简明英汉词典

disaster
[di5zB:stE]
n.
灾难, 天灾, 灾祸

美国传统词典[双解]

disaster
dis.as.ter
AHD:[d1-z2s“t…r, -s2s“-]
D.J.[di6z#st*, -6s#s-]
K.K.[d!6z#st+, -6s#s-]
n.(名词)

(1)

An occurrence causing widespread destruction and distress; a catastrophe.
灾难,大祸:偶发事件引起大范围的破坏和痛苦;大灾难

(2)

A grave misfortune.
致命的不幸

(3)

Informal A total failure:
【非正式用语】 彻底的失败:
The dinner party was a disaster.
宴会彻底失败

(4)

Obsolete An evil influence of a star or planet.
【废语】 恒星或行星邪恶的影响

语源

(1)

French désastre
法语 désastre

(2)

from Italian disastro
源自 意大利语 disastro

(3)

dis- [pejorative pref.] from Latin dis- * see dis-
dis- [轻蔑语前缀] 源自 拉丁语 dis- *参见 dis-

(4)

astro [star] from Latin astrum from Greek astron * see ster- 3
astro [星] 源自 拉丁语 astrum 源自 希腊语 astron *参见 ster- 3

参考词汇

(1)

disastercalamitycatastrophecataclysm

(2)

These nouns refer to an event having fatal or ruinous results.
这些名词均指带来致命的或毁灭的结果的事件。

(3)

Disaster generally implies great destruction, hardship, or loss of life:
Disaster 一般暗示巨大的破坏、困难或丧失生命:
“A nuclear disaster, spread by winds and waters and fear, could well engulf the great and the small, the rich and the poor, the committed and the uncommitted alike” (John F. Kennedy).
“核灾难,由风、水和恐惧而传播出去,可完全吞噬大国、小国、富国、穷国,以及结盟的和不结盟的国家” (约翰·F·肯尼迪)。

(4)

Calamity emphasizes distress, grief, or the sense of loss:
Calamity 强调痛苦、悲伤或失落感:
“the heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America” (James George Frazer).
“英国历史上最沉重的灾难,是和美国关系的破裂“ (詹姆斯·乔治·弗雷泽)。

(5)

Catastrophe especially stresses the sense of a tragic final outcome:
Catastrophe 特别强调最后的悲剧结果:
“The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking, and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophes” (Albert Einstein). A
“无需再思考,原子发出的能量已改变了一切,因此我们还走向史无前例的灾难” (爱伯特·爱因斯坦)。

(6)

cataclysm is a violent upheaval that brings about a fundamental change:
Cataclysm 指巨大的劫乱,从而带来根本性的改变:
old aristocratic institutions destroyed by the revolutionary cataclysm.
已被革命剧变打破的旧的贵族统治

现代英汉词典

disaster
[dI5zB:stE(r); (?@) dIz5AstEr]
n.
灾难;灾祸;天灾
The floods were a disaster.
洪水是一种灾害。

现代英汉综合大辞典

disaster
[di5zB:stE]
n.
天灾; 灾难; 不幸, 祸患

继承用法

disasterridden
adj.
灾难深重的

习惯用语

court disaster
惹祸

invite disaster
惹祸

walk with disaster
与灾祸打交道, 招致灾难

特殊用法

air pollution disaster
空气污染事故; 空气污染灾害

ecological disaster
生态灾祸

economic disaster
经济浩劫

environmental disaster
环境灾难, 生态灾难

natural disaster
自然灾害

public disaster
公害

参考词汇
disaster     calamity     calastrophe    
都含有“灾难”的意思。

(1)

disaster指“不可预测的意外事件所造成的灾难或不幸”, 如:
These difficulties are caused by natural disasters.
这些困难都是由自然灾害造成的。

(2)

calamity指“巨大而严重的不幸或灾难”, 如:
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a crushing calamity.
偷袭珍珠港(对美军来说)是一场毁灭性的灾难。

(3)

catastrophe指“突然造成极严重的灾难”或“异常的灾祸”, 含“最终结局无法补偿之意”, 如:
A big earthquake is a catastrophe.
大地震(对人类)是异常的灾祸。

用法词典

disaster
dis- 离开 + aster 星。disaster原是注定命运的星宿已离开,人就要遭不幸即“灾难”来临

英文相关词典

disaster
accident    calamity    casualty    catastrophe    misfortune    mishap    tragedy    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

disaster
灾难

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

disaster
灾难, 灾祸

美国传统词典

disaster
dis.as.ter
AHD:[d1-z2s“t…r, -s2s“-]
D.J.[di6z#st*, -6s#s-]
K.K.[d!6z#st+, -6s#s-]
n.

(1)

An occurrence causing widespread destruction and distress; a catastrophe.

(2)

A grave misfortune.

(3)

Informal A total failure:
The dinner party was a disaster.

(4)

Obsolete An evil influence of a star or planet.

语源

(1)

French désastre

(2)

from Italian disastro

(3)

dis- [pejorative pref.] from Latin dis- * see dis-

(4)

astro [star] from Latin astrum from Greek astron * see ster- 3

参考词汇

(1)

disaster, calamity, catastrophe, cataclysm

(2)

These nouns refer to an event having fatal or ruinous results.

(3)

Disaster generally implies great destruction, hardship, or loss of life:
“A nuclear disaster, spread by winds and waters and fear, could well engulf the great and the small, the rich and the poor, the committed and the uncommitted alike” (John F. Kennedy).

(4)

Calamity emphasizes distress, grief, or the sense of loss:
“the heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America” (James George Frazer).

(5)

Catastrophe especially stresses the sense of a tragic final outcome:
“The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking, and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophes” (Albert Einstein). A

(6)

cataclysm is a violent upheaval that brings about a fundamental change:
old aristocratic institutions destroyed by the revolutionary cataclysm.

英汉船舶大词典

disaster
n.天灾,灾害,灾难,事故

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

disaster
灾难性,事故,故障

英汉地质大词典

disaster
n.灾害

英汉法学大词典

disaster
n.不幸 ,祸 ,灾,灾害

英汉纺织大词典

disaster
n.灾难,事故

英汉环境大词典

disaster
n.灾害,灾难

英汉航空大词典

disaster
n.灾维,灾祸

英汉化学大词典

disaster
n.灾难,自然灾害,故障

英汉海运大词典

disaster
海难,不幸,惨事,灾难,事故

基本词义

disaster
灾难,事故

基本词义

disaster
灾难

基本词义

disaster
海难,灾难,不幸,惨事,事故

英汉计算机大词典

disaster
n.灾难(自然灾害,故障)

英汉机械大词典

disaster
n.灾难,事故

英汉建筑大词典

disaster
n.事故,故障

英汉农牧林大词典

disaster
n.灾害

英汉能源大词典

disaster
n.灾难,自然灾害,故障

英汉水利大词典

disaster
n.自然灾害,天灾,灾难

英汉消防大词典

disaster
(大)灾难

英汉心理学大词典

disaster
灾难

英汉医学大词典

disaster
n.灾祸

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