简明英汉词典

down
[daun]
adj.
向下的
adv.
向下, 在下面, 下去, 降下
prep.
往下, 沿着
n.
绒毛, 软毛, 开阔的高地

美国传统词典[双解]

down
down 1
AHD:[doun]
D.J.[daun]
K.K.[da&n]
adv.Abbr. dn.(副词)缩写 dn.

(1)

From a higher to a lower place or position:
向下:从一个较高的地点或位置到一个较底点:
hiked down from the peak.
从山峰上徒步向下走

(2)

Toward, to, or on the ground, floor, or bottom:
在地板,在底部:向地面上、地板上或底部,到地面上、地板上或底部,在地面上、地板上或底部:
tripped and fell down.
绊倒了在地上

(3)

In or into a sitting or reclining position:
倒下,坐下:在或进入一个坐着或倾斜的位置:
knelt down; lying down.
跪下;躺下

(4)

Toward or in the south; southward:
朝南,在南方;南方的:
flew down to Florida.
朝南飞向佛罗里达

(5)

Away from a place considered central or a center of activity, such as a city or town:
向远处去:离开中心区或活动中心,如城市或城镇:
down on the farm; sent down to work at the firm's regional office.
在农场;被派往分公司工作

(6)

Away from the present place.
从目前的地方离开

(7)

To a specific location or source:
追踪来源:
tracking a rumor down.
顺藤摸瓜查清谣言来源

(8)

Toward or at a low or lower point on a scale:
向低处:尺度上由高到低或处于较低位置:
from the biggest down to the smallest.
从最大一直到最小

(9)

To or in a quiescent or subdued state:
和缓:趋于或处于平静或顺从的状态:
calmed down.
冷静下来

(10)

In or into an inactive or inoperative state:
静止:处于或进入不活跃或不运转状态:
The generators went down at midnight.
半夜里发电机停了下来

(11)

To or at a lower intensity.
减弱的:强度由强到弱

(12)

To or into a lower or inferior condition, as of subjection, defeat, or disgrace.
低下地:处于或走向低或差的状况,如臣服、失败或屈辱

(13)

To an extreme degree; heavily:
极度地;沉重地:
worn down by worry.
忧心忡忡

(14)

Seriously or vigorously:
严肃地,强劲地:
get down to the project at hand.
积极从事手边的工作

(15)

From earlier times or people:
由早期地:从上代往后代地:
tradition handed down from one generation to the next.
世代相传的传统

(16)

To a reduced or concentrated form:
压缩:由分散变集中:
pared the term paper down to five pages.
把学期论文缩为五页

(17)

In writing; on paper:
写下:
wrote the statement down.
把那一声明记下来

(18)

In partial payment at the time of purchase:
现付:以现付形式:
put ten dollars down on the necklace.
买这项链现付拾美元

(19)

Into or toward a secure position:
牢固地:向或进入一个安全的位置:
nailed down the boards; bolted the furniture down.
把木板钉牢;把家具拴紧
adj.Abbr. dn.(形容词)缩写 dn.

(1)

Moving or directed downward:
往下的:向下的或下行的:
a down elevator.
向下的电梯

(2)

Low or lower:
滑落的:低的或较低的:
Stock prices were down today.
今天股价大跌

(3)

Reduced; diminished:
减弱的;减少的:
The wind is down.
风减弱了

(4)

Afflicted; sick:
病倒的;生病的:
She's down with a bad cold.
她因患重感冒而病倒了

(5)

Malfunctioning or not operating, especially temporarily:
故障的:尤指暂时停工的或出故障的:
The computer is down.
电脑出故障了

(6)

Low in spirits; depressed:
情绪低落的;沮丧的:
feeling down today.
今天闷闷不乐

(7)

Sports Games Trailing an opponent:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 落后于对方的:
a team down 20 points in the last quarter; down two pawns in the endgame.
最后一节比赛落后对方20分的球队;残局中落后二个兵

(8)

Football Not in play:
【橄榄球】 界外的,成死球的:
The ball is down on the 50-yard line.
球在五十码线处成了界外球

(9)

Baseball Retired; out:
【棒球】 出局的:不在场上的:
two down in the last of the ninth.
在第九局下半二人出局

(10)

Completed; done:
完成的:
three down, two to go.
完成三个,还有两个没有完成

(11)

Learned or known perfectly:
完全掌握的:
had the algebra problems down.
精通代数问题
prep.(介词)

(1)

In a descending direction along, upon, into, or through:
往下端,向下:
rolled down the hill; floating down the river; went down cellar.
滚下山;顺流而下;到地下室去

(2)

Along the course of:
沿:
walking down the street.
沿街走下去

(3)

In or at:
在…里或在…处:
The cans are stored down cellar.
罐头藏在地窖里
n.Abbr. dn.(名词)缩写 dn.

(1)

A downward movement; descent.
向下的运动;下降

(2)

Football Any of a series of four plays during which a team must advance at least ten yards to retain possession of the ball.
【橄榄球】 阻挡:十码进攻,球员必须在对方四次阻挡内向前推进10码才有进球机会
v.(动词)
downeddown.ingdowns
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To bring, put, strike, or throw down:
击倒:
downed his opponent in the first round.
第一回合中击倒对手

(2)

To swallow hastily; gulp:
急速地吞;狼吞虎咽:
downed the glass of water.
一口气喝下一杯水

(3)

Football To put (the ball) out of play by touching it to the ground.
【橄榄球】 使成死球,使成界外球
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To go or come down; descend.
下来;下降

习惯用语

down in the mouth或

down at the mouth
Discouraged; sad; dejected.
垂头丧气的;悲伤的;沮丧的

down on
Informal Hostile or negative toward; ill-disposed to:
【非正式用语】 憎恶或敌对;不喜欢:
was down on jogging after his injury.
他受伤之后就不喜欢漫步了

down on (one's) luck
Afflicted by misfortune.
不走运地,穷困潦倒地:由于不幸而遭受厄运的折磨

语源

(1)

Middle English doun
中古英语 doun

(2)

from Old English -d?-
源自 古英语 -d?-

(3)

as in ofd?e [downwards]
如在 ofd?e [向下]

(4)

from d?e [dative of] d?n [hill] * see dh?-no-
源自 d?e [] d?n的与格 [山丘] *参见 dh?-no-

基本词义

down
down 2
AHD:[doun]
D.J.[daun]
K.K.[da&n]
n.(名词)

(1)

Fine, soft, fluffy feathers forming the first plumage of a young bird and underlying the contour feathers in certain adult birds.
绒毛:雏鸟出生时全身羽毛的松软细密羽毛,某些成鸟的廓羽下的松软细密羽毛

(2)

Botany A covering of soft, short hairs, as on some leaves or fruit.
【植物学】 短毛:叶子或水果等表面覆盖的短茸毛、短绒毛、汗毛

(3)

A soft, silky, or feathery substance, such as the first growth of a human beard.
毛状物:一种柔软、丝质或羽毛状物质,如人初次长的胡须

语源

(1)

Middle English doun
中古英语 doun

(2)

from Old Norse d?n
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 d?n

基本词义

down
down 3
AHD:[doun]
D.J.[daun]
K.K.[da&n]
n.(名词)

(1)

Often downs An expanse of rolling, grassy, treeless upland used for grazing.
常作 downs 丘陵:放牧用的有草无树的开阔高地

(2)

Often Down Any of several breeds of sheep having short wool, originally bred in the Downs of southern England.
常作 Down 塘种绵羊:生有短羊毛的几种绵羊,其源种在英格兰南部丘陵

语源

(1)

Middle English doune
中古英语 doune

(2)

from Old English d?n * see dh?-no-
源自 古英语 d?n *参见 dh?-no-

现代英汉词典

down 1
[daJn]
adv.

(1)

向下; 由上向下
The sun went down
太阳落了。
The men are down by the river.
人们从河边下来。

(2)

倒下;坐下
Sit down, please.
请坐。

(3)

向南;在南边
down in London
南下去伦敦

(4)

Will you walk down to the lake with her?
你跟她走到湖那头去好吗?

(5)

(与表示固定的动词连用)…紧;…牢
Stick down the envelope
把信封贴牢。

(6)

在纸上写下;记下
to have sth. down
写下某事

(7)

付现金
You must pay $10 down.
你必须付10美元现金。

(8)

使处于困难或危险之境地
The dog ran down the fox.
狗紧追在狐狸的逅面。

(9)

住口;静下来
The speaker was shouted down.
说话人被听众制止住了。

(10)

抑制;压制;减少;减缓
The wind died down
风势渐渐弱了。

(11)

由较早时间开始;从过去开始
the history of Europe down to 1914
自古代至1914年的欧洲史

习惯用语

down under
对跖地,(从欧洲来看)在澳大利亚或新西兰;去澳大利亚或新西兰

词性变化

down
prep.

(1)

向下;沿;循;在…较低处
The tears ran down her face.
泪水顺着她的脸流下。

(2)

顺着…;在…下游
to go down the river
顺流而下

down
adj.

(1)

倒在地上的;低处的
The moon is down.
月已西沉。

(2)

向下的;下行的

(3)

低水平的
sales are down
销售额下降

(4)

沮丧的;意气消沉的

(5)

现付的;首批付款的
down payment
预付定金

(6)

完成的;停止的
8 down and 2 to go.
完成八个,剩下两个。

习惯用语

down for
列入(学校、比赛等的)名单

down on
瞧不起;歧视;对…有偏见

词性变化

down
n.
have a down on sb.
不喜欢某人;怨恨某人;瞧不起某人

down
vt.

(1)

打倒;击败

(2)

一口咽下;吞咽

习惯用语

down tools
停工;罢工

基本词义

down 2
n.

(1)

开阔高地

(2)

(pl) 丘陵

现代英汉综合大辞典

down
[daun]
n.

(1)

开阔的高地; [常用复]丘陵地, 丘原, (适于牧羊的)丘陵地草原

(2)

[Down ](英国南部丘陵草原产的)塘种绵羊
the Downs
英 国东部的丘陵草原; 英 国多佛海峡的一部分(为船只停泊处)

继承用法

downland
n.

(1)

山地牧场

(2)

澳大利亚草原

(3)

【地理】丘陵地

用法词典

down
来自古英语adune, of dune下山

英文相关词典

down
up    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

down
绵毛

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

down
向下

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

down
绒毛

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

down
短绒毛, 短茸毛

英汉双解计算机词典

down

停机
A condition of the computer when it is not running. It may be shut down for maintenance, there may be a hardware failure, or the operating system may have been disarranged by a runaway program.
当计算机不运行时的状态,它可能是停下来维修,可能有硬件故障,也可能是操作系统被 一个失去控制的程序扰乱了。

美国传统词典

down
down 1
AHD:[doun]
D.J.[daun]
K.K.[da&n]
adv.Abbr. dn.

(1)

From a higher to a lower place or position:
hiked down from the peak.

(2)

Toward, to, or on the ground, floor, or bottom:
tripped and fell down.

(3)

In or into a sitting or reclining position:
knelt down; lying down.

(4)

Toward or in the south; southward:
flew down to Florida.

(5)

Away from a place considered central or a center of activity, such as a city or town:
down on the farm; sent down to work at the firm's regional office.

(6)

Away from the present place.

(7)

To a specific location or source:
tracking a rumor down.

(8)

Toward or at a low or lower point on a scale:
from the biggest down to the smallest.

(9)

To or in a quiescent or subdued state:
calmed down.

(10)

In or into an inactive or inoperative state:
The generators went down at midnight.

(11)

To or at a lower intensity.

(12)

To or into a lower or inferior condition, as of subjection, defeat, or disgrace.

(13)

To an extreme degree; heavily:
worn down by worry.

(14)

Seriously or vigorously:
get down to the project at hand.

(15)

From earlier times or people:
tradition handed down from one generation to the next.

(16)

To a reduced or concentrated form:
pared the term paper down to five pages.

(17)

In writing; on paper:
wrote the statement down.

(18)

In partial payment at the time of purchase:
put ten dollars down on the necklace.

(19)

Into or toward a secure position:
nailed down the boards; bolted the furniture down.
adj.Abbr. dn.

(1)

Moving or directed downward:
a down elevator.

(2)

Low or lower:
Stock prices were down today.

(3)

Reduced; diminished:
The wind is down.

(4)

Afflicted; sick:
She's down with a bad cold.

(5)

Malfunctioning or not operating, especially temporarily:
The computer is down.

(6)

Low in spirits; depressed:
feeling down today.

(7)

Sports Games Trailing an opponent:
a team down 20 points in the last quarter; down two pawns in the endgame.

(8)

Football Not in play:
The ball is down on the 50-yard line.

(9)

Baseball Retired; out:
two down in the last of the ninth.

(10)

Completed; done:
three down, two to go.

(11)

Learned or known perfectly:
had the algebra problems down.
prep.

(1)

In a descending direction along, upon, into, or through:
rolled down the hill; floating down the river; went down cellar.

(2)

Along the course of:
walking down the street.

(3)

In or at:
The cans are stored down cellar.
n.Abbr. dn.

(1)

A downward movement; descent.

(2)

Football Any of a series of four plays during which a team must advance at least ten yards to retain possession of the ball.
v.
downed, down.ing, downs
v.tr.

(1)

To bring, put, strike, or throw down:
downed his opponent in the first round.

(2)

To swallow hastily; gulp:
downed the glass of water.

(3)

Football To put (the ball) out of play by touching it to the ground.
v.intr.
To go or come down; descend.

习惯用语

down in the mouthor

down at the mouth
Discouraged; sad; dejected.

down on
Informal Hostile or negative toward; ill-disposed to:
was down on jogging after his injury.

down on (one's) luck
Afflicted by misfortune.

语源

(1)

Middle English doun

(2)

from Old English -d?-

(3)

as in ofd?e [downwards]

(4)

from d?e [dative of] d?n [hill] * see dh?-no-

基本词义

down
down 2
AHD:[doun]
D.J.[daun]
K.K.[da&n]
n.

(1)

Fine, soft, fluffy feathers forming the first plumage of a young bird and underlying the contour feathers in certain adult birds.

(2)

Botany A covering of soft, short hairs, as on some leaves or fruit.

(3)

A soft, silky, or feathery substance, such as the first growth of a human beard.

语源

(1)

Middle English doun

(2)

from Old Norse d?n

基本词义

down
down 3
AHD:[doun]
D.J.[daun]
K.K.[da&n]
n.

(1)

Often downs An expanse of rolling, grassy, treeless upland used for grazing.

(2)

Often Down Any of several breeds of sheep having short wool, originally bred in the Downs of southern England.

语源

(1)

Middle English doune

(2)

from Old English d?n * see dh?-no-

[名词委审定]英汉人体解剖学名词(1991)

down
胎毛

英汉船舶大词典

down
n.沙丘

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

down
停机,(向)下,(递)降;【WIN,NT】下面,纵向

英汉电信大词典

down
n.向下,低落

英汉地质大词典

down
n.丘陵,岸边沙丘

英汉纺织大词典

down
n.羽绒

英汉航海大词典

down
n.故障

英汉航空大词典

down
n.向下,低落;n.向下,现

英汉化学大词典

down
adv.向下,直到,由大变小,减退下来,往下游;prep.沿着

英汉海运大词典

down
向下在下面倒下降(帆)向下游航驶沙丘沙岗丘陵(常用复数)绒毛

基本词义

down
a. 向下的,下行的向下,下降

基本词义

down
砂丘,砂岗山岗向下,在下面,倒下,降(帆),向下游航驶,沙丘沙岗,丘陵(常用复数),绒毛向下(图纸标示用语)

基本词义

down
向下的,下行的向下,下降

基本词义

down
向下的,下行的向下,下降,向下游航驶

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

down
羽绒

英汉经贸大词典

down
n.故障

英汉计算机大词典

down
adv.向下(直到,由大变小;prep.沿着

英汉建筑大词典

down
n.向下,降下,往市区

英汉农牧林大词典

down
n.软毛,绒毛,丘陵地区

英汉能源大词典

down
n.丘陵,岸边沙丘

英汉水利大词典

down
n.丘陵,岸边沙丘,下降

英汉心理学大词典

Down
s syndrome : 道氏综合症

英汉医学大词典

down
n.胎毛,毳毛

英汉中医大词典

down
n.沿着向下,往下,向下

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