简明英汉词典

enemy
[5enimi]
n.
敌人, 仇敌, [集合名词]敌军, [喻]大敌
adj.
敌人的, 敌方的

美国传统词典[双解]

enemy
en.e.my
AHD:[μn“…-m?]
D.J.[6en*mi8]
K.K.[6Wn*mi]
n.(名词)
【复数】 en.e.mies

(1)

One who feels hatred toward, intends injury to, or opposes the interests of another; a foe.
仇人,仇敌:一个让人憎恨,意图伤害或反对他人兴趣的人;敌人

(2)

A hostile power or force, such as a nation.
敌方:敌对势力或军队,例如一个民族

(3)

A member or unit of such a force.
敌人,敌兵:象这样的势力中的一个成员或单元

(4)

A group of foes or hostile forces.See Usage Note at collective noun
一群敌人,敌对势力参见 collective noun

(5)

Something destructive or injurious in its effects:
有害物,加害物:危害或伤害人的事物:
“Art hath an enemy called Ignorance”(Ben Jonson)
“艺术有个敌人叫做无知”(本·琼森)
adj.(形容词)
Of, relating to, or being a hostile power or force.
敌人的,敌军的:属于或与敌军或敌对力量相关的

语源

(1)

Middle English enemi
中古英语 enemi

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin inimos
源自 拉丁语 inimos

(4)

in- [not] * see in- 1
in- [不] *参见 in-1

(5)

amos [friend]
amos [朋友]

参考词汇

(1)

enemyfoeopponent

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “one who is hostile to or opposes the purposes or interests of another”:
这些词所共同的中心意思是“对他人充满敌意或与他人目的、兴趣相对立的人”:
was betrayed by his enemies;
被他的敌人陷害;
a foe of fascism;
法西斯主义的敌人;
a political opponent.
政治对手

现代英汉词典

enemy
[5enImI]
n.
-mies

(1)

敌人,大敌
His behavior made him many enemies.
他的行为使他树敌颇多。
Politicians often have many enemies.
政治家往往树敌很多。
The army advanced to meet the enemy.
军队前进迎敌。
The two neigbouring countries had been enemies for centries.
这两个邻国互为仇敌已经几百年了。
Conceit is the enemy of / to progress.
骄傲自大是进步的大敌。
The enemy was / were put to rout.
敌军被打得一败涂地。
Abraham Lincoln was the enemy of slavery. (喻)
阿伯拉罕·林肯对奴隶制嫉恨如仇。

(2)

危害

现代英汉综合大辞典

enemy
[5enimi]
n.

(1)

敌人, 仇敌[人]

(2)

[集合词]敌兵[军]

(3)

敌国; 敌舰[机]

(4)

危害物, 大敌
a public enemy
公敌; (公众协助缉拿的)要犯
a lifelong [mortal, sworn] enemy
不共戴天之敌, 死敌
Don't make an enemy of him.
不要使他与你为敌。
The enemy were [was] forced to retreat.
敌军被迫撤退。
Conceit is the enemy of [to] progress.
骄傲是进步的大敌。
Frost is the enemy of plants.
霜对植物是有害的。

词性变化

enemy
[5enimi]
adj.
敌人的, 敌方的, 敌国的

习惯用语

an enemy worthy of sb. 's steel
值得某人与之交锋的劲敌, 强敌

be an enemy to
厌恶, 仇视, 极力反对, 是...的大敌

be no enemy to
喜欢(He is no enemy to wine. 他爱喝酒。)

be one's own enemy
自己害自己

be one's orst enemy
自己害自己

Better an open enemy than a false friend.
[谚]虚伪的朋友比公开的敌人更为危险。

go over to the enemy
投敌, 附敌

How goes the enemy?
[口]现在几点钟? (此处enemy指时间)

kill the enemy
消磨时间

public enemy

(1)

人民公敌, 社会危险分子

(2)

国敌

sworn enemy
不共戴天的敌人

sworn foe
不共戴天的敌人

The best is oftentimes the enemy of the good.
[谚]要求过高反难成功。

the great enemy
死亡

the last enemy
死亡

the enemy [E-]
敌军; 恶魔, 魔王; [口]时间

the old enemy [E-]
敌军; 恶魔, 魔王; [口]时间

用法词典

enemy
en-不是+拉丁词根ami朋友,→不是朋友的人

英文相关词典

enemy
foe    opponent    opposition    friend    

美国传统词典

enemy
en.e.my
AHD:[μn“…-m?]
D.J.[6en*mi8]
K.K.[6Wn*mi]
n.
pl. en.e.mies

(1)

One who feels hatred toward, intends injury to, or opposes the interests of another; a foe.

(2)

A hostile power or force, such as a nation.

(3)

A member or unit of such a force.

(4)

A group of foes or hostile forces.See Usage Note at collective noun

(5)

Something destructive or injurious in its effects:
“Art hath an enemy called Ignorance”(Ben Jonson)
adj.
Of, relating to, or being a hostile power or force.

语源

(1)

Middle English enemi

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin inimos

(4)

in- [not] * see in- 1

(5)

amos [friend]

参考词汇

(1)

enemy, foe, opponent

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “one who is hostile to or opposes the purposes or interests of another”:
was betrayed by his enemies;
a foe of fascism;
a political opponent.

英汉船舶大词典

enemy
n.敌方

英汉法学大词典

enemy
n.贼

英汉航空大词典

enemy
n.敌人,敌国;n.敌人,敌舰

英汉化学大词典

enemy
n.敌人,仇敌,危害物;adj.敌人的

英汉海运大词典

enemy
敌人

英汉计算机大词典

enemy
n.敌人(仇敌,危害物);adj.敌人的

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