简明英汉词典

dismay
[dis5mei]
n.
沮丧, 惊慌
v.
使沮丧, 使惊慌

美国传统词典[双解]

dismay
dis.may
AHD:[d1s-m3“]
D.J.[dis6mei]
K.K.[d!s6me]
v.tr.(及物动词)
dis.mayeddis.may.ingdis.mays

(1)

To destroy the courage or resolution of by exciting dread or apprehension.
使惊恐;使丧气:因有刺激的恐惧或担忧而失去勇气或果断

(2)

To cause to lose enthusiasm; disillusion:
使失去热情,使幻想破灭:
was dismayed to learn that her favorite dancer used drugs.
获悉她喜爱的舞蹈演员吸毒,她感到很失望

(3)

To upset or alarm.
使不安,使惊慌
n.(名词)
A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger.
丧胆,绝望:在面临麻烦或危险时,突然或完全失去勇气

语源

(1)

Middle English dismaien
中古英语 dismaien

(2)

from Anglo-Norman *desmaiier
源自 英法语 *desmaiier

(3)

probably de- [intensive pref.] * see de-
可能为 de- [强调前缀] *参见 de-

(4)

Old French esmaier [to frighten] from Vulgar Latin *exmag3e [to deprive of power] Latin ex- [ex-] Germanic *magan [to be able to] * see magh-
古法语 esmaier [使害怕,使惊恐] 源自 俗拉丁语 *exmag3e [使无力] 拉丁语 ex- [表示“去除”的意思] 日耳曼语 *magan [能] *参见 magh-

继承用法

dismayingly
adv.(副词)

参考词汇

(1)

dismayappalldaunthorrifyshake

(2)

These verbs mean to deprive a person of courage or the power to act as a result of fear or anxiety.
这些动词都指由于害怕或紧张而无勇气或无力去做某事。

(3)

Dismay is the least specific:
Dismay 是最普通的:
The news of plummeting stock prices dismayed speculators.
股票价格骤然下跌的消息使股民大为失望。

(4)

Appall implies a sense of helplessness caused by an awareness of the enormity of something:
Appall 含有一种由于某事物的暴虐而造成的无助感:
“for as this appalling ocean surrounds the verdant land” (Herman Melville).
“因为当可怕的海水将这块郁郁葱葱的陆地围住时” (赫尔曼·麦尔维尔)。

(5)

Daunt suggests an abatement of courage:
Daunt 暗指勇气的减少:
“captains courageous, whom death could not daunt” (Anonymous ballad).
“勇敢的船长,死亡不会使他们胆怯” (作者不详的民谣)。

(6)

Horrify implies dread, shock, or revulsion:
Horrify 暗含了害怕、震惊或突变之意:
horrified by the possibility of nuclear war. To
因有可能爆发核战争而害怕

(7)

shake is to dismay profoundly:
shake 指深深地感到失望:
“A little swift brutality shook him to the very soul” (John Galsworthy).See also Synonyms at fear
“短而快速的暴力行为使他惊恐不已” (约翰·高尔斯华绥)参见同义词 fear

现代英汉词典

dismay
[dIs5meI]
n.
沮丧;灰心
‘Someone stolen my house!’ she said in dismay.
“有人偷了我们家!”她惊恐地说。
I was dismayed when I recongnized the voice of Mrs Bates.
"当我听出是贝茨夫人的声音时,我感到丧气。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

dismay
[dis5mei]
vt.
使灰心, 使沮丧; 使惊愕
He was dismayed at the size of his adversary.
对手的魁伟身材使他丧失了勇气。

词性变化

dismay
[dis5mei]
n.
灰心, 沮丧; 惊愕
The enemy retreated in perfect dismay.
敌人沮丧地退去。

继承用法

dismayedness
n.

习惯用语

to one's dismay
使某人惊慌[沮丧]的是

参考词汇
dismay     appall     horrify    
都含“使沮丧”、“使灰心”、“使惊吓”的意思。

(1)

dismay指“面临突然地令人惊吓、困惑或烦恼的事时, 表现畏惧、缺乏勇气或手足无措”, 如:
He was dismayed at his lack of understanding.
他对自已的无知感到沮丧。

(2)

appall指“使惊吓”、“使丧胆”, 如:
an appalling death rate
令人吃惊的死亡率。

(3)

horrify 指“使恐怖”、“使惊骇”, 如:
She felt horrified at the sight.
见这情景, 她感到恐怖。

用法词典

dismay
中古英语dismayen
英文相关词典

dismay
alarm    bewilder    bother    confuse    disturb    embarrass    frighten    cheer    

美国传统词典

dismay
dis.may
AHD:[d1s-m3“]
D.J.[dis6mei]
K.K.[d!s6me]
v.tr.
dis.mayed, dis.may.ing, dis.mays

(1)

To destroy the courage or resolution of by exciting dread or apprehension.

(2)

To cause to lose enthusiasm; disillusion:
was dismayed to learn that her favorite dancer used drugs.

(3)

To upset or alarm.
n.
A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger.

语源

(1)

Middle English dismaien

(2)

from Anglo-Norman *desmaiier

(3)

probably de- [intensive pref.] * see de-

(4)

Old French esmaier [to frighten] from Vulgar Latin *exmag3e [to deprive of power] Latin ex- [ex-] Germanic *magan [to be able to] * see magh-

继承用法

dismayingly
adv.

参考词汇

(1)

dismay, appall, daunt, horrify, shake

(2)

These verbs mean to deprive a person of courage or the power to act as a result of fear or anxiety.

(3)

Dismay is the least specific:
The news of plummeting stock prices dismayed speculators.

(4)

Appall implies a sense of helplessness caused by an awareness of the enormity of something:
“for as this appalling ocean surrounds the verdant land” (Herman Melville).

(5)

Daunt suggests an abatement of courage:
“captains courageous, whom death could not daunt” (Anonymous ballad).

(6)

Horrify implies dread, shock, or revulsion:
horrified by the possibility of nuclear war. To

(7)

shake is to dismay profoundly:
“A little swift brutality shook him to the very soul” (John Galsworthy).See also Synonyms at fear

英汉化学大词典

dismay
vt.使...灰心;n.灰心

英汉计算机大词典

dismay
vt.使...灰心;n.灰心

英汉心理学大词典

dismay
惊愕

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