简明英汉词典

escape
[is5keip]
n.
逃, 逃亡, 溢出设备, 出口, 逃跑, [植]野生
vi.
逃脱, 避开, 溜走
vt.
逃避, 避免, 被忘掉

美国传统词典[双解]

escape
es.cape
AHD:[1-sk3p“]
D.J.[i6skeip]
K.K.[!6skep]
v.(动词)
es.capedes.cap.inges.capes
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To break loose from confinement; get free.
逃走,逃脱:逃脱监禁;得到自由

(2)

To issue from confinement or an enclosure; leak or seep out:
漏出:从限制和环绕中流出来,渗漏或泄露:
Gas was escaping.
煤气漏出来

(3)

To avoid capture, danger, or harm:
逃脱,逃避:逃脱捕获、危险或伤害:
Ten prisoners had escaped.
十个罪犯越狱而逃

(4)

Botany To grow beyond a cultivated area.
【植物学】 野生:超出栽培区域的生长
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To succeed in avoiding.
逃脱:成功地避免

(2)

To break loose from; get free of.
逃避,逃过:逃离,得到自由

(3)

To elude the memory or comprehension of:
忘记:超出记忆和理解范围:
Her name escapes me. The book's significance escaped him.
我忘了她的名字。他不懂那本书的重要意义

(4)

To issue involuntarily from:
发出,流出:(不自觉地)从…处流出,由…发出:
A sigh escaped my lips.
我不禁叹了口气
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an instance of escaping.
逃跑:逃跑的动作或状况

(2)

A means of escaping.
逃跑工具或方法

(3)

A means of obtaining temporary freedom from worry, care, or unpleasantness:
逃避现实:从忧虑、担心和不愉快中得到暂时的解脱的方法:
Television is my escape from worry.
电视是我逃避现实的方法

(4)

A gradual effusion from an enclosure; a leakage.
泄漏:从包围物中逐渐渗出的漏出;泄漏

(5)

Botany A plant that has become established away from the area of cultivation.
【植物学】 野生种:脱离了耕种地区的植物

(6)

Computer Science A key used especially to interrupt a command, exit a program, or change levels within a program.
【计算机科学】 换码,转义,退出,逸出,中断执行:尤指用来中断一条指令、停止程序运行或者在同一个程序中改变层次

语源

(1)

Middle English escapen
中古英语 escapen

(2)

from Old North French escaper
源自 古法国北方方言 escaper

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *excapp3e [to get out of one's cape, get away]
源自 俗拉丁语 *excapp3e [逃脱,摆脱某人的控制]

(4)

Latin ex- [ex-]
拉丁语 ex- [除去,离开,出自]

(5)

Medieval Latin cappa [cloak]
中世纪拉丁语 cappa [包藏]

继承用法

escapable
adj.(形容词)

escaper
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

escapeavoidshuneschewevadeelude

(2)

These verbs mean to get or stay away from persons or things.
这些单词意思是脱逃或离开人或事物的影响和控制。

(3)

Escape can mean to get free, as from confinement, or to remain untouched or unaffected by something unwanted:
Escape 可以指得到自由、像逃离监禁或者指保持不被不想要的东西接触或影响:
“Let no guilty man escape, if it can be avoided” (Ulysses S. Grant).
“如果能够逃避,就让无罪的人自由吧!” (尤利西斯·S·格兰特)。
“It is curious . . . what shifts we make to escape thinking” (James Russell Lowell).
“令人好奇的是…我们能采取什么措施来逃脱思考” (詹姆斯·罗斯维尔·洛威尔)。

(4)

Avoid always involves an effort to keep away from what is considered to be a source of danger or difficulty:
Avoid 经常与逃离被认为是困难和危险的根源而做出的努力有关:
avoiding strenuous exercise;
逃避紧张的训练;
avoided committing herself.
逃避为对她的责任。

(5)

Shun refers to deliberately keeping clear of what is unwelcome or undesirable:
Shun 指故意与不喜欢或不想要的事物划清界限:
“Family friends . . . she shunned like the plague” (John Galsworthy).
她像逃避灾祸一样逃避家族的朋友 (约翰·高尔斯华绥)。

(6)

Eschew involves staying clear of something because to do otherwise would be unwise or morally wrong:
Eschew 指逃避做某些事物,因为做这些事是不理智的或在道义上是错误的:
“Eschew evil, and do good” (Book of Common Prayer).
“不做恶事,做善事” (普通祈祷者手册)。

(7)

Evade implies adroit maneuvering and sometimes implies dishonesty or irresponsibility:
Evade 暗指熟练地运用计策、有时也暗指不忠实或不守信用:
evading capture;
用计谋夺得;
tried to evade jury duty. To elude is to get away from artfully:
用计得到陪审团的职务。 Elude 指巧妙地远离:
elude a blow;
避免灾祸;
eluded his pursuers.
逃避他的追踪者。

用法

(1)

Traditionally, escape is used with from when it means “break loose” and with a direct object when it means “avoid.” Thus we might say The forger escaped from prison by hiding in a laundry truck, but The forger escaped prison when he turned in his accomplices in order to get a suspended sentence. In recent years, however, escape has been used with a direct object in the sense “break free of”:
按传统的惯例,escape 与 from 连用意指“脱逃、自由”, 当加直接宾语时意思为“逃避”。 因此我们可以说那个伪造者通过藏在厨房的运货车中逃离了监狱, 但却不能说那个伪造者为了得到缓刑供出了他的同伙,因此他没有进监狱。 然而近些年来,escape 与直接宾语连用, 意为“逃脱自由”:
The craft will acquire sufficient velocity to escape the sun's gravitational attraction.
飞船将会以足够快的速度来脱离太阳的引力。

(2)

This usage is well established and should be regarded as standard.
这个用法很有可能被确定下来,将来也许会被看作是标准用法

现代英汉词典

escape
[I5skeIp]
vi., vt.
escaped, escaping

(1)

(常与from连用)逃走
escape from prison
越狱
The hotel guests tried their best to escape from the burning building.
旅客们尽力从燃烧的大楼中逃出来。
The three brothers soon escaped from their captors.
这三兄弟不久就从抓住他们的那些人手中逃走了。

(2)

(液体等)漏出
gas escaping from the pipe
煤气从管中漏出
Water escaped rapidly from the drainpipe.
水从排水管中迅速流出。
There is a strange odour in the air. The gas must have been escaping somewhere.
"空气中有股奇怪的味道,一定是什么地方在漏煤气了。"

(3)

避免
escaped death
免于一死
There is no escaping him.
怎么也避不开他。

(4)

疏忽,忽略
Nothing escaped his attention.
什么也逃不过他的注意。
You cannot expect that something may escape the teacher's attention.
你不要奢望有什么能逃过老师的注意。

词性变化

escape
n.

(1)

逃走
The thief made his escape.
小偷逃走了。

(2)

(气体)漏出,泄出

(3)

解闷
She reads love stories as an escape.
她读爱情小说解闷。

现代英汉综合大辞典

escape
[is5keip]
vi.

(1)

逃走, 逃脱, 逃避

(2)

避免; 免除

(3)

漏出(气, 水); 流走, 排泄, 放[抛]出

(4)

(移植的植物)长成了野生植物
escape from prison
越狱
escape from danger
幸免于难

词性变化

escape
[is5keip]
vt.

(1)

逃走, 逃避, 避免, 免受

(2)

疏忽, 遗漏, 记不住, 没引起注意

(3)

逸出; 禁不住说出

(4)

透射, 贯穿, 穿透

(5)

【计】换码
escape danger
脱险
escape one's memory
被某人遗忘
escape one's lips
脱口而出
His name escapes me. (=His name escapes my memory.)
我记不得他的名字了。
A moan escaped the patient.
那病人不禁呻吟了一声。
He narrowly escaped death.
他九死一生。

escape
[is5keip]
n.

(1)

逃跑[脱], 漏出, 逸出; 避免, 忘记

(2)

逃脱的方法; 逃走的路

(3)

消遣; 解闷

(4)

出口, 排气管, 太平门, 退水闸, 逸水门

(5)

【植】野化[退化]植物; 【计】换码

继承用法

escape-proof
adj.
防逃脱的

escapeway
[I`skeIpweI]
n.
逃路, 太平门[梯]

词性变化

escapable
[is5keipEbl]
adj.

escapeless
adj.

escaper
n.

escapingly
adv.

习惯用语

have an escape
逃走

have one's escape cut off
被切断逃路

make (good) one's escape
(顺利)逃脱

narrow escape
九死一生, 幸免于难

hairbreadth escape
九死一生, 幸免于难

near escape
九死一生, 幸免于难

escape from

(1)

从...漏出[逸出]

(2)

从...逃脱, 幸免于

escape from between
从...之间逸脱

escape from oneself
忘忧

特殊用法

air escape
泄气

beam escape
束引出

bridge escape
摆脱桥

data link escape
数据通讯换码

emergency escape (=escapeway)
太平门

fire escape
安全门, 太平梯

gas escape
燃气漏泄, 放气

gaseous escape
气体逸出; 漏气

locking escape
封锁换码

neutron escape
中子漏泄

non-locking escape
不封 锁换码

resonance escape
共振逃逸

vagus escape
迷走逃避, 逸脱

escape of chips
排屑

escape of radioactivity
放射性漏泄

escape of taxation
避税

参考词汇
escape     avoid     evade     elude    
都含“避免”、“逃避”的意思。

(1)

escape 指“脱离或避开即将来临或近在眼前的伤害、危险、灾祸等事物”常作借喻用, 如:
escape death
脱离死亡。

(2)

avoid 强调“有意识地躲避不愉快的或可能发生危险的事物或情况”, 如:
I cannot avoid meeting her.
我怎么也避不开她。

(3)

evade 强调“用心机或狡猾的手段逃避或回避对自己不利的东西”, 如:
evade one's duty
逃避责任。

(4)

elude 指“避开极接近的麻烦或巧妙、迅速地逃避”, 如:
The criminal eluded the police.
那个罪犯甩掉了警察的追捕。
catch     capture     encounter     meet     face    

英文相关词典

escape
evade    flee    get away    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

escape
摆脱

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

escape
漏失

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

escape
转义, 换码

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

escape
逃逸, 泄漏

英汉双解计算机词典

escape

换码(符),转义(符),扩展(符);[逸出]
1.A transmission control character used to indicate that one or more of the following bit patterns have no correct interpretations as characters in the code or link protocol of the system.
一种传送控制字符,用于指明一个或多个后继的位模式不能正确地解释为系统编码 或系统链路协议中的字符。 2.To terminate one type of processing in order to perform another; for example, in text editing, to "escape" from the input mode and return to the command mode. | 结束一种过程而进入另一种过程,例如,在文本编辑状态下,从输入方式跳出而返回到 命令方式。

美国传统词典

escape
es.cape
AHD:[1-sk3p“]
D.J.[i6skeip]
K.K.[!6skep]
v.
es.caped, es.cap.ing, es.capes
v.intr.

(1)

To break loose from confinement; get free.

(2)

To issue from confinement or an enclosure; leak or seep out:
Gas was escaping.

(3)

To avoid capture, danger, or harm:
Ten prisoners had escaped.

(4)

Botany To grow beyond a cultivated area.
v.tr.

(1)

To succeed in avoiding.

(2)

To break loose from; get free of.

(3)

To elude the memory or comprehension of:
Her name escapes me. The book's significance escaped him.

(4)

To issue involuntarily from:
A sigh escaped my lips.
n.

(1)

The act or an instance of escaping.

(2)

A means of escaping.

(3)

A means of obtaining temporary freedom from worry, care, or unpleasantness:
Television is my escape from worry.

(4)

A gradual effusion from an enclosure; a leakage.

(5)

Botany A plant that has become established away from the area of cultivation.

(6)

Computer Science A key used especially to interrupt a command, exit a program, or change levels within a program.

语源

(1)

Middle English escapen

(2)

from Old North French escaper

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *excapp3e [to get out of one's cape, get away]

(4)

Latin ex- [ex-]

(5)

Medieval Latin cappa [cloak]

继承用法

escapable
adj.

escaper
n.

参考词汇

(1)

escape, avoid, shun, eschew, evade, elude

(2)

These verbs mean to get or stay away from persons or things.

(3)

Escape can mean to get free, as from confinement, or to remain untouched or unaffected by something unwanted:
“Let no guilty man escape, if it can be avoided” (Ulysses S. Grant).
“It is curious . . . what shifts we make to escape thinking” (James Russell Lowell).

(4)

Avoid always involves an effort to keep away from what is considered to be a source of danger or difficulty:
avoiding strenuous exercise;
avoided committing herself.

(5)

Shun refers to deliberately keeping clear of what is unwelcome or undesirable:
“Family friends . . . she shunned like the plague” (John Galsworthy).

(6)

Eschew involves staying clear of something because to do otherwise would be unwise or morally wrong:
“Eschew evil, and do good” (Book of Common Prayer).

(7)

Evade implies adroit maneuvering and sometimes implies dishonesty or irresponsibility:
evading capture;
tried to evade jury duty. To elude is to get away from artfully:
elude a blow;
eluded his pursuers.

用法

(1)

Traditionally, escape is used with from when it means “break loose” and with a direct object when it means “avoid.” Thus we might say The forger escaped from prison by hiding in a laundry truck, but The forger escaped prison when he turned in his accomplices in order to get a suspended sentence. In recent years, however, escape has been used with a direct object in the sense “break free of”:
The craft will acquire sufficient velocity to escape the sun's gravitational attraction.

(2)

This usage is well established and should be regarded as standard.

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

escape
转义

英汉船舶大词典

escape
n.出口,漏出,漏泄

英汉电力大词典

escape
n.逸出,逃逸,脱离

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

escape
换码;扩展(信息交换码中的一个控制符),出口;转义;逃逸;ESC键[ESC]

英汉电信大词典

escape
n.漏出,逃避

英汉地质大词典

escape
n.逸出,漏泄,排出

英汉法学大词典

escape
n.逃避 ,出逃 ,脱逃 ;v.逃避

英汉航海大词典

escape
n.撤消用字符,换码

英汉环境大词典

escape
n.脱逸

英汉航空大词典

escape
n.离机,泄漏;n.离机方法;n.逃避,没有被注意到;n.逃跑,逃离

英汉化学大词典

escape
vt.逃脱,逃避,透射,忘记,换码;n.逃脱,出口,擒纵机,退刀槽,换码

英汉海运大词典

escape
逃出(水,汽)漏出排泄脱脸排出管,排出孔应急出口,太平口脱险,逃走,逃脱,逃避逃逸,漏出

基本词义

escape
排出管,排出孔应急出口,太平口脱脸,脱险,逃走,逃脱,逃避,逃逸,排泄,漏出太平门

基本词义

escape
排出管,排出孔应急出口,太平口脱脸逃逸,排泄

基本词义

escape
排出管,排出孔应急出口,太平口脱险,逃走,逃脱,逃避,vi.逃逸,排泄,漏出

基本词义

escape
排出管,排出孔应急出口,太平口

基本词义

escape
逃出(水,汽)漏出排泄

英汉计算机大词典

escape
vt.逃脱(逃避,透射;n.逃脱(出口,擒纵机

英汉机械大词典

escape
n.退刀槽,铲背后让

英汉建筑大词典

escape
vt.漏水,排气管,出口

英汉水利大词典

escape
n.出口,退水闸,排泄

英汉消防大词典

escape
①= evacuation【消】疏散,撤离<在发生火灾或其他紧急情况时人员有次序的撤向安全区>②[英](泵浦摇梯消防车的)摇梯

英汉心理学大词典

escape
逃避

英汉冶金大词典

escape
n.逸出,排泄

英汉医学大词典

escape
n.脱逸

英汉中医大词典

escape
n.脱逃

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