简明英汉词典

effete
[e5fi:t]
adj.
(动植物等)生产力已枯竭的, 衰老的, 疲惫的, 衰微的

美国传统词典[双解]

effete
ef.fete
AHD:[1-f?t“]
D.J.[i6fi8t]
K.K.[!6fit]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Depleted of vitality, force, or effectiveness; exhausted:
枯竭的:缺乏生气、气力或效率的;精疲力竭的:
the final, effete period of the baroque style.
巴洛克风格最后的衰竭时期

(2)

Marked by self-indulgence, triviality, or decadence:
颓废的:以自我放纵、陈腐浅薄且颓废堕落为特征的:
an effete group of self-professed intellectuals.
一群自鸣颓废的知识分子

(3)

Overrefined; effeminate.
过于娇柔的;女人气的

(4)

No longer productive; infertile.
贫瘠的:不能生产的;寸草不生的

语源

(1)

Latin eff?s [worn out, exhausted]
拉丁语 eff?s [用尽,衰竭]

(2)

ex- [ex-]
ex- [前缀,表“无”]

(3)

f?s [bearing young, pregnant] * see dh?(i)-
f?s [幼育学,怀孕] *参见 dh?(i)-

继承用法

effetely
adv.(副词)

effeteness
n.(名词)

注释
The fact that effete has come to mean “effeminate” marks a return to its etymological roots. Effete came into English from the Latin word eff?, made up of ex-, “out,” and the adjective f?, “having recently given birth,” which is related to the noun f?, “offspring,” a word we have borrowed as well. Latin eff?s was used of plants that had borne fruit or of animals that had borne young, but eff?s could also mean “worn out with bearing young, exhausted, feeble.” The English word effete, whose earliest appearance is recorded in 1621, was first used in senses similar or identical to senses of Latin eff?s ; however, in the last two centuries or so the senses “characterized by weakness or decadence” and “overrefined, effeminate,” have appeared. Both effeminate and effete go back to the same Indo-European root, dh?, meaning “to suck.” In effeminate we see the development from a form of the root meaning literally “she who suckles”; in effete, the development from a form of the root that refers to the baby who sucks milk from the mother.
事实上,effete 这个词表示“女人气的”意义反而表明其意义更接近于其词根的意义。 Effete 是从拉丁语effetus 传入英语的, 这个拉丁语词是由ex- 表“出”和形容词 fetus 表“刚刚生产”组成的, 该词与我们借用来的名词fetus 表示“后代”有关。 拉丁语effetus 用于指植物刚刚结出果实或动物刚产幼仔, 但effetus 可能也表示“刚出生而精疲力竭、无力、柔弱”。 英语词语effete 第一次记载于1621年, 当时的意义与拉丁语effetus 的意义基本相同或相似, 但从以后近两个世纪以来,表示“柔弱或堕落”和“娇柔或女人气”的意义相继出现。effeminate 和 effete 都源于同一印欧语系的词根 dhe(i-) 意为“吸”。 在effeminate 中,我们看到从词根形式拓展来的意义大体上是“喂奶的女人”; effete 从词根形式发展而来的意义是指从母体身上汲取乳汁的幼儿

现代英汉词典

effete
[e5fi:t]
adj.
衰弱的;疲惫的

现代英汉综合大辞典

effete
[e5fi:t]
adj.

(1)

精力枯竭的; 疲惫的, 衰落[弱, 老]的

(2)

无能的, 不能再生的

(3)

失去特色的
an effete system of education
衰败的教育制度

继承用法

effetely
adv.

effeteness
n.

美国传统词典

effete
ef.fete
AHD:[1-f?t“]
D.J.[i6fi8t]
K.K.[!6fit]
adj.

(1)

Depleted of vitality, force, or effectiveness; exhausted:
the final, effete period of the baroque style.

(2)

Marked by self-indulgence, triviality, or decadence:
an effete group of self-professed intellectuals.

(3)

Overrefined; effeminate.

(4)

No longer productive; infertile.

语源

(1)

Latin eff?s [worn out, exhausted]

(2)

ex- [ex-]

(3)

f?s [bearing young, pregnant] * see dh?(i)-

继承用法

effetely
adv.

effeteness
n.

注释
The fact that effete has come to mean “effeminate” marks a return to its etymological roots. Effete came into English from the Latin word eff?, made up of ex-, “out,” and the adjective f?, “having recently given birth,” which is related to the noun f?, “offspring,” a word we have borrowed as well. Latin eff?s was used of plants that had borne fruit or of animals that had borne young, but eff?s could also mean “worn out with bearing young, exhausted, feeble.” The English word effete, whose earliest appearance is recorded in 1621, was first used in senses similar or identical to senses of Latin eff?s ; however, in the last two centuries or so the senses “characterized by weakness or decadence” and “overrefined, effeminate,” have appeared. Both effeminate and effete go back to the same Indo-European root, dh?, meaning “to suck.” In effeminate we see the development from a form of the root meaning literally “she who suckles”; in effete, the development from a form of the root that refers to the baby who sucks milk from the mother.

英汉化学大词典

effete
adj.生产力已枯竭的,衰老的,腐朽的

英汉计算机大词典

effete
adj.生产力已枯竭的(衰老的,腐朽的

英汉心理学大词典

effete
衰老的

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004