简明英汉词典

dope
[dEup]
n.
粘稠物, 浓液, 涂料, 涂布油, 麻醉药物, 笨蛋
vt.
上涂料, 预测出
vi.
服麻醉品
n.
<美口>内幕, 消息

美国传统词典[双解]

dope
dope
AHD:[d?p]
D.J.[doup]
K.K.[dop]
n.(名词)

(1)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(2)

A narcotic, especially an addictive narcotic.
麻药:一种麻醉剂,尤指易成瘾的麻醉剂

(3)

Narcotics considered as a group.
麻药类:麻醉剂之总称

(4)

An illicit drug, especially marijuana.
大麻:一种毒品,尤指大麻

(5)

A narcotic preparation used to stimulate a racehorse.
兴奋剂:一种使赛马兴奋的药剂

(6)

Informal A person regarded as stupid.
【非正式用语】 笨蛋,白痴:被认为是愚蠢的人

(7)

Informal Factual information, especially of a private nature.
【非正式用语】 内幕消息:与事实相关的消息,尤指具有秘密性质的消息

(8)

Chemistry An absorbent or adsorbent material used in certain manufacturing processes, such as the nitroglycerin used in making dynamite.
【化学】 吸收剂:用于某些制造工艺中的吸收剂或吸附剂,如用于制造炸药的硝化甘油

(9)

A type of lacquer formerly used to protect, waterproof, and tauten the cloth surfaces of airplane wings.
漆涂料:从前用来保护飞机翼布防水并使其绷紧的涂料

(10)

Chiefly Southern U.S. See cola 1
【多用于美国南部】 参见 cola1

(11)

Lower Northern U.S. Syrup or sweet sauce poured on ice cream.
【美国中北部】 糖浆,糖汁:浇在冰淇淋上的糖浆或甜汁
v.(动词)
dopeddop.ingdopes
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(2)

To administer a narcotic to:
给…服麻醉剂:
was doped up for the operation.
为做手术而麻醉

(3)

To add a narcotic to:
给…掺麻醉剂:
They doped his drink before robbing him.
他们在抢劫他之前在他的饮料里掺了麻醉剂

(4)

Informal To figure out (a puzzle, for example).
【非正式用语】 想出:推断出,解出(如难题)

(5)

Informal To make a rough plan of:
【非正式用语】 拟订:制订粗略的计划:
doped out our proposal on scratch paper.
在便条纸上粗略地写出了我们的计划

(6)

Electronics To treat (a semiconductor) with a dopant.
【电子学】 加入掺杂剂:用掺杂剂给(半导体)涂上保护层
v.intr.Informal (不及物动词)【非正式用语】
To take narcotics.
吸毒

语源

(1)

Dutch doop [sauce]
荷兰语 doop [汁,佐料]

(2)

from doopen [to dip]
源自 doopen [浸]

继承用法

doper
n.(名词)

注释
Before it came to mean “a narcotic or narcotics considered as a group,” dope was borrowed into English from the Dutch word doop, “sauce.” Throughout the 19th century it meant “gravy.” In the lower northern United States, from Pennsylvania westward to Missouri, dope still means “a sauce of sorts”; it is now the term for a topping for ice cream, such as syrup or a chocolate or fruit sauce. In the South, on the other hand, dope means “a cola-flavored soft drink.” The term might be related to the northern usage as a reference to the sweet syrup base of a cola drink. However, folk wisdom has it that dope recalls the inclusion of minute amounts of cocaine in the original Atlanta recipe for Coca-Cola, which was named after this exotic ingredient.
Dope 是从荷兰语 doop 借入英语的,后来才用来指“麻醉剂的总称”。 整个19世纪该词的含义为“肉汁,肉卤”。 在美国北部低地地区,从宾夕法尼亚州向西一直到密苏里州,dope 一词仍然指“一种调味汁”; 现在用来指冰激凌的浇料,如糖浆、巧克力或果汁。另一方面,在南方dope 一词指“味道象可乐的软饮”。 这种用法可能与北方用来指糖浆做成的可乐饮料这种用法有关。然而,民间的说法是dope 令人想起原亚特兰大处方中的可口可乐包括的少量古苛硷, 可口可乐就是得名于这种产于外国的成分

现代英汉词典

dope
[dEJp]
n.

(1)

麻醉药;迷幻药

(2)

情报

(3)

傻瓜;笨蛋

词性变化

dope
vt.
doped, doping
施以药物;用药物刺激

现代英汉综合大辞典

dope
[dEup]
n.

(1)

粘稠物, 胶状物

(2)

【化】(机翼的)涂料; 涂布油; (制炸药等用的)吸收剂, 添加剂; 抗爆剂

(3)

[俚]麻醉品, 毒品(如鸦片.吗啡等); 安眠药

(4)

[俚](给马等服用的)兴奋剂

(5)

[俚]酒; 软饮料(如可口可乐等)

(6)

(赛马成绩的)预测, 情报, 内部消息; (给新闻记者的)特别消息

(7)

[美俚]傻子, 笨蛋

(8)

[美俚]显象液

(9)

汽油
a dope peddler
毒品贩子
have a dope habit
吸毒上瘾
He got a lot of dope from the secretary.
他从秘书那里获得许多内部消息。

词性变化

dope
[dEup]
vt.

(1)

在...上涂料(如明胶等)

(2)

给(人)吃麻醉品; 给(马)服兴奋剂; [俚]欺骗, 麻痹

(3)

[美俚](在饮料内)加酒精; 给(炸药)加填料

(4)

预测出, 解出
(out) dope a patient
给病人服麻醉剂
dope out a plan
拟定计划

dope
[dEup]
vi.
服用麻醉品(或毒品)

继承用法

dopehead
n.
惯用鸦片者

dopesheet
n.
(赛马等的)内情简报

dope-vapourizer
n.
掺杂剂蒸发器

习惯用语

give the dope
提出内部 消息

inside
[5in5said]
[美俚]内部消息, 秘密消息

dope off
[俚]睡熟, 昏昏沉沉

dope out

(1)

(根据现有材料)预测, 猜出, 解出

(2)

想[拟]出

特殊用法

acetate dope
乙酸纤维蒙皮漆[蒙布漆]

aeroplane dope
航空涂料, 飞机涂布漆

antifreezing dope
防冻剂

antiknock dope
抗爆添加剂

boron dope
硼掺杂

channel dope
沟道渗杂

diesel dope
柴油机燃料的添加剂

extreme pressure dope
(耐)特压添加剂

fireproof dope
耐火涂料

fuel dope
燃料防爆剂, 燃料添加剂

gasoline dope
汽油添加剂

ignition dope
自燃促进剂

knock-sedative dope
抗爆混合物; 抗爆剂

leather dope
皮革漆

light dope
轻掺杂(集成电路工艺用)

mold dope
脱模剂

nitrate dope
硝基蒙皮漆; 硝基漆的别名; 硝基航空涂料

rod dope
钻杆涂料

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

dope
掺杂剂

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

dope
吸收剂

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

dope
硝化纤维涂饰剂

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

dope
添加剂, 填料

美国传统词典

dope
dope
AHD:[d?p]
D.J.[doup]
K.K.[dop]
n.

(1)

Informal

(2)

A narcotic, especially an addictive narcotic.

(3)

Narcotics considered as a group.

(4)

An illicit drug, especially marijuana.

(5)

A narcotic preparation used to stimulate a racehorse.

(6)

Informal A person regarded as stupid.

(7)

Informal Factual information, especially of a private nature.

(8)

Chemistry An absorbent or adsorbent material used in certain manufacturing processes, such as the nitroglycerin used in making dynamite.

(9)

A type of lacquer formerly used to protect, waterproof, and tauten the cloth surfaces of airplane wings.

(10)

Chiefly Southern U.S. See cola 1

(11)

Lower Northern U.S. Syrup or sweet sauce poured on ice cream.
v.
doped, dop.ing, dopes
v.tr.

(1)

Informal

(2)

To administer a narcotic to:
was doped up for the operation.

(3)

To add a narcotic to:
They doped his drink before robbing him.

(4)

Informal To figure out (a puzzle, for example).

(5)

Informal To make a rough plan of:
doped out our proposal on scratch paper.

(6)

Electronics To treat (a semiconductor) with a dopant.
v.intr.Informal
To take narcotics.

语源

(1)

Dutch doop [sauce]

(2)

from doopen [to dip]

继承用法

doper
n.

注释
Before it came to mean “a narcotic or narcotics considered as a group,” dope was borrowed into English from the Dutch word doop, “sauce.” Throughout the 19th century it meant “gravy.” In the lower northern United States, from Pennsylvania westward to Missouri, dope still means “a sauce of sorts”; it is now the term for a topping for ice cream, such as syrup or a chocolate or fruit sauce. In the South, on the other hand, dope means “a cola-flavored soft drink.” The term might be related to the northern usage as a reference to the sweet syrup base of a cola drink. However, folk wisdom has it that dope recalls the inclusion of minute amounts of cocaine in the original Atlanta recipe for Coca-Cola, which was named after this exotic ingredient.

[名词委审定]英汉化学工程名词(1995)

dope
掺入

英汉船舶大词典

dope
n.掺杂,加抗爆剂,加添加剂

英汉电信大词典

dope
n.掺杂,上漆

英汉地质大词典

dope
n.丝扣油,涂料

英汉法学大词典

dope
n.麻醉品 ,兴奋剂

英汉纺织大词典

dope
n.涂布漆胶

英汉航空大词典

dope
n.航空涂料,涂布油

英汉化学大词典

dope
n.漆,浓液,麻醉剂,润滑剂,添加剂的俗称;vt.上漆

英汉海运大词典

dope
抗爆剂掺杂添加剂,粘稠液抗爆剂,防爆剂涂料掺杂向…掺添加剂上涂料

基本词义

dope
添加剂抗爆剂掺杂向……掺添加剂

基本词义

dope
抗爆剂,添加剂涂料,掺杂

基本词义

dope
添加剂,粘稠液抗爆剂,防爆剂涂料掺杂向…掺添加剂上涂料

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

dope
掺杂剂,涂料

英汉计算机大词典

dope
n.漆(浓液,麻醉剂;vt.上漆

英汉机械大词典

dope
n.漆,涂料

英汉建筑大词典

dope
n.涂料,蒙布漆

英汉农牧林大词典

dope
n.掺杂,涂料,防爆剂

英汉能源大词典

dope
n.添加剂,抗爆剂,涂料

英汉汽车大词典

dope
n.麻醉药,抗爆剂,乙基汽油

英汉水利大词典

dope
n.粘胶,添加剂,防震剂

英汉冶金大词典

dope
n.添加,补加

英汉医学大词典

dope
n.麻醉品,麻醉药

英汉中医大词典

dope
n.麻醉药,麻醉品,麻醉药

英汉造纸大词典

dope
n.硝酸纤维醚溶液

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