简明英汉词典

enmity
[5enmiti]
n.
敌意, 憎恨

美国传统词典[双解]

enmity
en.mi.ty
AHD:[μn“m1-t?]
D.J.[6enmiti8]
K.K.[6Wnm!ti]
n.(名词)
【复数】 en.mi.ties
Deep-seated, often mutual hatred.
敌意,仇恨:根深蒂固的,常为相互的仇恨

语源

(1)

Middle English enemite
中古英语 enemite

(2)

from Old French enemistie
源自 古法语 enemistie

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *inimo3s}
源自 俗拉丁语 *inimo3s}

(4)

from Latin inimos [enemy] * see enemy
源自 拉丁语 inimos [敌人] *参见 enemy

参考词汇

(1)

enmityhostilityantagonismanimosityrancorantipathyanimus

(2)

These nouns refer to the feeling or expression of deep-seated ill will.
这些名词指根深蒂固的恶意的感情或表述。

(3)

Enmity is hatred such as might be felt for an enemy:
Enmity 是种诸如对敌人所怀有的憎恨:
The wartime enmity of the two nations subsided into mutual distrust when peace finally came.
当和平最终来临时这两个民族间战时的敌意消退为彼此的不信任。

(4)

Hostility implies the clear expression of enmity, as in the form of belligerent attitudes or violent acts:
Hostility 指仇恨的清楚表述,如以好战态度或暴力行为的形式表露出来的敌视:
“If we could read the secret history of our enemies, we should find in each man's life sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all hostility” (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow).
“如果我们能够读懂我们敌人的内心私史,我们就会在每个人的生活中找到足够的悲伤和痛苦来消释所有的敌意” (亨利·瓦兹沃斯·朗费罗)。

(5)

Antagonism is hostility that quickly results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness:
Antagonism 是那种迅速导致积极抵制、反对或争议性的敌意:
antagonism between the liberal and conservative elements of the party.
党内自由势力和保守势力之间的对抗。

(6)

Animosity is angry ill will that often triggers the taking of rancorous or punitive action:
Animosity 是种常引发采取恶毒或惩罚行为的愤怒的恶意:
tried to overcome his animosity toward governmental control.
试图克服他对政府控制的憎恶积怨。

(7)

Rancor suggests the harboring of hatred and resentment typically traceable to past grievances that have led to a desire for revenge:
Rancor 指心怀憎恨和怨艾,常可追溯到已过去的哀伤而引出复仇的渴望:
parting without rancor.
毫无积怨地分手。

(8)

Antipathy is deep-seated aversion or repugnance:
Antipathy 是根深蒂固的厌恶及强烈的反感:
a deep antipathy to social pretension.
对社会虚荣做作的深深反感。

(9)

Animus is ill will of a distinctively personal nature, often based on one's prejudices or temperament:
Animus 是带有明显个人本性的不良意愿,常基于一个人的偏见或性情基础上:
an inexplicable animus against intellectuals.
对知识分子的莫名其妙的恶意

现代英汉词典

enmity
[5enmItI]
n.
敌意;仇恨
He felt enmity towards his sister.
他对他姐姐怀有敌意。

现代英汉综合大辞典

enmity
[5enmiti]
n.
敌意, 仇恨, 憎恨; 不和

习惯用语

be at enmity with
与...不和

have an enmity against sb.
对某人存敌意

harbour an enmity against sb.
对某人存敌意

参考词汇
enmity     hostility     animosity     antagonism    
都含“敌对”、“敌意”的意思。

(1)

enmity 指“强烈的、 永久的憎恨”, 不论是隐蔽的、 公开的还是潜在的, 如:
E-between Arabs and Israelis threatened to break into an open war at any time.
阿拉伯和以色列之间的敌对预示着任何时候都可能爆发公开的战争。

(2)

hostility 通常指“以积极的对立或攻击表现出的敌意”, 如:
His hostility to your plan is well known.
他对你的计划所持的敌意是众所周知的。

(3)

animosity 指“强烈的憎恶或仇恨”, 如:
animosity between classes
阶级间的仇恨。

(4)

antagonism 指“人们之间的相互敌意或对立”, 如:
antagonism of the oppressed against [to] the oppressor
被压迫者对压迫者的敌视[仇视]。
friendship    

英文相关词典

enmity
dislike    hate    loathing    amity    friendship    

美国传统词典

enmity
en.mi.ty
AHD:[μn“m1-t?]
D.J.[6enmiti8]
K.K.[6Wnm!ti]
n.
pl. en.mi.ties
Deep-seated, often mutual hatred.

语源

(1)

Middle English enemite

(2)

from Old French enemistie

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *inimo3s}

(4)

from Latin inimos [enemy] * see enemy

参考词汇

(1)

enmity, hostility, antagonism, animosity, rancor, antipathy, animus

(2)

These nouns refer to the feeling or expression of deep-seated ill will.

(3)

Enmity is hatred such as might be felt for an enemy:
The wartime enmity of the two nations subsided into mutual distrust when peace finally came.

(4)

Hostility implies the clear expression of enmity, as in the form of belligerent attitudes or violent acts:
“If we could read the secret history of our enemies, we should find in each man's life sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all hostility” (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow).

(5)

Antagonism is hostility that quickly results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness:
antagonism between the liberal and conservative elements of the party.

(6)

Animosity is angry ill will that often triggers the taking of rancorous or punitive action:
tried to overcome his animosity toward governmental control.

(7)

Rancor suggests the harboring of hatred and resentment typically traceable to past grievances that have led to a desire for revenge:
parting without rancor.

(8)

Antipathy is deep-seated aversion or repugnance:
a deep antipathy to social pretension.

(9)

Animus is ill will of a distinctively personal nature, often based on one's prejudices or temperament:
an inexplicable animus against intellectuals.

英汉法学大词典

enmity
n.敌对行为状态 ,敌意,冤

英汉心理学大词典

enmity
敌意

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