习
spelling exercises
拼写练习
exercise book
笔记本
graduation exercises
毕业典礼
The exercises are mostly translation exercises.
练习大部分是翻译练习。

词性变化

exercise
[5eksEsaiz]
vt.

(1)

训练, 锻炼

(2)

实[履]行; 运用, 发挥, 行使

(3)

[常用被动语态]使担忧, 使烦恼, 使伤脑筋

(4)

使受(影响等)

(5)

吸引...的注意
exercise a power
行使权力
What others think exercises great influence on most of us.
别人的想法对我们多数人产生很大的影响。
I am very much exercised about the future.
我对未来大伤脑筋。
This is a problem which is much -ing the minds of fathers.
这是一个很吸引父亲们注意的问题。

exercise
[5eksEsaiz]
vi.
运动, 训练, 锻炼
Your weight is increasing, you should exercise more.
你越来越发胖, 应该多运动。

习惯用语

be exercised about sth.
为某事担忧[操心, 伤脑筋]

bring...into exercise
(充分)运用, 应用; 发挥

do one's exercise
做功课

setting-up exercises
(不需要使用任何器械的)健身操

take exercise
做体操, 做健身活动

the exercise of judgement
判断力的应用

exercise oneself in
练习...

特殊用法

aiming exercise
瞄准练习

all-round exercise
全面锻炼

apportionment exercise
分派办法

barbell exercise
杠铃练习

body building exercise
健身操

"bridging" exercise
头撑练习

combined exercise
全能

companion exercise
双人体操

couples exercise
双人体操

compulsory exercise
规定动作

correspondence exercises
函授作业

counteracting exercise
对抗练习

dumb-bell exercise
哑铃练习

endurance exercise
耐力训练

entire exercise
整套动作

familiarization exercise
见习

floor exercise
自由体操

formal exercise
正式[实地]练习

free-flowing exercise
流畅动作

good morning exercise
躬身动作, 体前倾

group free exercise
团体操

gunnery (trial) exercise
军事[射击]演习

higher-level exercise
高级动作

idle exercise
无意义的行动

imitating exercise
模仿体操

independent exercise
独立练习

iron boot exercise
负重鞋练习

laboratory exercises
实验室习题, 实验室用练习手册

opening exercise
朝会

optional exercise
自选动作

oral exercise
口头练习

orthographic exercise
拼写练习

physical exercise
体育运动; 身体操练

preparatory exercise
准备操

pre-water exercise
入水前准备活动

resistiveexercise
抗阻力训练

shoulder-looseningexercise
耸肩练习

stretchingexercise
伸展活动

therapeuticexercise
医疗体操

thrustexercise
推撑练习

track and fieldexercise
田径运动

traditional Chinese combat exercises
武术

verbalexercise
口算题

voluntaryexercise
自选动作

wand exercise
体操棍练习

staff exercise
体操棍练习

weight training exercise
负重练习

exercise for intellect
智力训练

参考词汇
practice    

用法词典

exercise
来自拉丁语exercere的过去分词exercice,原义是训练牲口工作。ex-外+arcere包围

英文相关词典

exercise
condition    drill    perform    practice    prepare    train    use    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

exercise
练习;运动

美国传统词典

exercise
ex.er.cise
AHD:[μk“s…r-soz”]
D.J.[6eks*7saiz]
K.K.[6Wks+7sa!z]
n.

(1)

An act of employing or putting into play; use:
the free exercise of intellect; the exercise of an option.

(2)

The discharge of a duty, function, or office.

(3)

Activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness:
took an hour of vigorous daily exercise at a gym.

(4)

A task, problem, or other effort performed to develop or maintain fitness or increase skill:
a piano exercise; a memory exercise.

(5)

exercises A program that includes speeches, presentations, and other ceremonial activities performed before an audience:
graduation exercises.
v.
ex.er.cised, ex.er.cis.ing, ex.er.cis.es
v.tr.

(1)

To put into play or operation; employ:
Proceed, but exercise caution.

(2)

To bring to bear; exert:
“The desire to be re-elected exercises a strong brake on independent courage”(John F. Kennedy)

(3)

To subject to practice or exertion in order to train, strengthen, or develop:
exercise the back muscles; exercise the memory.

(4)

To put through exercises:
exercise a platoon.See Synonyms at practice

(5)

To carry out the functions of; execute:
exercise the role of disciplinarian.

(6)

To absorb the attentions of, especially by worry or anxiety.

(7)

To stir to anger or alarm; upset:
an injustice that exercised the whole community.
v.intr.
To take exercise.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French exercice

(3)

from Latin exercitium

(4)

from exercitus [past participle of] exerc?re [to exercise]

(5)

ex- [ex-]

(6)

arc?e [to restrain]

继承用法

exercisable
adj.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

exercise
练习

英汉船舶大词典

exercise
n.练习,实习,实行

英汉法学大词典

exercise
v.履行 ,实施,行使,运用,实行 ,演习,运动 ;n.履行 ,行使,运用

英汉航海大词典

exercise
n.实行

英汉航空大词典

exercise
n.演习,操练;n.演习,运用

英汉化学大词典

exercise
n.练习,运用,仪式,实行,训练;vt.实行,训练

英汉海运大词典

exercise
练习运用,使用训练

基本词义

exercise
练习,运用,使用,训练

基本词义

exercise
练习运用,使用训练

基本词义

exercise
演习,练习

基本词义

exercise
运用,使用,训练,演习,练习

英汉经贸大词典

exercise
n.实行

英汉计算机大词典

exercise
n.练习(运用,仪式);vt.实行(训练)

英汉建筑大词典

exercise
n.练习,训练,运动

英汉水利大词典

exercise
n.实践,实行,运用

英汉心理学大词典

exercise
练习

英汉医学大词典

exercise
n.操练,锻炼

英汉中医大词典

exercise
n.功,运动,锻炼

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004