简明英汉词典

enthusiasm
[in5Wju:ziAzEm]
n.
狂热, 热心, 积极性, 激发热情的事物

美国传统词典[双解]

enthusiasm
en.thu.si.asm
AHD:[μn-th?“z?-2z”…m]
D.J.[en6Gu8zi87#z*m]
K.K.[Wn6Guzi7#z*m]
n.(名词)

(1)

Great excitement for or interest in a subject or cause.
热情,热忱:对某物或某事的极大热情或兴趣

(2)

A source or cause of great excitement or interest.
热衷的事物:激发热情或兴趣的事物

(3)

Archaic
【古语】

(4)

Ecstasy arising from supposed possession by a god.
神灵附体的狂喜:神灵感应引起的狂喜

(5)

Religious fanaticism.
宗教的狂热

语源

(1)

Late Latin enth?s
后期拉丁语 enth?s

(2)

from Greek enthousiasmos
源自 希腊语 enthousiasmos

(3)

from enthousiazein [to be inspired by a god]
源自 enthousiazein [受神灵的启示]

(4)

from entheos [possessed]
源自 entheos [占有]

(5)

en- [in] * see en- 2
en- [在…里] *参见 en-2

(6)

theos [god] * see dh?s-
theos [神祗] *参见 dh?s-

注释
When the English philospher Henry More stated in a work published in 1660 that “If ever Christianity be exterminated, it will be by Enthusiasme,” he clearly used the word differently from the way we do now. He was also using a meaning that differed from the first sense, “possession by a god,” recorded in English (1603). Enthusiasm and this sense of the word go back to the Greek word enthousiasmos, which ultimately comes from the adjective entheos, “having the god within,” formed from en-, “in, within,” and theos, “god.” Henry More in 1660 was referring to belief, either mistaken or unsupported by evidence, in one's own inspiration by the Christian God. Enthusiasm, as now most frequently used, has become secularized and at times weakened, so that one can speak of an enthusiasm for fast cars.
当英国哲学家亨利·摩尔在其1660 年出版的一部书中宣称“如果基督教会消亡,那必因宗教的狂热”时,他使用该词显然不同于当今的用法。他所用的意思与第一种含义,英语中的“神灵感应”(1603年)也有所不同。Enthusiasm 及其含义可追溯到希腊词enthousiasmos, 该词完全由形容词entheos 而来, 意为“心中有神灵,它由en-, 表“在…里”,和 theos-, 意为“神”构成。 亨利·摩尔在1660 年所指的是错误地或毫无根据地相信得到了基督教上帝的启示。Enthusiasm 现在被经常使用,它的含义已脱离宗教的影响并不断弱化,现在我们可以说对开快车的狂热

现代英汉词典

enthusiasm
[In5Wju:zIAz(E)m; (?@) -Wu:-]
n.

(1)

(常与for, about连用)热心;热情
his enthusiasm for table tennis
他热衷于打乒乓球
Anthropology is his enthusiasm.
人类学是他热心研究的学科。

(2)

爱好

现代英汉综合大辞典

enthusiasm
[in5Wju:ziAzEm]
n.

(1)

热心, 热情, 狂热, 积极性(for)

(2)

爱好的事物, 热心研究的对象

(3)

[古]宗教狂, 笃信
enthusiasm for English
(学)英语热
enthusiasm for labour
劳动积极性
Football is my great enthusiasm.
踢足球是我最喜爱的。

习惯用语

arouse enthusiasm in sb.
引起某人的兴趣

arouse the enthusiasm of
激发...的积极性

be full of enthusiasm about
热衷于

be in enthusiasm
怀有热情

feel no enthusiasm for
对某事不热心[没有兴趣]

feel no enthusiasm about
对某事不热心[没有兴趣]

overflow with enthusiasm
热情洋溢

with enthusiasm
热情[烈]地

enthusiasm for ...
热, ...狂

美国传统词典

enthusiasm
en.thu.si.asm
AHD:[μn-th?“z?-2z”…m]
D.J.[en6Gu8zi87#z*m]
K.K.[Wn6Guzi7#z*m]
n.

(1)

Great excitement for or interest in a subject or cause.

(2)

A source or cause of great excitement or interest.

(3)

Archaic

(4)

Ecstasy arising from supposed possession by a god.

(5)

Religious fanaticism.

语源

(1)

Late Latin enth?s

(2)

from Greek enthousiasmos

(3)

from enthousiazein [to be inspired by a god]

(4)

from entheos [possessed]

(5)

en- [in] * see en- 2

(6)

theos [god] * see dh?s-

注释
When the English philospher Henry More stated in a work published in 1660 that “If ever Christianity be exterminated, it will be by Enthusiasme,” he clearly used the word differently from the way we do now. He was also using a meaning that differed from the first sense, “possession by a god,” recorded in English (1603). Enthusiasm and this sense of the word go back to the Greek word enthousiasmos, which ultimately comes from the adjective entheos, “having the god within,” formed from en-, “in, within,” and theos, “god.” Henry More in 1660 was referring to belief, either mistaken or unsupported by evidence, in one's own inspiration by the Christian God. Enthusiasm, as now most frequently used, has become secularized and at times weakened, so that one can speak of an enthusiasm for fast cars.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

enthusiasm
热情

英汉化学大词典

enthusiasm
n.热心,积极性,热心研究的对象

英汉计算机大词典

enthusiasm
n.热心(积极性,热心研究的对象)

英汉能源大词典

enthusiasm
n.热心

英汉贸易大词典

enthusiasm
积极性

英汉心理学大词典

enthusiasm
热情

现代商务英汉大词典

enthusiasm
积极性

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