简明英汉词典

economy
[i(:)5kCnEmi]
n.
经济, 节约, 节约措施, 经济实惠, 系统, 机体, 经济制度的状况

美国传统词典[双解]

economy
e.con.o.my
AHD:[1-k?n“…-m?]
D.J.[i6k%n*mi8]
K.K.[!6k$n*mi]
n.(名词)
【复数】 e.con.o.mies缩写 econ.

(1)

Careful, thrifty management of resources, such as money, materials, or labor:
节约:对资源如金钱、物质或劳动力的精打细算经营:
learned to practice economy in making out the household budget.
在制定家庭预算时学会精打细算

(2)

An example or result of such management; a saving.
积蓄:此种经营的例子或结果;积蓄

(3)

The system or range of economic activity in a country, region, or community:
经济体:国家、地区或群体的经济活动体系和范围:
Effects of inflation were felt at every level of the economy.
通货膨胀影响到每一经济阶层

(4)

A specific type of economic system:
经济制度:特定经济体系类型:
an industrial economy; a planned economy.
工业经济体制;计划经济体制

(5)

An orderly, functional arrangement of parts; an organized system:
组织,结构:各部分有序的、功能明了的排列;有组织的体系:
“the sense that there is a moral economy in the world, that good is rewarded and evil is punished”(George F. Will)
“这种观点认为世上有一套道德体系,善有善报恶有恶报”(乔治F.威尔)

(6)

Efficient, sparing, or conservative use:
简洁,有效率:高效的、节俭的或有保留地使用的:
wrote with an economy of language; a well-organized group that worked with an economy of effort.
以简洁的文字写出;一个很有组织的团体做起事来很省力

(7)

Economy class.
经济舱

(8)

Theology The method of God's government of and activity within the world.
【神学】 摄理,配置:神统治世界的方法和活动
adj.(形容词)
Economical or inexpensive to buy or use:
廉价的,便宜的:经济的或买或使用起来花销不大的:
an economy car; an economy motel.
一部便宜的车;一家便宜的汽车旅馆

语源

(1)

Middle English yconomye [management of a household]
中古英语 yconomye [管家]

(2)

from Latin oeconomia
源自 拉丁语 oeconomia

(3)

from Greek oikonomia
源自 希腊语 oikonomia

(4)

from oikonomos [one who manages a household]
源自 oikonomos [管理房屋的人]

(5)

oikos [house] * see weik- 1
oikos [房屋] *参见 weik- 1

(6)

nemein [to allot, manage] * see nem-
nemein [分配,经营] *参见 nem-

注释
Managing an economy has at least an etymological justification. The wordeconomy can probably be traced back to the Greek word oikonomos, “one who manages a household,” derived from oikos, “house,” and nemein, “to manage.” From oikonomos was derived oikonomia, which had not only the sense “management of a houseold or family” but also senses such as “thrift,” “direction,” “administration,” “arrangement,” and “public revenue of a state.” The first recorded sense of our word economy, found in a work possibly composed in 1440, is “the management of economic affairs,” in this case, of a monastery. Economy is later recorded in other senses shared by oikonomia in Greek, including “thrift” and “administration.” What is probably our most frequently used current sense, “the economic system of a country or an area,” seems not to have developed until the 19th or 20th century.
管理经济可以从词源上得到确认。economy 一词的来源很可能追溯到希腊文中的 oikonomos 即“管家”, 这又是从oikos 意为“房子”,以及 nemein 意为“管理”两词演化而来。 从oikonomos 派生出的 oikonomia 意思不仅有“家庭管理”, 而且有“节约”、“指示”、“行政”、“安排”及“国家岁入”等含义。Economy 这个词的意思最早记载在约1440年出版的一篇作品上,意思是僧院的“经济事件管理”。 Economy 在此之后记载下来的意思与希腊语的oikonomia 有相似之处, 包括“节约”和“行政”, 直到19世纪或20世纪,今天最常用的意思才开始出现,即“国家或地区的经济体系”

现代英汉词典

economy
[I5kRnEmI]
n.
-mies

(1)

节约

(2)

经济;经济体系
economy of scale
规模经济
His views on knowledge economy have been accepted with unamity.
他关于知识经济的观点得到一致公认。

词性变化

economy
adj.

(1)

便宜的;经济实惠的
economy prices
便宜货
It is good economy to buy well-made shoes, as they will last longer.
买成品鞋子经济实惠,因为它们更经穿。
"An economy class air ticket is fit for ordinary workers, because it costs much less."
"经济舱机票对一般工作人员比较合适,因为它的价格要便宜得多。"

(2)

节约的
an economy drive to save electricity
节电运动
People in the town are having an economy drive in order to save money for the education of the mountain poor children.
"城里人正在开展一次节约运动,省下一些钱去帮助山区孩子们接受教育。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

economy
[i(:)5kCnEmi]
n.

(1)

经济, 经济实惠

(2)

节约, 节省

(3)

经济制度[机构]

(4)

节约措施

(5)

缩减率

(6)

整体

(7)

(自然界的)法理, 秩序, 过程, 组织, 有机体
domestic economy
家庭经济; 家政
feudal economy
封建经济
practice strict economy
厉行节约
developing economy and ensuring supplies
发展经济, 保障供给
economy class
客机上的二等舱
In the long run, it is aneconomy to buy good quality goods.
从长远观点来看, 买质量好的物品还是合算的。
By various little-ies, she managed to save enough money for a holiday.
她设法在许多小地方节俭储够了度假的钱。

特殊用法

abstract political economy
抽象政治经济学

advanced economy
(工业)发达(国家)的经济

agro-pastoral economy
农牧经济

ailing economy
病态经济

alienation economy
转让经济

all-electric economy
完全电气化的国民经济

balanced economy
平衡经济

barter economy
物物交换经济

building economy
建筑经济

capitalist planned economy
资本主义计划经济

capitalistic commodity economy
资本主义商品[市场]经济

capitalistic market economy
资本主义商品[市场]经济

centrally planned economy
中央计划经济

civilian economy
民用经济

closed economy
闭关自守经济

collective economy
集体[共同]经济

colonial economy
殖民地经济

command economy
指令性(中央管制)经济

command-directed economy
中央集权经济

commodity economy
商品经济

commercial economy
商品经济

community economy
村落经济

competitive economy
竞争的经济

controlled economy
非市场(集中管理的)经济

cooperative economy
合作社经济

corporate economy
公司[社团]经济

credit economy
信用经济

credit-and-debit economy
借贷经济

crop economy
作物经济

decelerating economy
发展速度放慢的经济

defense economy
军事经济

dependent economy
从属经济

directed economy
管制经济

diversified economy
多种经济[经营]

dual economy
双重经济体制

dynamic economy
动态经济

engineering economy=EE
工程经济(学)

enclave economy
飞地式经济(不发达国家中一小块经济发达地区)

exchange economy
交换经济

expanding economy
经济的发展, 正在发展的经济

external economy
外在节约因素

farm household economy
农家经济

fully employed economy
充分就业经济

futures economy
未来经济

handicraft economy
手工业经济

high consumption economy
高消费经济

household economy
家庭经济, 家计

independent economy
独立经济

individual economy
个体经济

industrial economy
工业经济

intensive economy
集约经济

internal economy
内部的节约

Junker's economy
容克经济

laissezfaire (=laisser-faire) economy
自由竞争经济

library economy
图书馆经营管理法

livelihood economy
民生经济

low-wage economy
低工资经济

major economy
大国经济

managed economy
管制经济

manorial economy
采地[庄园]经济

marine economy
海洋经济

market economy
市场经济

market-directed (=market-oriented) economy
市场主导型经济

material economy
材料经济学

mathematical economy
数理经济

mature economy
成熟经济

military economy
军事[战时]经济

mixed economy
综合经济

mixed enterprise economy
混合企业经济

money (monetary) economy
货币经济

motion economy
运动的经济

national economy
国民经济

natural economy
自然经济

neutron economy
中子的有效使用; 中子平衡

nilgrowth economy
无增长经济

nonexpansion economy
不扩张的经济

non-market economy
非市场经济

nonmonetary economy
物物交换经济

oligopolistic economy
寡占经济

one-crop economy
单一作物经济

open economy
开放的经济

orthodox economy
正统经济学

overheated economy
过度繁荣的经济

pastoral economy
游牧经济

petty bourgeois political economy
小资产阶级政治经济学

planned economy
计划经济

plantation economy
种植园经济

pleasure economy
快乐经济

political economy
政治经济学

popular political economy
通俗政治经济学

power economy
动[电]力经济

practice economy
实行节约

price economy
价格经济

pricing economy
价格体制

princely economy
巨头经济

private (enterprise) economy
私人(企业)经济

producing economy
生产经济

profit economy
利润经济

provincial economy
地方经济

public economy
公有经济; 财政

pure political economy
纯政治经济学

radical political economy
激进政治经济学

reflector economy
【原物】反射层节省

royal economy
皇室[家]经济

rural economy
农村经济

self-subsistence peasant economy
自给自足的小农经济

self-sufficient economy
自给经济

semi-colonial economy
半殖民地经济

seminatural economy
半自给经济

service economy
服务[劳务]经济

sick economy
停滞[萧条]的经济

simple commodity economy
单纯商品经济

single product economy
单一经济

small open economy
小型开放经济体系

small peasant economy
小农经济

small-scale peasant economy
小农经济

social economy
社会经济学

socialist economy
社会主义经济

stagnant economy
停滞[萧条]的经济

state economy
国家经济学

state operated economy
国营经济

state-capitalist economy
国家资本主义经济

state-owned economy
国营经济

storage economy
存储器节省措施, 存储器经济性

stream's oxygen economy
河流氧的平衡

subsistence economy
仅能维持生存的经济

tax economy
租税经济

token economy
代(用货)币经济

tradition-directed economy
传统指导的经济

true economy
经济实况

vulgar bourgeois political economy
庸俗资产阶级政治经济学

workshop economy
工场经济

economy of agglomeration
合并经营的经济节约

economy of concentration
集中经营的经济节约

economy of electrification
电气化的经济效果

economy of energy
能源的经济节约

economy of fuel
节约燃料

economy of high wages
高工资经济

economy of integration
综合经济, 经济一体化

economy of large scale industry
大规模经营的经济节约

economy of large scale production
大规模生产的经济节约

economy of mass production
大量生产的经济节约

economy of material
节约用料

economy of multi-plant firm
多车间企业的经济节约

economy of scale
因经营规模扩大而得到的经济节约

用法词典

economy
源自希腊语oikonomia 经济

英文相关词典

economy
frugality    saving    thrift    luxury    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

economy
经济

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

economy
节约;经济

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

economy
节省, 节约

美国传统词典

economy
e.con.o.my
AHD:[1-k?n“…-m?]
D.J.[i6k%n*mi8]
K.K.[!6k$n*mi]
n.
pl. e.con.o.miesAbbr. econ.

(1)

Careful, thrifty management of resources, such as money, materials, or labor:
learned to practice economy in making out the household budget.

(2)

An example or result of such management; a saving.

(3)

The system or range of economic activity in a country, region, or community:
Effects of inflation were felt at every level of the economy.

(4)

A specific type of economic system:
an industrial economy; a planned economy.

(5)

An orderly, functional arrangement of parts; an organized system:
“the sense that there is a moral economy in the world, that good is rewarded and evil is punished”(George F. Will)

(6)

Efficient, sparing, or conservative use:
wrote with an economy of language; a well-organized group that worked with an economy of effort.

(7)

Economy class.

(8)

Theology The method of God's government of and activity within the world.
adj.
Economical or inexpensive to buy or use:
an economy car; an economy motel.

语源

(1)

Middle English yconomye [management of a household]

(2)

from Latin oeconomia

(3)

from Greek oikonomia

(4)

from oikonomos [one who manages a household]

(5)

oikos [house] * see weik- 1

(6)

nemein [to allot, manage] * see nem-

注释
Managing an economy has at least an etymological justification. The wordeconomy can probably be traced back to the Greek word oikonomos, “one who manages a household,” derived from oikos, “house,” and nemein, “to manage.” From oikonomos was derived oikonomia, which had not only the sense “management of a houseold or family” but also senses such as “thrift,” “direction,” “administration,” “arrangement,” and “public revenue of a state.” The first recorded sense of our word economy, found in a work possibly composed in 1440, is “the management of economic affairs,” in this case, of a monastery. Economy is later recorded in other senses shared by oikonomia in Greek, including “thrift” and “administration.” What is probably our most frequently used current sense, “the economic system of a country or an area,” seems not to have developed until the 19th or 20th century.

英汉船舶大词典

economy
n.节约,经济,经济学,经济

英汉法学大词典

economy
n.经济

英汉纺织大词典

economy
n.经济学,经济

英汉航海大词典

economy
n.经济

英汉航空大词典

economy
n.经济

英汉海运大词典

economy
经济节约

英汉经贸大词典

economy
n.经济

英汉计算机大词典

economy
n.经济学(节约,组织)

英汉机械大词典

economy
n.经济学,经济

英汉建筑大词典

economy
n.经济,节约,经济制度

英汉能源大词典

economy
n.经济学,节约,组织

英汉汽车大词典

economy
n.炯?

英汉贸易大词典

economy
节约,技术经济定额

现代商务英汉大词典

economy
节约,技术经济定额

英汉冶金大词典

economy
n.节省,节约

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