简明英汉词典

distress
[dis5tres]
n.
悲痛, 穷困, 不幸, 危难, 忧伤
v.
使悲痛, 使穷困, 使忧伤

美国传统词典[双解]

distress
dis.tress
AHD:[d1-strμs“]
D.J.[di6stres]
K.K.[d!6strWs]
v.tr.(及物动词)
dis.tresseddis.tress.ingdis.tress.es

(1)

To cause strain, anxiety, or suffering to.See Synonyms at trouble
使紧张;使忧虑;使痛苦参见 trouble

(2)

Law To hold the property of (a person) against the payment of debts.
【法律】 扣押(债务人的)财物以抵债

(3)

To mar or otherwise treat (an object or a fabric, for example) to give the appearance of an antique or of heavy prior use:
仿造,仿造古物:为造成古董的或陈年久用的外观而毁损或异常对待(如物品或纤维):
“There are the fakes—new rugs which have been intentionally distressed for an older look”(Hatfield MA Valley Advocate)
“仿造古毛毯——新地毯故意编织成老旧的样式”(哈特菲尔德MA谷辩护律师)

(4)

Archaic To constrain or overcome by harassment.
【古语】 抑制:通过骚扰(扰乱)来约束或征服
n.(名词)

(1)

Anxiety or mental suffering.
忧虑;精神上的痛苦

(2)

Severe strain resulting from exhaustion or an accident.
精神紧张:过度劳累或意外事故引起的高度紧张

(3)

Acute physical discomfort.
身体的疼痛,不适

(4)

Physical deterioration, as of a highway, caused by hard use over time:
恶化,损坏:由于长期过度使用而造成的磨损,如高速公路:
pavement distress.
人行道的损坏

(5)

The condition of being in need of immediate assistance:
危难,危急:需要紧急帮助的状况:
a motorist in distress.
处于危险境地的驾驶者

(6)

Law
【法律】

(7)

The act of distraining or seizing to compel payment.
扣押财物:扣押以逼迫付款的行为

(8)

The goods thus seized.
被扣押的财物
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
常用来修饰另一名词:
distress merchandise; a distress sale.
亏本出售的商品;廉价出售

语源

(1)

Middle English distressen
中古英语 distressen

(2)

from Old French destresser
源自 古法语 destresser

(3)

from destresse [constraint]
源自 destresse [强迫,迫使]

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *districtia
源自 俗拉丁语 *districtia

(5)

from Latin districtus [past participle of] distringere [to hinder] * see distrain
源自 拉丁语 districtus [] distringere的过去分词 [阻碍,妨碍] *参见 distrain

继承用法

distressingly
adv.(副词)

现代英汉词典

distress
[dI5stres]
n.

(1)

巨大的痛苦;悲伤;贫困;伤痛;忧伤
The mother was in great distress when her baby became ill.
当她的小孩子生病的时候,母亲非常苦恼。

(2)

危险;困境
The life-boat went out to a ship in distress.
救生船去援救一艘遇险的船只。
"When the captain found the ship wassinking rapidly,he orderedhis men to send out a distress signal."
船长发现船在迅速下沉时就命令船员发了遇险信号。

词性变化

distress
vt.
使痛苦;使苦恼;使悲伤;使贫困
The mother was distressed by her baby's illness.
母亲为她孩子的病感到苦恼。

现代英汉综合大辞典

distress
[dis5tres]
n.

(1)

苦恼; 痛苦

(2)

穷困; 贫苦

(3)

危难, 不幸

(4)

【律】(被)扣押财物
respiratory distress
呼吸困难
in distress
遇难; 痛苦
be a great distress to sb.
使某人深感苦恼的事
relieve distress among the poor
救济穷人
a signal of distress
遇难信号
distress warrant
【律】扣押令

词性变化

distress
vt.

(1)

使苦恼; 使悲痛

(2)

使贫困; 使困苦
be distressed about [over] some matter
为某事而苦恼
be distressed at some sad news
因不幸消息而悲痛
be distressed by thirst
渴得难受
distress oneself
担忧; 悲痛

继承用法

distressed
[dI5strest]
adj.

习惯用语

Two in distress makes sorrow less.
同病相怜, 同忧相救。

Company in distress makes trouble less.
同病相怜, 同忧相救。

参考词汇
distress     suffering     agony     anguish     misery都含“痛苦”的意思。    
distress

(1)

指“精神上悲痛或造成痛苦的原因”、“身体上的疼痛或不适”或“某种灾难所造成的痛苦或苦难”, 如:
Famine caused widespread distress.
饥荒引起了普遍的忧虑。

(2)

suffering指“身体或精神上的痛苦”, 着重“对痛苦的感觉和忍受”, 一般用于人, 如:
His wound caused him great suffering.
他的伤使他深受痛苦。

(3)

agony指“肉体上或精神上的巨大痛苦”, 如:
He suffered agonies from his arm.
他感到胳膊痛极了。

(4)

anguish多指“精神上令人难以忍受的痛苦”, 如:
the anguish of despair
绝望引起的极度痛苦。

(5)

misery指“在身体、精神或感情方面长期的极大痛苦或不幸”, 或“造成这种不幸的原因”, 含“无希望解脱”的意思, 如:
She died in misery in a convent.
她悲惨地在修道院死去。

英文相关词典

distress
afflict    agonize    bother    disturb    hurt    pain    torment    torture    trouble    upset    comfort    consolation    relief    solace    

美国传统词典

distress
dis.tress
AHD:[d1-strμs“]
D.J.[di6stres]
K.K.[d!6strWs]
v.tr.
dis.tressed, dis.tress.ing, dis.tress.es

(1)

To cause strain, anxiety, or suffering to.See Synonyms at trouble

(2)

Law To hold the property of (a person) against the payment of debts.

(3)

To mar or otherwise treat (an object or a fabric, for example) to give the appearance of an antique or of heavy prior use:
“There are the fakes—new rugs which have been intentionally distressed for an older look”(Hatfield MA Valley Advocate)

(4)

Archaic To constrain or overcome by harassment.
n.

(1)

Anxiety or mental suffering.

(2)

Severe strain resulting from exhaustion or an accident.

(3)

Acute physical discomfort.

(4)

Physical deterioration, as of a highway, caused by hard use over time:
pavement distress.

(5)

The condition of being in need of immediate assistance:
a motorist in distress.

(6)

Law

(7)

The act of distraining or seizing to compel payment.

(8)

The goods thus seized.
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
distress merchandise; a distress sale.

语源

(1)

Middle English distressen

(2)

from Old French destresser

(3)

from destresse [constraint]

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *districtia

(5)

from Latin districtus [past participle of] distringere [to hinder] * see distrain

继承用法

distressingly
adv.

[名词委审定]英汉航海科技名词(1996)

distress
遇险

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

distress
苦恼

英汉船舶大词典

distress
n.损坏,遇难

英汉电信大词典

distress
n.遇险

英汉法学大词典

distress
v.财产扣押 ,财物扣押权,扣押物,占有他人财产的救济,扣押财产 ;n.不幸 ,扣押,扣押财产

英汉航海大词典

distress
n.亏本出售的

英汉航空大词典

distress
n.危急,遇险;n.危难,不幸

英汉化学大词典

distress
n.苦恼,遇难,受灾;vt.使....苦恼,使...困苦

英汉海运大词典

distress
灾难

基本词义

distress
损坏事故,失事,遇险,遇难,灾难

基本词义

distress
海难,遇难,遇险

基本词义

distress
海难,遇难,遇险损坏事故,失事,灾难

英汉经贸大词典

distress
n.亏本出售的

英汉计算机大词典

distress
n.苦恼(遇难,受灾);vt.使....苦恼(使...困苦)

英汉机械大词典

distress
n.事故,失事

英汉心理学大词典

distress
苦恼

英汉医学大词典

distress
n.窘迫

英汉中医大词典

distress
n.痛苦,烦闷,困苦

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