简明英汉词典

except
[ik5sept]
vt.
除, 把...除外, 反对, 不计
vi.
反对
prep.
除了...之外, 若不是, 除非
conj.
只是, 要不是

基本词义

EXCEPT
[ik5sept]
[计]“禁”门, “与非”门

美国传统词典[双解]

except
ex.cept
AHD:[1k-sμpt“]
D.J.[ik6sept]
K.K.[!k6sWpt]
prep.Abbr. ex., exc.(介词)缩写 ex.exc.
With the exclusion of; other than; but:
除…之外;除外;除…之外:
everyone except me.
除我之处的所有人
conj.(连接词)

(1)

If it were not for the fact that; only:
如果不是;除…之外:
I would buy the suit, except that it costs too much.
如果不是它售价太高的话,我本想买下那件衣服

(2)

Otherwise than:
除此以外:
They didn't open their mouths except to complain.
除了抱怨他们从不开口

(3)

Unless.
除非
v.(动词)
ex.cept.edex.cept.ingex.cepts
v.tr.(及物动词)
To leave out; exclude:
排除;不包括:
An admission fee is charged, but children are excepted.
收入场费,但儿童除外
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To object:
反对:
Counsel excepted to the court's ruling.
律师反对法院的裁决

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Latin exceptus [past participle of] excipere [to exclude]
源自 拉丁语 exceptus [] excipere的过去分词 [不包括]

(3)

ex- [ex-]
ex- [前缀,表“出自…,向外”]

(4)

capere [to take] * see kap-
capere [拿走] *参见 kap-

用法
Except in the sense of “with the exclusion of” or “other than” is generally construed as a preposition, not a conjunction. A personal pronoun that follows except is therefore in the objective case:
Except 含有“除…之外”或“除了”的意思时, 通常用作介词而不是连词。人称代词用于except 之后时通常用宾格:
No one except me knew it.
除我之外没人知道它;
Every member of the original cast was signed except her.
除她之外的原班演员都是签约雇佣的。

现代英汉词典

except
[Ik5sept]
vt.
把…除外
You will be punished, I can except no one.
你们都得受到惩罚,我不放过任何一个人。
Everyone enjoyed walking home, John excepted.
每人都高高兴兴地走着回家,而约翰除外。
"Every one of us, except him, went to watch the basketball match."
"除他以外,我们都去观看了蓝球比赛。"
"All of us, nobody excepted, agree to the decision."
"我们大家,无人例外,都赞同这个决定。"
The crew on the ship were all saved excepting the captain.
"船员们都得救了,只有船长遇难。"

词性变化

except
prep.
(常与for连用)除…之外
all the questions except for the last one
除最后一道题之外的所有问题
"Except for one old lady, the bus was empty."
公共汽车上要不是坐了一位老太太就是空的。

except
conj.
除外
She can do everything except cook.
除了做饭之外她什么都会。
He had considered everything except the weather.
"他什么都想过,唯独没考虑到天气。"
I know nothing about it except what I have read in the papers.
"除了在报上读到的以外,我对这件事一无所知。"
Most of the Chinese people usually go to work on the bike except when it rains.
"除了雨天,大多数中国人一般都骑自行车上班。"
The retired worker usually waters his garden every day except on rainy days.
"除了雨天,这位退休工人每天都在花园里浇水。"
His report is correct except that some details are omitted.
"除了有些细节未提到之外,他的报导是正确的。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

except
[ik5sept]
prep.
除...之外, 除去, 除掉
We all went except John.
除了约翰外, 我们都去了。

词性变化

except
[ik5sept]
conj.

(1)

(=unless)[古]除非, 若不是

(2)

只是, 除...之外
I would come except it rains.
要是不下雨, 我就来。

except
[ik5sept]
vt.

(1)

除掉, 免除(from)
You will all be punished, I can except no one.
你们都得受罚, 一个也不能例外。

(2)

【说明】 except与besides意义不同。 “We all agreed except him.”表示“我们都同意, 只有他不同意。”“We all agreed besides him.”表示“我们都同意, 他也同意。”

继承用法

exceptable
adj.
可例外的, 可除外的

习惯用语

except for
除...之外, 只是

except that
除了, 只是

参考词汇
besides    

基本词义

EXCEPT
[ik5sept]
n.
【计】“禁”门, “与非”门
A EXCEPT B gate A
与非B门

用法词典

except
ex- =out外面+拉丁词根cept(ceive的另一种拼法)拿=拿到外面去,即除…之外

英文相关词典

except
aside from    barring    besides    deny    exclude    reject    save    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

except
除以外;除

美国传统词典

except
ex.cept
AHD:[1k-sμpt“]
D.J.[ik6sept]
K.K.[!k6sWpt]
prep.Abbr. ex., exc.
With the exclusion of; other than; but:
everyone except me.
conj.

(1)

If it were not for the fact that; only:
I would buy the suit, except that it costs too much.

(2)

Otherwise than:
They didn't open their mouths except to complain.

(3)

Unless.
v.
ex.cept.ed, ex.cept.ing, ex.cepts
v.tr.
To leave out; exclude:
An admission fee is charged, but children are excepted.
v.intr.
To object:
Counsel excepted to the court's ruling.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Latin exceptus [past participle of] excipere [to exclude]

(3)

ex- [ex-]

(4)

capere [to take] * see kap-

用法
Except in the sense of “with the exclusion of” or “other than” is generally construed as a preposition, not a conjunction. A personal pronoun that follows except is therefore in the objective case:
No one except me knew it.
Every member of the original cast was signed except her.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

except
除外,排它,禁止

英汉法学大词典

except
conj, 除外

英汉航空大词典

except
n.除...之外

英汉化学大词典

except
prep.除...之外,只是,要不是;除非

英汉海运大词典

except
不包括,除外不计

基本词义

EXCEPT
与非,禁止

英汉计算机大词典

except
prep.除...之外(只是,要不是);除非

英汉水利大词典

except
n.除...之外,除非,把...除外

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