简明英汉词典

erase
[i5reiz]
vt.
抹去, 擦掉, 消磁, <俚>杀死

美国传统词典[双解]

erase
e.rase
AHD:[1-r3s“]
D.J.[i6reis]
K.K.[!6res]
v.tr.(及物动词)
e.rasede.ras.inge.ras.es

(1)

To remove (something written, for example) by rubbing, wiping, or scraping.
擦掉,抹掉:通过用橡皮涂抹或刮除(写的字迹或图形等)

(2)

To remove (recorded material) from a magnetic tape or other storage medium:
删除:从磁带或其它存储介质上消除掉(记录的信息):
erased a file from the diskette.
从磁盘上清除掉一个文件

(3)

To remove recorded material from (a magnetic tape or disk, for example):
除去记录:(从磁带或磁盘等上)去掉记录的信息:
erased the videocassette.
清洗录像带

(4)

To remove all traces of.
擦净:消除…所有的痕迹

(5)

To remove or destroy as if by wiping out:
使忘却:象涂抹掉一样消除、消灭:
had to erase all thoughts of failure from his mind.
必须抹去他头脑中所有有关失败的记忆

语源

(1)

Latin ?3dere} ?r3s- [to scratch out]
拉丁语 ?3dere} ?r3s- [刮掉] ?- [ex-] ?- [前缀,表“免除,离开”]

(2)

r3e [to scrape] * see r?d-
r3e [刮落] *参见 r?d-

继承用法

erasability
n.(名词)

erasable
adj.(形容词)

参考词汇

(1)

eraseexpungeeffacedeletecancel

(2)

These verbs mean to remove or invalidate something, especially something recorded as by having been written down. To erase is to wipe or rub out, literally or figuratively:
这些动词都表示消除,使某事(特别是通过写下来记录的事)无效、消失。erase 指确实地或比喻意义上的涂抹掉、擦除掉:
erased the equation from the blackboard.
擦掉黑板上的等式。
Unconsciousness erased the details of the accident from her memory.
昏迷抹掉了她对事故细节的记忆。

(3)

Expunge implies thoroughgoing removal that leaves no trace:
Expunge 指彻底清除不留痕迹:
expunged their names from the list.
把他们的名字从名单上删掉。

(4)

Efface also refers to the removal of every trace:
Efface 也指除去每一痕迹:
effacing graffiti from subway cars;
除掉地铁车厢上的乱涂污迹;
tried to efface prejudice from his mind.
试图使他忘掉偏见。

(5)

Delete is used principally in the sense of removing matter from a manuscript:
Delete 主要用来表示从手稿中删除事物:
The expletives were deleted from the transcript.
咒骂部分被从手稿中删除。

(6)

Cancel refers to invalidating by or as if by drawing lines through something written or by indicating that the force or effect of something has been terminated:
Cancel 是通过或如同通过在某物上划线表示删除、消去或者通过说明某物的力量或效力已经结束而消除:
a postage stamp that had been canceled;
一张被盖邮戳的邮票;
cancel vows;
取消誓约;
cancel a debt.
消掉一笔帐

现代英汉词典

erase
[I5reIz; (?@) I5reIs]
vt.
erased, erasing
擦掉,抹掉
The recording can be erased and the tape used again.
"录音可以抹去,磁带可以再用。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

erase
[i5reiz]
vt.

(1)

擦[删, 涂]掉, 清除掉

(2)

消除[磁, 迹], 退磁

(3)

忘掉(from); [美俚]杀死, 暗杀掉

(4)

毁[消]灭; (棒球赛中)杀出局
He tried to erasefrom his memory the terrible accident.
他试图忘掉那个可怕的事件。

词性变化

erase
[i5reiz]
vi.

(1)

擦, 抹

(2)

容易被擦[抹]掉
Make light pencil lines so that they will erase easily.
划铅笔线要浅些, 便于擦掉。

erase
[i5reiz]
n.
【计】擦除抹去; 抹音; 消磁
erase head
抹音磁头
erase character
删去符
erase oscillator
消磁[抹音]振荡器

继承用法

erasement
n.

特殊用法

alternating-current erase
【电子】交流擦除

direct-current erase
【电子】直流抹音

full erase
全消磁

saturated erase
饱和抹音(法)

selective erase
选择消磁

参考词汇
erase     expunge     efface     delete    
都含“擦掉(字迹等)”的意思。

(1)

erase 指 “把写的或画的痕迹擦去或刮掉”, 用于比喻意义时, 指“从记忆中抹去”, 如:
erase pencil marks
擦掉铅笔痕迹。

(2)

expunge 指“把字、姓名等取消”, 如:
His name is expunged from the list.
他的名字从名单中被除掉了。

(3)

efface 指“擦去表面的、明显的东西”, 用于比喻意义时, 指“忘却”, 如:
Someone has effaced part of the address on his letter.
有人把他信上的一部分地址擦掉了。

(4)

delete 指“去掉、擦掉(字迹等)”、“勾掉、删掉(字句等)”, 如:
If you delete several words, we can put the whole story on one page.
如果你删去几个字, 我们可把整个故事写在一页上。

用法词典

erase
来自拉丁语eradere抓掉,搔去
英文相关词典

erase
cancel    cross off    obliterate    wipe out    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

erase
抹去

英汉双解计算机词典

erase

【动】擦除,抹除,清洗;[抹除,消除]
1.To remove data from a data medium, leaving the medium available for recording new data.
擦除数据记录媒体上的数据,从而使媒体可记录新的数据。 2.On dictation equipment, the process of removing the recording from a recording medium. | 在口述记录设备上,从记录媒体上擦除记录的处理过程。 3.In computing, (a) to replace all the binary digits in a storage device by binary zeros, (b) to replace all hole patterns on a punched paper tape by holes in every position. | 在计算技术中,(1)用二进制零替换存储设备中所有的二进制数;(2)在穿孔纸带上的每个 位置上都穿孔,以代替所有的穿孔模式。

美国传统词典

erase
e.rase
AHD:[1-r3s“]
D.J.[i6reis]
K.K.[!6res]
v.tr.
e.rased, e.ras.ing, e.ras.es

(1)

To remove (something written, for example) by rubbing, wiping, or scraping.

(2)

To remove (recorded material) from a magnetic tape or other storage medium:
erased a file from the diskette.

(3)

To remove recorded material from (a magnetic tape or disk, for example):
erased the videocassette.

(4)

To remove all traces of.

(5)

To remove or destroy as if by wiping out:
had to erase all thoughts of failure from his mind.

语源

(1)

Latin ?3dere} ?r3s- [to scratch out] ?- [ex-]

(2)

r3e [to scrape] * see r?d-

继承用法

erasability
n.

erasable
adj.

参考词汇

(1)

erase, expunge, efface, delete, cancel

(2)

These verbs mean to remove or invalidate something, especially something recorded as by having been written down. To erase is to wipe or rub out, literally or figuratively:
erased the equation from the blackboard.
Unconsciousness erased the details of the accident from her memory.

(3)

Expunge implies thoroughgoing removal that leaves no trace:
expunged their names from the list.

(4)

Efface also refers to the removal of every trace:
effacing graffiti from subway cars;
tried to efface prejudice from his mind.

(5)

Delete is used principally in the sense of removing matter from a manuscript:
The expletives were deleted from the transcript.

(6)

Cancel refers to invalidating by or as if by drawing lines through something written or by indicating that the force or effect of something has been terminated:
a postage stamp that had been canceled;
cancel vows;
cancel a debt.

英汉船舶大词典

erase
n.清除,去除,抹去,清除;n.删去

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

erase
【动】擦[消,清]除

英汉电信大词典

erase
n.擦除,删除

英汉地质大词典

erase
n.清除,擦云,消迹

英汉纺织大词典

erase
n.抹去,清除

英汉广播大词典

erase
n.消磁

英汉航海大词典

erase
n.清除,清除

英汉航空大词典

erase
n.擦掉,擦净;n.消除,抹去

英汉化学大词典

erase
vt.抹去,擦去,清除

英汉海运大词典

erase
删掉、消除擦去

基本词义

erase
擦掉,清除,消迹删掉、消除擦去

基本词义

erase
擦掉,清除,消迹

英汉经贸大词典

erase
n.清除

英汉计算机大词典

erase
vt.抹去(擦去,清除

英汉机械大词典

erase
n.抹去,清除

英汉建筑大词典

erase
n.清除,擦云,消迹

英汉水利大词典

erase
n.擦去,抹去,清除

英汉中医大词典

erase
n.抹掉,消除

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