简明英汉词典

draft
[drB:ft]
n.
草稿, 草案, 草图
vt.
起草, 为...打样, 设计
v.
草拟

美国传统词典[双解]

draft
draft
AHD:[dr2ft]
D.J.[dr#ft]
K.K.[dr#ft]
n.Abbr. dft.(名词)缩写 dft.

(1)

A current of air in an enclosed area.
气流:封闭空间中的气流

(2)

A device that regulates the flow or circulation of air.
调节气流的装置:调节空气流动或循环的装置

(3)

The act of pulling loads; traction.
拖拽:拖动装载物的行为;牵引

(4)

Something that is pulled or drawn; a load.
负荷物:被拉或拖动的东西;装载物

(5)

A team of animals used to pull loads.
驮重物的兽群队伍:用来拉重物的一群牲口

(6)

Nautical The depth of a vessel's keel below the water line, especially when loaded:
【航海】 吃水深度:船的龙骨在吃水线下的深度,尤指载重(时的吃水深度):
a river vessel of shallow draft.
吃水浅的河船

(7)

A heavy demand on resources.
强大需求:对资源的强大需求

(8)

A written order directing the payment of money from an account or fund.
汇款:指示直接从户头或基金付款的书面命令

(9)

A gulp, a swallow, or an inhalation.
吞、饮或吸入

(10)

The amount taken in by a single act of drinking or inhaling.
吸入量:由一次动作饮入或吸入的量

(11)

A measured portion; a dose.
一定的量;一剂

(12)

The drawing of a liquid, as from a cask or keg.
汲取:汲取液体,如从桶中

(13)

An amount drawn:
汲取液体的量:
ordered two drafts of ale.
定了两份麦芽酒

(14)

The process or method of selecting one or more individuals from a group, as for a service or duty:
挑选:从团体中选出一个人或若干人来承担某种服务或职责的方法或过程:
a candidate who did not pursue the nomination, but accepted a draft by the party convention.
一位不谋求提名,但接受党的会议征召的候选人

(15)

Compulsory enrollment in the armed forces; conscription.
征兵:军队的义务服役的注册;征兵

(16)

A body of people selected or conscripted.
被选出或征召服役的一群人

(17)

Sports A system in which the exclusive rights to new players are distributed among professional teams.
【体育运动】 选拔新队员权制度:在职业性球队之间分配新运动员专有权的一种制度

(18)

The act of drawing in a fishnet.
拖鱼网

(19)

The quantity of fish caught.
捕鱼量

(20)

A preliminary outline of a plan, document, or picture:
草稿:计划、文件或图画的初步草案:
the first draft of a report.
一份报告的初稿

(21)

A representation of something to be constructed.
代表:所构想的某种东西的表现

(22)

A narrow line chiseled on a stone to guide a stonecutter in leveling its surface.
琢边:在石头上刻下的引导切石工磨平其表面的窄线

(23)

A slight taper given a die to facilitate the removal of a casting.
转子:嵌在模具上的细长拨销,使铸件容易被切割

(24)

An allowance made for loss in weight of merchandise.
折价:商品的重损耗折扣
v.(动词)
draft.eddraft.ingdrafts
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To select from a group for some usually compulsory service:
选拔:为某种,通常是义务性的服务而从一群人中选拔:
drafted into the army.
被征召入伍

(2)

To draw up a preliminary version of or plan for.
起草:为…制定草案或计划

(3)

To create by thinking and writing; compose:
拟稿:通过思考或写作来创造;创作:
draft a speech.
拟一份演讲稿
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To drive close behind another vehicle to take advantage of the reduced air pressure in its wake.
车的尾流优势:驱车紧跟在另一辆车的后面以便利用其尾流里被减弱的空气压力的优势
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Suited for or used for drawing heavy loads:
适于或用于牵引重物的:
oxen and other draft animals.
牛和其它牵引重物的动物

(2)

Drawn from a cask or tap:
从木桶或酒桶中汲出的:
draft beer.
生啤酒

习惯用语

on draft
Drawn from a large container, such as a keg.
散装的,直接汲取的:从一个大容器中汲取的,如酒桶

语源

(1)

Middle English draught [act of drawing or pulling]
中古英语 draught [拖或拉的行为]

(2)

from Old English *dreaht ; akin to dragan [to draw]
源自 古英语 *dreaht ;类似于 dragan [拖]

现代英汉词典

draft
[drB:ft; (?@) drAft]
n.

(1)

草稿;草图

(2)

银行汇票

(3)

挑选

(4)

征兵

(5)

风;气流
a cold draught under the door
门底下的冷风

(6)

吞咽;一口

(7)

(轮船)吃水

习惯用语

on draught

(1)

汲出(啤酒)

(2)

跳棋棋子

(3)

跳棋

词性变化

draft
adj.

(1)

拖拉的(牲畜)
a draught horse
拉车的马

(2)

汲出的
draught beer
汲出的啤酒

draft
vt.

(1)

画草图;打草稿

(2)

挑选

(3)

征兵

现代英汉综合大辞典

draft
[drB:ft]
n.
(=draught)

(1)

草稿, 草案, 草图, 图样, 设计; 轮廓

(2)

选拔队, 别动队, 分遣队(的选拔); [美]征兵, 所征的兵; 征集

(3)

汇票; 付款通知单; (款项的)支取; [喻]索取, 强要

(4)

吸饮; 一饮, 一吸, 汲出; (药水等的)一服; (捕鱼等的)一网(鱼)

(5)

[美]拉, 牵引, 拖伸; 所拖的东西

(6)

【商】重量损耗折扣; (体力, 金钱, 时间等 的)消耗

(7)

(石工的)凿槽, 琢边

(8)

通风; 气流; 穿堂风; 通风装置

(9)

[美](船的)吃水(深度)

(10)

【工】拔模斜度

(11)

【气】空气拖曳
a draft for [of] a speech
讲话底稿
a rough draft
草稿
the first draft
初稿
a draft system
征兵制
a draft for 100 yuan on the bank
一张向银行支取100元的汇票
a demand draft
即期汇票
drink off at a draft
一饮而尽
a draft of air
一阵风
stand in a draft
站在通风处
a ship with a draft of 25 feet
吃水二十五英尺的船

词性变化

draft
[drB:ft]
vt.

(1)

起草; 为...打样, 设计

(2)

选派, 选拔; [美]征(兵)

(3)

汲出

(4)

在(石)上凿槽(或琢边)

(5)

拉开
draft a bill
起草法案
draft a doctor for a special task
选拔医生去执行一项特殊任务
be drafted into the army
应征入伍
oil drafted by pumps
用泵抽出的油

draft
[drB:ft]
adj.

(1)

(马等)供役使的

(2)

(啤酒等)桶装的

(3)

正在起草中的

继承用法

draft-age
adj.
[美]应征年龄的

词性变化

draft
[drB:ft]
n.
公耗

draft-height
n.
吸出高度

draft-hole
n.
通风孔

draftmeter
n.
风压表

draftomter
n.
牵伸力, 测定器

draftability
n.
可拉伸性

draftee
[drB:f5ti:]

draft
[drB:ft]
n.
[美]应征入伍者

习惯用语

at a draft
一口气, 一饮(而尽)

at one draft
一口气, 一饮(而尽)

feel thedraft
[俚](手头)拮据

make a draft on

(1)

向...支取

(2)

要求(某人的信任, 忠诚, 耐心等)

make a draft upon

(1)

向...支取

(2)

要求(某人的信任, 忠诚, 耐心等)

make out a draft of
起草

on draft
桶装的, 随时可以从桶里汲出的

on draught
桶装的, 随时可以从桶里汲出的

特殊用法

acceptance draft
承兑汇票

accommodation draft
通融汇票

aft draft
艉吃水; 后吃水

air draft
通气, 通风, 抽风, 吸风; 气流

angled draft
【纺】人字穿综法

arrival draft
到货汇票(货到后提示的汇票)

artificial draft
人工通风

available draft
可用通风压头

average draft
平均牵引阻力

back draft
【冶】反拔模斜度, 逆通风, 逆行气流

bank draft
银行汇票

bank demand draft
银行即期汇票

bearer draft
来人汇票, 不记名汇票

chimney draft
烟囱通风

stack draft
烟囱通风

chisel draft
雕刻前在石头上划出边缘轮廓

clean draft
光票; 普通汇票

commercial draft
商业票据

commercial bill
商业票据

commercial paper
商业票据

date draft (=time draft)
远期汇票, 定期票据

decline draft
拒付

demand draft
即期汇票

direct draft
直接汇票

dishonour draft
拒付

documentary draft
押汇汇票; 交换提单的汇票

domestic draft
国内汇票

down draft
倒焰, 倒风, 向下通风

effective draft
有效抽力

extreme draft
最大吃水

forced draft
强迫通风

furnace draft
炉子抽力

gold draft
黄金支票

guaranty travellers draft
保证旅行汇票

high pressure draft
高压气流

honour draft
照付

horizontal draft
横吸式

induced draft
进气通风; 诱导通风

inverse draft
反拔模斜度

inverted draft
逆向气流

laden draft
满载吃水

light draft
空载吃水

margin draft
石缘琢边

maximum draft
最强通风; 最大吃水深度

mean draft
平均吃水

mechanical draft
机械通风

natural draft
自然通风

notarized draft
经公证人签章证明的汇票

order draft
记名[抬头]汇票

pattern draft
起模[拔模]斜度

plug drawing draft
钢管定径拉拔法

point draft
【纺】山形穿法

positive draft
正压通风, 人工通风

preliminary draft
初步计划

presentation draft
不记名票据

reimbursement draft
索偿汇票

relative frequency draft
相对频率变差

remittance draft
汇票

reverse draft
逆吃水

reversed draft
【纺】山形穿法

shallow draft
吃水浅

sharp draft
强力通风

sight draft
即期票据

skip draft
【纺】跳穿

sola draft
单张汇票

sola bill
单张汇票

space draft
【纺】分区穿综法

stack draft
烟囱排烟[通风], 烟囱抽力

suction draft
吸入通风, 抽引风力

tanker draft
油槽船吃水

tanker loaded draft
油槽船装载吃水

taper draft
(拔丝)减面率梯度

telegraphic draft
电汇票

tenor draft
限期汇票

three party draft
三方汇票

time draft
远期汇票, 定期汇票

date draft
远期汇票, 定期汇票

two party draft
双方汇票

two-party sight draft
双方即期汇票

unit draft
单机牵引

up draft
向上通风; 上升气流

usance draft
远期汇票

usance bill
远期汇票

winter draft
冬季吃水

working draft
工作草案 (ISO文件的一种)

zero draft
无锥度

draft for collection
托收汇票

draft for remittance
汇票

draft of sight
见票即付汇票

draft on demand
即期汇票

draft with recourse
有追索权汇票

用法词典

draft
来自古英语dragan的词干→draught草图

英文相关词典

draft
air    bill    call-up    check    drawing    enlistment    enrollment    induction    note    outline    recruitment    sketch    wind    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

draft
草案;草稿;汇票;起草;通风

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

draft
通风

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

draft
吃水;通风

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

draft
吃水, 吃水深度

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

draft
绘图

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

draft
通风

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

draft
穿综

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

draft
通风;壁斜度;压下率

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

draft
通风

美国传统词典

draft
draft
AHD:[dr2ft]
D.J.[dr#ft]
K.K.[dr#ft]
n.Abbr. dft.

(1)

A current of air in an enclosed area.

(2)

A device that regulates the flow or circulation of air.

(3)

The act of pulling loads; traction.

(4)

Something that is pulled or drawn; a load.

(5)

A team of animals used to pull loads.

(6)

Nautical The depth of a vessel's keel below the water line, especially when loaded:
a river vessel of shallow draft.

(7)

A heavy demand on resources.

(8)

A written order directing the payment of money from an account or fund.

(9)

A gulp, a swallow, or an inhalation.

(10)

The amount taken in by a single act of drinking or inhaling.

(11)

A measured portion; a dose.

(12)

The drawing of a liquid, as from a cask or keg.

(13)

An amount drawn:
ordered two drafts of ale.

(14)

The process or method of selecting one or more individuals from a group, as for a service or duty:
a candidate who did not pursue the nomination, but accepted a draft by the party convention.

(15)

Compulsory enrollment in the armed forces; conscription.

(16)

A body of people selected or conscripted.

(17)

Sports A system in which the exclusive rights to new players are distributed among professional teams.

(18)

The act of drawing in a fishnet.

(19)

The quantity of fish caught.

(20)

A preliminary outline of a plan, document, or picture:
the first draft of a report.

(21)

A representation of something to be constructed.

(22)

A narrow line chiseled on a stone to guide a stonecutter in leveling its surface.

(23)

A slight taper given a die to facilitate the removal of a casting.

(24)

An allowance made for loss in weight of merchandise.
v.
draft.ed, draft.ing, drafts
v.tr.

(1)

To select from a group for some usually compulsory service:
drafted into the army.

(2)

To draw up a preliminary version of or plan for.

(3)

To create by thinking and writing; compose:
draft a speech.
v.intr.
To drive close behind another vehicle to take advantage of the reduced air pressure in its wake.
adj.

(1)

Suited for or used for drawing heavy loads:
oxen and other draft animals.

(2)

Drawn from a cask or tap:
draft beer.

习惯用语

on draft
Drawn from a large container, such as a keg.

语源

(1)

Middle English draught [act of drawing or pulling]

(2)

from Old English *dreaht ; akin to dragan [to draw]

[名词委审定]英汉航海科技名词(1996)

draft
吃水

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

draft

(1)

吃水

(2)

船体在水面以下的垂直深度。

英汉船舶大词典

draft
n.吃水,付款通知,付款通知单;n.制图

英汉电力大词典

draft
n.吸出,通风,抽风

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

draft
草图,草稿;通风

英汉电信大词典

draft
n.草图,起草

英汉地质大词典

draft
n.通风,制图,拖曳

英汉法学大词典

draft
v.起草 ,征兵,制定,草案 ,草拟,汇票,征 ;n.设计 ,征兵,征集物资,制定

英汉纺织大词典

draft
n.牵伸

英汉航海大词典

draft
n.商品重量损耗补贴

英汉环境大词典

draft
n.气,通风

英汉航空大词典

draft
n.草图,草案;n.通风,风力

英汉化学大词典

draft
n.气流,图案,通风,抽力,牵伸,烟道,斜度,吸饮;vt.起草,牵引,排气,凿槽,汇寄

英汉海运大词典

draft
吃水通风制图,草图,图案拖,曳,牵引汇票,付款通知设计

基本词义

draft
吃水通风制图,草图拖,曳汇票设计

基本词义

draft
吃水通风

基本词义

draft
吃水

基本词义

draft
(船)吃水一吊货(药的)顿服量通风汇票,制图图案草稿

基本词义

draft
吃水通风船)吃水,一吊货,(药的)顿服量,汇票,制图,图案,草稿船舶)吃水,拖曳船舶吃水支票

基本词义

draft
mark : 吃水标志,吃水标尺

英汉经贸大词典

draft
n.汇票;n.商品重量损耗补贴

英汉计算机大词典

draft
n.图案(草稿,拖曳;vt.起草(牵引,排气

英汉机械大词典

draft
n.吃水,船吃水深度

英汉建筑大词典

draft
n.草案,设计,气流

最新会计师英汉大词典

draft
票据,外币汇票,汇票,吃水[船舶]

英汉农牧林大词典

draft
n.吸饮

英汉水利大词典

draft
n.牵引,吸出,通风

英汉贸易大词典

draft
汇票,吃水(船舶),制定

现代商务英汉大词典

draft
汇票,吃水(船舶),制定

英汉冶金大词典

draft
n.牵引,抽力

英汉医学大词典

draft
n.顿服,顿服剂

英汉中医大词典

draft
n.顿服量,顿服药,饮剂

英汉造纸大词典

draft
n.气流,通风,斜度

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