简明英汉词典

disgrace
[dis5^reis]
n.
耻辱, 失宠, 丢脸的人(或事)
v.
玷污

美国传统词典[双解]

disgrace
dis.grace
AHD:[d1s-gr3s“]
D.J.[dis6greis]
K.K.[d!s6gres]
n.(名词)

(1)

Loss of honor, respect, or reputation; shame.
丢脸,耻辱:失去荣誉、尊敬或名声;羞耻

(2)

The condition of being strongly and generally disapproved.
失宠;失势:处于强烈地和通常不赞同的状态

(3)

One that brings disfavor or discredit:
惹人讨厌的事物;招致怀疑的事物:
Your handwriting is a disgrace.
你的笔迹不被接受
v.tr.(及物动词)
dis.graceddis.grac.ingdis.grac.es

(1)

To bring shame or dishonor on:
使羞辱;使蒙羞:
disgraced the entire community.
使整个社区蒙羞

(2)

To deprive of favor or good repute; treat with disfavor:
玷辱,羞辱:使失宠或使失去好名声;冷淡地对待:
The family was disgraced by the scandal.
这个家庭由于丑闻而失去名望

语源

(1)

French disgrace
法语 disgrace

(2)

from Italian disgrazia
源自 意大利语 disgrazia

(3)

dis- [not] from Latin * see dis-
dis- [不] 源自 拉丁语 *参见 dis-

(4)

grazia [favor] from Latin gr3a from gr3s [pleasing] * see g wer- 2
grazia [赞同,宠爱] 源自 拉丁语 gr3a 源自 gr3s [令人高兴的,讨人喜欢的] *参见 g wer- 2

继承用法

disgracer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

disgracedishonorshameinfamyignominyodiumobloquyopprobriumdisreputediscredit

(2)

These nouns denote the condition of being held in low regard.
这些名词都指一种不受尊重的状态。

(3)

Disgrace implies strong disfavor or ostracism:
Disgrace 含有强烈反对和排斥之意:
“Between the possibility of being hanged in all innocence, and the certainty of a public and merited disgrace, no gentleman of spirit could long hesitate” (Robert Louis Stevenson).
“在有可能被无辜绞死和一定要公开并丢脸之间,有灵魂的先生们决不会长久地犹豫不决” (罗伯特·路易斯·斯蒂文森)。

(4)

Dishonor means loss of esteem, respect, or good reputation previously enjoyed:
Dishonor 意为失去重视、尊敬或以前所拥有的好名声:
To fail while trying hard is no dishonor.
尽了努力而不成功并不是一件丢脸的事。

(5)

Shame suggests mortifying loss of status, such as that which might result from the commission of a moral offense:
Shame 意味着因道德上的不轨而失去地位,从而感到羞耻和耻辱:
“only the deep sense of some deathless shame” (John Webster).
“只深深地感到某种永远存在的耻辱” (约翰·韦伯斯特)。

(6)

Infamy is public disgrace or shameful notoriety:
Infamy 指当众丢脸或臭名昭著:
“December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy” (Franklin D. Roosevelt).
“1941年12月7日—将作为一个耻辱的日子传诸后世” (富兰克林·D·罗斯福)。

(7)

Ignominy implies public contempt:
Ignominy 含有公众鄙视之意:
suffered the ignominy of being sent to prison.
忍受着被送入监狱的羞耻行为的煎熬。

(8)

Odium adds to disgrace the sense of being the object of general dislike or detestation:
Odium 比disgrace 多另外一层意思:成为公众不喜欢或厌恶的对象;
“It was his lot to taste the bitterness of popular odium” (Nathaniel Hawthorne).
“他命该尝受被公众憎恨的苦头” (纳撒尼尔·霍桑)。

(9)

Obloquy implies being subjected to abuse and vilification:
Obloquy 含有遭到指责和辱骂之意:
“his long public life, so singularly checkered with good and evil, with glory and obloquy” (Macaulay).
他长期从事公务,好的和坏的,光荣和受辱交错,盛衰无常 (麦考利)。

(10)

Opprobrium is the condition of being harshly condemned:
Opprobrium 指受到严厉谴责的状态:
“The name [was] a by-word of scorn and opprobrium throughout the city” (Washington Irving).
“这个名字成了 全城表示轻蔑和耻辱的代名词” (华盛顿·欧文)。

(11)

Disrepute involves lack or loss of a good name:
Disrepute 表示缺少或失去好名声:
Because of the scandal the school has fallen into disrepute.
丑闻使这所学校名誉扫地。

(12)

Discredit implies loss of esteem resulting from personal misconduct:
Discredit 指由于个人的不端行为而失去别人的尊敬:
Your actions will bring discredit to your name.
你的行为会败坏你的名声

现代英汉词典

disgrace
[dIs5^reIs]
n.

(1)

耻辱;丢脸
He was in disgrace because he had lied.
他很丢脸, 因为他说了谎。
Being poor is no disgrace.
贫穷并非耻辱。

(2)

有失体面的事;出丑的人
The dirty walls are a disgrace to the school.
这些肮脏的墙壁是学校的耻辱。
Doctors like that are a disgrace to our hospitals and all the medical workers at that.
"那样的医生是我们医院的一种耻辱,也是全体医务工作者们的耻辱。"

习惯用语

in disgrace
失宠,失去父母的宠爱

词性变化

disgrace
vt.
-graced, -gracing
玷辱;使蒙羞
The head of the section disgraced himself last night by drinking too much.
昨天夜里科长喝酒过量而出了丑。

现代英汉综合大辞典

disgrace
[dis5^reis]
n.
丢脸, 耻辱
a humiliating disgrace
奇耻大辱
He's a disgraceto his parents.
他给父母亲丢脸。

词性变化

disgrace
[dis5^reis]
vt.

(1)

玷污, 使丢脸

(2)

使失宠, 贬黜

继承用法

disgracer
n.

习惯用语

be in disgrace
失宠; 丢脸; 受处分

bring disgrace on
给...带来耻辱

bring disgrace upon
给...带来耻辱

fall into disgrace with sb.
失宠于某人; 失去...欢心

参考词汇
disgrace     dishonor     shame     infamy     scandal    
都含“丢人”、“耻辱”的意思。

(1)

disgrace 指“失去别人的尊敬”、“因自己或别人的行为所产生的耻辱感”, 如:
He was in disgrace after his ungentlemanly behavior.
他因为行为不检而为人所不齿。

(2)

dishonor指“因自己的言行而丧失自尊或玷辱名誉”, 如:
His desertion to the enemy was a dishonor to his family.
他的投敌行为对他的家庭是耻辱。

(3)

shame指“由于失去自尊心而感到羞愧或羞耻”, 如I think it a shame to be so wasteful. 我认为那样浪费太可耻了。infamy指“声名狼藉”、“臭名昭著”, 如:
His name will live in infamy.
他的名字将遗臭万年。

(4)

scandal指“引起公愤的行为”、“丑事”, 如Iran Scandal 伊朗丑闻(指美国向伊朗出售武器的秘密被揭露后, 所引起的批评)。
honor     reputation     respect     esteem    

用法词典

disgrace
来自法语disgrace<意大利语disgrazia
英文相关词典

disgrace
discredit    dishonor    embarrass    humiliate    shame    honor    

美国传统词典

disgrace
dis.grace
AHD:[d1s-gr3s“]
D.J.[dis6greis]
K.K.[d!s6gres]
n.

(1)

Loss of honor, respect, or reputation; shame.

(2)

The condition of being strongly and generally disapproved.

(3)

One that brings disfavor or discredit:
Your handwriting is a disgrace.
v.tr.
dis.graced, dis.grac.ing, dis.grac.es

(1)

To bring shame or dishonor on:
disgraced the entire community.

(2)

To deprive of favor or good repute; treat with disfavor:
The family was disgraced by the scandal.

语源

(1)

French disgrace

(2)

from Italian disgrazia

(3)

dis- [not] from Latin * see dis-

(4)

grazia [favor] from Latin gr3a from gr3s [pleasing] * see g wer- 2

继承用法

disgracer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

disgrace, dishonor, shame, infamy, ignominy, odium, obloquy, opprobrium, disrepute, discredit

(2)

These nouns denote the condition of being held in low regard.

(3)

Disgrace implies strong disfavor or ostracism:
“Between the possibility of being hanged in all innocence, and the certainty of a public and merited disgrace, no gentleman of spirit could long hesitate” (Robert Louis Stevenson).

(4)

Dishonor means loss of esteem, respect, or good reputation previously enjoyed:
To fail while trying hard is no dishonor.

(5)

Shame suggests mortifying loss of status, such as that which might result from the commission of a moral offense:
“only the deep sense of some deathless shame” (John Webster).

(6)

Infamy is public disgrace or shameful notoriety:
“December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy” (Franklin D. Roosevelt).

(7)

Ignominy implies public contempt:
suffered the ignominy of being sent to prison.

(8)

Odium adds to disgrace the sense of being the object of general dislike or detestation:
“It was his lot to taste the bitterness of popular odium” (Nathaniel Hawthorne).

(9)

Obloquy implies being subjected to abuse and vilification:
“his long public life, so singularly checkered with good and evil, with glory and obloquy” (Macaulay).

(10)

Opprobrium is the condition of being harshly condemned:
“The name [was] a by-word of scorn and opprobrium throughout the city” (Washington Irving).

(11)

Disrepute involves lack or loss of a good name:
Because of the scandal the school has fallen into disrepute.

(12)

Discredit implies loss of esteem resulting from personal misconduct:
Your actions will bring discredit to your name.

英汉化学大词典

disgrace
n.耻辱;vt.使...丢脸

英汉计算机大词典

disgrace
n.耻辱;vt.使...丢脸

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