简明英汉词典

estimate
[5estimeit]
v.
估计, 估价, 评估
n.
估计, 估价, 评估

美国传统词典[双解]

estimate
es.ti.mate
AHD:[μs“t…-m3t”]
D.J.[6est*7meit]
K.K.[6Wst*7met]
v.tr.(及物动词)
es.ti.mat.edes.ti.mat.inges.ti.mates

(1)

To calculate approximately (the amount, extent, magnitude, position, or value of something).
推测,估计:恰当地推测(物品的数量、程度、规模,状况或价值)

(2)

To form an opinion about; evaluate:
评价,评论:对…形成判断;估价:
“While an author is yet living we estimate his powers by his worst performance”(Samuel Johnson)
“当一个作家还活着时,我们是以他最差的作品来评断他的影响力”(塞缪尔·约翰逊)
n.(名词)
AHD:[-m1t] 缩写 est.

(1)

The act of evaluating or appraising.
估计,评价:评价或估计的行为

(2)

A tentative evaluation or rough calculation, as of worth, quantity, or size.
估价:粗略地计算和大致的估价,例如价值、数量或尺寸

(3)

A statement of the approximate cost of work to be done, such as a building project or car repairs.
财务报表:将要做的工作所需的各种花费的财务报表,例如建筑计划和汽车修理

(4)

A judgment based on one's impressions; an opinion.
看法,判断:根据在某人脑中的印象来判断;意见

语源
Latin aestim3e aestim3t-
拉丁语 aestim3e aestim3t-

继承用法

estimative
adj.(形容词)

estimator
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

estimateappraiseassessassayevaluaterate

(2)

These verbs mean to form a judgment of worth or significance.
这些单词意思都是对事物价值和重要性的判断。

(3)

Estimate usually implies a subjective and somewhat inexact judgment:
Estimate 通常暗指主格的,多多少少有些不准确的估计:
difficult to estimate the possible results in advance;
很难估计正在发展的事物的结果;
could only estimate the size of the crowd.
仅能大致估计出人群的规模。

(4)

Appraise stresses expert judgment:
Appraise 强调了专家的判断:
appraised the furniture and works of art before distributing them to the heirs.
在把家具和艺术品分散给继承人之前,先对其进行鉴定。

(5)

Assess implies authoritative judgment in setting a monetary value on something as a basis for taxation:
Assess 暗指对某物进行金钱上的权威的估计,并以此做纳税的基础:
assessing an apartment on the amount for which it is likely to be rented.
因为房子要出租,所以要对它进行估价。

(6)

Assay refers to careful examination, especially to chemical analysis of an ore to determine its quality, fineness, or purity:
Assay 指的是细致的检测,尤指对矿石进行化学分析来测定其质量,优良度以及纯度:
cut a minute piece off the ingot to assay it. In extended senses appraise, assess, and assay can refer to any critical analysis or appraisal:
切下一小片金属并分析它。 意思延伸后, appraise,access 和 assay 可指苛刻的分析和鉴定:
appraised his character and found him wanting;
分析他的性格发现的他的特点;
assessing the impact of higher taxes on lower-income households;
分析高税率对低收入家庭的影响;
has no method for assaying merit.
没有办法对优点进行分析。

(7)

Evaluate implies considered judgment in ascertaining value:
Evaluate 指为查明事情的本质而进行的大量判断与分析:
evaluating a student's thesis for content and organization;
对学生论文的结构和内容进行分析;
used projective tests to evaluate her aptitudes.
通过主观考试对他的才能进行分析。

(8)

Rate involves determining the rank or grade of someone or something in relation to others:
Rate 指的是根据别人来判断某人的等级和军衔:
Will history rate Picasso above Renoir?
难道历史会认为毕加索比雷诺阿等级高?

现代英汉词典

estimate
[5estImEt]
n.

(1)

估计
My estimate of his abilities was wrong.
我对他的能力估计错了。
Now I've realized that my estimate of her character was one-sided.
现在我认识到我对她品格的评价是片面的。

(2)

估价;出价
We got two or three estimates before having the roof repaired.
我们修理屋顶之前先找了两三家估价。
I asked the building firm to estimate for the repairs to the stairs.
我请建筑公司估算一下修理楼梯的费用。
"The time, labour and cost required for the whole project may be less than the estimates."
"整个工程的需要的时间,人工和费用也许比估计的要少些。"

词性变化

estimate
[5estImeIt]
vt.
-mated, -mating

(1)

估计,判断

(2)

(常与that连用)估价

(3)

(常与at连用)估计
I estimate her age at 35.
我估计她有35岁。

(4)

(与in连用)估计…到达
CA986 from San Francisco is estimating in at 22:25.
从旧金山飞来的CA986航班估计22点25分到达。

现代英汉综合大辞典

estimate
[5estimeit]
vt.

(1)

估计, 预算, 估价

(2)

评价, 判断

(3)

[古]尊重
estimate the cost of ...
估计...的成本
estimate sb.'s ability
评价某人的能力

词性变化

estimate
[5estimeit]
vi.
估计, 估价
estimate for the building of a house
估计建房的费用

estimate
[5estimeit]
n.
[5estimit]

(1)

估计; 预测; 预算

(2)

估计单, 估计成本单, 预算书

(3)

(从典型统计中得出的)数值(指人口参数等)

(4)

评价, 判断
an intelligence estimate
情报[敌情]判断

习惯用语

at a rough estimate
据粗略估计

by estimate
照估计

form an estimate of
给...作一估计; 评价

make an estimate of
给...作一估计; 评价

the Estimates
[英]财政收支概算

特殊用法

admissible estimate
容许估计

approved estimates
核定概算

approximate estimate
约略估计, 概算

army estimate
军费估计

biased estimate
偏误估计

budget estimate
预算, 概算

coarse estimate
粗略估计

comparative design estimate
设计比较估算

consistent estimate
前后一致的估计

cost estimate
费用概算, 成本估计

crop estimate
估产

deficiency estimates
亏短概算书

detailed estimate
详细概算

empirical estimate
经验估计量

eye estimate
目估

final estimate
结算

general estimate
总概算, 一般估计

initial estimate
初步概算

interim estimate
暂时的估计, 毛估

intuitive estimate
直观的估计

joint efficient estimate
联合有效估计

joint sufficient estimate
联合充分估计

linear estimate
线性估计(量)

low estimate
低估

maximum likelihood estimate
极大似然估计

minimum variance estimate
极小方差估计

numerical estimate
数值估计

ocular estimate
目测法

open-to-buy estimate
补进预计额

optimum estimate
最优估计

orthogonal estimate
正交估计量

payment estimate
支出概算

pessimistic time estimate
悲观时间值

planning estimate
计划概算

preliminary estimate
初步估计

prior estimate
先验估计

probabilistic error estimates
概率性误差估计

provisional estimate
试算, 暂估

ratio estimate
比推定量

regression estimate
回归估计

revised estimates
订正概算

service estimate
军事预算

simultaneous equation estimate
联立方程估计

staff estimate
工作人员预算

standard error estimate
估计标准误差

statistical estimate
统计估计(量)

supplemental estimate
补充概算书

supplementary estimates
追加概算

time cost estimates
时间成本估计

upper estimate
上估计

value-put-in-place estimate
根据定价估计价值

voyage estimates
航次估算(费用)

estimate of car requirements
车辆需要数的推算

estimate of effective asymptot
有效渐近线的估计

estimate of expenditure
支出[岁出]概算

estimate of population correlation
总体相关的估计

estimate of regression coefficient
回归系数估计

estimates of revenue
岁入概算(书)

estimate of revenues and expenditures
收支概算.收支预算草案

estimate of sales
预计销售额

estimate of standard deviation
标准差估计

estimates of the real rates of growth of GNP and population
国民生产总值和人口实际增长率的估计数

参考词汇
estimate     appraise      evaluate    
都含“估价”、“估计”的意思。

(1)

estimate 指“根据个人的知识、经验或认识而形成看法或判断, 并强调其估计的结果可能是错的”, 如:
I estimated his age at 40.
我估计他的年龄是四十岁。

(2)

appraise 指“根据内行的意见, 作出正确无疑的估计”, 如:
Property is appraised for taxation.
估计财产以便征税。

(3)

evaluate 指强调“评定某人[物]的价值”, 如:
Let's evaluate the evidence.
让我们评定一下此证据的价值。

用法词典

estimate
源自拉丁语aestimare的过去分词aestimatus估价,估计

参考词汇

(1)

estimate,appraise,evaluate,value,assess,appreciate这组同义词的一般含义是“估计”或“估价”。

(2)

estimate表示的“估价”或“估价”只是猜测,甚至只是一种想法。
Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us.
虽然用金钱来衡量物质产品的价值是可能的;但要估计人们为我们提供的服务的真正价值却极为困难。
One authority made a census of the spiders in a grass field in the south of England, and he estimated that there were more than 2,250,000 in one acre.
一位权威对英国南方一块草坪上的蜘蛛作过统计,他估计每英亩有2,250,000多只蜘蛛。

(3)

evaluate 很少用来表示“估价”或“估计”某物的市场价值,而是用来表示“评价”。如“领导对他的评价很高”。
By marks in numbers or letters, the teacher evaluates a student's work.
老师用数字或字母的符号来评价学生的作业。
The scientists were still evaluating their data.
那些科学家还在评价他们的资料。

(4)

appreciate 是前面这几个词的近义词,它的意思是“鉴赏”,即充分了解某物或某人的价值或才能,以期批判地欣赏或赏识。appreciate的同义词应为value, treasure, cherish.
I think that young children often appreciate modern pictures better than anyone else.
我认为小孩子常常比任何别的人都能更好地鉴赏现代图画。
Children always appreciate small gifts of money.
小孩子总是把大人给的一点点钱看得很重。

(5)

assess的原义是对某商品进行估价,以期决定应课多少税;词义引伸之后,assess通常表示“估计”出某物的价值,以更有效地利用它。
It is impossible to assess the importance of a machine of this sort, for many international misunderstandings are caused simply through our failure to understand each other.
要估计出这种机器的重要性是不可能的,因为许多国际间的误解纯粹是由于相互不能了解而导致的。

(6)

appraise 表示的“评价”是行家的“估计”,常用于估计某物的价值或市场价格,也可用于评审某物的质量,或估计某人的才能等。
An expert came to appraise the value of my antiques.
一位专家来对我的古玩作了估价。
An employer shoule be able to apprasise ability and character.
雇主应当有能力估计才能和性格。

(7)

value与appraise的含义很近,即“估计某物的价值、价格”。其区别在于appraise强调“行家”的估计,而value用于一般人所作的“估计”
He valued the house for me at £3,500.
他为我估价了这幢房子,说值3500英镑。
I value your advice.
我对你的忠告是看得很重的。

英文相关词典

estimate
calculate    compute    evaluate    figure    gauge    judge    rate    value    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

estimate
估计

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

estimate
预算

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

estimate
估计, 统讥估计

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

estimate
估计, 推定

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

estimate
估计, 估算, 评价

美国传统词典

estimate
es.ti.mate
AHD:[μs“t…-m3t”]
D.J.[6est*7meit]
K.K.[6Wst*7met]
v.tr.
es.ti.mat.ed, es.ti.mat.ing, es.ti.mates

(1)

To calculate approximately (the amount, extent, magnitude, position, or value of something).

(2)

To form an opinion about; evaluate:
“While an author is yet living we estimate his powers by his worst performance”(Samuel Johnson)
n.
AHD:[-m1t] Abbr. est.

(1)

The act of evaluating or appraising.

(2)

A tentative evaluation or rough calculation, as of worth, quantity, or size.

(3)

A statement of the approximate cost of work to be done, such as a building project or car repairs.

(4)

A judgment based on one's impressions; an opinion.

语源
Latin aestim3e aestim3t-

继承用法

estimative
adj.

estimator
n.

参考词汇

(1)

estimate, appraise, assess, assay, evaluate, rate

(2)

These verbs mean to form a judgment of worth or significance.

(3)

Estimate usually implies a subjective and somewhat inexact judgment:
difficult to estimate the possible results in advance;
could only estimate the size of the crowd.

(4)

Appraise stresses expert judgment:
appraised the furniture and works of art before distributing them to the heirs.

(5)

Assess implies authoritative judgment in setting a monetary value on something as a basis for taxation:
assessing an apartment on the amount for which it is likely to be rented.

(6)

Assay refers to careful examination, especially to chemical analysis of an ore to determine its quality, fineness, or purity:
cut a minute piece off the ingot to assay it. In extended senses appraise, assess, and assay can refer to any critical analysis or appraisal:
appraised his character and found him wanting;
assessing the impact of higher taxes on lower-income households;
has no method for assaying merit.

(7)

Evaluate implies considered judgment in ascertaining value:
evaluating a student's thesis for content and organization;
used projective tests to evaluate her aptitudes.

(8)

Rate involves determining the rank or grade of someone or something in relation to others:
Will history rate Picasso above Renoir?

[名词委审定]英汉农学名词(1993)

estimate
估[计]值

[名词委审定]英汉自动化名词(1990)

estimate
估计量

英汉船舶大词典

estimate
n.概算,估,估计

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

estimate
【动】估计,估算

英汉电信大词典

estimate
n.估计,估算

英汉地质大词典

estimate
n.估计,估计量

英汉法学大词典

estimate
v.判断 ,评价,估计

英汉航海大词典

estimate
n.估计

英汉航空大词典

estimate
n.判断,指迅速判定目标的高度

英汉化学大词典

estimate
vt.估计,预算,计算,测定,评价;n.估计,推定量,评价

英汉海运大词典

estimate
估计,估价,概算估价单估算,预计

基本词义

estimate
估价,估算,概算估价单

基本词义

estimate
估价估价单估算,预计

基本词义

estimate
估计,估价,概算

英汉经贸大词典

estimate
n.估计

英汉计算机大词典

estimate
vt.估计(预算,计算;n.估计(推定量,评价)

英汉机械大词典

estimate
n.估计值,概算值

英汉建筑大词典

estimate
n.估算,估计,判断

最新会计师英汉大词典

estimate
预算,报价单,估计,估价单,估量

英汉农牧林大词典

estimate
n.估计,估计量

英汉水利大词典

estimate
n.估计,预算,概算

英汉贸易大词典

estimate
估计,估价单,报价单

英汉心理学大词典

estimate
估计值

现代商务英汉大词典

estimate
估计,估价单,报价单

英汉冶金大词典

estimate
n.估计值

英汉中医大词典

estimate
n.判断

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