简明英汉词典

essay
[5esei, 5esi]
vt.
企图, 尝试
n.
企图, 散文, 小品文, 随笔, 短文, 评论

美国传统词典[双解]

essay
es.say
AHD:[μs“3”, μ-s3“]
D.J.[6es7ei, e6sei]
K.K.[6Ws7e, W6se]
n.(名词)

(1)

[μs“3”]
[μs“3”]

(2)

A short literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the personal view of the author.
小品文,随笔:内容通常论及一个主题的短小文章,通常表达作者个人的观点

(3)

Something resembling such a composition:
杂记文:像作文一样的文章:
a photojournalistic essay.
一位摄影记者的杂记

(4)

A testing or trial of the value or nature of a thing:
试验:对事物价值或真伪的试验和判断:
an essay of the students' capabilities.
学习能力测验

(5)

An initial attempt or endeavor, especially a tentative attempt.
尝试企图:初次尝试或努力,尤指暂时性的尝试
v.tr.(及物动词)
es.sayedes.say.inges.says[μ-s3“, μs“3”]

(1)

To make an attempt at; try.
尝试:做尝试;试图

(2)

To subject to a test.
试验:做实验来验证

语源

(1)

Middle English essayen [to try]
中古英语 essayen [尝试,努力]

(2)

from Old French essaier
源自 古法语 essaier

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *exagi3e [to weigh out]
源自 俗拉丁语 *exagi3e [考虑]

(4)

from Late Latin exagium [a weighing]
源自 后期拉丁语 exagium [估量,考虑,计重]

(5)

Latin ex- [ex-]
拉丁语 ex- [前缀,表“从前的”]

(6)

Latin agere [to drive] * see ag-
拉丁语 agere [驱使] *参见 ag-

继承用法

essayer
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

essay
[5eseI]
n.
essays

(1)

随笔;文章
She wrote an essay on My Family.
她写了一篇题为《我的家庭》的文章。
The other day I came across an interesting essay on the war with Napoleon.
前几天我偶然地读到一篇关于同拿破仑作战的有趣文章。

(2)

(常与at, in连用)企图;尝试
She made her first essays at cooking.
她初次尝试做菜。

词性变化

essay
[e5seI]
vt.
essayed, essaying
企图,试图
to essay a dramatic role
试演某一角色

现代英汉综合大辞典

essay
[5esei, 5esi]
n.

(1)

(文艺上的) 随笔, 小品文, 文章短论(理论性强的学术论文叫treatise, dissertation)

(2)

尝试, 企图, 试验

(3)

(邮票或纸币的)未被接受的图案印刷样张
political essay
政论文
essay question
(与填充题、是非题相对而言的)问答题
make an essay to assist sb.
试图帮助某人

词性变化

essay
[5esei, 5esi]
vt.
[e5sei, 5esei] 试做; 企图
essay to do sth.
试图做某事

继承用法

essayer
n.

essayist
[5eseIIst]
n.
随笔[小品文等]作者

essayistic
[-5istik]
adj.
散文体的, 讨论性的

用法词典

essay
来自古法语essai<拉丁语exagium

英文相关词典

essay
article    attempt    composition    experiment    paper    study    test    thesis    try    undertake    

美国传统词典

essay
es.say
AHD:[μs“3”, μ-s3“]
D.J.[6es7ei, e6sei]
K.K.[6Ws7e, W6se]
n.

(1)

[μs“3”]

(2)

A short literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the personal view of the author.

(3)

Something resembling such a composition:
a photojournalistic essay.

(4)

A testing or trial of the value or nature of a thing:
an essay of the students' capabilities.

(5)

An initial attempt or endeavor, especially a tentative attempt.
v.tr.
es.sayed, es.say.ing, es.says[μ-s3“, μs“3”]

(1)

To make an attempt at; try.

(2)

To subject to a test.

语源

(1)

Middle English essayen [to try]

(2)

from Old French essaier

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *exagi3e [to weigh out]

(4)

from Late Latin exagium [a weighing]

(5)

Latin ex- [ex-]

(6)

Latin agere [to drive] * see ag-

继承用法

essayer
n.

英汉电信大词典

essay
n.论文,实验

英汉广播大词典

essay
n.论文,实验,分析

英汉航空大词典

essay
n.论文

英汉化学大词典

essay
n.短论,实验,样品;vt.尝试,实验,企图

英汉海运大词典

essay
论文,短评实验,试验

英汉计算机大词典

essay
n.短论(实验,样品);vt.尝试(实验,企图)

英汉机械大词典

essay
n.论文

英汉水利大词典

essay
n.短文,论文,实验

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