简明英汉词典

earnest
[5E:nist]
adj.
认真的, 热心的, 重要的n.真挚, 定金, 认真, 热心

美国传统词典[双解]

earnest
ear.nest 1
AHD:[?r“n1st]
D.J.[6*8nist]
K.K.[6)n!st]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Marked by or showing deep sincerity or seriousness:
诚挚的:表现出高度真诚和认真的:
an earnest gesture of goodwill.
一个表示友好的诚恳的手势

(2)

Of an important or weighty nature; grave.See Synonyms at serious
庄严的:重要或有份量的;严肃庄重的参见 serious

习惯用语

in earnest

(1)

With a purposeful or sincere intent:
正经的:带有认真或坚定的目的的:
settled down to study in earnest for the examination.
坚定决心认真坐下来复习准备考试

(2)

Serious; determined:
坚定不移的;严肃的:
“Both sides are deeply in earnest, with passions that approximate those of civil war”(Conor Cruise O'Brien)
“双方都很坚决认真,象是鼓足劲要打一场内战”(康纳·克鲁斯·奥布赖恩)

语源

(1)

Middle English ernest
中古英语 ernest

(2)

from Old English eornoste * see er- 1
源自 古英语 eornoste *参见 er- 1

继承用法

earnestly
adv.(副词)

earnestness
n.(名词)

基本词义

earnest
ear.nest 2
AHD:[?r“n1st]
D.J.[6*8nist]
K.K.[6)n!st]
n.(名词)

(1)

Money paid in advance as part payment to bind a contract or bargain.
订金:提前支付作为缔结一合同或交易的部分支付金

(2)

A token of something to come; a promise or an assurance.
保证:某事将至的信号;保证或证言

语源

(1)

Middle English ernest
中古英语 ernest

(2)

variant of ernes
ernes的变体

(3)

alteration of Old French erres [pl. of] erre [pledge]
古法语 erres的变化 [] erre的复数 [誓言]

(4)

from Latin arra
源自 拉丁语 arra

(5)

alteration of arrab?}
[x] arrab?

(6)

from Greek arrab?n [earnest-money]
源自 希腊语 arrab?n [保证金]

(7)

from Hebrew '?3b?n}
源自 希伯来语 '?3b?n}

(8)

from '3b [to pledge]
源自 '3b [宣誓]

现代英汉词典

earnest
[5\:nIst]
adj.
诚挚的;认真的
It is my earnest wish that you use this money to continue you study of music.
你用这笔钱继续学习音乐是我的诚恳愿望。
Robert is a very earnest young man; you can trust him.
"罗伯特是个十分认真的年轻人,你可以信赖他。"

词性变化

earnest
n.

(1)

定金,保证金

(2)

预示,预兆;保证
As an earnest of my good intentions I will reconsider your request.
我一定重新考虑你的请求以表示我的诚意。

习惯用语

in earnest
认真地
He was in earnest when he said he was leaving Beijing.
他真的说了他要离开北京。

现代英汉综合大辞典

earnest
[5E:nist]
n.

(1)

定钱, 保证金

(2)

预兆, 保证
earnest money
定钱, 保证金

用法词典

earnest
来自中古英语ernest<古英语eornoste< eornost 热切

英文相关词典

earnest
decided    determined    devoted    resolute    serious    sincere    idle    indolent    lazy    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

earnest
认真的

美国传统词典

earnest
ear.nest 1
AHD:[?r“n1st]
D.J.[6*8nist]
K.K.[6)n!st]
adj.

(1)

Marked by or showing deep sincerity or seriousness:
an earnest gesture of goodwill.

(2)

Of an important or weighty nature; grave.See Synonyms at serious

习惯用语

in earnest

(1)

With a purposeful or sincere intent:
settled down to study in earnest for the examination.

(2)

Serious; determined:
“Both sides are deeply in earnest, with passions that approximate those of civil war”(Conor Cruise O'Brien)

语源

(1)

Middle English ernest

(2)

from Old English eornoste * see er- 1

继承用法

earnestly
adv.

earnestness
n.

基本词义

earnest
ear.nest 2
AHD:[?r“n1st]
D.J.[6*8nist]
K.K.[6)n!st]
n.

(1)

Money paid in advance as part payment to bind a contract or bargain.

(2)

A token of something to come; a promise or an assurance.

语源

(1)

Middle English ernest

(2)

variant of ernes

(3)

alteration of Old French erres [pl. of] erre [pledge]

(4)

from Latin arra

(5)

alteration of arrab?}

(6)

from Greek arrab?n [earnest-money]

(7)

from Hebrew '?3b?n}

(8)

from '3b [to pledge]

英汉航海大词典

earnest
n.定钱

英汉化学大词典

earnest
adj.认真的,真实的;n.保证,预示,真实,真实

英汉经贸大词典

earnest
n.定钱

英汉计算机大词典

earnest
adj.认真的(真实的);n.保证(预示,真实)

英汉建筑大词典

earnest
n.保证金,定金,预示

最新会计师英汉大词典

earnest
信用金,定金

英汉贸易大词典

earnest
定金

现代商务英汉大词典

earnest
定金

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