简明英汉词典

empty
[5empti]
adj.
空的, 空洞的, 空虚的
vt.
使成为空的, 倒空
v.
倒空
adj.
空的,空闲的
v.
腾空, 腾出来

美国传统词典[双解]

empty
emp.ty
AHD:[μmp“t?]
D.J.[6empti8]
K.K.[6Wmpti]
adj.(形容词)
emp.ti.eremp.ti.est

(1)

Holding or containing nothing.
空的:不含任何东西的

(2)

Mathematics Having no elements or members; null:
【数学】 没有元素的;零的:没有元素或成员的;零的:
an empty set.
空集合

(3)

Having no occupants or inhabitants; vacant:
空无一人的:无人占有的或居住的;空的:
an empty chair; empty desert.
空椅子;空旷的沙漠

(4)

Lacking force or power:
无力的:
an empty threat.
无力的威胁

(5)

Lacking purpose or substance; meaningless:
空虚的:无目的的或无实质的;无意义的:
an empty life.
空虚的生活

(6)

Not put to use; idle:
空闲的:未使用的;空闲的:
empty hours.
空闲的时间

(7)

Needing nourishment; hungry:
饥饿的:需要营养的;饥饿的:
“More fierce and more inexorable far/Than empty tigers or the roaring sea”(Shakespeare)
“比饥饿的老虎或狂啸的大海更猛烈更无情”(莎士比亚)

(8)

Devoid; destitute:
缺乏的;贫乏的:
empty of pity.
缺乏同情心
v.(动词)
emp.tiedemp.ty.ingemp.ties
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To remove the contents of:
腾空:移走…的内容:
emptied the dishwasher.
腾空洗碟机

(2)

To transfer or pour off completely:
倒空:完全转移或倒出:
empty the ashes into a pail.
把灰倒进桶里

(3)

To unburden; relieve:
解除;减轻:
empty oneself of doubt.
消除自己的疑惑
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become empty:
变空:
The theater emptied after the performance.
表演结束后剧院空无一人

(2)

To discharge its contents:
放出包含物:
The river empties into a bay.
河水注入海湾
n.(名词)
【复数】 emp.ties【非正式用语】
An empty container.
空容器

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English ?g [vacant, unoccupied]
源自 古英语 ?g [空的,未用的]

(3)

from ?a [leisure] * see med-
源自 ?a [休闲的] *参见 med-

继承用法

emptily
adv.(副词)

emptiness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

emptyvacantblankvoidvacuousbarebarren

(2)

These adjectives describe what contains nothing and inferentially lacks what it could or should have.
这些形容词用于表明无内容或缺乏逻辑上会有或应有的内容。

(3)

Empty applies to what is without contents or substance:
Empty 指没有内容或实质的:
an empty box;
空盒子;
an empty room;
空房子;
empty promises.
空许诺。

(4)

Vacant refers to what is without an occupant or incumbent:
Vacant 指没有人居住的或未在职的:
The auditorium is full of vacant seats.
礼堂中满是空椅子。
The chairmanship is vacant. Figuratively the word refers to the absence of intelligent meaning or thought:
主席职位空缺。 修辞上该词指缺乏理念意志:
a vacant stare;
茫然凝视;
a vacant mind.
空虚的大脑。

(5)

Blank stresses the absence of something, especially on a surface, that would convey meaning or content:
Blank 强调某种缺乏,尤指在传递含义和内容的方面:
blank pages;
空白页;
a blank expression.
无意义的表达。

(6)

Void applies to what is free from or completely destitute of discernible content:
Void 用来指没有或完全缺乏可分辨内容的:
space void of matter;
太空没有物质;
gibberish void of all meaning.
莫名其妙的话没有任何意思。

(7)

Vacuous describes what is as devoid of substance as a vacuum is:
Vacuous 描述象真空一样缺少物质:
a vacuous smile;
一个空洞的笑容;
led a vacuous life. Something that is bare lacks surface covering (
过着空虚的生活。 bare 表示没有覆盖物(
trees standing bare in November;
11月树木光秃秃地;
a bare head) or detail (just the bare facts ); the word also denotes the condition of being stripped of contents or furnishings:
光头) 或细节(只有空洞的事实 ); 这个单词也用来表示被剥去了内容或装备的状态:
The closet is bare.
这个壁橱是空的。

(8)

Barren stresses lack of productivity in both literal and figurative applications:
Barren 强调在文学或象征性的应用中缺乏创造性:
barren land;
不毛之地;
writing barren of insight. See also Synonyms at vain
缺乏洞察力的作品 参见同义词 vain

注释
In Old English Ic eom ?g could mean “I am empty,” “I am unoccupied,” or “I am unmarried.” The sense “unoccupied, at leisure,” which did not survive Old English, points to the derivation of ?g from the Old English word ?, “leisure, rest.” The word ?a may in turn go back to the Germanic root m?, meaning “ability, leisure.” In any case, Old English ?g also meant “vacant,” a sense that was destined to take over the meaning of the word. Empty, the Modern English descendant of Old English ?, has come to have the sense “idle,” so that one can speak of empty leisure.
在古英语里,Ic eom cemfig 可以表示“我饿”,“我现在失业”或“我没有结婚。” “未占用的,空闲的”这个意思没有在古英语中保留下来,这表明?mtig , 派生自古英语词 ?metta ,意为“空闲,休息”。 鎚etta 可以追溯到日耳曼语词根 mot-, 意为“能力,空闲”。 无论如何,古英语?mtig 也表示“空的”, 这个意思是注定要取代这个词的意义。Empty 这个古英语鎚tig 在现代英语中的变形具有了“空闲的”的意思, 所以我们可以说空闲

现代英汉词典

empty
[5emptI]
adj.
-ier, -iest

(1)

空的
an empty box
空匣子
The house is empty, no one is living there.
这座房子是空的,没有人住。
At night these busy streets during the day become empty of traffic.
入夜这些白天繁忙的街道空无行人车辆。

(2)

饿的

(3)

无意义的
empty promises
空话

词性变化

empty
vt., vi.
-tied, -tying

(1)

(常与into连用)弄空;腾空
They emptied the bottle.
他们把瓶子一倒而空。
He emptied the box of books onto the floor.
他把盒子里的书倒在地板上。
The room was emptied very quickly.
这房间很快就腾空了。
"The traveler emptied out all his pockets onto the table, but still couldn't fine his passport."
"旅客把几个口袋里的东西都掏出来放在桌上,还是没有找到通行证。"
They emptied three bottles of beer within half an hour.
他们在半小时内喝干了三瓶啤酒。
No waste or garbage is to be emptied on highways.
废物和垃圾不许倒在公路上。
The cinema emptied rapidly after the show.
电影放映结束后,电影院的人很快就走空了。

(2)

(河流)流出
The stream empties itself into the river.
这小溪流入大河。
The Yangtse River empties into the East Sea.
长江流入东海。

empty
n.
-ties
空箱;空瓶;空车
He took all the empties back to the shop.
他把空瓶子全退给商店了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

empty
[5empti]
adj.

(1)

空的; 无人居住的, 内无一物的, 未载东西的

(2)

空洞的, 空虚的, 无意义的

(3)

无聊的, 愚蠢的, 轻浮的

(4)

无所作为的, 空闲的, 徒劳的

(5)

杳无人烟的, 空寂的, 缺乏温暖的

(6)

缺乏感情的, 情感淡漠的

(7)

[口]空腹的, 饿的

(8)

(母畜)未怀孕的

(9)

【逻】无元的, 无分子的

(10)

空转的
empty weight
净重, 无载[空机]重量
empty talk
空谈, 废话
empty promises
空洞许诺
empty lip service
说得好听的空话
empty hours
空闲时间
feel empty
觉得饿
an empty heifer
未怀孕的小母牛

词性变化

empty
[5empti]
n.
[pl.]空箱, 空瓶, 空桶, 空车; 包皮, 皮重, 包装;【军】空弹
throw the -ties into the waste bin.
将空瓶(罐等)丢进垃圾箱
Empties are not taken back.
不退瓶子。

empty
[5empti]
vt.

(1)

弄空, 饮干, 搬[腾, 倒]空

(2)

使流入

(3)

使失去(of)
empty a glass
干杯, 喝干
empty a house
搬空房屋
empty the box of rubbish into the fire
把这箱废物倒进火中
No waste or garbage is to be -tied on highways.
废物和垃圾不准倒在公路上。

empty
[5empti]
vi.
成为空的; (河流)流入; 干涸(河流等)
The streets soon -tied when the storm began.
暴风雨来时, 街上立即空无一人。

继承用法

empty-handed
adj.
空手的, 徒手的

empty-headed
adj.
没有头脑的, 愚笨的-tiable

词性变化

empty
[5empti]
adj.

emptier
[5emptaiE]
n.

emptily
adv.

习惯用语

be empty of
毫无, 没有, 缺乏

come away empty
空手而回

feel empty
[口] 觉得饿

empty (itself) into
流入, 注入

empty out
把...腾[倒]空

transmitter empty
发送终止

参考词汇
empty     vacant     blank    
意思都含“空的”。

(1)

empty 是常用语, 指“空间内无人无物的”, 如:
an empty room
空房间(屋内无人无物)。

(2)

vacant较为正式, 指“地方(暂时)没被占用而空着的”, 如:
a vacant room in a hotel
旅馆的一间空房(未住人, 但内有家具)。

(3)

blank 指“表面上没任何东西”或“表面是空白的”, 如:
a blank wall
无门(窗等)的墙
full    

用法词典

empty
来自古英语?mtig 未占的;闲暇的

参考词汇

(1)

empty,vain,hollow这三个形容词都含有“空的”含义。

(2)

empty 与hollow 的含义很近,很难辨别其细微差异,常常可以换用。
empty (or hollow) promises
空洞的许诺
empty (or hollow) talk
空谈

(3)

但如果说这是个没人住的房子时,应说an empty house;而a hollow victory 的意思却是,虽然胜利了,却毫无价值、意义
That is an empty house.
那是一座空房子。
Let's stop the empty talk and do some useful and practical work.
咱们别空谈了,还是做些有益的实际工作吧。
Then he found himself in a hollow vally.
后来,他不知不觉来到了一个空荡的山谷。

(4)

vain 在表示“空虚的”这一概念时,其内涵是毫无价值、毫无意义。或者表示在绝对意义上毫无价值,而在相对意义上却有价值。换句话说,一般认为无价值、无意义的东西,却是某些人拼命追求的对象。佛教徒把人间的一切一概视为“四大皆空”。这个“空”字应用vain 来表示
In the eye of the Buddhist, every worldly affair is vain.
在佛教徒的眼里,人世上一切事情都是空的。
The principal made another vain appeal for better equipment in the school laboratory.
校长又一次请求增加学校实验设备,但又是一场空。

英文相关词典

empty
barren    blank    discharge    drain    eliminate    evacuate    hollow    let out    run out    vacant    void    fill    full    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

empty
空缺的

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

empty
空的, 空虎的

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

empty
空的;放空

美国传统词典

empty
emp.ty
AHD:[μmp“t?]
D.J.[6empti8]
K.K.[6Wmpti]
adj.
emp.ti.er, emp.ti.est

(1)

Holding or containing nothing.

(2)

Mathematics Having no elements or members; null:
an empty set.

(3)

Having no occupants or inhabitants; vacant:
an empty chair; empty desert.

(4)

Lacking force or power:
an empty threat.

(5)

Lacking purpose or substance; meaningless:
an empty life.

(6)

Not put to use; idle:
empty hours.

(7)

Needing nourishment; hungry:
“More fierce and more inexorable far/Than empty tigers or the roaring sea”(Shakespeare)

(8)

Devoid; destitute:
empty of pity.
v.
emp.tied, emp.ty.ing, emp.ties
v.tr.

(1)

To remove the contents of:
emptied the dishwasher.

(2)

To transfer or pour off completely:
empty the ashes into a pail.

(3)

To unburden; relieve:
empty oneself of doubt.
v.intr.

(1)

To become empty:
The theater emptied after the performance.

(2)

To discharge its contents:
The river empties into a bay.
n.
pl. emp.tiesInformal
An empty container.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English ?g [vacant, unoccupied]

(3)

from ?a [leisure] * see med-

继承用法

emptily
adv.

emptiness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

empty, vacant, blank, void, vacuous, bare, barren

(2)

These adjectives describe what contains nothing and inferentially lacks what it could or should have.

(3)

Empty applies to what is without contents or substance:
an empty box;
an empty room;
empty promises.

(4)

Vacant refers to what is without an occupant or incumbent:
The auditorium is full of vacant seats.
The chairmanship is vacant. Figuratively the word refers to the absence of intelligent meaning or thought:
a vacant stare;
a vacant mind.

(5)

Blank stresses the absence of something, especially on a surface, that would convey meaning or content:
blank pages;
a blank expression.

(6)

Void applies to what is free from or completely destitute of discernible content:
space void of matter;
gibberish void of all meaning.

(7)

Vacuous describes what is as devoid of substance as a vacuum is:
a vacuous smile;
led a vacuous life. Something that is bare lacks surface covering (
trees standing bare in November;
a bare head) or detail (just the bare facts ); the word also denotes the condition of being stripped of contents or furnishings:
The closet is bare.

(8)

Barren stresses lack of productivity in both literal and figurative applications:
barren land;
writing barren of insight. See also Synonyms at vain

注释
In Old English Ic eom ?g could mean “I am empty,” “I am unoccupied,” or “I am unmarried.” The sense “unoccupied, at leisure,” which did not survive Old English, points to the derivation of ?g from the Old English word ?, “leisure, rest.” The word ?a may in turn go back to the Germanic root m?, meaning “ability, leisure.” In any case, Old English ?g also meant “vacant,” a sense that was destined to take over the meaning of the word. Empty, the Modern English descendant of Old English ?, has come to have the sense “idle,” so that one can speak of empty leisure.

英汉电力大词典

empty
n.放空,排空,空的

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

empty
空,零;【修】空,未占用[E]

英汉纺织大词典

empty
n.贫色

英汉航空大词典

empty
n.倒,倒空

英汉化学大词典

empty
adj.空的,空转的,缺乏的

英汉海运大词典

empty
空的空箱空闲的无用的n.空箱,空桶,空瓶空载的使空,排空,弄空使流注

基本词义

empty
空的空闲的无用的

基本词义

empty
空的

基本词义

empty
空箱,空桶,空瓶空的空闲的,无用的使空,排空使流注

基本词义

empty
空箱,空桶,空瓶空的,空载的使空,排空,弄空使流注

英汉经贸大词典

empty
adj.空的,空转的,缺乏的

英汉计算机大词典

empty
adj.空的(空转的,缺乏的

英汉机械大词典

empty
n.空的,无载的

英汉建筑大词典

empty
n.空车

英汉汽车大词典

empty
n.空的

英汉水利大词典

empty
n.空的,排空,空车

英汉医学大词典

empty
n.空腹

英汉中医大词典

empty
n.空着肚子的,饥饿的,空的

英汉造纸大词典

empty
n.空的,无载的,放空

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