简明英汉词典

excuse
[iks5kju:z]
vt.
原谅, 申辩, 做为...的托辞, 为...免去
n.
饶恕, 致歉, 理由, 口实, 借口, 清借条, 免去

美国传统词典[双解]

excuse
ex.cuse
AHD:[1k-sky?z“]
D.J.[ik6skju8z]
K.K.[!k6skjuz]
v.tr.(及物动词)
ex.cusedex.cus.ingex.cus.es

(1)

To explain (a fault or an offense) in the hope of being forgiven or understood:
辩解,托词:希望被原谅或理解而解释(过失或冒犯):
He arrived late and excused his tardiness in a flimsy manner.
他来晚了,而且还以薄弱的借口来辩解他的迟到

(2)

To seek to remove the blame from:
要求原谅:试图免于被…责备:
She excused herself for being late.
她为她的迟到辩解

(3)

To grant pardon to; forgive:
宽恕;原谅:
We quickly excused the latecomer.
我们很快原谅了迟到者

(4)

To make allowance for; overlook:
许可;宽容:
Readers must excuse the author's youth and inexperience.See Synonyms at forgive
读者必须宽恕作者的年轻和缺乏经验参见 forgive

(5)

To serve as justification for:
证明为正当的:
Brilliance does not excuse bad manners.
才华不能成为无礼行为的正当理由

(6)

To free, as from an obligation or duty; exempt:
免除责任:使免除责任或义务;免除:
In my state, physicians and lawyers are excused from jury duty.
在我看来,医生和律师都应免除当陪审团的义务

(7)

To give permission to leave; release:
准许离开;放开:
The child ate quickly and asked to be excused.
那孩子吃得很快并请求准许离开
n.(名词)
AHD:[1k-sky?s“]

(1)

An explanation offered to justify or obtain forgiveness.
理由;藉口:为…提供理由或为获得谅解而做的解释

(2)

A reason or grounds for excusing:
开脱的原因或根据:
Ignorance is no excuse for breaking the law.
无知不能成为违反法律的理由

(3)

The act of excusing.
辩护行为

(4)

A note explaining an absence.
请假条:解释缺席的字条

(5)

Informal An inferior example:
【非正式用语】 拙劣样品:
a poor excuse for a poet; a sorry excuse for a car.
拙劣的诗;蹩脚汽车

语源

(1)

Middle English excusen
中古英语 excusen

(2)

from Old French excuser
源自 古法语 excuser

(3)

from Latin exc?3re}
源自 拉丁语 exc?3re}

(4)

ex- [ex-]
ex- [前缀,表‘前任的,从前的”]

(5)

causa [accusation] * see cause
causa [指责] *参见 cause

继承用法

excusable
adj.(形容词)

excusableness
n.(名词)

excusably
adv.(副词)

excuser
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

excuse
[Ik5skju:z]
vt.
excused, excusing

(1)

(常与for连用)宽恕;原谅
Please excuse me.
请原谅。
Please excuse me for being later.
对不起,我迟到了。
She said 'Excuse me' when she stepped on my foot.
她踩了我的脚时说了声'对不起'。
He excused himself to us.
"他向我们说了一声'请原谅',就离开了。"

(2)

辩解;开脱
Nothing will excuse his cruelty to his children.
任何事都不能开脱他虐待儿童的罪行。

(3)

(常与form连用)免除;宽免
Can I be excused from football practice?
足球练习我可以不参加吗?

词性变化

excuse
[Ik5skju:s]
n.
藉口;托辞
Stop making excuses!
别再找藉口了!
I haven't done the work well;my excuse is that I have been ill.
我没有把工作做好,我的理由是病了。
Too much work is no excuse for not studying.
工作太忙不能成为不学习的理由。
Have you any excuse to offer for frequent absence from collective practice?
你经常不参加集体训练有什么理由解释吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

excuse
[iks5kju:z]
vt.

(1)

原谅, 宽恕

(2)

为...辩解, 为...开脱, 作为...的理由

(3)

允许离开, 允许不参加; 免于...
E-me.
请原谅, 对不起, 请宽恕(用于问路, 问事; 表示失礼; 纠正别人的话; 在打喷嚏、打嗝时; 插话; 表示异议等场合的客套话)。
excuse oneself for one's misbehavior
为自己的错误行为辩护
Sickness excused him from coming.
患病是他不来的理由。
Students who passed the first test are excused from thesecond one.
通过第一次测验的学生可以免除第二次测验。
I'll excuse you; you may go.
我允许你离开, 你可以走了。

词性变化

excuse
[iks5kju:z]
n.
[iks5kju:s]

(1)

原谅, 宽恕, 道歉

(2)

辩解

(3)

借口, 托辞, 理由

(4)

免去

(5)

请假条

(6)

劣质的东西
That's a good excuse.
那是一个好借口。
His latest effort is a poor excuse for a novel.
他最近的作品只是一部劣质的小说。

继承用法

excuseless
adj.

excuser
n.

词性变化

excusingly
adv.

excusire
adj.

cusively
adv.

习惯用语

in excuse of
为...辩解

lame excuse
理由不足的辩解; 漏洞百出的借口

lame apology
理由不足的辩解; 漏洞百出的借口

make excuses for
找借口, 推诿

offer excuses for
找借口, 推诿

make one's excuses to
向...表示歉意

without excuse
无故, 故意

excuse oneself

(1)

替自己辩解

(2)

(为某事)表示歉意(for)

(3)

借故不到; 请准提前离开

excuse oneself from
借故推托, 婉言拒绝

excuse sb. for
因 ...而原谅某人

excuse sb. from
免除某人(做某事)

用法词典

excuse
中古英语excusen<古法语excuser,拉丁语excusare不责备
英文相关词典

excuse
absolve    alibi    forgive    pardon    reason    blame    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

excuse
借口;辩解

美国传统词典

excuse
ex.cuse
AHD:[1k-sky?z“]
D.J.[ik6skju8z]
K.K.[!k6skjuz]
v.tr.
ex.cused, ex.cus.ing, ex.cus.es

(1)

To explain (a fault or an offense) in the hope of being forgiven or understood:
He arrived late and excused his tardiness in a flimsy manner.

(2)

To seek to remove the blame from:
She excused herself for being late.

(3)

To grant pardon to; forgive:
We quickly excused the latecomer.

(4)

To make allowance for; overlook:
Readers must excuse the author's youth and inexperience.See Synonyms at forgive

(5)

To serve as justification for:
Brilliance does not excuse bad manners.

(6)

To free, as from an obligation or duty; exempt:
In my state, physicians and lawyers are excused from jury duty.

(7)

To give permission to leave; release:
The child ate quickly and asked to be excused.
n.
AHD:[1k-sky?s“]

(1)

An explanation offered to justify or obtain forgiveness.

(2)

A reason or grounds for excusing:
Ignorance is no excuse for breaking the law.

(3)

The act of excusing.

(4)

A note explaining an absence.

(5)

Informal An inferior example:
a poor excuse for a poet; a sorry excuse for a car.

语源

(1)

Middle English excusen

(2)

from Old French excuser

(3)

from Latin exc?3re}

(4)

ex- [ex-]

(5)

causa [accusation] * see cause

继承用法

excusable
adj.

excusableness
n.

excusably
adv.

excuser
n.

英汉法学大词典

excuse
v.宽恕 ,赦免,原谅 ;n.借口 ,赦免,原谅

英汉化学大词典

excuse
vt.原谅,饶恕,辩解,借口;n.原谅,辩解,借口,谢绝

英汉经贸大词典

excuse
vt.原谅,饶恕,辩解,借口;n.原谅,辩解,借口,谢绝

英汉计算机大词典

excuse
vt.原谅(饶恕,辩解;n.原谅(辩解,借口

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