简明英汉词典

discharge
[dis5tFB:dV]
vt.
卸下, 放出, 清偿(债务), 履行(义务), 解雇, 开(炮), 放(枪), 射(箭)
vi.
卸货, 流注
n.
卸货, 流出, 放电

美国传统词典[双解]

discharge
dis.charge
AHD:[d1s-ch?rj“]
D.J.[dis6t.$8d9]
K.K.[d!s6t.$d9]
v.(动词)
dis.chargeddis.charg.ingdis.charg.es缩写 dis.
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To relieve of a burden or of contents; unload.
卸下:解除负担或清除物品;卸货

(2)

To unload or empty (contents).
卸(货);倒空(物品)

(3)

To release, as from confinement, care, or duty:
释放;使退伍:释放、摆脱,如从监禁、护理或责任:
discharge a patient; discharge a soldier.
允许病人出院;让士兵退伍

(4)

To let go; empty out:
放出;腾空:
a train discharging commuters.
乘客正乘火车上下班

(5)

To pour forth; emit:
排出,放出:
a vent discharging steam.
排出蒸汽的孔

(6)

To shoot:
射击:
discharge a pistol.
开枪

(7)

To remove from office or employment.See Synonyms at dismiss
免…的职;解雇参见 dismiss

(8)

To perform the obligations or demands of (an office, duty, or task).See Synonyms at perform
履行义务,执行命令:履行义务;执行(公务、职责或任务)的命令参见 perform

(9)

To comply with the terms of (a debt or promise, for example).
遵守规定:服从(如债务或约定的)各条款

(10)

Law
【法律】

(11)

To acquit completely:
宣判…彻底无罪:
discharged the defendant.
宣布被告无罪

(12)

To set aside; annul:
撤销:
discharge a court order.
撤销法院命令

(13)

To remove (color) from cloth, as by chemical bleaching.
使褪色,漂白:为织物去色,如通过化学漂白

(14)

Electricity To cause the release of stored energy or electric charge from (a battery, for example).
【电学】 放电:使(如蓄电池)所蓄的电或能量释放出来

(15)

Architecture
【建筑学】

(16)

To apportion (weight) evenly, as over a door.
将重量平均分配:平均分布重量,如门上的

(17)

To relieve (a part) of excess weight by distribution of pressure.
减轻超重的压力:用分布压力来减轻(某部分)的负荷
v.intr.Abbr. dis.(不及物动词)缩写 dis.

(1)

To get rid of a burden, load, or weight.
解除重担、负载物或重量

(2)

To go off; fire:
发射,开火:
The musket discharged loudly.
旧式步枪发声很大

(3)

To pour forth, emit, or release contents.
流出,冒出:排出、流出或倒出物品

(4)

To become blurred, as a color or dye; run.
染色:使变得模糊,如色彩或染料;渗开

(5)

To undergo the release of stored energy or electric charge.
放电:释放所贮存的能量或电荷
n.(名词)
AHD:[d1s“ch?rj”, d1s-ch?rj“] 缩写 dis.

(1)

The act of removing a load or burden.
卸下:卸货或摆脱负担的行为

(2)

The act of shooting or firing a projectile or weapon.
发射,开火:炮弹、武器的射击或开火

(3)

A flowing out or pouring forth; emission; secretion:
流出,放出,排出:
a discharge of pus.
流脓

(4)

The amount or rate of emission or ejection.
排放量:流量、流速,或排出量,排出的速度

(5)

Something that is discharged, released, emitted, or excreted:
排放物:排出、释放、射出或流出的东西:
a watery discharge.
含水分的排放物

(6)

The act or an instance of removing an obligation, a burden, or a responsibility.
摆脱责任:摆脱义务、负担或责任的事例

(7)

Fulfillment of the terms of something, such as a debt or promise.
履行责任:履行,执行如债务、誓约的条款

(8)

Performance, as of an office or a duty.
尽职,执行任务

(9)

Dismissal or release from employment, service, care, or confinement.
解雇:解雇;释放;自理;免职;退伍;

(10)

An official document certifying such release, especially from military service.
退伍令:书面形式证明那些释放的官方文件,尤指从军队服役退伍

(11)

Law An annulment or acquittal; dismissal, as of a court order.
【法律】 撤销令:取消,宣告无罪;法院命令的撤销

(12)

Electricity
【电学】

(13)

Release of stored energy in a capacitor by the flow of current between its terminals.
放电:在电容器存储能量通过两端间的电流流动而释放出来

(14)

Conversion of chemical energy to electric energy in a storage battery.
化学能转为电能:将化学能转变为蓄电池中的电能

(15)

A flow of electricity in a dielectric, especially in a rarefied gas.
电流:在非导体中的电流,尤其是稀薄气体中的电流

(16)

Elimination of net electric charge from a charged body.
排电:从电载体中消除网状电荷

语源

(1)

Middle English dischargen
中古英语 dischargen

(2)

from Old French deschargier
源自 古法语 deschargier

(3)

from Late Latin discarric3e
源自 后期拉丁语 discarric3e

(4)

Latin dis- [dis-]
拉丁语 dis- [表示“去除”的意思]

(5)

Late Latin carric3e [to load] * see charge
后期拉丁语 carric3e [装载] *参见 charge

继承用法

dischargeable
adj.(形容词)

dischargee
n.(名词)

discharger
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

discharge
[dIs5tFB:dV]
vt., vi.
-charged, -charging

(1)

放出;流出;排出;冒出
Lightning is caused by clouds discharging electricity.
闪电是由云层放电造成的。
The water pipe doesn't discharge freely.
水管排水畅通。
The stove chimney discharged dark smoke.
火炉的烟囱冒出黑烟。

(2)

开除;解雇

(3)

偿还债务,清偿

(4)

履行职责;履行诺言

(5)

射箭;开枪;放炮

(6)

(与into连用)(河流)流入,汇入(大海)
The Yangtse discharges into the East China Sea.
长江流入东海。

(7)

(从船上)卸货
"After it discharged its cargo of coal, the ship left for Tokyo."
轮船卸了装载的煤以后就去东京了。

(8)

放电

(9)

撤消(法院的命令)

词性变化

discharge
[5dIstFB:dV]
n.

(1)

排出;流出;发射;遣走;偿还

(2)

释放令;偿还令

(3)

放电器
a discharge of electricity
放电器

现代英汉综合大辞典

discharge
[dis5tFB:dV]
vt.

(1)

发射, 打(枪、炮)

(2)

卸下(船上的货物)

(3)

排出(气体、液体等), 流出

(4)

释放; 解除, 解雇, 开除, 免除(义务)

(5)

尽(义务), 履行

(6)

还(债), 清偿(债务), 践(约)

(7)

允许...离开, 送走, 放行

(8)

【电】放(电)

(9)

(印染中)除去染料(颜色), 漂白

(10)

【律】撤销(命令)
discharge a torpedo
发射鱼雷
discharge a gun
开炮
discharge one's pistol in the air
假打, 佯击
discharge sb. from an obligation
免除某人的义务
The wound discharges pus.
伤口流脓。
We have to discharge our duties.
我们必须尽责。

词性变化

discharge
[dis5tFB:dV]
vi.

(1)

(枪炮等)发射

(2)

卸货, 起货

(3)

放出, 流注

(4)

出脓, 出水

(5)

(染料、墨水等) 洇, 沁, 渗

(6)

放电
The vessel is -ging.
船在卸货。
The water pipes discharge freely.
水管畅流。
The soldiers loaded and discharged with great rapidity.
士兵们迅速装子弹发射。

discharge
[dis5tFB:dV]
n.

(1)

发射

(2)

卸货

(3)

排泄, 流出

(4)

排泄物, 流量

(5)

【纺】(印染中的)漂白剂

(6)

【电】放电量

(7)

退伍[解职、释放]证明

(8)

履行, 偿清
discharge from the ears [eyes, nose]
耳屎[眼屎, 鼻涕]
the discharge of water
水的流量
a discharge of electricity
放电
The prisoners were glad to get their discharges.
犯人们获释都很高兴。

继承用法

dischargekey
n.
【电子】放电键

discharge-tube
n.
放电[充气, 闸流]管

习惯用语

bad conduct discharge
[美军]撤销军职

dishonourable discharge
[美]开除军籍

特殊用法

aerial discharge
气体放电

air discharge
排气

alternating discharge
交替放电

annual discharge
年流量

annual mean water discharge
年平均水流量

anthropogenic discharge
人为排放

aperiodic discharge
非周期放电

arc discharge
电弧放电, 弧光放电

artesian discharge
自流水排泄

ash discharge
排灰, 出灰, 除灰

atmospheric discharge
空中放电, 大气放电

automatic discharge
自动放电, 自动卸料

average discharge
平均流量, 平均排放量

back discharge
反向放电

bottom discharge
活底卸料, 底部卸载

brush discharge
刷形放电

brush-and spray discharge
刷形放电

cake discharge
(从压滤机)排除滤泥[滤饼]

capacitive discharge
电容性放电

central discharge
中央卸料

centrifugal discharge
离心出料

cloud-to-cloud discharge
云间放电

cloud-to-ground discharge
云地间放电

cold body discharge
冷(体)放电

cold-cathodedischarge
冷阴极放电

color discharge
拔染剂

complete discharge
完全卸载

condenser discharge
电容器放电

constant-resistance discharge
固定电阻放电, 恒阻放电

contact arc discharge
接触放电加工

continuous discharge
连续放电

corona discharge
电晕放电

critical discharge
临界流量

dark discharge
无光放电

dead-beat discharge
非周期放电

delayed coincidence discharge
延迟同时放电

designed discharge
设计排放量, 设计流量

dilution discharge
稀释排放

diode discharge
二极管放电

direct-currentdischarge
直流放电

discontinuous discharge
断续放电

disruptive discharge
击穿放电

effective discharge
有效流量; 有效排放(量)

electric discharge
放电

electrical spurious discharge
乱真放电

electromagnetic discharge
电磁放电, 电感放电

exponential discharge
指数律放电

fan discharge
通风机排量

field discharge

(1)

消磁

(2)

激磁放电

forced discharge
强迫卸货

free discharge
免费卸货

gas discharge
气体放电

globular discharge
球形放电, 球状电闪

glow discharge
辉光放电

grab discharge
抓斗卸货

graduated discharge
阶段排气

gross discharge
总流量; 总排放量

ground discharge
地面放电

ground-to-cloud discharge
地云间放电

groundwater discharge
地下水出流

heat discharge
热量排放

helical discharge
螺旋形放电, 螺旋线放电

high frequency discharge
高频放电

high-pressure discharge
高压(气体)放电

ignitor discharge
点火极放电

impulsive discharge
脉冲放电

industrial discharge
工业排放(物)

injury discharge
损伤放电

instantaneous discharge
瞬时放电

intermittent discharge
间歇放电

ionic discharge
离子放电

leakage discharge
漏泄放电

local discharge
局部放电

long discharge
长放电

low-voltage discharge
低压放电

marginal discharge
边缘放电, 尖端放电

maximum flood discharge
最大洪水流量

maximum useful discharge
最大可用流量

non-luminous discharge
无光放电

non-oscillatory discharge
非振荡放电

non-regulated discharge
未调节的流量

offshore discharge
近海排放

orifice discharge
锐孔流出; 锐孔流量

oscillating discharge
振荡放电

peak discharge
洪峰流量, 最大流量

pentode discharge
五极管放电

perfect discharge
完全出料法

permissible discharge
容计排出

phreatic discharge
潜水排出; 地下水流量

plasma discharge
等离子体放电

point discharge
尖端放电

port discharge
港口卸货

positive discharge
脉动流出

radio-frequency discharge
射频放电

reduced pressure discharge
低压放电

reduction discharge
还原排放物

relative discharge
相对流量; 相对排放量

repetitive discharge
重复发放

sediment discharge
土砂流量

seepage discharge
渗流量

self-maintained discharge
自持放电

semi-self-maintained discharge
半自持放电

shock discharge
冲击卸料; 撞击排料, 振动排放

side discharge
侧向卸料

silent discharge
无声放电

slow discharge
迟缓放电

spark discharge
火花放电

specific discharge
比流量

spigot discharge
卸料孔

spike discharge
刺波发放

spray discharge
【采矿】高压放电分选

spurious discharge
乱真放电

static discharge
静电放电

storage battery discharge
蓄电池放电

striated discharge
绳卸饼法

sudden discharge
瞬时放电; 骤然放电

supercritical gaseous discharge
超临界排气

surface discharge
表面放电

synchronous discharge
同步放电

throttling discharge
排出口节流; 节流排出口

toxic discharge
有毒排放物, 有毒废水

unit discharge
单位排放量

unloading discharge of goods
卸货

vacuum discharge
真空放电

water discharge
水流量; 排水

zero discharge
无出料; 空转

discharge in bankruptcy
法庭宣告解除破产人未偿债务的命令

discharge of contract
取消合同

discharge of repayment
免除清偿

discharge of tax obligation
撤销或免除纳税义务

参考词汇
commit    

用法词典

discharge
源自拉丁语discarricare
英文相关词典

discharge
dismiss    dump    expel    fire    let go    release    unload    charge    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

discharge

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

discharge
放电

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

discharge
放电

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

discharge
射击;发射;卸货;排出

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

discharge
放电

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

discharge

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

discharge
排出

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

discharge
量;卸货, 排货

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

discharge
排出;放电

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

discharge

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

discharge
放出

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

discharge
发放;排放

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

discharge
放电

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

discharge
放电

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

discharge
出料;放电

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

discharge
放电

美国传统词典

discharge
dis.charge
AHD:[d1s-ch?rj“]
D.J.[dis6t.$8d/]
K.K.[d!s6t.$d/]
v.
dis.charged, dis.charg.ing, dis.charg.esAbbr. dis.
v.tr.

(1)

To relieve of a burden or of contents; unload.

(2)

To unload or empty (contents).

(3)

To release, as from confinement, care, or duty:
discharge a patient; discharge a soldier.

(4)

To let go; empty out:
a train discharging commuters.

(5)

To pour forth; emit:
a vent discharging steam.

(6)

To shoot:
discharge a pistol.

(7)

To remove from office or employment.See Synonyms at dismiss

(8)

To perform the obligations or demands of (an office, duty, or task).See Synonyms at perform

(9)

To comply with the terms of (a debt or promise, for example).

(10)

Law

(11)

To acquit completely:
discharged the defendant.

(12)

To set aside; annul:
discharge a court order.

(13)

To remove (color) from cloth, as by chemical bleaching.

(14)

Electricity To cause the release of stored energy or electric charge from (a battery, for example).

(15)

Architecture

(16)

To apportion (weight) evenly, as over a door.

(17)

To relieve (a part) of excess weight by distribution of pressure.
v.intr.Abbr. dis.

(1)

To get rid of a burden, load, or weight.

(2)

To go off; fire:
The musket discharged loudly.

(3)

To pour forth, emit, or release contents.

(4)

To become blurred, as a color or dye; run.

(5)

To undergo the release of stored energy or electric charge.
n.
AHD:[d1s“ch?rj”, d1s-ch?rj“] Abbr. dis.

(1)

The act of removing a load or burden.

(2)

The act of shooting or firing a projectile or weapon.

(3)

A flowing out or pouring forth; emission; secretion:
a discharge of pus.

(4)

The amount or rate of emission or ejection.

(5)

Something that is discharged, released, emitted, or excreted:
a watery discharge.

(6)

The act or an instance of removing an obligation, a burden, or a responsibility.

(7)

Fulfillment of the terms of something, such as a debt or promise.

(8)

Performance, as of an office or a duty.

(9)

Dismissal or release from employment, service, care, or confinement.

(10)

An official document certifying such release, especially from military service.

(11)

Law An annulment or acquittal; dismissal, as of a court order.

(12)

Electricity

(13)

Release of stored energy in a capacitor by the flow of current between its terminals.

(14)

Conversion of chemical energy to electric energy in a storage battery.

(15)

A flow of electricity in a dielectric, especially in a rarefied gas.

(16)

Elimination of net electric charge from a charged body.

语源

(1)

Middle English dischargen

(2)

from Old French deschargier

(3)

from Late Latin discarric3e

(4)

Latin dis- [dis-]

(5)

Late Latin carric3e [to load] * see charge

继承用法

dischargeable
adj.

dischargee
n.

discharger
n.

[名词委审定]英汉地理学名词(1988)

discharge
流量

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

discharge
放电

[名词委审定]英汉力学名词(1993)

discharge
排放量

[名词委审定]英汉生理学名词(1989)

discharge
放电

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

discharge

(1)

流量

(2)

又称“流率”。单位时间内流过某一横断面的水体体积。

[名词委审定]英汉物理学名词(1996)

discharge
放电

英汉船舶大词典

discharge
n.放电,流出,排出;n.卸载

英汉电力大词典

discharge
n.流量,排水,泄放

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

discharge
放电;放弃,抛弃[DIS]

英汉电信大词典

discharge
n.放电;vt.放电

英汉地质大词典

discharge
n.放出,释放,流量

英汉法学大词典

discharge
v.撤销法院命令 ,撤销职务,撤职,辞退,复员,解除 ,解雇,解职,开除,履行,清偿,卸货 ;n.解雇 ,解职,开除党籍,履行,清偿,释放,卸货

英汉纺织大词典

discharge
n.拔染

英汉航海大词典

discharge
n.清偿,债务

英汉环境大词典

discharge
n.排放,放电,印染拨染

英汉航空大词典

discharge
n.发射,放电;n.放电,流出;n.排气温度;n.卸,履行

英汉化学大词典

discharge
n.放,卸货,排出,拔染,放电,排,卸,履行,漂染;vt.放出,卸下,解除,履行

英汉海运大词典

discharge
流量,排量排出(液体,气体)放电卸载排出(液体,气体)放(电)卸载

基本词义

discharge
流量,排量放电卸货,卸载排出管,排出口,排出(液体,气体)卸离(气导)

基本词义

discharge
流量,排量放电卸货排出管,排出口排出(液体,气体),排泄卸载排出解除免职

基本词义

discharge
流量,排量排出(液体,气体)放电卸载,卸货排出管,排出口排出(液体,气体),排泄放(电)卸载

基本词义

discharge
卸货放电排泄,排出解除免职

英汉经贸大词典

discharge
n.清偿,债务

英汉计算机大词典

discharge
vt.放出(卸下,解除;n.卸货(放出,排水量

英汉机械大词典

discharge
n.流量,泄量

英汉建筑大词典

discharge
n.卸载,卸货

最新会计师英汉大词典

discharge
解雇,开除,撤销,卸货(载),起货,清偿欠款,清帐

英汉农牧林大词典

discharge
n.放出,流出

英汉能源大词典

discharge
n.放,泄,排放

英汉汽车大词典

discharge
n.放电

英汉水利大词典

discharge
n.流量,出口,排泄

英汉贸易大词典

discharge
开除,解雇,卸货,起岸,起货,清偿欠款,清帐,撤销

英汉消防大词典

discharge
【消】喷射,喷放

英汉心理学大词典

discharge
放射

基本词义

discharge
释放

现代商务英汉大词典

discharge
开除,解雇,卸货,起岸,起货,清偿欠款,清帐,撤销

英汉冶金大词典

discharge
n.卸料,出料

英汉医学大词典

discharge
n.发放,发射

英汉中医大词典

discharge
n.排出,放出,排放

英汉造纸大词典

discharge
n.卸料,放料

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