简明英汉词典

dive
[daiv]
vi.
潜水, 跳水, 下潜, 俯冲
n.
潜水, 跳水, 下潜, 俯冲

美国传统词典[双解]

dive
dive 1
AHD:[dov]
D.J.[daiv]
K.K.[da!v]
v.(动词)
dived或 dove [d?v] diveddiv.ingdives
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To plunge, especially headfirst, into water.
跳水:潜入水中,尤指头先下水的跳水

(2)

To execute a dive in athletic competition.
跳水比赛:参加体育竞赛中的跳水比赛

(3)

To participate in the sport of competitive diving.
参加跳水比赛运动

(4)

To go toward the bottom of a body of water; submerge.
潜水:潜入一片水域的底部;潜入水中

(5)

To engage in the activity of scuba diving.
参加潜水活动:参加戴水肺潜水的潜水活动

(6)

To submerge under power. Used of a submarine.
以动力潜水:在力的作用下潜水。用于潜水艇

(7)

To fall head down through the air.
倒栽葱:头向下从空中落下

(8)

To descend nose down at an acceleration usually exceeding that of free fall. Used of an airplane.
(飞机)俯冲:通常以远大于自由落体的加速度下滑。用于飞机

(9)

To engage in the sport of skydiving.
花式跳伞:参加延缓张伞跳伞运动

(10)

To drop sharply and rapidly; plummet:
急剧下跌;骤降:
Stock prices dove 100 points in a single day of trading.
在一天的交易中,股票价格就急剧下跌了一百点

(11)

To rush headlong and vanish into:
一股脑向前冲并消失:
dive into a crowd.
冲入人群并消失

(12)

To plunge one's hand into.
把手伸入,(手)突伸

(13)

To lunge:
扑去,冲去:
dove for the loose ball.
向失去准头的球扑去

(14)

To plunge into an activity or enterprise with vigor and gusto.
钻研:全身的投入,潜心钻研,探究
v.tr.(及物动词)
To cause (an aircraft, for example) to dive.
使(如飞机)俯冲,使潜水
n.(名词)

(1)

A plunge into water, especially done headfirst and in a way established for athletic competition.
跳水:跳水,尤指头先下水而且以体育比赛所决定的方式跳水

(2)

The act or an instance of submerging, as of a submarine or a skin diver.
潜水:潜水的动作或例子;如潜水艇或裸潜者潜水

(3)

A nearly vertical descent at an accelerated speed through the air.
垂直落下:从空中近似垂直的加速下落

(4)

A quick, pronounced drop.
急剧的下降

(5)

Slang A disreputable or run-down bar or nightclub.
【俚语】 低级酒馆,低级夜总会

(6)

A knockout feigned by prearrangement between prizefighters:
事先套招假装被击倒:职业拳击手事先安排的假装被击倒,佯倒:
The challenger took a dive.
挑战者假装被击倒

(7)

A lunge or a headlong jump:
扑,冲:
made a dive to catch the falling teacup.
扑过去想抓住落下的茶杯

(8)

Football An offensive play in which the carrier of the ball plunges into the opposing line in order to gain short yardage.
【橄榄球】 鱼跃:持球者扑向对面线以得到一短段,将球向前推进的距离的进攻行为

语源

(1)

Middle English diven
中古英语 diven

(2)

from Old English dtn [to dip]
源自 古英语 dtn [浸,蘸,沉]

(3)

and from d?n [to sink] * see dheub-
并源自 d?n [下沉,沉入] *参见 dheub-

用法
Either dove or dived is acceptable as the past tense of dive. Dived is actually the earlier form, and the emergence of dove may appear anomalous in light of the general tendencies of change in English verb forms. Old English had two classes of verbs: strong verbs, whose past tense was indicated by a change in their vowel (a process that survives in such present-day English verbs as drive/drove or fling/flung ); and weak verbs, whose past was formed with a suffix related to -ed in Modern English (as in present-day English live/lived and move/moved ). Since the Old English period, many verbs have changed from the strong pattern to the weak one; for example, the past tense of help, formerly healp, became helped, and the past tense of step, formerly stop, became stepped. Over the years, in fact, the weak pattern has become so prevalent that we use the term regular to refer to verbs that form their past tense by suffixation of -ed. However, there have occasionally been changes in the other direction: the past tense of wear, now wore, was once werede ; that of spit, now spat, was once spitede ; and the development of dove is an additional example of the small group of verbs that have swum against the historical tide.
dove 或 dived 都可用作 dive的过去式形式。 Dived 实际上是早期词形,根据英语动词词形变化的趋势,dove 的出现似乎是不规则的。 古英语有两类动词:强式动词,其过去时形式由元音变化来体现(这一过程还存在于现代英语里,诸如drive/drove 或 fling/flung 等动词中); 另一类为弱式动词,其过去时态形式由与现代英语-ed 后缀有关 (如现代英语中的live/lived 和 move/moved )。 自古英语时期以来,许多动词由强式变为弱式;例如help 的过去式形式以前为 healp ,已变为 helped , step 的过去式由以前的 stop 变为 stepped 。 事实上,多年来弱式动词变得非常普遍,我们用术语规则动词 来指那些由加后缀 -ed 来构成过去式形式的动词, 然而偶尔也会向另一方向发生变化:wear 的过去形式现为 wore ,曾为 weared ; spit 的过去式现为 spat ,曾为 spitede ; dove 的发展是反历史潮流而动的一小组动词中的另外一小组动词的例子

基本词义

dive
di.ve 2
AHD:[d?“v3]
D.J.[6di8vei]
K.K.[6dive]
n.Music (名词)【音乐】
A plural of diva
diva的复数

现代英汉词典

dive
[daIv]
vi.
dived, diving

(1)

下潜;潜入;跳水
He dived from the bridge and rescued the drowning child.
他从桥上跳到水中,救起那快要溺死的小孩。
The swimmer dived into the swimming pool from the divingboard.
游泳运动员从跳板上潜入游泳池。

(2)

跳入;冲入;窜进
He dived into an alley.
他突然跑进一条小巷消失了。
He dived into the doorway of a shop when he found out that he was followed closely.
"当他发现被跟踪时,他就闪进了一家商铺的门廊。"
The eagle dived down on the rabbit.
那只雄鹰向兔子猛扑下来。

(3)

突然插入;猛地伸入

词性变化

dive
n.

(1)

潜水;跳水;跃入

(2)

下等酒吧;低级下流的娱乐场所
Do you want me to eat in a dive like this?
你要我在这样一个低级酒吧吃东西吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

dive
[daiv]
vi.

(1)

(头朝下)跳入水中

(2)

潜水

(3)

(飞机)俯冲; 突然下降

(4)

猛冲, 突然潜匿

(5)

把手伸入口袋; [俚]扒窃

(6)

钻研, 探究, 埋头研究

(7)

[美俚](拳击中)假装被打倒
dive into the water
跳入水中
dive for pearls
潜水采珠
dive into the crowd
冲进人群
dive into a purse
手伸进钱袋
dive into the history of English literature
专心研究英国文学史
He dived from the bridge and rescued the drowning child.
他从桥上跳入水中, 救起溺水的孩子。
Children always dive to the bottom of a subject.
孩子们对问题总是追根究底的。
The mercury dived to ten below zero.
温度突然下降到零下10度。

词性变化

dive
[daiv]
vt.

(1)

把(头、手等)插入, 插进

(2)

使(飞机、潜艇等)突然潜入
He dived his hand into the earth.
他将手插入泥土中。

dive
[daiv]
n.

(1)

跳入; 潜入; (飞机)俯冲; (潜艇)下潜; 急降

(2)

猛冲; 突然隐去

(3)

专心研究; 埋头探究

(4)

(气温, 股票价格等的)暴落

(5)

[英](设在地下室的)饮食店

(6)

[美口]下等酒吧间; 赌窟; 匪窝

(7)

[俚](拳击中的)假装被击倒;佯倒; (足球)鱼跃
make a dive for the ditch
向壕沟急奔
take a dive into physics
埋头钻研物理学

继承用法

dive-bomb
vt., vi.
俯冲轰炸

dive-stafer
n.
俯冲轰炸机

习惯用语

make a dive for
向...冲去

take a dive

(1)

突然下降, (市价)暴跌

(2)

[美俚]假装被打倒

dive in
(头朝下)跳进水里; 开始吃; 猛吃

dive into

(1)

跳入; 钻进

(2)

冲进

(3)

(将水)伸进(袋子里)

(4)

钻研, 埋头于

特殊用法

acrobatic dive
跳水动作

armstand dive
臂立跳水

armstand cut-through reverse dive
臂立中穿反身跳水

back (ward) dive
向后跳水

failed dive
失败的跳水动作

fish dive
鱼跃

flat dive
入水很浅的跳水法

front dive
向前跳水

handstand dive
臂立跳水

inward dive
面对板向内跳水

long dive
远距离鱼跃

nose dive
俯冲; 暴跌

racing dive
出发跳水, 比赛出发

reverse dive
面对池反身跳水

running dive
跑动跳水

running plain front dive
向前跳水(直体, 跑动)

shallow dive
入水浅的跳水法

skin dive
潜水

spinning dive
旋冲

spoiled dive
没做好的跳水动作

standing dive
立定跳水

surface dive
从与水面齐高的地方跳水

swallow dive
向前跳水(直体)

swan dive
向前跳水(直体)

terminal -velocity dive
极限速度俯冲

trial dive
试跳

voluntary dive with limit
有难度系数限制的自选动作

用法词典

dive
来自中古英语diven<古英语dyfan 使浸入

英文相关词典

dive
drop    fall    plunge    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

dive
潜水

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

dive
俯冲

美国传统词典

dive
dive 1
AHD:[dov]
D.J.[daiv]
K.K.[da!v]
v.
divedor dove [d?v] dived, div.ing, dives
v.intr.

(1)

To plunge, especially headfirst, into water.

(2)

To execute a dive in athletic competition.

(3)

To participate in the sport of competitive diving.

(4)

To go toward the bottom of a body of water; submerge.

(5)

To engage in the activity of scuba diving.

(6)

To submerge under power. Used of a submarine.

(7)

To fall head down through the air.

(8)

To descend nose down at an acceleration usually exceeding that of free fall. Used of an airplane.

(9)

To engage in the sport of skydiving.

(10)

To drop sharply and rapidly; plummet:
Stock prices dove 100 points in a single day of trading.

(11)

To rush headlong and vanish into:
dive into a crowd.

(12)

To plunge one's hand into.

(13)

To lunge:
dove for the loose ball.

(14)

To plunge into an activity or enterprise with vigor and gusto.
v.tr.
To cause (an aircraft, for example) to dive.
n.

(1)

A plunge into water, especially done headfirst and in a way established for athletic competition.

(2)

The act or an instance of submerging, as of a submarine or a skin diver.

(3)

A nearly vertical descent at an accelerated speed through the air.

(4)

A quick, pronounced drop.

(5)

Slang A disreputable or run-down bar or nightclub.

(6)

A knockout feigned by prearrangement between prizefighters:
The challenger took a dive.

(7)

A lunge or a headlong jump:
made a dive to catch the falling teacup.

(8)

Football An offensive play in which the carrier of the ball plunges into the opposing line in order to gain short yardage.

语源

(1)

Middle English diven

(2)

from Old English dtn [to dip]

(3)

and from d?n [to sink] * see dheub-

用法
Either dove or dived is acceptable as the past tense of dive. Dived is actually the earlier form, and the emergence of dove may appear anomalous in light of the general tendencies of change in English verb forms. Old English had two classes of verbs: strong verbs, whose past tense was indicated by a change in their vowel (a process that survives in such present-day English verbs as drive/drove or fling/flung ); and weak verbs, whose past was formed with a suffix related to -ed in Modern English (as in present-day English live/lived and move/moved ). Since the Old English period, many verbs have changed from the strong pattern to the weak one; for example, the past tense of help, formerly healp, became helped, and the past tense of step, formerly stop, became stepped. Over the years, in fact, the weak pattern has become so prevalent that we use the term regular to refer to verbs that form their past tense by suffixation of -ed. However, there have occasionally been changes in the other direction: the past tense of wear, now wore, was once werede ; that of spit, now spat, was once spitede ; and the development of dove is an additional example of the small group of verbs that have swum against the historical tide.

基本词义

dive
di.ve 2
AHD:[d?“v3]
D.J.[6di8vei]
K.K.[6dive]
n.Music
A plural of diva

英汉船舶大词典

dive
n.俯冲,潜

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

dive
精化;跳水

英汉地质大词典

dive
n.潜水,下潜

英汉航海大词典

dive
n.跳水,潜水

英汉航空大词典

dive
n.俯冲,潜水;n.俯冲,突然下降

英汉化学大词典

dive
vt.潜水;n.钻研

英汉海运大词典

dive
伸入,插进下沉下潜,潜水

基本词义

dive
下沉下潜,潜水伸入,插进下沉下潜,潜水

英汉计算机大词典

dive
vt.潜水;n.钻研

英汉机械大词典

dive
n.钻研,埋头研究

英汉建筑大词典

dive
n.潜水,下潜

英汉水利大词典

dive
n.潜水,下潜,探究

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