简明英汉词典

discipline
[5disiplin]
n.
纪律, 学科
v.
训练

美国传统词典[双解]

discipline
dis.ci.pline
AHD:[d1s“…-pl1n]
D.J.[6dis*plin]
K.K.[6d!s*pl!n]
n.(名词)

(1)

Training expected to produce a specific character or pattern of behavior, especially training that produces moral or mental improvement.
训练;修养;磨练:为有某一特定性格或行为方式而进行的训练,尤指为在道德和智力上的进步改善而进行的训练

(2)

Controlled behavior resulting from disciplinary training; self-control.
自制:遵守纪律训练而养成的克制行为;自控

(3)

Control obtained by enforcing compliance or order.
规律,纪律:由履行命令、依从而形成的克制

(4)

A systematic method to obtain obedience:
风纪:学会服从的系统方法:
a military discipline.
军纪

(5)

A state of order based on submission to rules and authority:
秩序:在服从规则、上司的基础上秩序的状态:
a teacher who demanded discipline in the classroom.
一位要求在课堂上遵守纪律的老师

(6)

Punishment intended to correct or train.
惩罚,处罚:为改正或训练而惩罚

(7)

A set of rules or methods, as those regulating the practice of a church or monastic order.
教规,戒律:一套规则或做法,如教堂或寺院里规定的教规戒律

(8)

A branch of knowledge or teaching.
学科;科目:知识或教学的分支
v.tr.(及物动词)
dis.ci.plineddis.ci.plin.ingdis.ci.plines

(1)

To train by instruction and practice, especially to teach self-control to.
训练,调教:通过教学和实践训练,尤指学会自我克制

(2)

To teach to obey rules or accept authority.See Synonyms at teach
使遵守准则,使服从权威参见 teach

(3)

To punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience.See Synonyms at punish
惩罚,处罚:为了控制或胁迫他人遵从而惩罚参见 punish

(4)

To impose order on:
规定:对…强行实施规定:
needed to discipline their study habits.
必须规定他的学习习惯

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French descepline
源自 古法语 descepline

(3)

from Latin disciploa
源自 拉丁语 disciploa

(4)

from discipulus [pupil] * see disciple
源自 discipulus [学生] *参见 disciple

继承用法

disciplinal
AHD:[-pl…-n…l] (形容词)

discipliner
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

discipline
[5dIsIplIn]
n.

(1)

身心的锻炼;训练

(2)

纪律;风纪;命令;服从
The soldiers showed perfect discipline under the fire of the enemy.
在敌人的炮火下,那些士兵显示了良好的纪律。

(3)

惩戒;惩罚

(4)

学科;科目

词性变化

discipline
vt.
-plined, -plining

(1)

训练;锻炼

(2)

惩罚;惩戒
Students must learn to discipline themselves.
大学生必须学会自律。;大学生必须学会约束自己。
She under no circumstances disciplines her children and they are uncontrollable.
"无论在什么情况下她从不惩戒自己的孩子,因而他们都变得无法无天。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

discipline
[5disiplin]
n.

(1)

纪律; 风纪; 规定

(2)

训练, 锻练; 修养, 教养

(3)

惩戒, 惩罚

(4)

【宗】修行; 教规; 戒律

(5)

[古]学科

(6)

方法

(7)

规律性
labo(u)r discipline
劳动纪律
military discipline
军纪
be strict in discipline
纪律严明
a commission for discipline inspection
纪律检查委员会
strict discipline
严格的训练
be under perfect discipline
受着很好的训练
discipline of the tides
潮汐的规律性
He needs a little discipline.
他需略加惩戒。
In learning a foreign language, question and answer drills are good disciplines.
学外语时, 问答练习是很好的训练方法。

词性变化

discipline
[5disiplin]
vt.

(1)

训练, 锻练, 操练

(2)

使有纪律

(3)

惩戒, 惩罚
discipline a child for bad behavior
因小孩行为不端而惩罚他
It showed that they had been well disciplined.
这表明他们受过良好的训练。

继承用法

discipliner
n.

特殊用法

academic discipline

(1)

学科

(2)

学习纪律

active discipline

(1)

自觉纪律

(2)

积极训练

character discipline
性格锻炼

classroom discipline
课室秩序

compulsory discipline
必修学科

conscious discipline
自觉纪律

direct discipline
直接训练

financial discipline
财务纪律

finance and economic discipline
财经纪律

fiscal discipline
财政纪律

formal discipline
形式训练, 形式陶冶

general scientific discipline
普通科学课程

indirect discipline
间接训练

labour discipline
劳动纪律

line discipline
线路规章

mental discipline
智力训练

mental training
智力训练

military discipline
军事训练

planning discipline
计划措施

price discipline
价格规则

queue discipline
排队规则

school discipline
校规, 学校纪律

special disciplines
专业课, 专业学科

英文相关词典

discipline
chastise    condition    correct    drill    exercise    groom    penalize    practice    prepare    punish    train    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

discipline
锻炼;纪律

美国传统词典

discipline
dis.ci.pline
AHD:[d1s“…-pl1n]
D.J.[6dis*plin]
K.K.[6d!s*pl!n]
n.

(1)

Training expected to produce a specific character or pattern of behavior, especially training that produces moral or mental improvement.

(2)

Controlled behavior resulting from disciplinary training; self-control.

(3)

Control obtained by enforcing compliance or order.

(4)

A systematic method to obtain obedience:
a military discipline.

(5)

A state of order based on submission to rules and authority:
a teacher who demanded discipline in the classroom.

(6)

Punishment intended to correct or train.

(7)

A set of rules or methods, as those regulating the practice of a church or monastic order.

(8)

A branch of knowledge or teaching.
v.tr.
dis.ci.plined, dis.ci.plin.ing, dis.ci.plines

(1)

To train by instruction and practice, especially to teach self-control to.

(2)

To teach to obey rules or accept authority.See Synonyms at teach

(3)

To punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience.See Synonyms at punish

(4)

To impose order on:
needed to discipline their study habits.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French descepline

(3)

from Latin disciploa

(4)

from discipulus [pupil] * see disciple

继承用法

disciplinal
AHD:[-pl…-n…l] adj.

discipliner
n.

英汉船舶大词典

discipline
n.纪律,学科;n.训练

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

discipline
规程[定,范],要求

英汉法学大词典

discipline
n.纪律 ,学科,约束,惩罚 ,惩罚,惩戒,处分,风纪,训导,专业 ;v.约束

英汉航空大词典

discipline
n.惩罚,处分;n.纪律;n.纪律,风纪

英汉化学大词典

discipline
n.训练,纪律,学科;vt.训练,惩罚

英汉计算机大词典

discipline
n.训练(纪律,学科);vt.训练(惩罚)

英汉水利大词典

discipline
n.纪律,训练,学科

英汉消防大词典

discipline
纪律

英汉心理学大词典

discipline
纪律

基本词义

discipline
学科

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