简明英汉词典

drudge
[drQdV]
n.
做苦工的人
vi.
干苦力, 做苦工
vt.
强迫做苦工

美国传统词典[双解]

drudge
drudge 1
AHD:[dr?j]
D.J.[dr(d9]
K.K.[dr(d9]
n.(名词)
A person who does tedious, menial, or unpleasant work.
做苦工的人:做单调、卑贱或不愉快工作的人
v.intr.(不及物动词)
drudgeddrudg.ingdrudg.es
To do tedious, unpleasant, or menial work.
苦工:做单调无味或卑贱的工作

语源
From Middle English druggen [to labor] ; akin to Old English dr?ogan [to work, suffer]
源自 中古英语 druggen [劳动] ;类似于 古英语 dr?ogan [工作,受苦]

继承用法

drudger
n.(名词)

drudgingly
adv.(副词)

基本词义

drudge
drudge 2
AHD:[dr?j]
D.J.[dr(d9]
K.K.[dr(d9]
n.(名词)
v.Chesapeake Bay (动词)【切萨皮克湾】
Variant of dredge 1
dredge的变体1

注释
“Out here on the Chesapeake, they call it ‘drudging for arsters,’”says Charles Kuralt in his book On the Road with Charles Kuralt. The standard English verb dredge is pronounced with a centralized vowel by Chesapeake Bay oyster fishermen, yielding drudge. Drudge in turn has been picked up by city dwellers on the Delmarva Peninsula; a survey of some young people from Baltimore revealed that they did not even know that there was a standard English verb dredge. Kuralt gives the regional pronunciation a whimsical folk etymology with the standard meaning of drudge, “to do tedious, menial, or unpleasant work,” observing, “Whatever you do for a living, it's not as hard as ‘drudging for arsters.’”
在切萨皮克湾那边,他们把它称之为“为捕虾做苦工,”查尔斯·库洛特在他的与查尔斯·库洛特同游 一书中谈及。 标准英语动词dredge ,在发音时其元音被切萨皮克湾捕虾渔民发成中元音,随后产生 drudge。 Drudge 又被德尔马瓦半岛一城市居民吸收;对来自巴尔的摩的一部分年轻人的调查表明,他们甚至不知道有一个标准英语动词dredge 。 对具有标准含义的drudge “做单调、卑贱或无趣工作”,库洛特给出了一个稀奇古怪的民俗语源, 他说道,“无论你以何谋生,再没有比捕虾做的工更苦的了”

现代英汉词典

drudge
[drQdV]
n.
做苦工的人;做辛苦乏味工作的人

词性变化

drudge
vi.
drudged, drudging
做苦工;做辛苦乏味的工作

现代英汉综合大辞典

drudge
[drQdV]
vi.
做苦工, 干单调乏味的工作(at, over)
drudge at a tedious work
干单调无味的苦活

词性变化

drudge
[drQdV]
vt.
强使(某人)做苦工
n.

(1)

做[单调乏味工作]的人; 单调乏味的工作

(2)

苦工

(3)

【航海】(舰长室的)侍者

(4)

[美俚]生威士忌酒

继承用法

drudger
n.

词性变化

drudgingly
adv.
艰辛地, 苦役般地, 单调乏味地

英文相关词典

drudge
plod    work away    

美国传统词典

drudge
drudge 1
AHD:[dr?j]
D.J.[dr(d/]
K.K.[dr(d/]
n.
A person who does tedious, menial, or unpleasant work.
v.intr.
drudged, drudg.ing, drudg.es
To do tedious, unpleasant, or menial work.

语源
From Middle English druggen [to labor] ; akin to Old English dr?ogan [to work, suffer]

继承用法

drudger
n.

drudgingly
adv.

基本词义

drudge
drudge 2
AHD:[dr?j]
D.J.[dr(d/]
K.K.[dr(d/]
n.
v.Chesapeake Bay
Variant of dredge 1

注释
“Out here on the Chesapeake, they call it ‘drudging for arsters,’”says Charles Kuralt in his book On the Road with Charles Kuralt. The standard English verb dredge is pronounced with a centralized vowel by Chesapeake Bay oyster fishermen, yielding drudge. Drudge in turn has been picked up by city dwellers on the Delmarva Peninsula; a survey of some young people from Baltimore revealed that they did not even know that there was a standard English verb dredge. Kuralt gives the regional pronunciation a whimsical folk etymology with the standard meaning of drudge, “to do tedious, menial, or unpleasant work,” observing, “Whatever you do for a living, it's not as hard as ‘drudging for arsters.’”

英汉化学大词典

drudge
vt.做苦工;n.做苦工的人

英汉计算机大词典

drudge
vt.做苦工;n.做苦工的人

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