简明英汉词典

diabetes
[7daiE5bi:ti:z, -ti:s]
n.
[医] 糖尿病, 多尿症

美国传统词典[双解]

diabetes
di.a.be.tes
AHD:[do”…-b?“t1s, -t?z]
D.J.[7dai*6bi8tis, -ti8z]
K.K.[7da!*6bit!s, -tiz]
n.(名词)
Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
多尿症,糖尿病:一种新陈代谢失调症,以排尿过多和持续的口渴为特征,尤指糖尿病的两种类型之一

语源

(1)

Middle English diabete
中古英语 diabete

(2)

from Medieval Latin diab??s}
源自 中世纪拉丁语 diab??s}

(3)

from Latin
源自 拉丁语

(4)

from Greek [siphon, diabetes]
源自 希腊语 [呼吸管,糖尿病]

(5)

from diabainein [to cross over, straddle]
源自 diabainein [穿越,跨立]

(6)

dia- [dia-]
dia- [前缀,表“有始有终的”]

(7)

bainein [to go] * see g w3-
bainein [去] *参见 g w3-

注释
Diabetes is named for one of its distressing symptoms. The disease was known to the Greeks as diab??s,} a word derived from the verb diabainein, made up of the prefix dia-, “across, apart,” and the word bainein, “to walk, stand.” The verb diabeinein meant “to stride, walk, or stand with legs asunder”; hence, its derivative diab??s} meant “one that straddles,” or specifically “a compass, siphon.” The sense “siphon” gave rise to the use of diab??s} as the name for a disease involving the discharge of excessive amounts of urine. Diabetes is first recorded in English, in the form diabete, in a medical text written around 1425.
糖尿病因其痛苦的症状之一而得名。此病症闻名于希腊语diabetes , 是动词diabainein 派生出的单词, 由前缀dia- “穿过,隔开”和单词 bainein “走,站”构成。 动词diabeinein 表示“跨过,走过或两条腿分开站着”; 因此,其派生词diabetes 表示“一个人叉腿站着”, 或专指“指南针,虹吸管”。 在diabetes 使用“虹吸管”是表示排尿量过多的一种病的名称。 Diabaets 一词第一次被记录到英文中是在1425年前后的一本医学课本中,以diabete 的形式出现

现代英汉词典

diabetes
[daIE5bi:ti:z]
n.
糖尿病

现代英汉综合大辞典

diabetes
[7daiE5bi:ti:z, -ti:s]
n.
(=diabetes mellitus) 【医】

(1)

糖尿病

(2)

(=diabetes insipidus)尿崩症

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

diabetes
糖尿病

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

diabetes
糖尿病

美国传统词典

diabetes
di.a.be.tes
AHD:[do”…-b?“t1s, -t?z]
D.J.[7dai*6bi8tis, -ti8z]
K.K.[7da!*6bit!s, -tiz]
n.
Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.

语源

(1)

Middle English diabete

(2)

from Medieval Latin diab??s}

(3)

from Latin

(4)

from Greek [siphon, diabetes]

(5)

from diabainein [to cross over, straddle]

(6)

dia- [dia-]

(7)

bainein [to go] * see g w3-

注释
Diabetes is named for one of its distressing symptoms. The disease was known to the Greeks as diab??s,} a word derived from the verb diabainein, made up of the prefix dia-, “across, apart,” and the word bainein, “to walk, stand.” The verb diabeinein meant “to stride, walk, or stand with legs asunder”; hence, its derivative diab??s} meant “one that straddles,” or specifically “a compass, siphon.” The sense “siphon” gave rise to the use of diab??s} as the name for a disease involving the discharge of excessive amounts of urine. Diabetes is first recorded in English, in the form diabete, in a medical text written around 1425.

英汉化学大词典

diabetes
n.糖尿病

英汉海运大词典

diabetes
糖尿病

英汉心理学大词典

diabetes
糖尿病

英汉医学大词典

diabetes
n.多尿症,饥饿性糖尿病

英汉中医大词典

diabetes
n.消渴,糖尿病,多尿症

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