简明英汉词典

drain
[drein]
n.
排水沟, 消耗, 排水
vt.
排出沟外, 喝干, 耗尽
vi.
排水, 流干

美国传统词典[双解]

drain
drain
AHD:[dr3n]
D.J.[drein]
K.K.[dren]
v.(动词)
draineddrain.ingdrains
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To draw off (a liquid) by a gradual process:
排出:渐渐地放掉液体:
drained water from the sink.
将水从污水槽中排掉

(2)

To cause liquid to go out from; empty:
排干:使液体流掉;排空:
drained the bathtub; drain the pond.
放掉浴池的水;排净水塘的水

(3)

To draw off the surface water of:
排干表面的水:
The Mississippi River drains a vast area.
密西西比河枯竭了一大片区域

(4)

To drink all the contents of:
喝光:喝干内容物:
drained the cup.
干杯

(5)

To deplete gradually, especially to the point of complete exhaustion.See Synonyms at deplete
耗尽:逐渐耗尽,尤指消耗直至完全枯竭参见 deplete

(6)

To fatigue or spend emotionally or physically:
消耗:使在情感上或肉体上疲劳或消耗:
The day's events completely drained me of all strength.
这天的事情使我精疲力竭
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To flow off or out:
排出:流掉或流出:
Gasoline drained slowly from the tilted can.
煤油慢慢从倾斜的油罐里流出来

(2)

To become empty by the drawing off of liquid:
变干:因液体流净而变空:
watched the tub slowly drain.
看着浴缸慢慢排空

(3)

To discharge surface or excess water:
注入:排走地面上的或多余的水:
The Niagara River drains into Lake Ontario. When flooded, the swamp drains northward.
尼加拉河流入安大略湖。发洪水时,沼泽向北泄水

(4)

To become gradually depleted; dwindle:
枯竭:被逐渐耗尽;减少:
felt his enthusiasm draining.
感到他的热情渐渐消失
n.(名词)

(1)

A pipe or channel by which liquid is drawn off.
排水管:排掉液体的管或通道

(2)

Medicine A device, such as a tube, inserted into the opening of a wound or body cavity to facilitate discharge of fluid or purulent material.
【医学】 引流管:插入伤口或体腔,以便排出液体或脓状物的装置,如管子

(3)

The act or process of draining.
排放:排去液体的行为或过程

(4)

A gradual outflow or loss; consumption or depletion:
流出:逐渐地流出或失去;消耗或耗尽:
the drain of young talent by emigration.
移民导致的青年人才流失

(5)

Something that causes a gradual loss:
消耗的东西:造成逐渐流失的东西:
interruptions that are a drain on my patience.
使我丧失耐心的插话

习惯用语

down the drain
To or into the condition of being wasted or lost:
处于被浪费或丢失状态:
All of our best laid plans are down the drain.
我们所有精心布置的计划都付之东流

语源

(1)

Middle English dreinen [to strain, drain]
中古英语 dreinen [拉,排出]

(2)

from Old English dr?n
源自 古英语 dr?n

继承用法

drainable
adj.(形容词)

drainer
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

drain
[dreIn]
vt., vi.

(1)

排出;流掉
The water drained away slowly.
水排得很慢。

(2)

弄干;变干
to drain pus
排脓
After I washed the plates, I left them to drain.
洗过那些盘子后我让它滴干。

(3)

排干…积水
Land must be well drained for some crops.
土地必须排水以适合某些作物。

(4)

喝光;饮尽

(5)

消耗;损耗

词性变化

drain
n.

(1)

排水管;排水道
Your kitchen drain has become blocked by tea leaves.
你家厨房的排水管被茶叶堵上了。

(2)

损耗;消耗

现代英汉综合大辞典

drain
[drein]
vt.

(1)

逐渐地排去(水等液体); 排去...的水; 排泄; 放干(away, off)

(2)

喝光[干]

(3)

使耗尽; 用完

(4)

使...枯竭[流尽] (of)
drainoff [away] the dirty water
排去脏水
drain a glass of wine
喝干一杯酒
be drained of one's energy
精疲力尽
drain a district of its resources
使一地区资源枯竭

词性变化

drain
[drein]
vi.

(1)

(水等)慢慢地流掉; 慢慢地枯竭

(2)

(土地)排水; (衣服)滴干; (碗碟等)晾干
The water drained away.
水流干了。
Thefield drained into the river.
田里的水渐渐流进河里了。
His passion was slowly draining from him.
他的热情逐渐消失了。
Hang up the washing to drain.
把洗好的衣服挂起来让它晾干。

drain
[drein]
n.

(1)

排水, 放干

(2)

排水沟, 排水管, 阴沟; [pl.](建筑物的)排水设备

(3)

(财富等的)不断外流, 逐渐流光

(4)

(精力, 时间, 金钱的)消耗

(5)

[口]一口之量(指酒等液体)

(6)

【医】导管, 排液管; 排脓管; 引流; 导液
a bad smell from the drain
阴沟里冒出来的难闻气味
Our plans to go swimming went down the drain when it rained.
天一下雨, 我们去游泳的计划就全落空了。

继承用法

drainboard
n.
滴水板

drainpipe
[5dreInpaIp]
n.
排水管

drainable
adj.
可排泄[疏出]的

drainless
[`dreInlIs]
adj.

(1)

无排水设备的

(2)

取之不尽的

习惯用语

brain (power) drain
脑力人才外流(指科技人员等)

brawn drain
体力人才外流(指劳动者, 运动员等)

go down the drain

(1)

(情况)越来越糟; (人)每况愈下

(2)

(资金等)被耗费掉; (计划等)落空, 破产

laugh like a drain
[口](面对别人的窘境)纵声大笑

to the drains
完全喝光, 一点不剩

drain away
排去(水等 液体); (水等)流掉; 渐渐枯竭

drain off
排去(水等 液体); (水等)流掉; 渐渐枯竭

特殊用法

aggregate drain
集料盲沟

agricultural drain
农田排水

air drain
气门, 气道

arch drain
拱形排水沟

average current drain
平均电耗

basket drain
(桶、池、锅等的)排水篮

blind drain
盲沟, 地下排水沟, 暗沟

box drain
方沟

branch drain
排水支管

cash drain
现金流出

catch(-water) drain
截水沟[管]

chevron drain
人字形排水沟

common drain
共漏

counter drain
河堤排水沟

cross drain
横向排水沟

current drain
耗用电流

deep side drain
深排水边沟

external drains
外流因素

filter drain
过滤管

floating roof drain
浮顶油罐的排水

floor drain
地面排水管

foreign drain
现金外流

French drain
暗沟

gas drain
【采矿】瓦斯排泄道

gold drain
黄金外流

gravity drain
自重泄油, 自重泄油管路

herringbone drain
人字形排水沟

house drain
住宅排水沟

intercepting drain
截水沟

internal drain
国内枯竭

land drain
地面排水沟

main drain
总排水管

manpower drain
劳力外流

mole drain
鼠道式排水沟

oil drain
放油, 放油口

open drain
明沟, 明渠

outward drain of funds
支付超额

overboard steam drain
蒸汽排出

pipe drain
排水管; 管沟

power drain
耗用动力, 耗用功率

pump drain
抽水沟

quiescent power drain
静态功耗

rock drain
填石盲沟

roof drain
浮顶油 罐的排水系统

rubble drain
乱石盲沟

sand drain
排水砂桩

service drain
工作面排水沟

side drain
边沟

slope revetment drain
边坡支撑渗沟

steam generator water tank drain
蒸汽发生器水罐放水口

steam passage drain
汽路排水孔

stone drain
石砌排水沟

storage drain
贮池水道; 贮池水管

storm drain
暴雨水沟; 暴雨下水道

stormwater drain
暴雨水沟

subsoil drain
地下排水沟

surface water drain
泄水暗沟

transverse drain
横向排水管

tunnel floor drain
隧底排水管

vertical sand drain
砂井, 竖向排水砂沟

water drain
下水道; 排水

drain of capital
资金外流

drain of reserve
外汇储备外流

用法词典

drain
中古英语dreinen<古英语dreahnian排干

英文相关词典

drain
deprive    draw off    dry    empty    exhaust    filter    spend    use    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

drain
排水沟

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

drain
排水沟

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

drain
漏极

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

drain
排泄口;瘤

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

drain
排出, 排水

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

drain
排水管

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

drain
排水道, 泄水管

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

drain
排水管, 排水沟, 放水道

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

drain
引淋

美国传统词典

drain
drain
AHD:[dr3n]
D.J.[drein]
K.K.[dren]
v.
drained, drain.ing, drains
v.tr.

(1)

To draw off (a liquid) by a gradual process:
drained water from the sink.

(2)

To cause liquid to go out from; empty:
drained the bathtub; drain the pond.

(3)

To draw off the surface water of:
The Mississippi River drains a vast area.

(4)

To drink all the contents of:
drained the cup.

(5)

To deplete gradually, especially to the point of complete exhaustion.See Synonyms at deplete

(6)

To fatigue or spend emotionally or physically:
The day's events completely drained me of all strength.
v.intr.

(1)

To flow off or out:
Gasoline drained slowly from the tilted can.

(2)

To become empty by the drawing off of liquid:
watched the tub slowly drain.

(3)

To discharge surface or excess water:
The Niagara River drains into Lake Ontario. When flooded, the swamp drains northward.

(4)

To become gradually depleted; dwindle:
felt his enthusiasm draining.
n.

(1)

A pipe or channel by which liquid is drawn off.

(2)

Medicine A device, such as a tube, inserted into the opening of a wound or body cavity to facilitate discharge of fluid or purulent material.

(3)

The act or process of draining.

(4)

A gradual outflow or loss; consumption or depletion:
the drain of young talent by emigration.

(5)

Something that causes a gradual loss:
interruptions that are a drain on my patience.

习惯用语

down the drain
To or into the condition of being wasted or lost:
All of our best laid plans are down the drain.

语源

(1)

Middle English dreinen [to strain, drain]

(2)

from Old English dr?n

继承用法

drainable
adj.

drainer
n.

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

drain
排液装置

英汉电力大词典

drain
n.牵引力,迎面阻力,制动力

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

drain
(场效应晶体管的)漏(板,极)

英汉电信大词典

drain
n.消耗,排水

英汉地质大词典

drain
n.排泄,排水沟,排水管,排水沟,排水

英汉纺织大词典

drain
n.排水

英汉航海大词典

drain
n.流失

英汉环境大词典

drain
n.排水管,排水沟,排水,排泄,排水沟

英汉航空大词典

drain
n.放泄,放油

英汉化学大词典

drain
n.泄水,排水管,暗沟,用完,排放口,排泄,排水;vt.排水,漏电,消耗

英汉海运大词典

drain
泄水,疏水排泄孔,排水孔,泄水管消耗,漏电,(场效应晶体管的)漏极

基本词义

drain
排水,泄水排水渠(场效应晶体管的)漏极疏水,残水排泄孔,排水孔,泄水管,水沟消耗漏电排泄

基本词义

drain
排水,泄水排水渠(场效应晶体管的)漏极

基本词义

drain
排泄,泄水,疏水,残水排泄孔,排水孔,泄水管,水沟消耗漏电(场效应晶体管的)漏极排泄漏(电)

基本词义

drain
排泄,泄水,疏水,残水排泄孔,排水孔消耗漏电(场效应晶体管的)漏极排泄漏(电)

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

drain
排水<液>管

英汉经贸大词典

drain
n.流失

英汉计算机大词典

drain
vt.排水(漏电,消耗);n.排水管(冷凝水,径流

英汉机械大词典

drain
n.排泄,排出

英汉建筑大词典

drain
n.排水,排水管

英汉农牧林大词典

drain
n.排去,排水

英汉水利大词典

drain
n.排水,排气,排油

英汉消防大词典

drain
导管,排水,[~s]排水设备

英汉冶金大词典

drain
n.排水,流出

英汉医学大词典

drain
n.导液,引流管

英汉中医大词典

drain
n.引流排去,耗尽,排出

英汉造纸大词典

drain
n.泄水,排水

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004