简明英汉词典

ethnic
[5eWnik]
adj.
人种的, 种族的, 异教徒的

美国传统词典[双解]

ethnic
eth.nic
AHD:[μth“n1k]
D.J.[6eGnik]
K.K.[6WGn!k]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of or relating to sizable groups of people sharing a common and distinctive racial, national, religious, linguistic, or cultural heritage.
种族的,人种的:属于或关于相当大规模人的群体的,群体中的成员拥有共同的和独特的种族的、民族的、宗教的、语言的或文化的遗产

(2)

Being a member of a particular ethnic group.
种族一员的:作为一特定种族集团中的成员的

(3)

Of, relating to, or distinctive of members of such a group:
种族风格的:属于,关于或区别于这样一个集团中的成员的:
ethnic restaurants; ethnic art.
民族风味的饭馆;民族艺术

(4)

Relating to a people not Christian or Jewish; heathen.
异教徒的:关于非基督教徒或犹太教徒的人的
n.(名词)
A member of a particular ethnic group, especially one who maintains the language or customs of the group.
具有该种族语言、风俗的成员:某一特定种族集团中的一员,尤指保持着这一集团的语言或风俗习惯的成员

语源

(1)

Middle English [heathen]
中古英语 [异教徒]

(2)

from Late Latin ethnicus
源自 后期拉丁语 ethnicus

(3)

from Greek ethnikos
源自 希腊语 ethnikos

(4)

from ethnos [people, nation] * see s(w)e-
源自 ethnos [民族,国家] *参见 s(w)e-

注释
When in a Middle English text written before 1400 it is said that a part of a temple fell down and “mad a gret distruccione of ethnykis,” one wonders why ethnics were singled out for death. The word ethnic in this context, however, means “gentile,” coming as it does from the Greek adjective ethnikos, meaning “national, foreign, gentile.” The adjective is derived from the noun ethnos, “people, nation, foreign people,” that in the plural phrase ta ethn?} meant “foreign nations.” In translating the Hebrew Bible into Greek, this phrase was used for Hebrew g?om,} “gentiles”; hence the sense of the noun in the Middle English quotation. The noun ethnic in this sense or the related sense “heathen” is not recorded after 1728, although the related adjective sense is still used. But probably under the influence of other words going back to Greek ethnos, such as ethnography and ethnology, the adjective ethnic broadened in meaning in the 19th century. After this broadening the noun sense “a member of a particular ethnic group,” first recorded in 1945, came into existence.
在一篇1400年以前的中古英语文章中写道,一座神殿的一部分倒塌了并“导致一个种族的彻底毁灭”, 人们想知道为什么一个种族单单被挑出去死。但是ethnic 在这个上下文中的意思是“异教徒”, 来自于希腊语的形容词ethnikos , 意为“民族的,外来的,异教的”。 该形容词源自名词ethnos, 意为“民族、种族、外来人”, 它的复数形式ta ethne, 意为“外来民族”。 在把希伯来圣经翻译成希腊语的过程中,这一词组被用作希伯来语中的goyim, 意为“异教徒”; 因此名词的含意在中世纪英语被引用。即使相关含意讲的名词ethnic 在1728年之后也未被收录,尽管这时相关的形容词含义已被应用, 但大概在那些可追溯到古希腊语ethnos 的词, 如ethnograthy 和 ethnology 的影响下, 形容词ethnic 在19世纪时对词义进行了扩充。 这次扩充后,名词词意为“某一特定的种族群体中的一员”,在1945年被首次收录并开始存在

现代英汉词典

ethnic
[5eWnIk]
adj.

(1)

源于某种文化传统的

(2)

种族的,人种学的 (亦作: ethnical)

现代英汉综合大辞典

ethnic
[5eWnik]
adj.
=ethnical

词性变化

ethnic
[5eWnik]
n.
少数民族的成员, 种族集团的成员
ethnic group
同种族同文化的民族

美国传统词典

ethnic
eth.nic
AHD:[μth“n1k]
D.J.[6eGnik]
K.K.[6WGn!k]
adj.

(1)

Of or relating to sizable groups of people sharing a common and distinctive racial, national, religious, linguistic, or cultural heritage.

(2)

Being a member of a particular ethnic group.

(3)

Of, relating to, or distinctive of members of such a group:
ethnic restaurants; ethnic art.

(4)

Relating to a people not Christian or Jewish; heathen.
n.
A member of a particular ethnic group, especially one who maintains the language or customs of the group.

语源

(1)

Middle English [heathen]

(2)

from Late Latin ethnicus

(3)

from Greek ethnikos

(4)

from ethnos [people, nation] * see s(w)e-

注释
When in a Middle English text written before 1400 it is said that a part of a temple fell down and “mad a gret distruccione of ethnykis,” one wonders why ethnics were singled out for death. The word ethnic in this context, however, means “gentile,” coming as it does from the Greek adjective ethnikos, meaning “national, foreign, gentile.” The adjective is derived from the noun ethnos, “people, nation, foreign people,” that in the plural phrase ta ethn?} meant “foreign nations.” In translating the Hebrew Bible into Greek, this phrase was used for Hebrew g?om,} “gentiles”; hence the sense of the noun in the Middle English quotation. The noun ethnic in this sense or the related sense “heathen” is not recorded after 1728, although the related adjective sense is still used. But probably under the influence of other words going back to Greek ethnos, such as ethnography and ethnology, the adjective ethnic broadened in meaning in the 19th century. After this broadening the noun sense “a member of a particular ethnic group,” first recorded in 1945, came into existence.

英汉法学大词典

ethnic
adj.种族

英汉农牧林大词典

ethnic
n.人种的

英汉水利大词典

ethnic
n.种族的,人种的,民族的

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