简明英汉词典

discomfit
[dis5kQmfit]
v.
扰乱

美国传统词典[双解]

discomfit
dis.com.fit
AHD:[d1s-k?m“f1t]
D.J.[dis6k(mfit]
K.K.[d!s6k(mf!t]
v.tr.(及物动词)
dis.com.fit.eddis.com.fit.ingdis.com.fits

(1)

To make uneasy or perplexed; disconcert.See Synonyms at embarrass
使窘迫;使困惑;使惊慌参见 embarrass

(2)

To thwart the plans of; frustrate.
使计划破灭;挫败

(3)

Archaic To defeat in battle; vanquish.
【古语】 在战场上打败;征服
n.(名词)
Discomfiture.
挫败;困窘

语源

(1)

Middle English discomfiten
中古英语 discomfiten

(2)

from Old French desconfit [past participle of] desconfire, descumfire [to defeat]
源自 古法语 desconfit [] desconfire, descumfire的过去分词 [击败]

(3)

des- [dis-]
des- [表示“不,除去”的意思]

(4)

confire [to make] from Latin c?e [to prepare] * see comfit
confire [制造] 源自 拉丁语 c?e [准备] *参见 comfit

用法
It is true that discomfit originally meant “to defeat, frustrate,” and that its newer use meaning “to embarrass, disconcert,” probably arose in part through confusion with discomfort. But the newer sense is now the most common use of the verb in all varieties of writing and should be considered entirely standard.
discomfit 起初确实意为“打败,挫败”, 该词的新意义是“使困窘,使窘迫”, 这个词义的生成部分原因,可能是由于和discomfort 的混淆引起。 但是新的词义现在在各种写作中是该动词的最普遍的用法,应被看作是完全标准的

现代英汉词典

discomfit
[dIs5kQmfit]
vt.
使计划落空;使人失望

现代英汉综合大辞典

discomfit
[dis5kQmfit]
vt.

(1)

破坏, 搞乱, 挫败

(2)

使混乱, 使为难

(3)

[古]击溃, 打败
discomfit sb.'s plans
破坏某人的计划

继承用法

discomfiture
[-fitFE]
n.

(1)

困窘, 狼狈

(2)

失望; 挫折

(3)

失败

参考词汇
embarrass    

美国传统词典

discomfit
dis.com.fit
AHD:[d1s-k?m“f1t]
D.J.[dis6k(mfit]
K.K.[d!s6k(mf!t]
v.tr.
dis.com.fit.ed, dis.com.fit.ing, dis.com.fits

(1)

To make uneasy or perplexed; disconcert.See Synonyms at embarrass

(2)

To thwart the plans of; frustrate.

(3)

Archaic To defeat in battle; vanquish.
n.
Discomfiture.

语源

(1)

Middle English discomfiten

(2)

from Old French desconfit [past participle of] desconfire, descumfire [to defeat]

(3)

des- [dis-]

(4)

confire [to make] from Latin c?e [to prepare] * see comfit

用法
It is true that discomfit originally meant “to defeat, frustrate,” and that its newer use meaning “to embarrass, disconcert,” probably arose in part through confusion with discomfort. But the newer sense is now the most common use of the verb in all varieties of writing and should be considered entirely standard.

英汉化学大词典

discomfit
vt.破坏

英汉计算机大词典

discomfit
vt.破坏

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