简明英汉词典

examine
[i^5zAmin]
v.
检查, 调查, 考试

美国传统词典[双解]

examine
ex.am.ine
AHD:[1g-z2m“1n]
D.J.[ig6z#min]
K.K.[!g6z#m!n]
v.tr.(及物动词)
ex.am.inedex.am.in.ingex.am.ines

(1)

To observe carefully or critically; inspect:
检查,调查:仔细地或挑剔地观察;检查:
examined the room for clues.
检查房间以寻找线索

(2)

To study or analyze:
研究,分析:
examine a tissue sample under a microscope; examine the structure of a novel; examine one's own motives.
在显微镜下研究组织细胞的样品;分析一部小说的结构;剖析自己的动机

(3)

To test or check the condition or health of:
诊察:观察或检查…的状况或健康:
examine a patient.
诊察患者

(4)

To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.
考试,测验:通过询问或练习的方式来测定资格、才能或技巧

(5)

To question formally, as to elicit facts or information; interrogate:
审问,讯问:为探寻事实或信息而进行的正式审问;审问:
examine a witness under oath.See Synonyms at ask
讯问立誓的证人参见 ask

语源

(1)

Middle English examinen
中古英语 examinen

(2)

from Old French examiner
源自 古法语 examiner

(3)

from Latin ex33re}
源自 拉丁语 ex33re}

(4)

from ex3n [a weighing out]
源自 ex3n [按定量分配]

(5)

from exigere [to weigh out] * see exact
源自 exigere [按定量分配] *参见 exact

继承用法

examinable
adj.(形容词)

examiner
n.(名词)

注释
A student who is being examined might prefer at times to deal with a swarm of bees rather than be weighed in the balance once again. The history of the word examine involves both phenomena. Examine, first recorded in English in a work composed before 1338, goes back to the Latin word ex33re,} which in turn is derived from ex3, meaning both “a swarm of bees” and “the apparatus or process of weighing, balance.” Ex3n has these senses because it is formed from the prefix ex-, “out of,” and the root .ag-, “to drive, force.” The semantic possibilities of this combination are shown by the senses of the related verb exigere, which meant “to drive out,” “to exact payment,” “to demand,” and “to inquire after or into.” The verb ex33re} derived from ex3n has the sense “to swarm” as well as the senses “to weigh, balance,” and “to consider critically.”
一个正在考试的学生有时宁愿去对付一群蜜蜂也不愿再一次参加考试。examine 这个词的历史涉及到以上两种现象。 Examine 在英文最早的记录是出现于1338年以前的一本书中,回溯到拉丁文中的examinare, 其源自examen, 意思不但包括“蜂群”,还包括“衡量和平衡的程序或装置”。Examen 具有这些含义是因为它由前缀ex-, 意为“超出”,和词根 ag-, 意为“驱使,强迫”组成的。 这个组合在语义上包含的几种可能被相关动词exigere 的意义表达出来, 它的含义有“赶出”、“要求支付”、“需要”和“问候或调查”。examinare 这个动词源自 examen, 含有“云集”的意思, 同时也有“衡量、平衡”和“吹毛求疵地考虑”等含义

现代英汉词典

examine
[I^5zAmIn]
vt.
-ined, -ining

(1)

检查;细查
The doctor examined her carefully.
医生给她作了仔细的检查。
"Yesterday the firemen examined the ground carefully, but were not able to find any broken glass."
"昨天,消防队员们仔细地检查了地面,但未能找到任何碎玻璃。"
My suitcases were examined at the Customs when I entered the country.
"入境时,我的提包在海关受到了检查。"

(2)

审查;查问

现代英汉综合大辞典

examine
[i^5zAmin]
vt.

(1)

调查, 检查, 检验, 研究

(2)

考试

(3)

审查, 审问(on)

(4)

诊察
examine one's own heart [conscience]
扪心自问, 反省
examine sb. in physics
考某人的物理E-yourself. 你反省反省吧。

词性变化

examine
[i^5zAmin]
vi.
调查(into); 审问
examine into a matter
调查事实
examining judge
预审法官

继承用法

examiningly
adv.

习惯用语

examine in
考(某人)在某一学科上所具有的知识

examine on
考(某人)在某一问题上所具有的知识

参考词汇
examine     imspect     investigate     scan    
都含有“检查”、“调查”的意思。

(1)

examine 指“仔细调查或审查”, 如∶ The doctor examined him carefully. 医生仔细检查了他的身体。inspect 指“仔细查看是否有不足之处或不标准的地方”, 如:
They inspected the work of the institute.
他们检查了学院的工作。

(2)

investigate 指“用某种方法、分步骤地对复杂情况或问题进行调查, 以揭露事实、分析原因、找出特点”, 如:
investigate the cause of a railway acciden.
调查一次铁路事故的原因。

(3)

scan 指“细看”、“审视”, 如:
His mother scanned his face to see if he was telling the truth.
他的母亲仔细观察他的面容想查明他是否说真话。

英文相关词典

examine
analyze    consider    inspect    observe    question    quiz    study    test    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

examine
诊;审查

美国传统词典

examine
ex.am.ine
AHD:[1g-z2m“1n]
D.J.[ig6z#min]
K.K.[!g6z#m!n]
v.tr.
ex.am.ined, ex.am.in.ing, ex.am.ines

(1)

To observe carefully or critically; inspect:
examined the room for clues.

(2)

To study or analyze:
examine a tissue sample under a microscope; examine the structure of a novel; examine one's own motives.

(3)

To test or check the condition or health of:
examine a patient.

(4)

To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.

(5)

To question formally, as to elicit facts or information; interrogate:
examine a witness under oath.See Synonyms at ask

语源

(1)

Middle English examinen

(2)

from Old French examiner

(3)

from Latin ex33re}

(4)

from ex3n [a weighing out]

(5)

from exigere [to weigh out] * see exact

继承用法

examinable
adj.

examiner
n.

注释
A student who is being examined might prefer at times to deal with a swarm of bees rather than be weighed in the balance once again. The history of the word examine involves both phenomena. Examine, first recorded in English in a work composed before 1338, goes back to the Latin word ex33re,} which in turn is derived from ex3, meaning both “a swarm of bees” and “the apparatus or process of weighing, balance.” Ex3n has these senses because it is formed from the prefix ex-, “out of,” and the root .ag-, “to drive, force.” The semantic possibilities of this combination are shown by the senses of the related verb exigere, which meant “to drive out,” “to exact payment,” “to demand,” and “to inquire after or into.” The verb ex33re} derived from ex3n has the sense “to swarm” as well as the senses “to weigh, balance,” and “to consider critically.”

英汉船舶大词典

examine
n.查,检;n.审查

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

examine
【动】检验,考试,审查,分析[EXAM]

英汉法学大词典

examine
v.检查 ,检验,审查,查 ,查验,核对,稽核,考核,审核,问,验

英汉纺织大词典

examine
n.检验

英汉航海大词典

examine
n.审查

英汉航空大词典

examine
n.检查;n.检查,细查

英汉化学大词典

examine
n.调查,检验,考试,研究,审查,试验,检定;vt.检验,测验

英汉海运大词典

examine
对…进行检查,检验,检定对…进行试验

基本词义

examine
对……进行检查,检验,检定对……进行试验对……进行考试

基本词义

examine
对…进行检查检验,检定对…进行试验对…进行考试,对…进行检查,检验,考试,检查,

英汉经贸大词典

examine
n.审查

英汉计算机大词典

examine
n.检验;vt.检验(测验)

英汉机械大词典

examine
n.检验

英汉建筑大词典

examine
vt.检验,审查,研究

最新会计师英汉大词典

examine
检查,进行检验

英汉水利大词典

examine
n.检验,审查,调查

英汉贸易大词典

examine
检查,稽核

英汉心理学大词典

examine
检查

现代商务英汉大词典

examine
检查,稽核

英汉中医大词典

examine
n.诊,检查

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