简明英汉词典

excavate
[5ekskEveit]
v.
挖掘, 开凿, 挖出, 挖空

美国传统词典[双解]

excavate
ex.ca.vate
AHD:[μk“sk…-v3t”]
D.J.[6eksk*7veit]
K.K.[6Wksk*7vet]
v.(动词)
ex.ca.vat.edex.ca.vat.ingex.ca.vates
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make a hole in; hollow out:
开凿:凿洞;挖空:
excavate an ore-rich hillside.
在富矿山上挖洞穴

(2)

To form by hollowing out.
挖空:挖空成某种形状

(3)

To remove by digging or scooping out.
挖出:挖出以运走

(4)

To expose or uncover by or as if by digging:
挖掘:用挖掘或类似挖掘的办法揭开或移去:
excavate an archaeological site.
挖掘考古现场
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To engage in digging, hollowing out, or removing.
挖掘:忙于挖掘、开凿或运走

语源

(1)

Latin excav3e excav3t- [to hollow out]
拉丁语 excav3e excav3t- [凿空]

(2)

ex- [ex-]
ex- [前缀,表”出自…”]

(3)

cav3e [to hollow] from cavus [hollow] * see keu-
cav3e [开凿] 源自 cavus [空的] *参见 keu-

现代英汉词典

excavate
[5ekskEveIt]
vt.
-vated, -vating

(1)

挖掘
The workmen excavated a hole in the wall to let the sewage pipe pass through.
工人们在墙上掘了个洞让污水管通过。

(2)

掘出

(3)

〈考古〉发掘

现代英汉综合大辞典

excavate
[5ekskEveit]
vt.
开凿; 发掘
excavate an ancient burial site
发掘古墓群

词性变化

excavate
[5ekskEveit]
vi.
凿, 掘开; 变成空洞

英文相关词典

excavate
burrow    dig    pull up    scoop    unearth    bury    inter    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

excavate
挖掘

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

excavate
挖掘

美国传统词典

excavate
ex.ca.vate
AHD:[μk“sk…-v3t”]
D.J.[6eksk*7veit]
K.K.[6Wksk*7vet]
v.
ex.ca.vat.ed, ex.ca.vat.ing, ex.ca.vates
v.tr.

(1)

To make a hole in; hollow out:
excavate an ore-rich hillside.

(2)

To form by hollowing out.

(3)

To remove by digging or scooping out.

(4)

To expose or uncover by or as if by digging:
excavate an archaeological site.
v.intr.
To engage in digging, hollowing out, or removing.

语源

(1)

Latin excav3e excav3t- [to hollow out]

(2)

ex- [ex-]

(3)

cav3e [to hollow] from cavus [hollow] * see keu-

英汉船舶大词典

excavate
n.发掘,挖掘

英汉化学大词典

excavate
n.挖掘,开凿;vt.挖掘,开凿

英汉计算机大词典

excavate
vt.挖掘(开凿)

英汉建筑大词典

excavate
vt.挖掘,开挖

英汉农牧林大词典

excavate
n.掘开的,凹入的,凹下的

英汉水利大词典

excavate
n.开挖,开凿,发掘

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