简明英汉词典

dust
[dQst]
n.
灰尘, 尘土, 尘埃
vt.
掸掉...上的灰尘, 撒糖于糕上

美国传统词典[双解]

dust
dust
AHD:[d?st]
D.J.[d(st]
K.K.[d(st]
n.(名词)

(1)

Fine, dry particles of matter.
灰尘:细而干的物质颗粒

(2)

A cloud of fine, dry particles.
粉尘:尘雾状细干颗粒

(3)

Particles of matter regarded as the result of disintegration:
尘埃:被认为是粉碎而成的物质颗粒:
fabric that had fallen to dust over the centuries.
经过几百年的时间已化为粉末的织物

(4)

Earth, especially when regarded as the substance of the grave:
坟土:土地,尤指被视为坟墓时的土:
“ashes to ashes, dust to dust”(Book of Common Prayer)
“尘归尘,土归土”(大众祈祷者必读)

(5)

The surface of the ground.
地面

(6)

A debased or despised condition.
卑微或受鄙视的状态

(7)

Something of no worth.
无价值的东西

(8)

Chiefly British Rubbish readied for disposal.
【多用于英国】 要被弃置的废物

(9)

Confusion; agitation; commotion:
混乱;搅乱;暴乱:
won't go back in until the dust settles.
等骚乱平定了再回去
v.(动词)
dust.eddust.ingdusts
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To remove dust from by wiping, brushing, or beating:
除去灰尘:擦,刷或敲打以除去灰尘:
dust the furniture.
抹去家具上的灰尘

(2)

To sprinkle with a powdery substance:
撒粉末于:
dusted the cookies with sugar; dust crops with fertilizer.
将饼撒上糖粉;把化肥撒在作物上

(3)

To apply or strew in fine particles:
擦粉状物:以细颗粒形式使用或散布:
dusted talcum powder on my feet.
在我的脚上撒爽身粉

(4)

Baseball To deliver a pitch so close to (the batter) as to make the batter back away.
【棒球】 发近身球:向击球手发近身球,以使其向后退
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To clean by removing dust.
除尘

(2)

To cover itself with such particulate matter. Used of a bird.
用沙尘洗澡。指鸟

常用词组

dust off
To restore to use:
重新使用:
dusted off last year's winter coat.
重又穿上去年的冬衣

习惯用语

in the dust
Far behind, as in a race or competition:
落后:落后,如在赛跑或竞争中落后于人:
a marketing strategy that left our competitors in the dust.
把我们的竞争对手远远地抛在后面的市场策略

make the dust fly
To go about a task with great energy and speed.
干得起劲:以极大的精力和速度做某项任务

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English d?t
源自 古英语 d?t

现代英汉词典

dust
[dQst]
n.

(1)

尘埃;灰尘
There is a lot of dust on this table.
桌子上有许多灰尘。

(2)

尘土
The dust was blowing in the streets.
街上尘土飞扬。

(3)

粉尘;粉末
gold dust
金粉

(4)

遗骸

习惯用语

throw dust in sb.'s eyes
欺骗某人

词性变化

dust
vt., vi.

(1)

打扫灰尘;擦拭灰土
She dusted the table.
她擦掉桌上的灰尘。

(2)

撒上粉
to dust sugar on to a cake
将糖撒在糕点上。

常用词组

dust down

(1)

掸掉灰尘

(2)

责骂

dust off

(1)

掸掉灰尘

(2)

开始练习

现代英汉综合大辞典

dust
[dQst]
n.

(1)

灰尘, 尘土

(2)

粉末[剂];【植】花粉;【矿】金粉

(3)

[英]垃圾; 废品; 灰烬

(4)

土; 葬身地

(5)

混乱, 骚乱

(6)

[俚]钱

(7)

[诗]遗骸; 尸体
street dust
街道灰尘
be covered with dust
布满了灰尘
yellow dust of the flowers
黄色的花粉
clean out dust
清除垃圾
His letter made a dust.
他的信引起了骚动。

词性变化

dust
[dQst]
vt.

(1)

去掉...上的灰尘; 掸(灰)

(2)

把...弄成粉末

(3)

(把粉末)撒在...上

(4)

[俚]蒙蔽
dust the furniture
掸掉家俱上的灰尘
dust a cake with sugar
在蛋糕上撒糖
dustsugar on to a cake
将糖撒在蛋糕上
dust chemical fertilizer over the fields
在田地里撒化学肥料

dust
[dQst]
vi.

(1)

去掉灰尘

(2)

扬起灰尘

(3)

(鸟类)用沙土洗澡

(4)

[美口]急忙跑掉

继承用法

dust-alleviation
n.
减尘(工作)

dustball
n.
尘球, 尘埃流星

dustband
[`dQstbAnd]
n.
(表的)防尘圈

dustbin
[5dQstbIn]
n.
(吸)尘箱, 垃圾箱

dustblue
n.
土灰兰色

dust-borne
adj.
尘埃传播的

dustbox
n.
收集粉末或尘埃的箱子

dustbrand
n.
【植】黑穗病

dustcloth
n.
防尘布

dust-coat
n.
[英]风衣, 防尘轻便外衣

dust-collector
n.
吸尘器

dust-colo(u)r
n.
灰褐色

dust-devil
n.
小尘暴, 尘旋风

dust-dry
n.
脱尘干躁

dust-fan
n.
抽尘(风)扇

dust-fast
adj.
耐尘的

dust-firing
n.
粉末燃料发火

词性变化

dust
[dQst]
adj.
粉末燃烧的

dust-free
adj.
无[防]尘的

dustheap
[`dQsthi:p]
n.
垃圾堆

dust-laden
adj.
多尘的, 含尘的

dustman
[5dQstmEn]
n.
[英]清道夫, 垃圾夫

dustpan
[5dQstpAn]
n.

(1)

在450-600兆范围内自动[人工]调谐的超外差接收机

(2)

畚[簸]箕 dust-precipitator n. 收尘器

dust-proof
adj.
防尘的

dust-shot
n.

(1)

小钻粒

(2)

小金属粒, 最小号的子弹

dustshower
n.
尘雨

dust-tight
adj.
防尘的

dustup
n.
[美]

(1)

争吵, 争论

(2)

[俚]骚乱, 喧闹

dust-well
n.
尘穴

dust-whirl
n.
尘旋

dustless
[`dQstlIs]
adj.
无灰尘的

dustlike
adj.
尘[粉]状的

习惯用语

as dry as dust
枯燥乏味

be humbled in the dust
遭到奇耻大辱

be humbled to the dust
遭到奇耻大辱

be out for the dust
[美口]一心想赚钱

bite the dust
战死; 倒毙; 一败涂地

crumble to dust
倒塌; 垮; 化为乌有

devil's dust
[俚]破碎的旧布

Down with your dust!
拿出钱来! 现金交易!

Down with the dust!
拿出钱来! 现金交易!

eat dust
含垢忍辱

give the dust to
[美]超越, 赶过

have a little dust
交手打一个回合

honoured dust
(某人的)遗体

in dust and ashes (=in sackcloth and ashes)
【宗】(在头上撒满灰尘表示)悲切忏悔, 悲痛(出自《圣经》)

in the dust
死; 屈辱

kick up a dust
争执, 吵闹; 闹事, 引起骚动

make a dust
争执, 吵闹; 闹事, 引起骚动

raise a dust
争执, 吵闹; 闹事, 引起骚动

kiss the dust
屈服; 被制服; 被打倒

lay the dust
(雨)压落尘埃

level in the dust
夷平, 毁平, 使倒下

lick the dust
被打得一败涂地; 卑躬屈节

lie in the dust

(1)

成为废墟

(2)

战死

make the dust fly
兴冲冲地干; 蛮干; 卖力地干

out of the dust
由灰尘中; 由屈辱境地中

raise sb. from the dust
提拔某人于微贱之中

shake the dust off one's feet (=shake off the dust of one's feet)
愤然(或轻蔑地)离去

sweep the dust under the carpet
把不愉快的事情掩盖起来

take the dust of
落后于; 赶不上

the dust and heat of the day
激烈的战斗; 竞争激烈

throw dust in sb.'s eyes
迷惑[蒙蔽, 欺骗]某人

turn to dust and ashes
(希望)化为泡影; 烟消云散

dust and ashes

(1)

尘埃之身(有自我谦卑之意)

(2)

尘渣, 粪土(有轻贱之意)

dust down
把灰尘掸掉或刷掉

dust'em off
[美口]用功; 话旧; 重理旧业

dust off

(1)

掸去[拭去]灰尘

(2)

急忙离去

(3)

重新使用[温习]

dust sb. off

(1)

痛打某人

(2)

把某人杀掉

(3)

(棒球)故意把球向击球员身上投去

特殊用法

abrasive dust
磨屑

airborne dust
气载尘埃

aluminum dust
铝粉

anther dust
花粉

asbestos dust
石棉尘

atmosphere dust
大气尘埃

batch dust
配合料粉尘

blast-furnace dust
高炉灰

blood dust
血尘(指冶金企业排出的红色烟尘)

blowing dust
【气】高吹尘

boiler dust
锅炉灰尘

bone dust
骨粉

boring dust
镗屑

boxwood dust
木屑

bug dust
【采矿】粉尘

carbon dust
碳尘

cement kiln dust
水泥窑粉尘

charcoal dust
木炭粉

coal dust
煤屑

combustion dust
燃烧尘

cosmic dust
宇宙尘

degelatinized bone dust
脱胶骨粉

diamond dust
金刚砂

drifting dust
浮土; 飘尘; 低吹尘

ebonite dust
硬质胶粉; 胶木粉

emery dust
(金刚)砂粉

fiber dust
纤维性粉尘

fibrous dust
纤维性粉尘

file dust
锉屑

floating dust
飘尘

flour dust
粗面粉, 粗谷 粉; 粉尘

flue dust
烟道尘

flying dust
飞尘

furnace dust
炉灰

germ-laden dust
含菌尘埃

glass dust
(表面粘附的)玻璃屑

graphite dust
石墨粉尘

grinding dust
研磨粉

grindstone dust
磨削屑

harmful dust
【医】有害粉尘

industrial dust
工业粉尘

interstellar dust
【天】星际尘埃

iron dust
铁粉, 铁屑

lead dust
铅末

lime dust
石灰尘

magnesium dust
【冶】镁粉

malt dust
麦芽糖

marble dust
白粉; 白垩粉(用作壁画基底)

metal dust
金属粉尘

mine(ral) dust
矿尘

natural dust
天然粉尘; 自然尘土

organic dust
有机灰尘; 有机粉尘

peat dust
泥煤尘; 泥煤粉

pyrite dust
黄铁矿粉

radioactive dust
放射性灰尘, 放射性尘埃

soot dust
烟尘, 煤尘, 煤灰

spray dust
雾尘

standard dust
标准粉体

starch dust
淀粉细粉, 粉状淀粉

stone dust
石粉

street dust
街道尘埃

suspended dust
悬浮尘埃

tea dust
茶叶末

toxic dust
【采矿】井下有毒尘埃

ultra-fine dust
特细粉末

volcanic dust
火山尘

wind-borne dust
风载尘

zinc dust
锌粉

英文相关词典

dust
clean    powder    sprinkle    wipe off    

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

dust
粉末, 灰尘

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

dust
粉末, 灰尘

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

dust
灰尘;拉圾

美国传统词典

dust
dust
AHD:[d?st]
D.J.[d(st]
K.K.[d(st]
n.

(1)

Fine, dry particles of matter.

(2)

A cloud of fine, dry particles.

(3)

Particles of matter regarded as the result of disintegration:
fabric that had fallen to dust over the centuries.

(4)

Earth, especially when regarded as the substance of the grave:
“ashes to ashes, dust to dust”(Book of Common Prayer)

(5)

The surface of the ground.

(6)

A debased or despised condition.

(7)

Something of no worth.

(8)

Chiefly British Rubbish readied for disposal.

(9)

Confusion; agitation; commotion:
won't go back in until the dust settles.
v.
dust.ed, dust.ing, dusts
v.tr.

(1)

To remove dust from by wiping, brushing, or beating:
dust the furniture.

(2)

To sprinkle with a powdery substance:
dusted the cookies with sugar; dust crops with fertilizer.

(3)

To apply or strew in fine particles:
dusted talcum powder on my feet.

(4)

Baseball To deliver a pitch so close to (the batter) as to make the batter back away.
v.intr.

(1)

To clean by removing dust.

(2)

To cover itself with such particulate matter. Used of a bird.

常用词组

dust off
To restore to use:
dusted off last year's winter coat.

习惯用语

in the dust
Far behind, as in a race or competition:
a marketing strategy that left our competitors in the dust.

make the dust fly
To go about a task with great energy and speed.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English d?t

[名词委审定]英汉大气科学名词(1996)

dust

(1)

浮尘

(2)

较小的沙粒和尘埃悬浮于空气中,使天穹呈土黄色, 水平能见度小于10km的天气现象。

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

dust
飘尘

[名词委审定]英汉化学工程名词(1995)

dust
粉尘

[名词委审定]英汉煤炭科技名词(定义版, 1996)

dust

(1)

粉尘

(2)

固体物质细微颗粒的总称。

英汉船舶大词典

dust
n.尘埃,粉尘,粉末;n.烟尘

英汉电信大词典

dust
n.粉末,灰尘

英汉地质大词典

dust
n.尘,火山灰,煤尘

英汉法学大词典

dust
n.粉尘

英汉纺织大词典

dust
n.淡褐色

英汉环境大词典

dust
n.粉尘,粉剂

英汉航空大词典

dust
n.灰尘,尘埃;n.灰尘,尘土;n.撒,撒在...上

英汉化学大词典

dust
n.灰尘,粉末,垃圾,屑,粉剂,粉,末;vt.除尘,起尘,弄成粉末,涂粉

英汉海运大词典

dust
灰尘,尘埃粉末屑清除灰尘,打扫灰尘

基本词义

dust
粉末,灰尘,尘埃粉末屑,清除灰尘,打扫灰尘

基本词义

dust
粉末灰尘,尘埃粉末屑清除灰尘,打扫灰尘除尘

基本词义

dust
灰尘粉末除尘

基本词义

dust
灰尘,尘埃粉末清除灰尘

英汉计算机大词典

dust
n.灰尘(粉末,垃圾);vt.除尘(起尘,弄成粉末

英汉机械大词典

dust
n.尘埃,粉末

英汉建筑大词典

dust
n.灰尘

英汉水利大词典

dust
n.粉末,粉剂,粉尘

英汉消防大词典

dust
尘埃, 粉尘

英汉心理学大词典

dust
灰尘

英汉冶金大词典

dust
n.尘埃,灰尘

英汉医学大词典

dust
n.尘,尘病

英汉中医大词典

dust
n.粉尘,粉末,掺

英汉造纸大词典

dust
n.尘屑,矿尘

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