简明英汉词典

do for
v.
对...有效, 代替, 干掉

美国传统词典[双解]

do
do 1
AHD:[d?]
D.J.[du8]
K.K.[du]
v.(动词)
did[d1d] done[d?n] do.ingdoes[d?z]
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To perform or execute:
做:进行或执行:
do one's assigned task; do a series of business deals.
做指定的任务;进行一系列交易

(2)

To fulfill the requirements of:
按要求履行:
did my duty at all times.
一直在履行我的责任

(3)

To carry out; commit:
做;犯:
a crime that had been done on purpose.
刻意犯下的罪行

(4)

To produce, especially by creative effort:
制作:生产,特别是通过创造性的劳动者:
do a play on Broadway.
在百老汇演一出戏

(5)

To play the part or role of in a creative production:
扮演:在创造性产品中扮演一个角色或起某种作用:
did Elizabeth I in the film.
在影片中饰伊丽莎白一世

(6)

To mimic:
模仿:模仿,学…的样子:
“doing the Southern voice, improvising it inventively as he goes along”(William H. Pritchard)
“他边走边模仿南方人的口音,即兴弄出不少噱头”(威廉H.普里查德)

(7)

To bring about; effect:
引起;产生:
Crying won't do any good now.
现在哭不起任何作用

(8)

To render; give:
给;给予:
do equal justice to the opposing sides; do honor to one's family.
公平对待反对人士;向某人的家人致敬

(9)

To put forth; exert:
使出;表现:
Do the best you can.
尽你所能

(10)

To attend to in such a way as to take care of or put in order:
整理:按一定的方式使某物有条理:
did the bedrooms before the guests arrived.
赶在客人到达之前收拾收卧室

(11)

To prepare for further use especially by washing:
清洁:尤指通过洗来预备继续使用:
did the dishes.
洗餐具

(12)

To set or style (the hair).
服务:按新式样整理(头发)

(13)

To apply cosmetics to:
化妆:施化妆品于:
did her face.
在她的脸上化妆

(14)

To have as an occupation or a profession:
以…为职业:
Have you decided what you will do after graduate school?
你研究所毕业之后想要做什么工作?

(15)

To work out by studying:
研读:通过学习完成:
do a homework assignment.
完成家庭作业

(16)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(17)

To travel (a specified distance):
移动:移动(某一特定距离):
do a mile in four minutes.
四分钟走完一英里

(18)

To make a tour of; visit:
旅游,参观:
[He] did 15 countries of Western Europe in only a few days” (R.W. Apple, Jr.)
[他] 只在几天里就游览了西欧的十五个国家” (小R.W.阿普尔)

(19)

To be sufficient in meeting the needs of; serve:
足够:足够满足…之需;供应:
This room will do us very nicely.
这间房子正合我们的意

(20)

Informal To serve (a prison term).
【非正式用语】 服(刑期)

(21)

Slang To cheat; swindle:
【俚语】 欺骗;骗取:
do a relative out of an inheritance.
从亲戚那里骗取一笔遗产

(22)

Slang To take (drugs) illegally:
【俚语】 非法吸(毒):
“If you do drugs you are going to be in continual trouble”(Jimmy Breslin)
“如果你吸毒,麻烦还在后头呢”(吉米·布雷斯林)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To behave or conduct oneself; act:
表现:表现,为人,行动:
Do as I say and you won't get into trouble.
按我说的去办,你便惹不了麻烦

(2)

To get along; fare:
进展,成功:
students who do well at school.
学习好的学生

(3)

To carry on; manage:
继续;应付得了:
We can very easily do without your interference.
没有你的干扰我们可以轻松地进行下去

(4)

To make good use of something because of need:
需要:
I could do with a nice hot bath.
我想好好儿地洗个热水澡

(5)

To serve a specified purpose:
能够:
This coat will do for another season.
这件棉衣能再用一年

(6)

To be proper or fitting:
得体:
Such behavior just won't do.
这种行为不得体

(7)

To take place; happen:
举行;发生:
What's doing in London this time of year?
每年这个时候伦敦都会有些什么事?

(8)

Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb:
用来代替前文动词:
worked as hard as everyone else did.
象其余的人那样努力工作

(9)

Used after another verb for emphasis:
强调前面的动词:用于另外一个动词之后表示强调:
Run quickly, do!
快跑!
v.aux.(助动词)

(1)

Used with the infinitive without to in questions, negative statements, and inverted phrases:
用于疑问句、否定句和倒装句:跟不带to 的不定式连用,见于问句、否句、倒装句中:
Do you understand? I did not sleep well. Little did we know what was in store for us.
你懂吗?我没睡好。我们不清楚留给我们的是什么

(2)

Used as a means of emphasis:
用以强调:
I do want to be sure. Do be still!
我确实想肯定。安静!
n.(名词)
【复数】 do's或 dos

(1)

A statement of what should be done:
管理条例:要干什么事的声明:
a list of the do's and don'ts of management.
列出能做和不能做的管理条例

(2)

Informal An entertainment; a party:
【非正式用语】 宴会:娱乐;社交聚会:
attended a big do at the embassy.
参加大使馆举行的盛大聚会

(3)

Regional A commotion.
【区域的】 混乱。骚动

(4)

Chiefly British A swindle; a cheat.
【多用于英国】 欺骗;骗取

(5)

Archaic Duty; deed.
【古语】 责任;事迹

常用词组

do by
To behave with respect to; deal with:
尊重:在某方面表现;对待:
The children have done well by their aged parents.
孩子尊重年老的父母

do for
To care or provide for; take care of.
供养;照顾

do in 【俚语】

(1)

To tire completely; exhaust:
使劳累:使精疲力尽;使疲乏:
The marathon did me in.
马拉松赛使我精疲力尽

(2)

To kill.
杀害

(3)

To ruin utterly:
使彻底毁灭:
Huge losses on the stock market did many investors in.
股市大跌造成许多投资人彻底毁灭

do up

(1)

To adorn or dress lavishly:
精心打扮:打扮得花枝招展:
The children were all done up in matching outfits.
孩子们都穿戴上比赛服装

(2)

To wrap and tie (a package).
包,扎(包裹)

(3)

To fasten:
扣,固定:
do up the buttons on a dress.
扣上衣服上的钮扣

do without
To manage in spite of a lack or absence:
没有…也可以:在没有某物的情况下设法完成:
There was no television on the island, but we soon learned to do without.
岛上没有电视,可不久我们就适应了

习惯用语

do a disappearing act【非正式用语】
To vanish.
消失,不见

do away with

(1)

To make an end of; eliminate.
结束;减少

(2)

To destroy; kill.
毁坏;杀死

do (one) proud
To act or perform in a way that gives cause for pride.
成功,取得成就:以引起自豪的方式做或表现

do (one's) bit
To make an individual contribution toward an overall effort.
尽责,尽本分:朝向整体目标而做出个人的贡献

do (one's) own thing【俚语】
To do what one does best or finds most enjoyable:
做最拿手或最喜爱做的事:
“I get paid to try cases and to do my thing on trial”(Bruce Cutler)
“我拿着薪俸审案子,在审判中展雄才”(布鲁斯·卡特勒)

do or die
To exert supreme effort.
拼命干,不成功毋宁死

语源

(1)

Middle English don
中古英语 don

(2)

from Old English d?n * see dh?-
源自 古英语 d?n *参见 dh?-

基本词义

do
do 2
AHD:[d?]
D.J.[dou]
K.K.[do]
n.Music (名词)【音乐】
The first tone of the diatonic scale in solfeggio.
多:唱法中自然音阶的第一音

语源

(1)

Italian
意大利语

(2)

more singable replacement of ut * see gamut
ut更易歌唱的取代 *参见 gamut

现代英汉词典

do 1
[dJ, du:]
v. aux.
did, done, doing;

(1)

第三人称单数现在式:does; 一般现在时的否定式: don't, doesn't; 一般过去时的否定式: didn't

(2)

(在否定的陈述句和命令句里作为助动词)
He didn't come.
他没来.

(3)

(在疑问句里作为助动词)
Did he arrive in time?
他按时到了吗?

(4)

(作为助动词表示强调)
He did come after all!
他毕竟还是来了!

(5)

(作为助动词代替刚刚用过的或要在答覆时用到的动词)
He likes skating and so does she.
他喜欢滑冰她也喜欢滑冰。

词性变化

do
vt., vi.

(1)

(与名词或动名词连用)做,干,进行;忙于
do woodwork
做木工
do the homework
做作业
do one's own things
我行我素
I did my best to help him.
我尽力帮助他。
He did us a report.
他给我们做了一个报告。
What do you do?
你做什么工作?
Ramona does a lot of jobs in the house, but her sister doesn't.
雷蒙娜在家里做很多活,可是她妹妹却不做。
He does the cooking and she does the washing.
他做饭,她洗碗碟。
When in Rome do as the Romans do.
入乡随俗。

(2)

给予;提供;带来
We must do him justice.
我们不可冤枉他。
Will you do me a favor?
你能帮我个忙吗?

(3)

生产,制造;创作
She has done an article.
她写了一篇文章。

(4)

走过,度过;参观,游览
do 80 miles an hour
一个钟头走80英里

(5)

学习,研究;翻译:
do biology at an university
在一所大学里学生物
do sth. into English
把…翻译成英文

(6)

整理;料理
do a room
整理房间
do one's hair
做头发
do one's teeth
刷牙
Please do the flowers.
请你插花。

(7)

服务;招待
The barber will do you next.
理发师下一个就给你理发。

(8)

够,足够;适合,行,可以
This will never do!
这事永远不可以。
Can you make $20 do?
20美元你够用了吗?

(9)

扮演;学…的样子
We did Hamlet.
我们演《哈姆雷特》。

(10)

烹调
The steak is well done.
这牛排煎得很透。

(11)

欺骗;骗人
Please don't think I'm trying to do you.
请不要以为我想欺骗你。

(12)

(后面加上 -ing)发生
What's doing tonight?
今晚有什么事?

(13)

How do you do?

(14)

(初次见面用语)您好;久仰

习惯用语

make do with sth.
凑合用,将就 (= make do)

That will do!
行了,够了!

词性变化

do
n.
dos 或 do's
大宴会

习惯用语

dos and don'ts
行为准则;须知

常用词组

do away with

(1)

摆脱;废除,取消

(2)

杀死

do down
诽谤,诋毁

do for

(1)

照料

(2)

设法弄到
do for water
设法搞到水

(3)

杀害

(4)

done for 精疲力竭

do in

(1)

伤害,杀害

(2)

累得很;很累
That walk was much too long, and nearly did me in.
那回走得太长了,我累得几乎要死。

do out
收拾,打扫;整理

do out of
抢劫;骗走,骗去

do up

(1)

系上;扣上
Do up your buttons.
系上你的扣子。

(2)

修理;修补
to do up the house
修理房屋

(3)

包裹

(4)

打扮

do with

(1)

(前面与could, can连用)需要
I could do with a cup of tea.
我来杯茶就行。

(2)

有关系
have sth. to do with
和…有关系
have nothing to do with
和…没有关系

基本词义

do 2
var.
→ doh

美国传统词典

do
do 1
AHD:[d?]
D.J.[du8]
K.K.[du]
v.
did[d1d] done[d?n] do.ing, does[d?z]
v.tr.

(1)

To perform or execute:
do one's assigned task; do a series of business deals.

(2)

To fulfill the requirements of:
did my duty at all times.

(3)

To carry out; commit:
a crime that had been done on purpose.

(4)

To produce, especially by creative effort:
do a play on Broadway.

(5)

To play the part or role of in a creative production:
did Elizabeth I in the film.

(6)

To mimic:
“doing the Southern voice, improvising it inventively as he goes along”(William H. Pritchard)

(7)

To bring about; effect:
Crying won't do any good now.

(8)

To render; give:
do equal justice to the opposing sides; do honor to one's family.

(9)

To put forth; exert:
Do the best you can.

(10)

To attend to in such a way as to take care of or put in order:
did the bedrooms before the guests arrived.

(11)

To prepare for further use especially by washing:
did the dishes.

(12)

To set or style (the hair).

(13)

To apply cosmetics to:
did her face.

(14)

To have as an occupation or a profession:
Have you decided what you will do after graduate school?

(15)

To work out by studying:
do a homework assignment.

(16)

Informal

(17)

To travel (a specified distance):
do a mile in four minutes.

(18)

To make a tour of; visit:
[He] did 15 countries of Western Europe in only a few days” (R.W. Apple, Jr.)

(19)

To be sufficient in meeting the needs of; serve:
This room will do us very nicely.

(20)

Informal To serve (a prison term).

(21)

Slang To cheat; swindle:
do a relative out of an inheritance.

(22)

Slang To take (drugs) illegally:
“If you do drugs you are going to be in continual trouble”(Jimmy Breslin)
v.intr.

(1)

To behave or conduct oneself; act:
Do as I say and you won't get into trouble.

(2)

To get along; fare:
students who do well at school.

(3)

To carry on; manage:
We can very easily do without your interference.

(4)

To make good use of something because of need:
I could do with a nice hot bath.

(5)

To serve a specified purpose:
This coat will do for another season.

(6)

To be proper or fitting:
Such behavior just won't do.

(7)

To take place; happen:
What's doing in London this time of year?

(8)

Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb:
worked as hard as everyone else did.

(9)

Used after another verb for emphasis:
Run quickly, do!
v.aux.

(1)

Used with the infinitive without to in questions, negative statements, and inverted phrases:
Do you understand? I did not sleep well. Little did we know what was in store for us.

(2)

Used as a means of emphasis:
I do want to be sure. Do be still!
n.
pl. do'sor dos

(1)

A statement of what should be done:
a list of the do's and don'ts of management.

(2)

Informal An entertainment; a party:
attended a big do at the embassy.

(3)

Regional A commotion.

(4)

Chiefly British A swindle; a cheat.

(5)

Archaic Duty; deed.

常用词组

do by
To behave with respect to; deal with:
The children have done well by their aged parents.

do for
To care or provide for; take care of.

do in Slang

(1)

To tire completely; exhaust:
The marathon did me in.

(2)

To kill.

(3)

To ruin utterly:
Huge losses on the stock market did many investors in.

do up

(1)

To adorn or dress lavishly:
The children were all done up in matching outfits.

(2)

To wrap and tie (a package).

(3)

To fasten:
do up the buttons on a dress.

do without
To manage in spite of a lack or absence:
There was no television on the island, but we soon learned to do without.

习惯用语

do a disappearing actInformal
To vanish.

do away with

(1)

To make an end of; eliminate.

(2)

To destroy; kill.

do (one) proud
To act or perform in a way that gives cause for pride.

do (one's) bit
To make an individual contribution toward an overall effort.

do (one's) own thingSlang
To do what one does best or finds most enjoyable:
“I get paid to try cases and to do my thing on trial”(Bruce Cutler)

do or die
To exert supreme effort.

语源

(1)

Middle English don

(2)

from Old English d?n * see dh?-

基本词义

do
do 2
AHD:[d?]
D.J.[dou]
K.K.[do]
n.Music
The first tone of the diatonic scale in solfeggio.

语源

(1)

Italian

(2)

more singable replacement of ut * see gamut

英汉航海大词典

do for
vt.适合于,对...有效

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