简明英汉词典

distribute
[dis5tribju(:)t]
vt.
分发, 分配, 散布, 分布, 分类, 分区
v.
分发

美国传统词典[双解]

distribute
dis.trib.ute
AHD:[d1-str1b“y?t]
D.J.[di6stribju8t]
K.K.[d!6str!bjut]
v.(动词)
dis.trib.ut.eddis.trib.ut.ingdis.trib.utes
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To divide and dispense in portions.
分发,分配,分给:分成并分发成几个部分

(2)

To supply (goods) to retailers.
配销(货物)给零售商

(3)

To deliver or pass out:
发送;散发;传递:
distributing handbills on the street.
在街上散发传单

(4)

To spread or diffuse over an area; scatter:
散布,遍散:分布或弥漫在一个区域,散布:
distribute grass seed over the lawn.
把草种播散在草坪里

(5)

To apportion so as to be evenly spread throughout a given area:
分摊,分布:平均分配使均匀散布在某一给定区域:
180 pounds of muscle that were well distributed over his 6-foot frame.
一百八十磅的肌肉均匀长在他六英尺高的身躯上

(6)

To separate into categories; classify.
分成几类;归类

(7)

Logic To use (a term) so as to include all individuals or entities of a given class.
【逻辑学】 周延:用(一个术语)来包含某一类中的所有个体或实体
v.intr.(不及物动词)
Mathematics To be distributive.
【数学】 分配

语源

(1)

Middle English distributen
中古英语 distributen

(2)

from Latin distribuere distrib?t-
源自 拉丁语 distribuere distrib?t-

(3)

dis- [apart] * see dis-
dis- [分开,分离] *参见 dis-

(4)

tribuere [to give] * see tribute
tribuere [给,给予] *参见 tribute

参考词汇

(1)

distributedividedispensedoledealration

(2)

These verbs mean to give out in portions or shares.
这些动词都指按部分或按份额分发,

(3)

Distribute is the least specific:
Distribute 是意义最广的:
In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers willing to cultivate it.
在19世纪,政府将土地分发给愿意耕种的定居者。

(4)

Divide implies giving out portions, often equal, on the basis of a plan or purpose:
Divide 表示根据计划或目的进行按份额分发,常是平等的:
The estate will be divided among the heirs.
财产将被分发到继承者手中。

(5)

Dispense stresses the careful determination of portions, often according to measurement or weight:
Dispense 强调根据测理或称重对所分的份额,认真作出决定:
dispensing medication;
配药;
dispensed tax dollars judiciously;
明智地分发作为缴纳税款的美元;
dispense advice and sympathy.
给予建议和同情。

(6)

Dole, often followed by out, implies careful, usually sparing measurement of portions; it can refer to the distribution of charity (
Dole, 其后常跟out 指细致地,通常是节省所应分发的份额的测量; 可指给予施舍(
surplus milk and cheese doled out to the needy) but more often suggests lack of generosity:
剩余的牛奶和奶酪都分给了穷人),但更常表示不慷慨大方:
The professor seldom doled out praise, and even when he did it was with reluctance.
那个教授很少给予称赞,即便给予,也很不情愿。

(7)

Deal implies orderly, equitable distribution, often piece by piece:
Deal 表示秩序地,平均的分发,经常是一份一份的:
dealt out one hamburger each to the children.
分给每一个孩子一块汉堡包。

(8)

Ration refers to equitable division of scarce items, often necessities, in accordance with a system that limits individual portions:
Ration 指按照一定限制个人份额的体制,一部分不足的东西,常为生活必需品。
ration fuel in wartime;
在战争时期配给供应燃料;
rationing water during the drought.
在干旱时期定量供应水

现代英汉词典

distribute
[dI5strIbju:t]
vt.
-uted, -uting

(1)

分;分发
to distribute books to students
给学生发书

(2)

分布;散布

(3)

分配;分送

(4)

供销;配给

现代英汉综合大辞典

distribute
[dis5tribju(:)t]
vt.

(1)

分配; 分给; 分送

(2)

区分; 分类

(3)

分布; 散布

(4)

【逻】周延

(5)

【电】配(电)

(6)

【刷】调整墨; 拆(版)
distribute books among the students
把书分给学生
be distributed into three classes
分为三类
distribute seeds over a field
在田间播种

词性变化

distribute
[dis5tribju(:)t]
vi.

(1)

分配; 散布

(2)

【数】分布

继承用法

distributee
[dis7tribju5ti:]
n.
[法]分配遗产受益人 -tism

词性变化

distribute
[dis5tribju(:)t]
n.
分产主义 -tist
n.

习惯用语

distribute...over ...
把...配给到[分配到, 散布于]...

distribute sth. to
把某物分[配, 发]给...

distribute sth. among
把某物分[配, 发]给...

参考词汇
distribute     dispense     divide     allocate    
都含“分配”的意思。

(1)

distribute指“将某物分成一定的部分或数量, 通常各份的数量不一定相等, 然后分给某些人或地方”, 如:
distribute leaflets
分发传单。

(2)

dispense指“分配给一群人中每个人应得的份”, 如:
They dispensed new clothes to the children in the orphanage.
他们把新衣服发给孤儿院的小孩们。

(3)

divide指“把整体分为若干部分”, 如:
divide it into two
把它分成两份。

(4)

allocate指“分配一定数量的财物或任务给某些人、单位或事业等”, 如:
We've allocated a sum of money to education.
我们已经拨出了一笔教育经费。

用法词典

distribute
dis-散开+tribute给与,分配

英文相关词典

distribute
allot    dispense    disperse    scatter    spread    assemble    collect    gather    withdraw    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

distribute
分发;分布;分配

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

distribute
分配

美国传统词典

distribute
dis.trib.ute
AHD:[d1-str1b“y?t]
D.J.[di6stribju8t]
K.K.[d!6str!bjut]
v.
dis.trib.ut.ed, dis.trib.ut.ing, dis.trib.utes
v.tr.

(1)

To divide and dispense in portions.

(2)

To supply (goods) to retailers.

(3)

To deliver or pass out:
distributing handbills on the street.

(4)

To spread or diffuse over an area; scatter:
distribute grass seed over the lawn.

(5)

To apportion so as to be evenly spread throughout a given area:
180 pounds of muscle that were well distributed over his 6-foot frame.

(6)

To separate into categories; classify.

(7)

Logic To use (a term) so as to include all individuals or entities of a given class.
v.intr.
Mathematics To be distributive.

语源

(1)

Middle English distributen

(2)

from Latin distribuere distrib?t-

(3)

dis- [apart] * see dis-

(4)

tribuere [to give] * see tribute

参考词汇

(1)

distribute, divide, dispense, dole, deal, ration

(2)

These verbs mean to give out in portions or shares.

(3)

Distribute is the least specific:
In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers willing to cultivate it.

(4)

Divide implies giving out portions, often equal, on the basis of a plan or purpose:
The estate will be divided among the heirs.

(5)

Dispense stresses the careful determination of portions, often according to measurement or weight:
dispensing medication;
dispensed tax dollars judiciously;
dispense advice and sympathy.

(6)

Dole, often followed by out, implies careful, usually sparing measurement of portions; it can refer to the distribution of charity (
surplus milk and cheese doled out to the needy) but more often suggests lack of generosity:
The professor seldom doled out praise, and even when he did it was with reluctance.

(7)

Deal implies orderly, equitable distribution, often piece by piece:
dealt out one hamburger each to the children.

(8)

Ration refers to equitable division of scarce items, often necessities, in accordance with a system that limits individual portions:
ration fuel in wartime;
rationing water during the drought.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

distribute
【动】分布

英汉电信大词典

distribute
n.分布;vt.配电

英汉法学大词典

distribute
v.经销 ,散布,播送 ,发行,分配

英汉航海大词典

distribute
n.分配

英汉航空大词典

distribute
n.分发,分配;n.分配,分布

英汉化学大词典

distribute
n.分配,散布,分布;vt.分配,分布,散布,区分,周延

英汉海运大词典

distribute
分布分配配电

基本词义

distribute
分布分配,分派配电

基本词义

distribute
分配,分派分布区分,分类配电拆版

基本词义

distribute
区分,分类分布,分配,分派配电

英汉经贸大词典

distribute
n.分配

英汉计算机大词典

distribute
vt.分配(分布,散布

英汉机械大词典

distribute
n.分布

英汉建筑大词典

distribute
vt.分布,分配,配线

最新会计师英汉大词典

distribute
经售,经销

英汉水利大词典

distribute
n.分布,配给,配置

英汉贸易大词典

distribute
经售,经销,分配

英汉心理学大词典

distribute
分配

现代商务英汉大词典

distribute
经售,经销,分配

英汉医学大词典

distribute
n.分布,分配

英汉中医大词典

distribute
n.分布,分配

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